January 20, 2021

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Personality and Disease

Personality and Disease
Author : Christoffer Johansen
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2018-06-29
Category : Psychology
Total pages :274
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A tremendous amount of research has been performed looking at the relationship between personality and disease. Research on this topic has been spread throughout scientific journals on psychology, behavioral health, psychoneuroimmunology, oncology, and epidemiology. Personality and Disease brings this research together in one place for the first time. With contributions from world experts, the book summarizes research findings on personality as it relates to cancer, heart disease, diabetes, asthma and allergies, dementia, and more. Is there such a thing as a cancer- prone personality? Do sadness, anger, stress, or shyness affect the likelihood that we will fall ill to specific diseases? Can we protect ourselves from disease through a positive outlook? This book will address both what we know, and what we persist in believing despite evidence to the contrary, and why such beliefs persist in the face of evidence. Investigates whether and how personality affects disease generally Includes cancer, heart disease, diabetes, asthma, allergies, and dementia Separates fact from fiction, evidence from beliefs Collates research from a wide variety of scientific domains Contains international perspectives from top scholars

Personality and Disease

Personality and Disease
Author : Howard S. Friedman
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 1990-08
Category : Medical
Total pages :315
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The original and creative analyses presented in this work represent a new understanding of the exciting field of personality and disease. Contributors offer current research findings and their experienced opinions on the relationship that exists between personality and disease in a clear, comprehensive fashion. Among the topics covered are models of linkages between personality and disease, stress and illness, individual differences and health--gender, coping and stress. Personality and social factors or and how they affect the outcome of cancer, are also discussed. The exploration and examination of the issues presented here are extremely valuable and will have a major impact on future research and practice.

Smoking, Personality, and Stress

Smoking, Personality, and Stress
Author : Hans J. Eysenck
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-12-06
Category : Medical
Total pages :130
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It is often suggested that the incidence of cancer and coronary heart disease could be much reduced or even eliminated if only people would stop smoking cigarettes and eat fewer high-cholesterol foods. The evidence, however, shows that such views are simplistic and unrealistic and that, instead, cancer and CHD are the product of many risk factors acting synergistically. Psychosocial factors (stress, personality) are six times as predictive as smoking, cholesterol level or blood pressure and much more responsive to prophylactic treatment. This book admits that, while smoking is a risk factor for cancer and CHD, its effects have been exaggerated. A more realistic appraisal of a very complex chain of events incorporating many diverse factors is given, and appropriate action to prevent cancer and coronary heart disease is discussed.

The Self-Healing Personality

The Self-Healing Personality
Author : Howard S. Friedman
Publisher : iUniverse
Release Date : 2000-04-01
Category : Health & Fitness
Total pages :260
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With breakthroughs in understandings of the disease prone and self-healing personalities Dr. Howard S. Friedman gives his answers to important questions. Why are certain people more likely to achieve health than other, seemingly similar, people? How can one increase their chances of preserving their health? What are the health effects of our chronic mood states? How are heart disease, cancer, arthritis, and other diseases related to personality? How can the disease-prone personality be altered? The answers to these questions are emerging from an exciting new interdisciplinary health science, and The Self-Healing Personality is the authoritative source for understanding state-of-the-art findings that can allow you to enhance your capacity for a long and healthy life. "A really important book! We must empower individuals to preserve their own health. This book should be read by everyone wanting an elegant, understandable explanation of the latest scientific findings." —Dr. Margaret Chesney, President, Health Psychology Division, American Psychological Association

Handbook of Personality and Health

Handbook of Personality and Health
Author : Margarete E. Vollrath
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2006-07-11
Category : Psychology
Total pages :362
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There has been a recent resurgence of interest in personality psychology and its applications. This book is organised in three parts: personality and health outcomes; mechanisms relating personality and health; personality specific prevention and intervention. It covers child and adolescence health behaviour as well as that of adults and integrates new developments within personality psychology (such as neurophysiology and temperamental traits) with health psychology and examines major health outcomes such as disease, the mechanisms between these outcomes and personality, and prevention and intervention programmes.

Handbook of Personality and Health

Handbook of Personality and Health
Author : Margarete E. Vollrath
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2006-07-11
Category : Psychology
Total pages :362
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There has been a recent resurgence of interest in personality psychology and its applications. This book is organised in three parts: personality and health outcomes; mechanisms relating personality and health; personality specific prevention and intervention. It covers child and adolescence health behaviour as well as that of adults and integrates new developments within personality psychology (such as neurophysiology and temperamental traits) with health psychology and examines major health outcomes such as disease, the mechanisms between these outcomes and personality, and prevention and intervention programmes.

Personality and Individual Differences

Personality and Individual Differences
Author : Bere Mahoney
Publisher : SAGE
Release Date : 2011-05-12
Category : Psychology
Total pages :296
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Electronic Inspection Copy Available for instructors here This accessible introductory text covers core domains of variation in individual differences: the history, philosophy and methods used in individual differences psychology, personality, intellect, affect and the self. It provides concise and focused coverage of the central concepts, research and debates in this key area, while developing students' higher level skills. Activities help readers build the underpinning generic critical thinking and transferable skills they need to become independent learners, and to meet the requirements of their programme of study.

