November 28, 2020

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Oxidative Stress and Neurodegenerative Disorders

Oxidative Stress and Neurodegenerative Disorders
Author : G. Ali Qureshi,S. Hasan Parvez
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2007-03-22
Category : Science
Total pages :794
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Oxidative stress is the result of an imbalance in pro-oxidant/antioxidant homeostasis that leads to the generation of toxic reactive oxygen species. Brain cells are continuously exposed to reactive oxygen species generated by oxidative metabolism, and in certain pathological conditions defense mechanisms against oxygen radicals may be weakened and/or overwhelmed. DNA is a potential target for oxidative damage, and genomic damage can contribute to neuropathogenesis. It is important therefore to identify tools for the quantitative analysis of DNA damage in models on neurological disorders. This book presents detailed information on various neurodegenerative disorders and their connection with oxidative stress. This information will provide clinicians with directions to treat these disorders with appropriate therapy and is also of vital importance for the drug industries for the design of new drugs for treatment of degenerative disorders. * Contains the latest information on the subject of neurodegenerative disorders * Reflects on various factors involved in degeneration and gives suggestions for how to tackle these problems

Mitochondria and Oxidative Stress in Neurodegenerative Disorders, Volume 1147

Mitochondria and Oxidative Stress in Neurodegenerative Disorders, Volume 1147
Author : Gary E. Gibson,Rajiv R. Ratan,M. Flint Beal
Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell
Release Date : 2008-12-30
Category : Science
Total pages :414
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Our understanding of how mitochondria functionally interact with other cellular organelles and the process of transcription, and how mitochondria detect oxidative modification of macromolecules has improved significantly in the past decade. Importantly, the roles of mitochondria and oxidative stress are also better defined in the pathophysiology of neurodegenerative disorders. This volume combines basic, clinical, and translational research in a forum designed to provide the most current information on aspects of mitochondrial function and its relationship to age-related neurodegenerative diseases and their treatment. NOTE: Annals volumes are available for sale as individual books or as a journal. For information on institutional journal subscriptions, please visit www.blackwellpublishing.com/nyas. ACADEMY MEMBERS: Please contact the New York Academy of Sciences directly to place your order (www.nyas.org). Members of the New York Academy of Science receive full-text access to the Annals online and discounts on print volumes. Please visit http://www.nyas.org/MemberCenter/Join.aspx for more information about becoming a member

Oxidative Stress in Cancer, AIDS, and Neurodegenerative Diseases

Oxidative Stress in Cancer, AIDS, and Neurodegenerative Diseases
Author : Luc Montagnier,Rene Olivier,Catherine Pasquier
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 1997-10-06
Category : Medical
Total pages :576
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Based on a conference on Oxidative Stress and Redox Regulation, held at the Pasteur Institute, Paris, this work examines fundamental, chemical, biological and medical studies of free radicals on different targets and the consequences of their reactivity. It covers the chemistry and biochemistry of free radicals, free radicals as second messengers that group the activation of transcription factors and enzymes, the importance of the antioxidant system in cell metabolism regulation, and the role of free radicals and antioxidants in disease management. The editors of this work are three of the most respected pioneers in the field. Dr. Montagnier is credited as the discoverer of HIV.

Oxidative Stress and Age-Related Neurodegeneration

Oxidative Stress and Age-Related Neurodegeneration
Author : Yuan Luo
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2005-11-21
Category : Science
Total pages :528
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Despite the progress being made by researchers, Alzheimer’s disease, along with other age-related neurodegenerative disorders, continues to exact a tremendous toll on our society. However, we are beginning to see a relationship that ties degenerative disorders to oxidative stress and lifestyle, suggesting the possibility for prevention and intervention through changes of individual habits, especially with regard to diet. Oxidative Stress and Age-Related Neurodegeneration brings together expert researchers involved with recent developments across a variety of fields. In looking at causation, prevention, and therapy, they offer contributions addressing these questions: What similarities and differences exist between normal aging and disease-related neurodegeneration in terms of susceptibility to and effects of oxidative stress? How can oxidative stress or its effects be attenuated? Do antioxidants prevent or slow the progress of the disease? Is there any role for natural micronutrients in the attenuation of oxidative stress and prevention of age-related neurodegeneration? Some chapters look at the various ways research is getting to the core of neurodegenerative disease, including the use of proteomics, comparisons to related diseases, and examinations at the cellular and molecular levels. Other chapters focus on specific antioxidants and nutrients cited as being impactful, such as those found in Gingko biloba, green tea, blueberries, and grape seed extract. Researchers in academia, industry, and clinical medicine, as well as students and scholars will find use for this timely collection, either as an introduction to our current understanding of neurodegeneration or as a reference for further research. Clinicians will also benefit, as this book explains the basis for many of the latest approaches to prevention and therapy.

