December 3, 2020

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Particle Physics and Cosmology: the Fabric of Spacetime

Particle Physics and Cosmology: the Fabric of Spacetime
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2007-09-12
Category : Science
Total pages :590
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This book is a collection of lectures given in August 2006 at the Les Houches Summer School on “Particle Physics and Cosmology: the Fabric of Spacetime . It provides a pedagogical introduction to the various aspects of both particle physics beyond the Standard Model and Cosmology of the Early Universe, covering each topic from the basics to the most recent developments. · Provides a pedagogical introduction to topics at the interface of particle physics and cosmology · Addresses each topic from the basis to the most recent developments · Provides necessary tools to build new theoretical models addressing various issues both in cosmology and particle physics · Covers the lectures by internationally-renowned and leading experts · Faces the predictions of theoretical models against collider experimental data as well as from cosmological observations

Particle Physics and Cosmology: the Fabric of Spacetime

Particle Physics and Cosmology: the Fabric of Spacetime
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier Science
Release Date : 2007-09-26
Category : Science
Total pages :590
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This book is a collection of lectures given in August 2006 at the Les Houches Summer School on "Particle Physics and Cosmology: the Fabric of Spacetime”. It provides a pedagogical introduction to the various aspects of both particle physics beyond the Standard Model and Cosmology of the Early Universe, covering each topic from the basics to the most recent developments. · Provides a pedagogical introduction to topics at the interface of particle physics and cosmology · Addresses each topic from the basis to the most recent developments · Provides necessary tools to build new theoretical models addressing various issues both in cosmology and particle physics · Covers the lectures by internationally-renowned and leading experts · Faces the predictions of theoretical models against collider experimental data as well as from cosmological observations

Particle physics and cosmology : the fabric of spacetime : lecture notes of the Les Houches Summer School 2006

Particle physics and cosmology : the fabric of spacetime : lecture notes of the Les Houches Summer School 2006
Author : Francis Bernardeau,J. Dalibard
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2007
Category : Cosmology
Total pages :558
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The Fabric of the Cosmos

The Fabric of the Cosmos
Author : Brian Greene
Publisher : Vintage
Release Date : 2007-12-18
Category : Science
Total pages :592
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From Brian Greene, one of the world’s leading physicists and author of the Pulitzer Prize finalist The Elegant Universe, comes a grand tour of the universe that makes us look at reality in a completely different way. Space and time form the very fabric of the cosmos. Yet they remain among the most mysterious of concepts. Is space an entity? Why does time have a direction? Could the universe exist without space and time? Can we travel to the past? Greene has set himself a daunting task: to explain non-intuitive, mathematical concepts like String Theory, the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle, and Inflationary Cosmology with analogies drawn from common experience. From Newton’s unchanging realm in which space and time are absolute, to Einstein’s fluid conception of spacetime, to quantum mechanics’ entangled arena where vastly distant objects can instantaneously coordinate their behavior, Greene takes us all, regardless of our scientific backgrounds, on an irresistible and revelatory journey to the new layers of reality that modern physics has discovered lying just beneath the surface of our everyday world.

Quantum Gravity

Quantum Gravity
Author : Warner Schneider
Publisher : Dorrance Publishing
Release Date : 2016-08-02
Category : Science
Total pages :66
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Quantum Gravity: A Study in Physics and Cosmology By Warner Schneider Albert Einstein determined that gravitation is the curvature of space in proximity to any celestial body of mass. If this is so, then how and why does it occur? And what is the relationship between matter and the fabric of space that allows for it? We can gain a more complete understanding of this force by identifying the various symmetries and field vectors that are replicated between the quantum level, the macrocosm of our universe, and the greater macrocosm lying beyond it. The dynamic underlying the expansion of space is revealed in this way, which goes a long way in explaining the origins of the universe and where it is ultimately headed.

