December 5, 2020

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Pervaporation, Vapour Permeation and Membrane Distillation

Pervaporation, Vapour Permeation and Membrane Distillation
Author : Angelo Basile,Alberto Figoli,Mohamed Khayet
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2015-02-07
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :480
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Vapour permeation and membrane distillation are two emerging membrane technologies for the production of vapour as permeate, which, in addition to well-established pervaporation technology, are of increasing interest to academia and industry. As efficient separation and concentration processes, they have high potential for use in the energy, water, chemical, food and pharmaceutical sectors. Part One begins by covering the fundamentals, preparation and characterization of pervaporation, before going on to outline the associated systems and applications. State of the art uses, future trends and next generation pervaporation are then discussed. Part Two then explores the preparation, characterization, systems and applications of membranes for vapour permeation, followed by modelling and the new generation of vapour permeation membranes. Finally, Part Three outlines the fundamentals of membrane distillation and its applications in integrated systems, before the book concludes with a view of the next generation. Explores three emerging membrane technologies that produce vapour as a permeate. Looks at the fundamentals, applications, state of the art uses and next generation of each technology. Provides an authoritative guide for chemical engineers and academic researchers interested in membrane technologies for desalination, process water/steam treatment, water purification, VOCs removal and other aspects of pollution control, industrial process chemistry, renewable energy production or separation and concentration in the food/pharmaceutical industries.

Membrane Processes

Membrane Processes
Author : S. Sridhar,Siddhartha Moulik
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2018-11-26
Category : Science
Total pages :504
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Separation processes are challenging steps in any process industry for isolation of products and recycling of reactants. Membrane technology has shown immense potential in separation of liquid and gaseous mixtures, effluent treatment, drinking water purification and solvent recovery. It has found endless popularity and wide acceptance for its small footprint, higher selectivity, scalability, energy saving capability and inherent ease of integration into other unit operations. There are many situations where the target component cannot be separated by distillation, liquid extraction, and evaporation. The different membrane processes such as pervaporation, vapor permeation and membrane distillation could be used for solving such industrial bottlenecks. This book covers the entire array of fundamental aspects, membrane synthesis and applications in the chemical process industries (CPI). It also includes various applications of pervaporation, vapor permeation and membrane distillation in industrially and socially relevant problems including separation of azeotropic mixtures, close-boiling compounds, organic–organic mixtures, effluent treatment along with brackish and seawater desalination, and many others. These processes can also be applied for extraction of small quantities of value-added compounds such as flavors and fragrances and selective removal of hazardous impurities, viz., volatile organic compounds (VOCs) such as vinyl chloride, benzene, ethyl benzene and toluene from industrial effluents. Including case studies, this is a must-have for any process or chemical engineer working in the industry today. Also valuable as a learning tool, students and professors in chemical engineering, chemistry, and process engineering will benefit greatly from the groundbreaking new processes and technologies described in the volume.

Membrane Distillation

Membrane Distillation
Author : Mohamed Khayet Souhaimi,Takeshi Matsuura
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2011-08-12
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :512
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Modern membrane engineering is critical to the development of process-intensification strategies and to the stimulation of industrial growth. Membrane Distillation (MD) is a broad reference that covers specific information on membranes available and methods for MD membrane preparation and characterization. The book offers an introduction to the terminology and fundamental concepts as well as a historical review of MD development. Commercial membranes used in MD as well as laboratory-made membranes, including emerging membranes, are described in detail and illustrated by a number of clear and instructive schematic drawings and images. A comprehensive review on the development of MD membranes, MD modules, MD membrane characterization, MD configurations, applications in different areas and theoretical models Introduction to the terminology and fundamental concepts associated with MD as well as an historical review of MD development Description of commercial membranes used in MD as well as laboratory-made membranes, including emerging membranes

Membrane Reactor Engineering

Membrane Reactor Engineering
Author : Angelo Basile,Marcello De Falco,Gabriele Centi,Gaetano Iaquaniello
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2016-09-19
Category : Science
Total pages :344
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Uniquely focussed on the engineering aspects of membrane reactors Provides tools for analysis with specific regard to sustainability Applications include water treatment, wastewater recycling, desalination, biorefineries, agro-food production Membrane reactors can bring energy saving, reduced environmental impact and lower operating costs

