January 25, 2021

Download Ebook Free Octacalcium Phosphate Biomaterials

Octacalcium Phosphate Biomaterials

Octacalcium Phosphate Biomaterials
Author : Gerard Insley,Osamu Suzuki
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2019-11-20
Category : Medical
Total pages :374
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Octacalcium Phosphate Biomaterials: Past, Present and Future is a comprehensive study of octacalcium phosphate (OCP), a next generation biomaterial for bone regeneration. By focusing both on fundamental research and the use of OCP as a scaffold material, this book explores its potential to deliver improved clinical results. Early chapters in the book discuss OCP's effects on bone cell activity, cellular interactions and their role in bone formation, repair and replacement. Later chapters cover topics such as drug delivery, synthesis methodologies and future analysis techniques. This will be an invaluable and unique resource for researchers, clinicians, students and industrialists in the area of orthopedics and dentistry. OCP is known to be a pre-cursor to hydroxyapatite in the human biomineralization process that forms bone and tooth enamel. Research studies that have emerged in recent years suggest OCP's tremendous potential as a bioactive material. Contains comprehensive, up-to-date information on the basic science, including physical, chemical and biological properties Presents the clinical potential of octacalcium phosphate biomaterials Provides a reference point for new research and increased activity in the area of next generation smarter biomaterials for hard tissue repair and regeneration

Octacalcium Phosphate

Octacalcium Phosphate
Author : Laurence C. Chow,Edward D. Eanes
Publisher : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Release Date : 2001-01-01
Category : Medical
Total pages :167
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The chemistry, structure and biological importance of octacalcium phosphate (OCP) are thoroughly discussed in this volume, which covers a wide scope of topics relevant to the field of calcium phosphates in general. The first chapter reviews the structures of OCP and other important calcium phosphates. It is followed by a description of the mimicry of OCP growth in vivo using in vitro model systems and an extensive review of OCP in biological systems. The remarkable ability of OCP to incorporate biologically relevant organic carboxylates into its structure is also discussed, along with the solubility and surface properties of calcium phosphate salts, and amorphous calcium phosphate and its relationship to OCP. The last chapter centers on the emerging technology of calcium phosphate cements as bone defect repair materials. The book provides in-depth, up-to-date information to all scientists studying calcium phosphate chemistry, biomineralization, pathological calcification, dental caries, biomaterials, and recovery of environmental phosphorus.

Advances in Calcium Phosphate Biomaterials

Advances in Calcium Phosphate Biomaterials
Author : Besim Ben-Nissan
Publisher : Springer Science & Business
Release Date : 2014-04-17
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :547
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Advances in Calcium Phosphate Biomaterials presents a comprehensive, state-of-the-art review of the latest advances in developing calcium phosphate biomaterials and their applications in medicine. It covers the fundamental structures, synthesis methods, characterization methods, and the physical and chemical properties of calcium phosphate biomaterials, as well as the synthesis and properties of calcium phosphate-based biomaterials in regenerative medicine and their clinical applications. The book brings together these new concepts, mechanisms and methods in contributions by both young and “veteran” academics, clinicians, and researchers to forward the knowledge and expertise on calcium phosphate and related materials. Accordingly, the book not only covers the fundamentals but also open new avenues for meeting future challenges in research and clinical applications. Besim Ben-Nissan is a Professor of Chemistry and Forensic Science at the University of Technology, Sydney, Australia

Octacalcium Phosphate

Octacalcium Phosphate
Author : Laurence C. Chow,Edward D. Eanes
Publisher : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Release Date : 2001-01-01
Category : Medical
Total pages :167
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The chemistry, structure and biological importance of octacalcium phosphate (OCP) are thoroughly discussed in this volume, which covers a wide scope of topics relevant to the field of calcium phosphates in general. The first chapter reviews the structures of OCP and other important calcium phosphates. It is followed by a description of the mimicry of OCP growth in vivo using in vitro model systems and an extensive review of OCP in biological systems. The remarkable ability of OCP to incorporate biologically relevant organic carboxylates into its structure is also discussed, along with the solubility and surface properties of calcium phosphate salts, and amorphous calcium phosphate and its relationship to OCP. The last chapter centers on the emerging technology of calcium phosphate cements as bone defect repair materials. The book provides in-depth, up-to-date information to all scientists studying calcium phosphate chemistry, biomineralization, pathological calcification, dental caries, biomaterials, and recovery of environmental phosphorus.