Personality and Social Behavior

Personality and Social Behavior
Author : Frederick Rhodewalt
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release Date : 2012-01-04
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :320
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The study of the relationship between the person and the situation has had a long history in psychology. Many theories of personality are set on an interpersonal stage and many social phenomena are played out differently as the cast of characters change. At times the study of persons and situations has been contentious, however, recent interest in process models of personality and social interaction have focused on the ways people navigate, influence, and are influenced by their social worlds. Personality and Social Behavior contains a series of essays on topics where a transactional analysis of the person and situation has proved most fruitful. Contributions span the personality and social psychology spectrum and include such topics as new units in personality; neuroscience perspectives on interpersonal personality; social and interpersonal frameworks for understanding the self and self-esteem; and personality process analyses of romantic relationships, prejudice, health, and leadership. This volume provides essential reading for researchers with an interest in this core topic in social psychology and may also be used as a text on related upper-level courses.

Diseases of Memory, Diseases of the Will, and Diseases of Personality

Diseases of Memory, Diseases of the Will, and Diseases of Personality
Author : Théodule Ribot
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1883
Category : Memory
Total pages :156
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Successful Aging

Successful Aging
Author : Paul B. Baltes,Margret M. Baltes
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 1993-05-28
Category : Medical
Total pages :397
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More and more people live into old age. This demographic revolution underscores the fact that old age is the last uncharted and unattended phase of the life cycle.

Individual Differences, Stress, and Health Psychology

Individual Differences, Stress, and Health Psychology
Author : Michel P. Janisse
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-12-06
Category : Psychology
Total pages :191
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Individual Differences, Stress, and Health Psychology presents recent research on how individual differences lead to the variety of reactions people display to stressors. These reactions are considered particularly in their relation to health and illness. Distinguished international researchers in health psychology speculate on the future of the field and its application to developing treatments or changes in lifestyles that may prevent or alleviate such disorders as cancer, coronary heart disease, hypertension, and post-traumatic stress syndrome. The volume makes a significant contribution to the study of the relation between stress and health processes.

The Oxford Handbook of Health Psychology

The Oxford Handbook of Health Psychology
Author : Howard S. Friedman
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date : 2013-12-15
Category : Psychology
Total pages :916
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The flaws in today's healthcare systems and practices are well-documented: millions remain far from optimal health due to a variety of psychological and social factors; large numbers of patients do not fully cooperate with medical advice; errors in medical decision-making -- some stemming from flaws in interpersonal relations -- regularly lead to needless suffering and death. Further, the effects of emotions, personality, and motivation on healing are not well incorporated into traditional medical care. The Oxford Handbook of Health Psychology compiles the most relevant scholarship from psychology, medicine, and public health to offer a thorough and authoritative model of the biopsychosocial approach to health. A collection of international contributors addresses all relevant concepts in this model, including its applications to health promotion, health behavior change, and treatment.

Social Psychology of Health

Social Psychology of Health
Author : Peter Salovey,Alexander J. Rothman
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release Date : 2003
Category : Psychology
Total pages :396
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This volume describes classic and contemporary theory and research in social psychology that sheds light on how people think about health and illness, as well as their willingness to engage in health-relevant behaviors. The Editors have selected papers that serve to illustrate the reciprocal relation between advances in theory and advances in practice. The first two sections of the volume examine people's mental representations of health and health practices, and how these personal construals and implicit theories are linked to behavior. People can react to new health information in different ways - with acceptance, defensiveness, or downright ignorance. Research that can help us to understand these varied reactions is examined in Section 3. The following sections consider how classic social psychological theories and perspectives can be used to understand behavior relevant to health and illness. These include social influence, social comparison, pluralistic ignorance, social support, cognitive dissonance, message framing, and attribution theory. Finally, several articles consider links between personality characteristics and health, such as those between hostility and heart disease, and confiding traumatic experiences and immune function. The volume also contains a introductory chapter by the editors which provides a discussion of why social and personality psychologists should be interested in health and illness. Together with overviews for each section, discussion questions, and suggestions for further reading, the volume is an ideal text for advanced undergraduate and graduate courses on health psychology. The volume is also appropriate for courses in related disciplines such as public health, nursing, health education, health communication, and other allied health sciences.

The Origins of Health and Disease

The Origins of Health and Disease
Author : Michael E. Hyland
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2011-04-21
Category : Psychology
Total pages :129
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Some phenomena in medicine and psychology remain unexplained by current theory. Chronic fatigue syndrome, repetitive strain injury and irritable bowel syndrome, for example, are all diseases or syndromes that cannot be explained in terms of a physiological abnormality. In this intriguing book, Michael E. Hyland proposes that there is a currently unrecognised type of illness which he calls 'dysregulatory disease'. Hyland shows how such diseases develop and how the communication and art of medicine, good nursing care, complementary medicine and psychotherapy can all act to reduce the dysregulation that leads to dysregulatory disease. The Origins of Health and Disease is a fascinating book that develops a novel theory for understanding health and disease, and demonstrates how this theory is supported by existing data, and how it explains currently unexplained phenomena. Hyland also shows how his theory leads to new testable predictions that, in turn, will lead to further scientific advancement and development.

Advances in Personality Psychology

Advances in Personality Psychology
Author : Sarah E. Hampson
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release Date : 2014-01-14
Category : Psychology
Total pages :242
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In the first volume of this new series, Sarah E. Hampson brings together a unique collection of critical reviews of key areas of personality psychology and integrative accounts of important work by internationally recognised experts in the field. Advances in Personality Psychology includes chapters on cross-cultural evidence for the Big-Five framework for personality description, type and trait approaches to understanding childhood personality, developments in psychometrics, the relationship between hostility and cardiovascular disease, and the connections between personality and emotions. In further chapters the view that personality cannot change in adulthood is challenged and the importance of environmental factors is revealed by an observational study of twins. This state-of-the-art volume will provide students, teachers and researchers of contemporary personality psychology with a highly valuable resource on recent developments in this area.