Pervaporation Membrane Separation Processes

Pervaporation Membrane Separation Processes
Author : Robert Y. M. Huang
Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
Release Date : 1991
Category : Science
Total pages :549
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Hardbound. Covered here are the various aspects of pervaporation: theory and principles, separation characteristics, sorption and diffusion, thermodynamics and evaluation of polymer materials for membranes, as well as plant design and optimization. The book also includes interesting new material on the synthesis of novel copolymer membranes with very high separation potential and future implications for the pervaporation separation of biological systems and its applications in the exciting field of biochemical engineering. Special attention is paid to industrial research and applications of pervaporation membranes and plant operations involving new pervaporation processes.The book also includes a chapter dealing with the development of vapour permeation for industrial applications, which is a new variant of liquid pervaporation processes.

Comprehensive Membrane Science and Engineering

Comprehensive Membrane Science and Engineering
Author : Enrico Drioli,Lidietta Giorno,Enrica Fontananova
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2017-07-20
Category : Science
Total pages :1720
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Comprehensive Membrane Science and Engineering, Second Edition is an interdisciplinary and innovative reference work on membrane science and technology. Written by leading researchers and industry professionals from a range of backgrounds, chapters elaborate on recent and future developments in the field of membrane science and explore how the field has advanced since the previous edition published in 2010. Chapters are written by academics and practitioners across a variety of fields, including chemistry, chemical engineering, material science, physics, biology and food science. Each volume covers a wide spectrum of applications and advanced technologies, such as new membrane materials (e.g. thermally rearranged polymers, polymers of intrinsic microporosity and new hydrophobic fluoropolymer) and processes (e.g. reverse electrodialysis, membrane contractors, membrane crystallization, membrane condenser, membrane dryers and membrane emulsifiers) that have only recently proved their full potential for industrial application. This work covers the latest advances in membrane science, linking fundamental research with real-life practical applications using specially selected case studies of medium and large-scale membrane operations to demonstrate successes and failures with a look to future developments in the field. Contains comprehensive, cutting-edge coverage, helping readers understand the latest theory Offers readers a variety of perspectives on how membrane science and engineering research can be best applied in practice across a range of industries Provides the theory behind the limits, advantages, future developments and failure expectations of local membrane operations in emerging countries

Polymer Nanocomposite Membranes for Pervaporation

Polymer Nanocomposite Membranes for Pervaporation
Author : Sabu Thomas,Soney C. George,Thomasukutty Jose
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-04-30
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :440
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Polymer Nanocomposite Membranes for Pervaporation assesses recent applications in the pervaporation performance of polymer nanocomposites of different length scales. The book discusses the effects of a range of nanofillers, their dispersion, the effect of different polymers, and organic and inorganic nanomaterials in the pervaporation process. In addition, the book explores how the different properties of a variety of nanocomposite materials make them better for use in different types of liquids, while also discussing the challenges of using different nanocomposites for this purpose effectively and safely. In particular, polymer nanocomposites for g nanoscale dispersion, filler/polymer interactions, and morphology are addressed. This is an important reference source for materials scientists, chemical engineers and environmental engineers who want to learn more about how polymer nanocomposites are being used to make the pervaporation separation process more effective. Explores the progress that has been made in recent years in using polymer nanocomposites to enhance the pervaporation separation process Discusses the different properties of a variety of nanocomposite classes, assessing which situations they should best be used in Outlines major challenges in safely and effectively using polymer nanocomposites in the pervaporation separation process

Membranes for Environmental Applications

Membranes for Environmental Applications
Author : Zhien Zhang,Wenxiang Zhang,Eric Lichtfouse
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2020-02-29
Category : Science
Total pages :520
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This book introduces recent developments of membrane technologies applied to gas and water treatments, energy processes and environmental issues. Novel knowledge and mechanisms on membrane fabrication and usage in energy, chemical, and environmental engineering are detailed in 12 book chapters from France, UK, Spain, China, Nigeria, Iran and Pakistan. The information in this book will be useful for engineers, students, and experts in these fields.

Basic Equations of the Mass Transport Through a Membrane Layer

Basic Equations of the Mass Transport Through a Membrane Layer
Author : Endre Nagy
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2012
Category : Science
Total pages :329
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With a detailed analysis of the mass transport through membrane layers and its effect on different separation processes, this book provides a comprehensive look at the theoretical and practical aspects of membrane transport properties and functions. Basic equations for every membrane are provided to predict the mass transfer rate, the concentration distribution, the convective velocity, the separation efficiency, and the effect of chemical or biochemical reaction taking into account the heterogeneity of the membrane layer to help better understand the mechanisms of the separation processes. The reader will be able to describe membrane separation processes and the membrane reactors as well as choose the most suitable membrane structure for separation and for membrane reactor. Containing detailed discussion of the latest results in transport processes and separation processes, this book is essential for chemistry students and practitioners of chemical engineering and process engineering. Detailed survey of the theoretical and practical aspects of every membrane process with specific equations Practical examples discussed in detail with clear steps Will assist in planning and preparation of more efficient membrane structure separation

MEMBRANE SEPARATION PROCESSES

MEMBRANE SEPARATION PROCESSES
Author : KAUSHIK NATH
Publisher : PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
Release Date : 2017-01-01
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :360
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This concise and systematically organized text, now in its second edition, gives a clear insight into various membrane separation processes. It covers the fundamentals as well as the recent developments of different processes along with their industrial applications and the products. It includes the basic principles, operating parameters, membrane hardware, flux equation, transport mechanism, and applications of membrane-based technologies. Membrane separation processes are largely rate-controlled separations which require rate analysis for complete understanding. Moreover, a higher level of mathematical analysis, along with the understanding of mass transfer, is also required. These are amply treated in different chapters of the book to make the students comprehend the membrane separation principles with ease. This textbook is primarily designed for undergraduate students of chemical engineering, biochemical engineering and biotechnology for the course in membrane separation processes. Besides, the book will also be useful to process engineers and researchers. KEY FEATURES • Provides sufficient number of examples of industrial applications related to chemical, metallurgical, biochemical and food processing industries. • Focuses on important biomedical applications of membrane-based technologies such as blood oxygenator, controlled drug delivery, plasmapheresis, and bioartificial organs. • Includes chapter-end short questions and problems to test students’ comprehension of the subject. NEW TO THIS EDITION • A new section on membrane cleaning is included. Membrane fabrication methods are supplemented with additional information (Chapter 2). • Additional information on silt density index, forward osmosis and sea water desalination (Chapter 3). • Physicochemical parameters affecting nanofiltration, determination of various resistances using resistance in series model and few more industrial applications with additional short questions (Chapter 4). • Membrane cross-linking methods used in pervaporation, factors affecting pervaporation and few more applications (Chapter 9). • Membrane distillation, membrane reactor with different modules, types of membranes and reactions for membrane reactor (Chapter 13).

Membrane Technology and Applications

Membrane Technology and Applications
Author : Richard W. Baker
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2004-05-31
Category : Science
Total pages :538
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Table of Contents Preface Acknowledgments for the first edition Acknowledgments for the second edition 1 Overview of Membrane Science and Technology 1 2 Membrane Transport Theory 15 3 Membranes and Modules 89 4 Concentration Polarization 161 5 Reverse Osmosis 191 6 Ultrafiltration 237 7 Microfiltration 275 8 Gas Separation 301 9 Pervaporation 355 10 Ion Exchange Membrane Processes - Electrodialysis 393 11 Carrier Facilitated Transport 425 12 Medical Applications of Membranes 465 13 Other Membrane Processes 491 Appendix 523 Index 535.

Membrane Technology

Membrane Technology
Author : Suzana Pereira Nunes,Klaus-Viktor Peinemann
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2006-12-13
Category : Science
Total pages :354
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Membrane Technology - a clean and energy saving alternative to traditional/conventional processes. Developed from a useful laboratory technique to a commercial separation technology, today it has widespread and rapidly expanding use in the chemical industry. It has established applications in areas such as hydrogen separation and recovery of organic vapors from process gas streams, and selective transport of organic solvents, and it is opening new perspectives for catalytic conversion in membrane reactors. Membrane technology provides a unique solution for industrial waste treatment and for controlled production of valuable chemicals. This book outlines several established applications of membranes in the chemical industry, reviews the available membranes and membrane processes for the field, and discusses the huge potential of this technology in chemical processes. Each chapter has been written by an international leading expert with extensive industrial experience in the field.

Introduction to Desalination

Introduction to Desalination
Author : Fuad Nesf Alasfour
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2020-05-14
Category : Science
Total pages :408
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One book dealing with the fundamentals of thermal and membrane desalination systems and discussing their economical as well as environmental aspects. With a growing population, climate change and greater water demand, desalination has increasingly become a part of the solution to regional water scarcity - seawater desalination capacity has roughly doubled in the past ten years. Desalination has also begun to receive more attention in academia, with research focusing on improving energy efficiency and system robustness and lowering capital costs. With this book, an introduction is given to the basics and fundamentals of desalination systems. Both, thermal and membrane desalination systems, are covered and discussed in view of energy, exergy, economic and environmental aspects. In the beginning, Introduction to Desalination: Systems, Processes and Environmental Impacts describes multi effect evaporation, vapor compression and multi-stage flashing. Further chapters deal with common membrane-based separations like reverse osmosis and membrane filtration, forward osmosis, diffusion dialysis and pervaporation as well as thermo-osmosis, electrodialysis and electrodeionization. Subsequently, hybrid systems are discussed, and the economic analysis of such systems and their environmental impact are highlighted. Each chapter contains theoretical and practical examples and concludes with questions and problems for self-study. * Needed: Desalination has become a part of the solution to regional water scarcity and an introductory book in this field is urgently needed. * Balanced Approach: Presents the fundamentals of thermal and membrane desalination systems. * Learning Material: Each chapter includes exercises for self-study and Instructors can find teaching material online. Introduction to Desalination: Systems, Processes and Environmental Impacts is an important resource for master's students in engineering sciences, lecturers in chemical and mechanical engineering, engineers, environmental chemists, as well as process engineers, engineering scientists in industry, and environmental consultants.

Membrane Contactors: Fundamentals, Applications and Potentialities

Membrane Contactors: Fundamentals, Applications and Potentialities
Author : Enrico Drioli,A. Criscuoli,E. Curcio
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2011-08-30
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :516
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Membrane Contactors: Fundamentals, Applications and Potentialities, Volume 11 covers new operations that could be efficiently used to improve the performance of a variety of industrial production cycles in applications ranging from biotechnology to agrofood. This book focuses on the basic "principles of work": required membrane materials and properties; major operating parameters; the importance of module configuration and design and; the performance of membrane contactors in specific processes. The authors’ dynamic approach to this subject makes Membrane Contactors: Fundamentals, Applications and Potentialities, Volume 11 the most comprehensive book currently available on all aspects related to the 'membrane contactor world. * Describes new unit operations in process engineering * Covers a wide variety of industrial applications, from biotechnology to agrofood * Applicable to process intensification and sustainable growth strategies

Membrane Reactors for Energy Applications and Basic Chemical Production

Membrane Reactors for Energy Applications and Basic Chemical Production
Author : Angelo Basile,Luisa Di Paola,Faisal Hai,Vincenzo Piemonte
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2015-02-10
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :696
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Membrane Reactors for Energy Applications and Basic Chemical Production presents a discussion of the increasing interest in membrane reactors that has emerged in recent years from both the scientific and industrial communities, in particular their usage for energy applications and basic chemical production. Part One of the text investigates membrane reactors for syngas and hydrogen production, while Part Two examines membrane reactors for other energy applications, including biodiesel and bioethanol production. The final section of the book reviews the use of membrane reactors in basic chemical production, including discussions of the use of MRs in ammonia production and the dehydrogenation of alkanes to alkenes. Provides comprehensive coverage of membrane reactors as presented by a world-renowned team of experts Includes discussions of the use of membrane reactors in ammonia production and the dehydrogenation of alkanes to alkenes Tackles the use of membrane reactors in syngas, hydrogen, and basic chemical production Keen focus placed on the industry, particularly in the use of membrane reactor technologies in energy