Environmental Biodegradation Research Focus

Environmental Biodegradation Research Focus
Author : B. Y. Wang
Publisher : Nova Publishers
Release Date : 2007
Category : Science
Total pages :320
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This new book is devoted to leading-edge research on environmental biodegradation which is the destruction of organic compounds by microorganisms. Microorganisms, particularly bacteria, are responsible for the decomposition of both natural and synthetic organic compounds in nature. Mineralisation results in complete conversion of a compound to its inorganic mineral constituents (for example, carbon dioxide from carbon, sulphate or sulphide from organic sulphur, nitrate or ammonium from organic nitrogen, phosphate from organophosphates, or chloride from organochlorine). Since carbon comprises the greatest mass of organic compounds, mineralisation can be considered in terms of CO2 evolution. Radioactive carbon-14 (14C) isotopes enable scientists to distinguish between mineralisation arising from contaminants and soil organic matter. However, mineralisation of any compound is never 100% because some of it (10-40% of the total amount degraded) is incorporated into the cell mass or products that become part of the amorphous soil organic matter, commonly referred to as humus. Thus, biodegradation comprises mineralisation and conversion to innocuous products, namely biomass and humus. Primary biodegradation is more limited in scope and refers to the disappearance of the compound as a result of its biotransformation to another product. Compounds that are readily biodegradable are generally utilised as growth substrates by single microorganisms. Many of the components of petroleum products (and frequent ground-water contaminants), such as benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene, are utilised by many genera of bacteria as sole carbon sources for growth and energy.

Clinical Applications of Biomaterials

Clinical Applications of Biomaterials
Author : Gurbinder Kaur
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2017-06-07
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :467
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This book examines the most novel and state-of-the-art applications of biomaterials, with chapters that exemplify approaches with targeted drug delivery, diabetes, neurodegenerative diseases and cranioplasty implants. Expert contributors analyze biomaterials such as calcium phosphate, sol-gel and quenched glasses, metallic and polymer implants, bioactive glass, and polymer composites while also covering important areas such as the soft tissue replacement, apatites, bone regeneration and cell encapsulation. This book is appropriate for biomedical engineers, materials scientists, and clinicians who are seeking to implement the most advanced approaches and technologies with their patients.

Interface Oral Health Science 2016

Interface Oral Health Science 2016
Author : Keiichi Sasaki,Osamu Suzuki,Nobuhiro Takahashi
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2016-12-08
Category : Medical
Total pages :277
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This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. This volume broadens understanding of dentistry and promotes interdisciplinary research across a wide range of related fields, based on the symposium entitled "Innovative Research for Biosis–Abiosis Intelligent Interface 2016". It aims to create highly functional and autonomic intelligent interface by combining highly functional interface science with the technology of an evaluation and a control at the interface, with the various topics of biomaterials, innovation for oral science and application, regenerative oral science, and medical engineering. Since 2002, the Tohoku University Graduate School of Dentistry has hosted “Interface Oral Health Science” several times as the main theme of dental research in the twenty-first century, and this is the sixth proceedings of the symposiums following the ones in 2005, 2007, 2009, 2011, and 2014. This book benefits not only dental scientists but also other health scientists including medical physicians and pharmacologists, material scientists, engineers, and any scientist who is involved in variety of disciplines.

Hydroxyapatite and Related Materials

Hydroxyapatite and Related Materials
Author : Paul W. Brown,Brent Constantz
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2017-12-14
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :368
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Audience Applied biomathematicians, orthopedists, clinical orthopedists.

Calcium Phosphates in Biological and Industrial Systems

Calcium Phosphates in Biological and Industrial Systems
Author : Zahid Amjad
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-11-27
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :515
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Calcium Phosphates in Biological and Industrial Systems provides a comprehensive discussion on calcium phosphates in the diverse areas of their applications. The authors are all respected specialists in their particular fields, possessing wide knowledge and experience and able to analyze recent results and relate them to their respective areas of expertise. New information, as well as a review of current concepts, highlights the individual contributions. Due to the broad scope of the subject covered and the large number of contributions, this book is divided into three parts. Whilst each section contains a basic theme, there is a considerable overlapping of ideas and approaches. This reflects the excitement and interdisciplinary nature of investigations by researchers interested in dissimilar aspects of calcium phosphates. Considering the general interest in calcium phosphates, Calcium Phosphates in Biological and Industrial Systems is directed at an audience of researchers in the fields of biology, chemistry, dentistry, geology, chemical engineering, environmental engineering, and medicine. It will also be useful to technology-focused researchers in industry whose investigations might be related directly or indirectly to calcium phosphates.

Biomineralization

Biomineralization
Author : Hiromichi Nagasawa,Toshihiro Kogure,Kazuyoshi Endo
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2020-10-09
Category : Medical
Total pages :392
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This open access book is the proceedings of the 14th International Symposium on Biomineralization (BIOMIN XIV) held in 2017 at Tsukuba. Over the past 45 years, biomineralization research has unveiled details of the characteristics of the nano-structure of various biominerals; the formation mechanism of this nano-structure, including the initial stage of crystallization; and the function of organic matrices in biominerals, and this knowledge has been applied to dental, medical, pharmaceutical, materials, agricultural and environmental sciences and paleontology. As such, biomineralization is an important interdisciplinary research area, and further advances are expected in both fundamental and applied research. This work was published by Saint Philip Street Press pursuant to a Creative Commons license permitting commercial use. All rights not granted by the work's license are retained by the author or authors.

Comprehensive Biomaterials

Comprehensive Biomaterials
Author : Paul Ducheyne,Kevin Healy,Dietmar W. Hutmacher,David W. Grainger,C. James Kirkpatrick
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2015-08-28
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :3672
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Comprehensive Biomaterials brings together the myriad facets of biomaterials into one, major series of six edited volumes that would cover the field of biomaterials in a major, extensive fashion: Volume 1: Metallic, Ceramic and Polymeric Biomaterials Volume 2: Biologically Inspired and Biomolecular Materials Volume 3: Methods of Analysis Volume 4: Biocompatibility, Surface Engineering, and Delivery Of Drugs, Genes and Other Molecules Volume 5: Tissue and Organ Engineering Volume 6: Biomaterials and Clinical Use Experts from around the world in hundreds of related biomaterials areas have contributed to this publication, resulting in a continuum of rich information appropriate for many audiences. The work addresses the current status of nearly all biomaterials in the field, their strengths and weaknesses, their future prospects, appropriate analytical methods and testing, device applications and performance, emerging candidate materials as competitors and disruptive technologies, and strategic insights for those entering and operational in diverse biomaterials applications, research and development, regulatory management, and commercial aspects. From the outset, the goal was to review materials in the context of medical devices and tissue properties, biocompatibility and surface analysis, tissue engineering and controlled release. It was also the intent both, to focus on material properties from the perspectives of therapeutic and diagnostic use, and to address questions relevant to state-of-the-art research endeavors. Reviews the current status of nearly all biomaterials in the field by analyzing their strengths and weaknesses, performance as well as future prospects Presents appropriate analytical methods and testing procedures in addition to potential device applications Provides strategic insights for those working on diverse application areas such as R&D, regulatory management, and commercial development

Cement Based Materials

Cement Based Materials
Author : Hosam El-Din M. Saleh,Rehab Abdel Rahman
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2018-10-10
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :274
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Cement-based materials have been used by humans nearly since the dawn of civilization. The Egyptians used lime and gypsum cement to bind their aggregate materials, mud and straw, resulting in bricks that are used for building their famous Egyptian pyramids (between 3000 and 2500 BC). Hydrated cement is a cement material bonded together with water and used for building construction; it is characterized by acceptable chemical, physical, thermal, mechanical, and structural stability. It plays a main role in the creation of vessels for storage, roads to travel on, weather-resistant structure for protection, inert hard stabilizer for hazardous wastes, and so on. Due to the composition of these materials and their advantages, it has been practiced in different applications. Cement is an essential component of making concrete, the single most prevalent building material used worldwide for construction, skyscrapers, highways, tunnels, bridges, hydraulic dams, and railway ties. Besides their numerous desired properties, there are some undesirable features. To overcome these disadvantages, several studies were established to prepare, improve, and evaluate innovative cement-based materials. Despite its oldness and deep research, every year several methods and materials evolve and so do cement technology. This book intends to provide a comprehensive overview on recent advances in the evaluation of these materials.