Mitochondria and Oxidative Stress in Neurodegenerative Disorders

Mitochondria and Oxidative Stress in Neurodegenerative Disorders
Author : Gary E. Gibson,Rajiv R. Ratan,M. Flint Beal
Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell
Release Date : 2008-12-30
Category : Science
Total pages :400
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Our understanding of how mitochondria functionally interact with other cellular organelles and the process of transcription, and how mitochondria detect oxidative modification of macromolecules has improved significantly in the past decade. Importantly, the roles of mitochondria and oxidative stress are also better defined in the pathophysiology of neurodegenerative disorders. This volume combines basic, clinical, and translational research in a forum designed to provide the most current information on aspects of mitochondrial function and its relationship to age-related neurodegenerative diseases and their treatment. NOTE: Annals volumes are available for sale as individual books or as a journal. For information on institutional journal subscriptions, please visit www.blackwellpublishing.com/nyas. ACADEMY MEMBERS: Please contact the New York Academy of Sciences directly to place your order (www.nyas.org). Members of the New York Academy of Science receive full-text access to the Annals online and discounts on print volumes. Please visit http://www.nyas.org/MemberCenter/Join.aspx for more information about becoming a member

Oxidative Stress in Vertebrates and Invertebrates

Oxidative Stress in Vertebrates and Invertebrates
Author : Tahira Farooqui,Akhlaq A. Farooqui
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2011-12-06
Category : Science
Total pages :416
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This volume presents a unique comparative treatment of the role oxidative stress plays in vertebrates and invertebrates in multiple organ systems with regards to cell death, development, aging, and human diseases, and anti-oxidant therapy. It offers comprehensive reviews of the current understanding of oxidative stress-mediated physiology and pathology as well as directions for future research. It also provides current information on the role of oxidative stress in neurodegenerative diseases, cardiovascular diseases, and various types of cancer mediated by oxidative stress.

Oxidative Stress and Redox Signalling in Parkinsons Disease

Oxidative Stress and Redox Signalling in Parkinsons Disease
Author : Rodrigo Franco,Jonathan A Doorn,Jean-Christophe Rochet
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release Date : 2017-07-21
Category : Medical
Total pages :520
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Parkinson's Disease is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder affecting millions of people worldwide. In order to find neuroprotective strategies, a clear understanding of the mechanisms involved in the dopaminergic death of cells that progresses the disease is needed. Oxidative stress can be defined as an imbalance between the production of reactive species and the ability to detoxify them and their intermediates or by-products. Oxidative damage to lipids, proteins, and DNA has been detected in autopsies from individuals with Parkinson’s Disease and so links can be made between oxidative stress and Parkinson’s Disease pathogenesis. This book provides a thorough review of the mechanisms by which oxidative stress and redox signalling mediate Parkinson’s Disease. Opening chapters bring readers up to speed on basic knowledge regarding oxidative stress and redox signalling, Parkinson’s Disease, and neurodegeneration before the latest advances in this field are explored in detail. Topics covered in the following chapters include the role of mitochondria, dopamine metabolism, metal homeostasis, inflammation, DNA-damage and thiol-signalling. The role of genetics and gene-environment interactions are also explored before final chapters discuss the identification of potential biomarkers for diagnosis and disease progression and the future of redox/antioxidant based therapeutics. Written by recognized experts in the field, this book will be a valuable source of information for postgraduate students and academics, clinicians, toxicologists and risk assessment groups. Importantly, it presents the current research that might later lead to redox or antioxidant – based therapeutics for Parkinson’s disease.

Metal Ions and Neurodegenerative Disorders

Metal Ions and Neurodegenerative Disorders
Author : Paolo Zatta
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date : 2003
Category : Medical
Total pages :511
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Numerous studies have established a clear connection between neuronal oxidative stress and several neurodegenerative diseases, with consequential damages to lipids, proteins, nucleic acids, etc. In addition, several modifications indicative of oxidative stress have been described in association with neurons, neurofibrillary tangles and senile plaques in Alzheimer''s disease, including advanced glycation end products and free carbonyl oxidation. Oxidative damage and antioxidant responses are now well characterized, but sources of damaging free radicals are yet to be fully understood. Evidences of alteration in metal ions metabolism have been reported in various diseases like Alzheimer''s, Wilson, Menkes, Prion, Pick, Huntington disease, epilepsy and other pathological events. Thus, metal ions play a pivotal role in neurodegenerative phenomena. Chelation therapy is still in the early days of its development, but research in this area could lead to new products that could revolutionize treatment. Two international conferences on OC Metals and the Brain: From Neurochemistry to NeurodegenerationOCO (Padova, Italy, 2000 and Fez, Morocco, 2002) were recently held to discuss the role of metal ions in neurophysiopathology. A third will be held in 2005 in Johannesburg, South Africa. This book follows the same train of thought as those conferences, in order to highlight the unquestionable importance of metal ions in the research on the neurophysiopathology of neurodegenerative diseases. The excellent reputation of the scientists who have contributed to this project ensures the quality of the chapters presented here, and hopefully this will help spur new research initiatives in the field, which is still in its infancy. Contents: Metal-Catalyzed Redox Activity in Neurodegenerative Disease (M A Taddeo et al.); Aluminum and Central Nervous System Morphology in Hemodialysis (E Reusche); Transition Metals, Oxidation, Lipoproteins, and Amyloid-: Major Players in Alzheimer''s Disease (A Kontush); Molecular Basis of Copper Transport: Cellular and Physiological Functions of Menkes and Wilson Disease Proteins (ATP7A and ATP7B) (D R Kramer et al.); Copper-Zinc Superoxide Dismutase and Familial Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (M B Yim et al.); Copper and Prion Disease (J Sasson & D Brown); Metallothioneins in Neurodegeneration (M Aschner et al.); Iron and Neurodegeneration (S L Grab & J R Connor); Iron, Neuromelanin, and -Synuclein in Neuropathogenesis of Parkinson''s Disease (K L Double et al.); Iron and Epilepsy (W-Y Ong et al.); Role of Iron Metabolism in Multiple Sclerosis (M J Kotze et al.); Neuroprotective Effects of Lithium (S Ermidiou-Pollet & S Pollet); and other articles. Readership: Academics, graduate students and researchers in neurology, psychiatry, neuroscience and environmental health."

Handbook of Research on Critical Examinations of Neurodegenerative Disorders

Handbook of Research on Critical Examinations of Neurodegenerative Disorders
Author : Uddin, Md. Sahab,Amran, Md. Shah
Publisher : IGI Global
Release Date : 2018-07-31
Category : Medical
Total pages :597
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Neurodegeneration is a key feature of several diseases that are referred to as neurodegenerative diseases. The process of neurodegeneration is not well-understood so the diseases that stem from it have, as yet, no cures. As such, studying the effects of these disorders can provide insight into the treatment, prevention, and future opportunities and challenges in this growing field. The Handbook of Research on Critical Examinations of Neurodegenerative Disorders is a critical scholarly resource that provides an extensive explanation of various neurodegenerative disorders based on existing studies to clarify etiology, pathological mechanisms, diagnosis, therapeutic interventions, as well as current status and future opportunities and challenges. Featuring coverage on a broad range of topics such as dementia, mitochondrial dysfunction, and risk factors, this book is geared towards neurobiologists, neuropsychologists, neurophysiologists, neuropathologists, medical professionals, academicians, and researchers seeking research on the complexity of neurodegenerative disorders.

Free Radicals and Diseases

Free Radicals and Diseases
Author : Rizwan Ahmad
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2016-10-26
Category : Medical
Total pages :386
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The current volume entitled, "Free Radicals and Diseases" integrates knowledge in free radical-associated diseases from the basic level to the advanced level, and from the bench side to bed side. The chapters in this book provide an extensive overview of the topic, including free radical formations and clinical interventions.