Cosmology on Trial

Cosmology on Trial
Author : Pierre St. Clair
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2017-02-12
Category :
Total pages :129
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What if you knew the anomalies that cosmologists don't discuss in public? Cosmology on Trial - a remarkable study of unexplained and unsolved mysteries of the universe. New discoveries challenge the Big Bang model, General Relativity, Quantum Mechanics, String Theory, Gravity, Black Holes, & Redshift interpretation. Bestselling author, Pierre St. Clair, examines the latest theories like an attorney in a court of law. The author speaks without complex jargon. "Just the facts, please. Show me the evidence." Scientific journals cite major disagreements with current models of the universe The discovery of a ring of nine cataclysmic gamma ray bursts (GRBs) five billion light years across was published in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society On August 4, 2015, Professor Lajos Balasz announced at a press conference, "This structure contradicts the current models of the universe." Investigating teams of physicists are trying to verify if known processes of galaxy formation created the ring structure. If not, present theories of the evolution of the universe will need a radical revision. The May/2014 issue of Scientific American highlighted another serious calamity. "The negative results are beginning to produce if not a full-blown crisis in particle physics, then at least a widespread panic." Theorists working in particle physics admit they're in a state of confusion. Science periodicals, forums, and papers suggest fundamental principles of physics need revising. "Theoretical physics is at a crossroads right now...In a sense we've entered a very deep crisis." Dr. Neil Turok - Director of the Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics We find yet another major problem in the Standard Model of physics. Gravity, dark matter, dark energy, and consciousness comprise over 96% of the universe yet they are completely absent in the Standard Model. Cosmology on Trial explains why Newtonian Physics, General Relativity, Quantum Mechanics, & String Theory acknowledge inconsistencies in explaining gravitation, redshift interpretation, black holes, particles that exceed light speed, and more. Renowned physicists are clamoring for a new paradigm in cosmology. "We need to make a clean break and embark on a search for a new kind of theory that can be applied to the whole universe - a theory that avoids the confusions and paradoxes, answers the unanswerable questions, and generates genuine physical predictions for cosmological observations." Dr. Lee Smolin - Bestselling author of The Trouble With Physics This book digs behind the headlines to reveal the present state of cosmology - anomalies and inconsistencies are spreading unchecked - three important initiatives that are routinely ignored - five cosmological theories not supported by observations nor data Pierre St. Clair discloses what other authors brush aside. He pursues the big question: Is Big Bang cosmology a true account, or simply a lash-up of unsettled anomalies to preserve the status quo? The author also discusses disparities in published mainstream science reports such as: "Fraud in the Scientific Literature," "Ripples from the Big Bang," and "The Higgs Boson." NASA physicists readily admit 96% of the matter and energy in the universe is unknown. Science only understands 4% of the universe? "As a scientist and as an educator, I like the idea that we believe things because there's evidence." Dr. Richard Dawkins - Oxford University Professor & Bestselling Author "This book simply makes the very strong point that our cosmology of yesteryear was not based on solid evidence, and our cosmology of today isn't either." V. DiCara - US author based in Japan

Cosmology and Gravitation

Cosmology and Gravitation
Author : Mario Novello,Santiago E. Perez Bergliaffa
Publisher : Amer Inst of Physics
Release Date : 2009-06-09
Category : Science
Total pages :442
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The XIIIth Brazilian School of Cosmology and Gravitation covered a series of fundamental topics in our current understanding of Cosmology, Astrophysics, and Gravity. The purpose of the School is to give a view of the state of the art of these areas for students and post-docs, and also for the more experienced practitioners. Lectures were delivered by very well-known researchers in topics that covered several areas of theoretical and observational Cosmology, Astrophysics, and Gravitation, ranging from Quantum Gravity to Active Galactic Nuclei.

The New Physics and Cosmology

The New Physics and Cosmology
Author : Arthur Zajonc
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date : 2004-03-25
Category : Science
Total pages :264
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What happens when the Dalai Lama meets with leading physicists and a historian? This book is the carefully edited record of the fascinating discussions at a Mind and Life conference in which five leading physicists and a historian (David Finkelstein, George Greenstein, Piet Hut, Arthur Zajonc, Anton Zeilinger, and Tu Weiming) discussed with the Dalai Lama current thought in theoretical quantum physics, in the context of Buddhist philosophy. A contribution to the science-religion interface, and a useful explanation of our basic understanding of quantum reality, couched at a level that intelligent readers without a deep involvement in science can grasp. In the tradition of other popular books on resonances between modern quantum physics and Zen or Buddhist mystical traditions--notably The Dancing Wu Li Masters and The Tao of Physics, this book gives a clear and useful update of the genuine correspondences between these two rather disparate approaches to understanding the nature of reality.

The Elegant Universe

The Elegant Universe
Author : Brian Greene
Publisher : Vintage
Release Date : 1999
Category : Science
Total pages :448
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Introduces the superstring theory that attempts to unite general relativity and quantum mechanics

Complex Nonlinearity

Complex Nonlinearity
Author : Vladimir G. Ivancevic,Tijana T. Ivancevic
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2008-05-31
Category : Science
Total pages :844
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Complex Nonlinearity: Chaos, Phase Transitions, Topology Change and Path Integrals is a book about prediction & control of general nonlinear and chaotic dynamics of high-dimensional complex systems of various physical and non-physical nature and their underpinning geometro-topological change. The book starts with a textbook-like expose on nonlinear dynamics, attractors and chaos, both temporal and spatio-temporal, including modern techniques of chaos–control. Chapter 2 turns to the edge of chaos, in the form of phase transitions (equilibrium and non-equilibrium, oscillatory, fractal and noise-induced), as well as the related field of synergetics. While the natural stage for linear dynamics comprises of flat, Euclidean geometry (with the corresponding calculation tools from linear algebra and analysis), the natural stage for nonlinear dynamics is curved, Riemannian geometry (with the corresponding tools from nonlinear, tensor algebra and analysis). The extreme nonlinearity – chaos – corresponds to the topology change of this curved geometrical stage, usually called configuration manifold. Chapter 3 elaborates on geometry and topology change in relation with complex nonlinearity and chaos. Chapter 4 develops general nonlinear dynamics, continuous and discrete, deterministic and stochastic, in the unique form of path integrals and their action-amplitude formalism. This most natural framework for representing both phase transitions and topology change starts with Feynman’s sum over histories, to be quickly generalized into the sum over geometries and topologies. The last Chapter puts all the previously developed techniques together and presents the unified form of complex nonlinearity. Here we have chaos, phase transitions, geometrical dynamics and topology change, all working together in the form of path integrals. The objective of this book is to provide a serious reader with a serious scientific tool that will enable them to actually perform a competitive research in modern complex nonlinearity. It includes a comprehensive bibliography on the subject and a detailed index. Target readership includes all researchers and students of complex nonlinear systems (in physics, mathematics, engineering, chemistry, biology, psychology, sociology, economics, medicine, etc.), working both in industry/clinics and academia.