Bioceramics and Biocomposites

Bioceramics and Biocomposites
Author : Iulian Antoniac
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2019-04-04
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :400
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Provides comprehensive coverage of the research into and clinical uses of bioceramics and biocomposites Developments related to bioceramics and biocomposites appear to be one the most dynamic areas in the field of biomaterials, with multiple applications in tissue engineering and medical devices. This book covers the basic science and engineering of bioceramics and biocomposites for applications in dentistry and orthopedics, as well as the state-of-the-art aspects of biofabrication techniques, tissue engineering, remodeling, and regeneration of bone tissue. It also provides insight into the use of bionanomaterials to create new functionalities when interfaced with biological molecules or structures. Featuring contributions from leading experts in the field, Bioceramics and Biocomposites: From Research to Use in Clinical Practice offers complete coverage of everything from extending the concept of hemopoietic and stromal niches, to the evolution of bioceramic-based scaffolds. It looks at perspectives on and trends in bioceramics in endodontics, and discusses the influence of newer biomaterials use on the structuring of the clinician’s attitude in dental practice or in orthopedic surgery. The book also covers such topics as biofabrication techniques for bioceramics and biocomposites; glass ceramics: calcium phosphate coatings; brain drug delivery bone substitutes; and much more. Presents the biggest trends in bioceramics and biocomposites relating to medical devices and tissue engineering products Systematically presents new information about bioceramics and biocomposites, developing diagnostics and improving treatments and their influence on the clinicians' approaches Describes how to use these biomaterials to create new functionalities when interfaced with biological molecules or structures Offers a range of applications in clinical practice, including bone tissue engineering, remodeling, and regeneration Delineates essential requirements for resorbable bioceramics Discusses clinical results obtained in dental and orthopedic applications Bioceramics and Biocomposites: From Research to Use in Clinical Practice is an excellent resource for biomaterials scientists and engineers, bioengineers, materials scientists, and engineers. It will also benefit mechanical engineers and biochemists who work with biomaterials scientists.

An Introduction to Biomaterials, Second Edition

An Introduction to Biomaterials, Second Edition
Author : Jeffrey O. Hollinger
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2011-11-28
Category : Medical
Total pages :644
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A practical road map to the key families of biomaterials and their potential applications in clinical therapeutics, Introduction to Biomaterials, Second Edition follows the entire path of development from theory to lab to practical application. It highlights new biocompatibility issues, metrics, and statistics as well as new legislation for intellectual property. Divided into four sections (Biology, Biomechanics, Biomaterials Interactions; Biomaterials Testing, Statistics, Regulatory Considerations, Intellectual Property; Biomaterials Compositions; and Biomaterials Applications), this dramatically revised edition includes both new and revised chapters on cells, tissues, and signaling molecules in wound healing cascades, as well as two revised chapters on standardized materials testing with in vitro and in vivo paradigms consistent with regulatory guidelines. Emphasizing biocompatibility at the biomaterial-host interface, it investigates cell-cell interactions, cell-signaling and the inflammatory and complement cascades, specific interactions of protein-adsorbed materials, and other inherent biological constraints including solid-liquid interfaces, diffusion, and protein types. Unique in its inclusion of the practicalities of biomaterials as an industry, the book also covers the basic principles of statistics, new U.S. FDA information on the biomaterials-biology issues relevant to patent applications, and considerations of intellectual property and patent disclosure. With nine completely new chapters and 24 chapters extensively updated and revised with new accomplishments and contemporary data, this comprehensive introduction discusses 13 important classes of biomaterials, their fundamental and applied research, practical applications, performance properties, synthesis and testing, potential future applications, and commonly matched clinical applications. The authors include extensive references, to create a comprehensive, yet manageable didactic work that is an invaluable desk references and instructional text for undergraduates and working professionals alike.

Calcium Orthophosphates

Calcium Orthophosphates
Author : Sergey V. Dorozhkin
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2012-06-04
Category : Science
Total pages :850
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Due to a great chemical similarity with the biological calcified tissues, many calcium orthophosphates possess remarkable biocompatibility and bioactivity. Materials scientists use this property extensively to construct artificial bone grafts that are either entirely made of or only surface-coated with the biologically relevant calcium orthophosphates. Porous scaffolds made of calcium orthophosphates are very promising tools for tissue engineering applications. A comprehensive overview of calcium orthophosphates, this book highlights their importance and biomedical uses.