Role of Oxidative Stress in Chronic Diseases

Role of Oxidative Stress in Chronic Diseases
Author : Isaias Dichi,José Wander Breganó,Andréa Name Colado Simão,Rubens Cecchini
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2014-03-14
Category : Medical
Total pages :720
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This book presents recent findings on the role of oxidative stress in chronic diseases. Understanding the mechanisms behind it enables readers to comprehend the rationale which underlies intervention in such conditions. The book places special emphasis on genetic polymorphism—an important issue related to this field of study. It covers the role of oxidative stress in transmissible disorders as well as non-transmissible chronic conditions with chapters on metabolic diseases, autoimmune and neurodegenerative diseases, and cancer and cachexia. Each chapter covers a different disorder and the efficacy of interventional procedures.

A Master Regulator of Oxidative StressThe Transcription Factor Nrf2

A Master Regulator of Oxidative StressThe Transcription Factor Nrf2
Author : Jose Antonio Morales-Gonzalez,Ángel Morales-González,Eduardo Osiris Madrigal-Santillan
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2016-12-21
Category : Science
Total pages :210
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Due to that at present, the majority of diseases are associated with alterations in oxidative stress and inflammatory processes, and in that Nrf-2 is a modulator of these processes; knowing how this transcriptional factor functions and is regulated opens a therapeutic window to diverse diseases. Therefore, the efforts of various investigation groups are centered on finding activators and/or inhibitors of Nrf-2 to prevent or control diverse diseases, for example, cancer, where it would be important to regulate Nrf-2 in order for it to activate apoptosis pathways in cancerogenous cells, or in neurodegenerative diseases where cell death is predominant, it would be important for Nrf-2 to activate antiapoptotic pathways.

Alzheimer's Disease: Cellular and Molecular Aspects of Amyloid beta

Alzheimer's Disease: Cellular and Molecular Aspects of Amyloid beta
Author : J. Robin Harris,Falk Fahrenholz
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2006-11-22
Category : Science
Total pages :409
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To understand Alzheimer's disease (AD) is one of the major thrusts of present-day clinical research, strongly supported by more fimdamental cellular, biochemical, immunological and structural studies. It is these latter that receive attention within this book. This compilation of 20 chapters indicates the diversity of work currently in progress and summarizes the current state of knowledge. Experienced authors who are scientifically active in their fields of study have been selected as contributors to this book, in an attempt to present a reasonably complete survey of the field. Inevitably, some exciting topics for one reason or another have not been included, for which we can only apologize. Standardization of terminology is often a problem in science, not least in the Alzheimer field; editorial effort has been made to achieve standardization between the Chapters, but some minor yet acceptable personal / author variation is still present, i. e. P-amyloid/amyloid-P; Ap42/Apl-42/APi. 42! The book commences with a broad survey of the contribution that the range of available microscopical techniques has made to the study of Alzheimer's amyloid plaques and amyloid fibrillogenesis. This chapter also serves as an Introduction to the book, since several of the topics introduced here are expanded upon in later chapters. Also, it is significant to the presence of this chapter that the initial discovery of brain plaques, by Alois Alzheimer, utilized light microscopy, a technique that continues to be extremely valuable in present-day AD research.

Molecular Aspects of Neurodegeneration and Neuroprotection

Molecular Aspects of Neurodegeneration and Neuroprotection
Author : Akhlaq A. Farooqui,Tahira Farooqui
Publisher : Bentham Science Publishers
Release Date : 2011-01-26
Category : Science
Total pages :146
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"Neurodegenerative diseases are a complex heterogeneous group of diseases associated with site-specific premature and slow death of certain neuronal populations in brain and spinal cord tissues. For example, in Alzheimer disease, neuronal degeneration occu"

Inflammation and Oxidative Stress in Neurological Disorders

Inflammation and Oxidative Stress in Neurological Disorders
Author : Akhlaq A. Farooqui
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2014-01-27
Category : Medical
Total pages :355
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Unless new discoveries are made in the prevention or treatment of stroke, Alzheimer's Disease and depression, the number of patients with these diseases is sure to increase dramatically by the year 2050. Thus, developing strategies to retard or delay the onset of stroke, AD and depression these neurological disorders is of critical important. The present monograph will provide current and comprehensive information on the relationship between neuroinflammation and oxidative stress in age-related neurological disorders at the molecular level. The information described in this monograph on lifestyle (diet and exercise), genes and age is intended to facilitate and promote new discoveries for the treatment of age-related neurological disorders.