December 6, 2020

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Pharmacology in Drug Discovery and Development

Pharmacology in Drug Discovery and Development
Author : Terry Kenakin
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2016-10-21
Category : Medical
Total pages :350
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Pharmacology in Drug Discovery and Development: Understanding Drug Response, Second Edition, is an introductory resource illustrating how pharmacology can be used to furnish the tools necessary to analyze different drug behavior and trace this behavior to its root cause or molecular mechanism of action. The concepts discussed in this book allow for the application of more predictive pharmacological procedures aimed at increasing therapeutic efficacy that will lead to more successful drug development. Chapters logically build upon one another to show how to characterize the pharmacology of any given molecule and allow for more informed predictions of drug effects in all biological systems. New chapters are dedicated to the interdisciplinary drug discovery environment in both industry and academia, and special techniques involved in new drug screening and lead optimization. This edition has been fully revised to address the latest advances and research related to real time kinetic assays, pluridimensional efficacy, signaling bias, irreversible and chemical antagonism, allosterically-induced bias, pharmacokinetics and safety, target and pathway validation, and much more. With numerous valuable chapter summaries, detailed references, practical examples and case studies throughout, Dr. Kenakin successfully navigates a highly complex subject, making it accessible for students, professors, and new researchers working in pharmacology and drug discovery. Includes example-based cases that illustrate how the pharmacological concepts discussed in this book lead to practical outcomes for further research Provides vignettes on those researchers and scientists who have contributed significantly to the fields of pharmacology and drug discovery throughout history Offers sample questions throughout the book and an appendix containing answers for self-testing and retention

Basic Principles of Drug Discovery and Development

Basic Principles of Drug Discovery and Development
Author : Benjamin Blass
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2015-04-24
Category : Medical
Total pages :580
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Basic Principles of Drug Discovery and Development presents the multifaceted process of identifying a new drug in the modern era, providing comprehensive explanations of enabling technologies such as high throughput screening, structure based drug design, molecular modeling, pharmaceutical profiling, and translational medicine, all areas that have become critical steps in the successful development of marketable therapeutics. The text introduces the fundamental principles of drug discovery and development, also discussing important drug targets by class, in vitro screening methods, medicinal chemistry strategies in drug design, principles in pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics, animal models of disease states, clinical trial basics, and selected business aspects of the drug discovery process. It is designed to enable new scientists to rapidly understand the key fundamentals of drug discovery, including pharmacokinetics, toxicology, and intellectual property." Provides a clear explanation of how the pharmaceutical industry works Explains the complete drug discovery process, from obtaining a lead, to testing the bioactivity, to producing the drug, and protecting the intellectual propertyIdeal for anyone interested in learning about the drug discovery process and those contemplating careers in the industry Explains the transition process from academia or other industries

Pharmacology in Drug Discovery

Pharmacology in Drug Discovery
Author : Terrence P. Kenakin
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2012
Category : Medical
Total pages :247
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Pharmacology in Drug Discovery: Understanding Drug Response is designed for all students, recent graduates, and new researchers in the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries who need to interpret change in physiology induced by a chemical substance. Physiological systems customize chemical signal input to their own needs; therefore the same drug can have different effects in different physiological systems. The field of pharmacology is unique in that it furnishes the tools to analyze these different behaviors and traces them to their root cause. This enables predictions of drug behavior to be made in all systems, an invaluable tool for drug discovery because almost all drugs are developed in test systems far removed from the therapeutic one. This valuable resource provides simple explanations of the ways in which biological systems use basic biochemical mechanisms to produce fine chemical control of physiology, allowing for more informed predictions of drug effects in all systems and forming the basis of the drug-discovery process. Chapters follow a logical progression on how to characterize the pharmacology of any given molecule, and include important terminology, chapter summaries, references, and review questions to aid the reader in understanding and retention of the material. Enables the reader to interpret drug dose-response data and make mechanistic inferences at the molecular level Bridges the gap between biochemistry and therapeutic medicine Chapters include key topics such as drug affinity and efficacy, enzymes as drug targets, in vivo pharmacology, safety pharmacology, and more

Drug Discovery and Development, Third Edition

Drug Discovery and Development, Third Edition
Author : James J. O'Donnell,John Somberg,Vincent Idemyor,James T. O'Donnell
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2019-11-21
Category : Medical
Total pages :668
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Drug Discovery and Development, Third Edition presents up-to-date scientific information for maximizing the ability of a multidisciplinary research team to discover and bring new drugs to the marketplace. It explores many scientific advances in new drug discovery and development for areas such as screening technologies, biotechnology approaches, and evaluation of efficacy and safety of drug candidates through preclinical testing. This book also greatly expands the focus on the clinical pharmacology, regulatory, and business aspects of bringing new drugs to the market and offers coverage of essential topics for companies involved in drug development. Historical perspectives and predicted trends are also provided. Features: Highlights emerging scientific fields relevant to drug discovery such as the microbiome, nanotechnology, and cancer immunotherapy; and novel research tools such as CRISPR and DNA-encoded libraries Case study detailing the discovery of the anti-cancer drug, lorlatinib Venture capitalist commentary on trends and best practices in drug discovery and development Comprehensive review of regulations and their impact on drug development, highlighting special populations, orphan drugs, and pharmaceutical compounding Multidiscipline functioning of an Academic Research Enterprise, plus a chapter on Ethical Concerns in Research Contributions by 70+ experts from industry and academia specialists who developed and are practitioners of the science and business

Drug Discovery and Development - E-Book

Drug Discovery and Development - E-Book
Author : Raymond G Hill
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release Date : 2012-07-20
Category : Medical
Total pages :368
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The modern pharmacopeia has enormous power to alleviate disease, and owes its existence almost entirely to the work of the pharmaceutical industry. This book provides an introduction to the way the industry goes about the discovery and development of new drugs. The first part gives a brief historical account from its origins in the mediaeval apothecaries’ trade, and discusses the changing understanding of what we mean by disease, and what therapy aims to achieve, as well as summarising case histories of the discovery and development of some important drugs. The second part focuses on the science and technology involved in the discovery process: the stages by which a promising new chemical entity is identified, from the starting point of a medical need and an idea for addressing it. A chapter on biopharmaceuticals, whose discovery and development tend to follow routes somewhat different from synthetic compounds, is included here, as well as accounts of patent issues that arise in the discovery phase, and a chapter on research management in this environment. The third section of the book deals with drug development: the work that has to be undertaken to turn the drug candidate that emerges from the discovery process into a product on the market. The definitive introduction to how a pharmaceutical company goes about its business of discovering and developing drugs. The second edition has a new editor: Professor Raymond Hill ● non-executive director of Addex Pharmaceuticals, Covagen and of Orexo AB ● Visiting Industrial Professor of Pharmacology in the University of Bristol ● Visiting Professor in the School of Medical and Health Sciences at the University of Surrey ● Visiting Professor in Physiology and Pharmacology at the University of Strathclyde ● President and Chair of the Council of the British Pharmacological Society ● member of the Nuffield Council on Bioethics and the Advisory Council on Misuse of Drugs. New to this edition: Completely rewritten chapter on The Role of Medicinal Chemistry in the Drug Discovery Process. New topic - DMPK Optimization Strategy in drug discovery. New chapter on Scaffolds: Small globular proteins as antibody substitutes. Totally updated chapters on Intellectual Property and Marketing 50 new illustrations in full colour Features Accessible, general guide to pharmaceutical research and development. Examines the interfaces between cost and social benefit, quality control and mass production, regulatory bodies, patent management, and all interdisciplinary intersections essential to effective drug development. Written by a strong team of scientists with long experience in the pharmaceutical industry. Solid overview of all the steps from lab bench to market in an easy-to-understand way which will be accessible to non-specialists. From customer reviews of the previous edition: ‘... it will have everything you need to know on this module. Deeply referenced and, thus, deeply reliable. Highly Commended in the medicine category of the BMA 2006 medical book competition Winner of the Royal Society of Medicine Library Prize for Medical Book of the Year

Pharmacokinetics in Drug Discovery and Development

Pharmacokinetics in Drug Discovery and Development
Author : Ronald D. Schoenwald
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2002-03-06
Category : Medical
Total pages :440
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Pharmacokinetics has evolved from its origin into a complex discipline with numerous subspecialties and applications in patient management, drug development, and regulatory issues. This expansion has made it difficult for any one individual to become a full-fledged expert in all areas. Fulfilling the need for a wide-ranging guide to the many existing subspecialties in this field, Pharmacokinetics in Drug Discovery and Development details the different areas in the field providing the ideal comprehensive, quick access text and reference. After an introduction of basic principles, the book is divided into sections that cover industrial and regulatory applications, clinical applications, and research applications. The following sections cover such topics as PK/PD approaches, clinical pharmacokinetic monitoring, population pharmacokinetics, linear systems approaches, and more. Fourteen authors, each an expert in his/her area of expertise, provide an extensive background into the subspeciality with emphasis on the section's theme. Covering the many sub-disciplines and providing pharmacokinetic concepts, terminology, and approaches, Pharmacokinetics in Drug Discovery and Development serves as a resource for professionals throughout this field.

Drug Discovery and Development

Drug Discovery and Development
Author : H. P. Rang,Daniel Vasella
Publisher : Churchill Livingstone
Release Date : 2006
Category : Medical
Total pages :346
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'Drug Discovery and Development' describes the huge complexities involved in bringing a drug to market and how new molecular understanding and techniques can make the process more targeted and successful.

Drug Discovery and Development

Drug Discovery and Development
Author : Omboon Vallisuta,Suleiman Olimat
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2015-06-03
Category : Medical
Total pages :330
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It is very important for scientists all over the globe to enhance drug discovery research for better human health. This book demonstrates that various expertise are essential for drug discovery including synthetic or natural drugs, clinical pharmacology, receptor identification, drug metabolism, pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic research. The following 5 sections cover diverse chapter topics in drug discovery: Natural Products as Sources of Leading Molecules in Drug Discovery; Oncology and Drug Discovery; Receptors Involvement in Drug Discovery; Management and Development of Drugs against Infectious Diseases; Advanced Methodology.

The Process of New Drug Discovery and Development Third Edition

The Process of New Drug Discovery and Development Third Edition
Author : James J. O'Donnell,John Somberg,James T. O'Donnell,Vincent Idemyor
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2019
Category : Drugs
Total pages :666
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Drug Discovery and Development, Third Edition presents up-to-date scientific information for maximizing the ability of a multidisciplinary research team to discover and bring new drugs to the marketplace. It explores many scientific advances in new drug discovery and development for areas such as screening technologies, biotechnology approaches, and evaluation of efficacy and safety of drug candidates through preclinical testing. This book also greatly expands the focus on the clinical pharmacology, regulatory, and business aspects of bringing new drugs to the market and offers coverage of essential topics for companies involved in drug development. Historical perspectives and predicted trends are also provided. Features: Highlights emerging scientific fields relevant to drug discovery such as the microbiome, nanotechnology, and cancer immunotherapy; and novel research tools such as CRISPR and DNA-encoded libraries Case study detailing the discovery of the anti-cancer drug, lorlatinib Venture capitalist commentary on trends and best practices in drug discovery and development Comprehensive review of regulations and their impact on drug development, highlighting special populations, orphan drugs, and pharmaceutical compounding Multidiscipline functioning of an Academic Research Enterprise, plus a chapter on Ethical Concerns in Research Contributions by 70+ experts from industry and academia specialists who developed and are practitioners of the science and business

Molecular Pharmacology

Molecular Pharmacology
Author : John Dickenson,Fiona Freeman,Chris Lloyd Mills,Christian Thode,Shiva Sivasubramaniam
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2012-11-30
Category : Medical
Total pages :424
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This textbook provides a fresh, comprehensive and accessible introduction to the rapidly expanding field of molecular pharmacology. Adopting a drug target-based, rather than the traditional organ/system based, approach this innovative guide reflects the current advances and research trend towards molecular based drug design, derived from a detailed understanding of chemical responses in the body. Drugs are then tailored to fit a treatment profile, rather than the traditional method of ‘trial and error’ drug discovery which focuses on testing chemicals on animals or cell cultures and matching their effects to treatments. Providing an invaluable resource for advanced under-graduate and MSc/PhD students, new researchers to the field and practitioners for continuing professional development, Molecular Pharmacology explores; recent advances and developments in the four major human drug target families (G-protein coupled receptors, ion channels, nuclear receptors and transporters), cloning of drug targets, transgenic animal technology, gene therapy, pharmacogenomics and looks at the role of calcium in the cell. Current - focuses on cutting edge techniques and approaches, including new methods to quantify biological activities in different systems and ways to interpret and understand pharmacological data. Cutting Edge - highlights advances in pharmacogenomics and explores how an individual’s genetic makeup influences their response to therapeutic drugs and the potential for harmful side effects. Applied - includes numerous, real-world examples and a detailed case-study based chapter which looks at current and possible future treatment strategies for cystic fibrosis. This case study considers the relative merits of both drug therapy for specific classes of mutation and gene therapy to correct the underlying defect. Accessible - contains a comprehensive glossary, suggestions for further reading at the end of each chapter and an associated website that provides a complete set of figures from within the book.

Drug Discovery and Evaluation: Methods in Clinical Pharmacology

Drug Discovery and Evaluation: Methods in Clinical Pharmacology
Author : H.Gerhard Vogel,Jochen Maas,Alexander Gebauer
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2010-12-15
Category : Medical
Total pages :564
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Drug Discovery and Evaluation has become a more and more difficult, expensive and time-consuming process. The effect of a new compound has to be detected by in vitro and in vivo methods of pharmacology. The activity spectrum and the potency compared to existing drugs have to be determined. As these processes can be divided up stepwise we have designed a book series "Drug Discovery and Evaluation" in the form of a recommendation document. The methods to detect drug targets are described in the first volume of this series "Pharmacological Assays" comprising classical methods as well as new technologies. Before going to man, the most suitable compound has to be selected by pharmacokinetic studies and experiments in toxicology. These preclinical methods are described in the second volume „Safety and Pharmacokinetic Assays". Only then are first studies in human beings allowed. Special rules are established for Phase I studies. Clinical pharmacokinetics are performed in parallel with human studies on tolerability and therapeutic effects. Special studies according to various populations and different therapeutic indications are necessary. These items are covered in the third volume: „Methods in Clinical Pharmacology".

Social Aspects of Drug Discovery, Development and Commercialization

Social Aspects of Drug Discovery, Development and Commercialization
Author : Odilia Osakwe,Syed A.A. Rizvi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2016-02-18
Category : Medical
Total pages :324
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Social Aspects of Drug Discovery, Development and Commercialization provides an insightful analysis of the drug discovery and development landscape as it relates to society. This book examines the scientific, legal, philosophical, economic, political, ethical and cultural factors that contribute to drug development. The pharmaceutical industry is under scrutiny to develop safer and more effective drugs in a quicker and more affordable manner. Recent criticism and debates have emphasized varying opinions on the issues concerning the drug discovery and development process. This book provides thoughtful and valuable discussions and analysis of the social challenges and potential opportunities through all stages of the pharmaceutical process, from inception through marketing. With a unique focus on the social factors that increasingly play a role in how drug development is planned, structured, and executed throughout the drug product lifecycle, this is an essential resource for students, professors, and researchers who seek a better understanding of the interface between the pharmaceutical industry, health care systems, and society. Organized in a sequence of interrelated theories and principles that provide the foundation for increased understanding of the relevant social aspects Includes analysis of important new advances, key scientific and strategic issues, and overviews of recent progress in drug development Provides a global perspective with examples from developed areas, such as the US, Japan, Canada and Europe, as well as faster-growing and emerging economies including Brazil, Russia, India, and China Serves as an essential resource for students, professors, and researchers who seek a better understanding of the interface between the pharmaceutical industry, health care systems, and society

Innovative Approaches in Drug Discovery

Innovative Approaches in Drug Discovery
Author : Bhushan Patwardhan,Rathnam Chaguturu
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2016-10-03
Category : Medical
Total pages :480
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Despite considerable technological advances, the pharmaceutical industry is experiencing a severe innovation deficit, especially in the discovery of new drugs. Innovative Approaches in Drug Discovery: Ethnopharmacology, Systems Biology and Holistic Targeting provides a critical review and analysis of health, disease and medicine, and explores possible reasons behind the present crisis in drug discovery. The authors illustrate the benefits of systems biology and pharmacogenomics approaches, and advocate the expansion from disease-centric discovery to person-centric therapeutics involving holistic, multi-target, whole systems approaches. This book lays a path for reigniting pharmaceutical innovation through a disciplined reemergence of pharmacognosy, embracing open innovation models and collaborative, trusted public-private partnerships. With unprecedented advances made in the development of biomedically-relevant tools and technologies, the need is great and the time is now for a renewed commitment towards expanding the repertoire of medicines. By incorporating real-life examples and state-of-the-art reviews, this book provides valuable insights into the discovery and development strategies for professionals, academicians, and students in the pharmaceutical sciences. Analyzes the reasons behind historical drug failures to provide valuable insights on lessons learned Uses current scientific research to promote learning from traditional knowledge systems and through the integration of traditional and western medicines Discusses advances in technologies and systems biology to support the transition from formulation discovery to therapeutic discovery

Managing the Drug Discovery Process

Managing the Drug Discovery Process
Author : Walter Moos,Susan Miller,Stephen Munk,Barbara Munk
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2016-11-08
Category : Medical
Total pages :536
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Managing the Drug Discovery Process: How to Make It More Efficient and Cost-Effective thoroughly examines the current state of pharmaceutical research and development by providing chemistry-based perspectives on biomedical research, drug hunting and innovation. The book also considers the interplay of stakeholders, consumers, and the drug firm with attendant factors, including those that are technical, legal, economic, demographic, political, social, ecological, and infrastructural. Since drug research can be a high-risk, high-payoff industry, it is important to researchers to effectively and strategically manage the drug discovery process. This book takes a closer look at increasing pre-approval costs for new drugs and examines not only why these increases occur, but also how they can be overcome to ensure a robust pharmacoeconomic future. Written in an engaging manner and including memorable insights, this book is aimed at redirecting the drug discovery process to make it more efficient and cost-effective in order to achieve the goal of saving countless more lives through science. A valuable and compelling resource, this is a must-read for all students and researchers in academia and the pharmaceutical industry. Considers drug discovery in multiple R&D venues, including big pharma, large biotech, start-up ventures, academia, and nonprofit research institutes Analyzes the organization of pharmaceutical R&D, taking into account human resources considerations like recruitment and configuration, management of discovery and development processes, and the coordination of internal research within, and beyond, the organization, including outsourced work Presents a consistent, well-connected, and logical dialogue that readers will find both comprehensive and approachable

Pharmacology for Chemists

Pharmacology for Chemists
Author : Raymond Hill,Terry Kenakin,Tom Blackburn
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release Date : 2017-10-30
Category :
Total pages :524
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