Space, Propulsion & Energy Sciences International Forum

Space, Propulsion & Energy Sciences International Forum
Author : Glen A. Robertson
Publisher : American Institute of Physics
Release Date : 2009-04-03
Category : Science
Total pages :725
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Huntsville, Alabama, 24-26 February 2009

Knots, Braids And Mobius Strips - Particle Physics And The Geometry Of Elementarity: An Alternative View

Knots, Braids And Mobius Strips - Particle Physics And The Geometry Of Elementarity: An Alternative View
Author : Jack Avrin
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date : 2015-03-13
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :356
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Elementary particles in this book exist as Solitons in-and-of the fabric of spacetime itself. As such they are characterized by their geometry, that is their topology and configuration which lead directly to their physical attributes and behavior as well as to a simplification and reduction of assumptions and the importation of parameter values. The emphasis of the book is thus on that geometry, the algebraic geometry associated with taxonomical issues and the differential geometry that determines the physics as well as on simplifying the results. In itself, however, the process of assembling and developing what eventually went into the book has been a singularly rewarding journey. Along the way some fascinating insights and connections to known physical attributes and theories emerge, some predictable but others unbidden and even unanticipated. The book is intended to summarize that journey in a way that, readers with a range of backgrounds will find interesting and provocative. Connections to other physical theories and subjects are also discussed. A most gratifying development is the emergence of a unifying principle underlying the epistemological structure of not only the elementary particles but of such diverse fields as Radar, Quantum mechanics, Biology, Cosmology and the Philosophy of science.

The Physics of the Early Universe

The Physics of the Early Universe
Author : Eleftherios Papantonopoulos
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2005-01-07
Category : Science
Total pages :301
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The Physics of the Early Universe is an edited and expanded version of the lectures given at a recent summer school of the same name. Its aim is to present an advanced multi-authored textbook that meets the needs of both postgraduate students and young researchers interested in, or already working on, problems in cosmology and general relativity, with emphasis on the early universe. A particularly strong feature of the present work is the constructive-critical approach to the present mainstream theories, the careful assessment of some alternative approaches, and the overall balance between theoretical and observational considerations. As such, this book will also benefit experienced scientists and nonspecialists from related areas of research.

Complex Systems

Complex Systems
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2011-09-22
Category : Science
Total pages :526
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There has been recently some interdisciplinary convergence on a number of precise topics which can be considered as prototypes of complex systems. This convergence is best appreciated at the level of the techniques needed to deal with these systems, which include: 1) A domain of research around a multiple point where statistical physics, information theory, algorithmic computer science, and more theoretical (probabilistic) computer science meet: this covers some aspects of error correcting codes, stochastic optimization algorithms, typical case complexity and phase transitions, constraint satisfaction problems. 2) The study of collective behavior of interacting agents, its impact on understanding some types of economical and financial problems, their link to population and epidemics dynamics, game theory, social, biological and computer networks and evolution. The present book is the written version of the lectures given during the Les Houches summer school session on "Complex Systems", devoted to these emerging interdisciplinary fields. The lectures consist both in a number of long methodological courses (probability theory, statistical physics of disordered systems, information theory, network structure and evolution, agent-based economics and numerical methods) and more specific, 'problem oriented' courses. Lecturers are all leading experts in their field; they have summarized recent results in a clear and authoritative manner. The "Les Houches lecture notes" have a long tradition of excellence and are often found to be useful for a number of years after they were written. The book is of interest to students and researchers with various backgrounds: probability theory, computer science, information theory, physics, finance, biology, etc. · Topical and comprehensive survey of the emerging, interdisciplinary field of "Complex Systems", covered by recognized world experts · "Les Houches lectures notes": a long tradition of excellence and long-lasting impact · Of interest to a broad audience (mathematics, physics, biology, informatics, finance, geology, etc.) · Some applications may have concrete impact · Selected topics in complex systems: forefront of research in the field

Cosmology and Particle Physics

Cosmology and Particle Physics
Author : Lizhi Fang,A. Zee
Publisher : Gordon & Breach Science Pub
Release Date : 1988
Category : Science
Total pages :446
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Covers the whole frontier of particle-cosmology from early universe and inflationary cosmology to phase transition and cosmic string. Other areas explored include dark matter, neutrino and axion problems, baryonsynthesis, formation of large-scale structure, and distribution and evolution of clusters and galaxies. For postgraduates and researchers. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR