December 5, 2020

Download Ebook Free Offshore Gas Hydrates

Offshore Gas Hydrates

Offshore Gas Hydrates
Author : Rudy Rogers
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release Date : 2015-08-24
Category : Science
Total pages :398
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Gas hydrates collect and store both thermogenic and biogenic methane generated in deep ocean sediments that, over geologic time, forms vast methane repositories. Offshore Gas Hydrates: Origins, Development, and Production presents gas hydrates as an emerging, clean energy source possibly more abundant than all other fossil fuels and especially important for countries geographically and economically restricted from conventional fossil fuel resources. The book explores feasible methods to produce offshore hydrate gas, the means to store and transport the remotely produced gas, new hydrate inhibitors for conventional and hydrate production in ultra-deep waters, instability manifestations of seafloor hydrates, and hydrate roles in complex ecological scenarios. Complementing production and drilling method presentations are computer simulation studies, hydrate field tests, and seismic and logging developments. Offshore Gas Hydrates delivers a well-developed framework for both the oil and gas researcher and corporate engineer to better exploit this future unconventional resource, empowering the oil and gas professional with the latest data and information on sophisticated challenges that offshore hydrates present. Addresses the technical, economic, and environmental problems of producing hydrate gas. Introduces the overlooked and unchartered role of microbes in catalyzing offshore hydrate formations with attendant effects on stability/dissociation. Reviews the latest world-wide field tests, research, and case studies involving seafloor hydrates, inclusive of most known hydrate provinces. Displays two videos within the e-book only: (1) hydrates, carbonates, chemosynthetic communities, and natural hydrocarbon leakages on the seafloor at the Mississippi Canyon hydrate observatory site; (2) hydrate nucleation, migration and self-packing in a laboratory test cell under the influence of anionic surfactants. Extends deep-water hydrate knowledge regarding the hydrate formation and protective cover for microbes within the extreme environment of Mars.

Natural Gas Hydrates in Flow Assurance

Natural Gas Hydrates in Flow Assurance
Author : Carolyn Ann Koh,Amadeu Sum
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release Date : 2010-10-12
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :224
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With millions of kilometres of onshore and offshore oil and gas pipelines in service around the world, pipelines are the life’s blood of the world. Notorious for disrupting natural gas production or transmission, the formation of natural gas hydrates can cost a company hundreds of millions and lead to catastrophic equipment breakdowns and safety and health hazards. Written by an international group of experts, Natural Gas Hydrates in Flow Assurance provide an expert overview of the practice and theory in natural gas hydrates, with applications primarily in flow assurance. Compact and easy to use, the book provides readers with a wealth of materials which include the key lessons learned in the industry over the last 20 years. Packed with field case studies, the book is designed to provide hands-on training and practice in calculating hydrate phase equilibria and plug dissociation. In addition readers receive executable programs to calculate hydrate thermodynamics. Case studies of hydrates in flow assurance The key concepts underlying the practical applications An overview of the state of the art flow assurance industrial developments

Methane Gas Hydrate

Methane Gas Hydrate
Author : Ayhan Demirbas
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2010-02-28
Category : Science
Total pages :186
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Gas hydrates represent one of the world’s largest untapped reservoirs of energy and, according to some estimates, have the potential to meet global energy needs for the next thousand years. "Methane Gas Hydrate" examines this potential by focusing on methane gas hydrate, which is increasingly considered a significant source of energy. "Methane Gas Hydrate" gives a general overview of natural gas, before delving into the subject of gas hydrates in more detail and methane gas hydrate in particular. As well as discussing methods of gas production, it also discusses the safety and environmental concerns associated with the presence of natural gas hydrates, ranging from their possible impact on the safety of conventional drilling operations to their influence on Earth’s climate. "Methane Gas Hydrate" is a useful reference on an increasingly popular energy source. It contains valuable information for chemical engineers and researchers, as well as for postgraduate students.

Monoethylene Glycol as Hydrate Inhibitor in Offshore Natural Gas Processing

Monoethylene Glycol as Hydrate Inhibitor in Offshore Natural Gas Processing
Author : Alexandre Mendonça Teixeira,Lara de Oliveira Arinelli,José Luiz de Medeiros,Ofélia de Queiroz Fernandes Araújo
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2017-09-15
Category : Science
Total pages :114
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This book addresses several issues related to hydrate inhibition and monoethylene glycol (MEG) recovery units (MRUs) in offshore natural gas fields, from fundamentals to engineering aspects and from energy consumption assessment to advanced topics such as exergy analysis. The assessment of energy degradation in MRUs is critical in offshore rigs, and the topic of exergy theory has by no means been completely explored; it is still being developed. The book presents a comprehensive, yet concise, formulation for exergy flow and examines different approaches for the reference state of MEG and definition of the reference environment so as to obtain an effective exergy analysis with consistent results. It also provides new and useful information that has a great potential in the field of exergy analysis application by assessing energy degradation for three well-known MRU technologies on offshore rigs: the Traditional Atmospheric Distillation Process; the Full-Stream Process; and the Slip-Stream Process. The book then elucidates how the main design parameters impact the efficiency of MEG recovery units and offers insights into thermodynamic efficiency based on case studies of general distillation-based processes with sharp or not too sharp cut, providing ranges for expected values of efficiencies and enhancing a global comprehension of this subject. Since MEG recovery is an energy consuming process that invariably has to be conducted in a limited space and with limited power supply, the book is a valuable resource for those involved in design, engineering, economic evaluation and environmental evaluation of topside processing on offshore platforms for natural gas production.

Hydrates of Natural Gas

Hydrates of Natural Gas
Author : I͡Uriĭ Fedorovich Makogon
Publisher : Pennwell Corporation
Release Date : 1981
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :237
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Exploration of Gas Hydrates

Exploration of Gas Hydrates
Author : Naresh Kumar Thakur,Sanjeev Rajput
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2010-10-08
Category : Science
Total pages :281
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Gas hydrates are ice-like crystalline substances that form a rigid cage of water molecules and entrap hydrocarbon and non-hydrocarbon gas by hydrogen bonding. Natural gas hydrate is primarily composed of water and methane. These are solid, crystalline, ice-like substances found in permafrost areas and deepwater basins around the world. They naturally occur in the pore space of marine sediments, where appropriate high pressure and low temperature conditions exist in an adequate supply of gas (mainly methane). Gas hydrates are considered as a potential non conventional energy resource. Methane hydrates are also recognized as, an influence on offshore platform stability, a major factor in climate change contributing to global warming and a significant contribution to the ocean carbon cycle. The proposed book treats various geophysical techniques in order to quantify the gas hydrate reserves and their impact on environment. The primary goal of this book is to provide the state of art for gas hydrate exploration. The target audiences for this book are non-specialist from different branches of science, graduate students and researchers.

Sediment-hosted Gas Hydrates

Sediment-hosted Gas Hydrates
Author : D. Long
Publisher : Geological Society of London
Release Date : 2009
Category : Science
Total pages :192
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There is much interest in gas hydrates in relation to their potential role as an important driver for climate change and as a major new energy source; however, many questions remain, not least the size of the global hydrate budget. Much of the current uncertainty centres on how hydrates are physically stored in sediments at a range of scales. This volume details advances in our understanding of sediment-hosted hydrates, and contains papers covering a range of studies of real and artificial sediments containing both methane hydrates and CO2 hydrates. The papers include an examination of the techniques used to locate, sample and characterize hydrates from natural, methane-rich systems, so as to understand them better. Other contributions consider the nature and stability of synthetic hydrates formed in the laboratory, which in turn improve our ability to make accurate predictive models.

Environmental Hazards from Offshore Methane Hydrate Operations

Environmental Hazards from Offshore Methane Hydrate Operations
Author : Roy Andrew Partain
Publisher : Kluwer Law International B.V.
Release Date : 2017-05-01
Category : Law
Total pages :418
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" Although methane hydrates are not recent discoveries, it is only now that their extraction and production are becoming commercially feasible as a major new energy source. They are present offshore in almost every coastal state, and their economic potential for endowing those states with abundant natural gas – in addition to their utility as freshwater resources and as carbon sinks for captured greenhouse gases – is vast. This book presents the first treatment of the legal issues facing the future of offshore methane hydrates, taking into account both proprietary interests and environmental hazards. Starting from law and economics theory as applied to environmental accidents, the book’s analytical framework addresses how best to provide for the opportunities and challenges presented by offshore methane hydrates. Issues and topics include the following: - introduction to the science and technology of offshore methane hydrates; - methane as a green energy source; - research programmes and agendas under way in Japan, South Korea, the United States, Canada, China, and India; - carbon capture and sequestration; - risks – methane emissions, large-scale combustion events, subsea landslides, tsunamis, earthquakes, deep ocean eruptions; - strategies of risk governance – during exploration, development, production and abandonment of the extraction process; - acts that enable seeping and venting of methane; - regulatory compliance as a defense from liability; - grounds for deference to rules of civil liability; - potential impact on anthropogenic climate change; and - private regulation and market-based incentives The analysis compares and contrasts recommended legal policies with existing legal frameworks in relevant international conventions, the European Union, and the United States. Rules of civil liability are reviewed to determine when strict liability or negligence might be efficiently employed in risk governance along with the implementation of public regulations. As a road map to amending and revising existing laws and conventions, this book will be of inestimable practical value to policymakers in supporting the optimal risk governance of the development of methane hydrates. For potential entrepreneurs and operators, this book greatly reduces the legal uncertainty underlying their decision-making and investment decisions. Furthermore, this book enables a broad cross-section of legal practitioners and scholars to engage in this fascinating late arrival to the natural resources law and policy arena. "

Methane Gas Hydrate

Methane Gas Hydrate
Author : Ayhan Demirbas
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2010-02-28
Category : Science
Total pages :186
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Gas hydrates represent one of the world’s largest untapped reservoirs of energy and, according to some estimates, have the potential to meet global energy needs for the next thousand years. "Methane Gas Hydrate" examines this potential by focusing on methane gas hydrate, which is increasingly considered a significant source of energy. "Methane Gas Hydrate" gives a general overview of natural gas, before delving into the subject of gas hydrates in more detail and methane gas hydrate in particular. As well as discussing methods of gas production, it also discusses the safety and environmental concerns associated with the presence of natural gas hydrates, ranging from their possible impact on the safety of conventional drilling operations to their influence on Earth’s climate. "Methane Gas Hydrate" is a useful reference on an increasingly popular energy source. It contains valuable information for chemical engineers and researchers, as well as for postgraduate students.

Gas Hydrates

Gas Hydrates
Author : J.-P. Henriet,J. Mienert,Jürgen Mienert
Publisher : Geological Society of London
Release Date : 1998
Category : Science
Total pages :338
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Natural gas hydrates occur in polar regions and in the sediment of out continental and insular margins. Three important aspects of gas hydrates are covered in this text: their fossil fuel potential; their role as a submarine geohazard; and their effects on global climate change. There is a general focus on slope stability and climatic issues.

Hydrates of Hydrocarbons

Hydrates of Hydrocarbons
Author : Iu. F. Makogon,I︠U︡riĭ Fedorovich Makogon,Yuri F. Makogon
Publisher : PennWell Books
Release Date : 1997
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :482
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Hydrates of Hydrocarbons is the first book to address methods of hydrate removal and, most importantly, prevention of hydrate build-up. The book provides solutions formulated for drilling, pipeline, and chemical engineers in both the onshore and offshore environments, as well as educators in advanced petroleum and chemical engineering courses. It also offers timely information on the use of hydrate properties in new technologies and the production of gas from natural gas hydrate deposits.

Clathrate Hydrates of Natural Gases, Third Edition

Clathrate Hydrates of Natural Gases, Third Edition
Author : E. Dendy Sloan, Jr.,Carolyn Koh
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2007-09-07
Category : Science
Total pages :752
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Hydrate research has expanded substantially over the past decade, resulting in more than 4,000 hydrate-related publications. Collating this vast amount of information into one source, Clathrate Hydrates of Natural Gases, Third Edition presents a thoroughly updated, authoritative, and comprehensive description of all major aspects of natural gas clathrate hydrates. What’s New in the Third Edition? This new edition of a bestseller offers updated information on the clathrate hydrate compounds discovered in the past decade, provides a balance between experimental and theoretical perspectives, and incorporates two software programs that can be downloaded from the CRC press website. It also presents case studies on low dosage hydrate inhibitor prevention and hydrate drilling in nature, phase equilibrium data and kinetic models, and descriptions of the paradigm change in flow assurance to risk management. Other new material discusses the paradigm transition from hydrate reservoir assessment to reservoir production and summarizes the in situ conditions for hydrates in the permafrost and oceans. With this modern account of clathrate hydrates, you will acquire a fresh perspective on both new and old theories and data, hopefully leading you to pursue exciting research directions and practical applications.

Energy from Gas Hydrates: Assessing the Opportunities and Challenges for Canada

Energy from Gas Hydrates: Assessing the Opportunities and Challenges for Canada
Author : Council of Canadian Academies
Publisher : Council of CanadianAcademies
Release Date : 2008
Category : Energy development
Total pages :18
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Gas Hydrates

Gas Hydrates
Author : Carlo Giavarini,Keith Hester
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2011-09-06
Category : Science
Total pages :178
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Gas hydrates are both a huge energy resource and an environmental challenge. They have a significant impact on society because of their applications to the future of energy, protection of the environment and fuel transportation. Gas Hydrates opens up this fascinating, multidisciplinary field to non-specialists. It provides a scientific study of gas hydrates that considers their potential as an energy source while assessing the possible risk to the environment. The authors also examine the feasibility of using these natural compounds for storing and transporting gases such as methane and carbon dioxide. Diagrams and photos are used throughout Gas Hydrates to help readers understand the scientific and technical content. Each section has been designed so it can be read independently by academics and professionals in the oil and gas industry, as well as by all those with an interest in how hydrates combine to be an energy resource, an industrial challange and a geological hazard.