December 5, 2020

Download Ebook Free Phase Transitions In Polymers

Phase Transitions in Polymers: The Role of Metastable States

Phase Transitions in Polymers: The Role of Metastable States
Author : Stephen Z.D. Cheng
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2008-09-10
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :324
GET BOOK

A classical metastable state possesses a local free energy minimum at infinite sizes, but not a global one. This concept is phase size independent. We have studied a number of experimental results and proposed a new concept that there exists a wide range of metastable states in polymers on different length scales where their metastability is critically determined by the phase size and dimensionality. Metastable states are also observed in phase transformations that are kinetically impeded on the pathway to thermodynamic equilibrium. This was illustrated in structural and morphological investigations of crystallization and mesophase transitions, liquid-liquid phase separation, vitrification and gel formation, as well as combinations of these transformation processes. The phase behaviours in polymers are thus dominated by interlinks of metastable states on different length scales. This concept successfully explains many experimental observations and provides a new way to connect different aspects of polymer physics. * Written by a leading scholar and industry expert * Presents new and cutting edge material encouraging innovation and future research * Connects hot topics and leading research in one concise volume

Phase Transitions and Structure of Polymer Systems in External Fields

Phase Transitions and Structure of Polymer Systems in External Fields
Author : Sergey A. Vshivkov
Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Release Date : 2019-05-14
Category : Science
Total pages :381
GET BOOK

Generalized extensive experimental and theoretical data regarding the phase transitions of polymer systems in mechanical and magnetic fields provide the possibility to predict the results of external field effects on the structure and mutual solubility of components. The data on dynamic structuring in deformed polymer blends and solutions allow for the use of found regularities by the processing of polymer systems. The methods offered in this book allow for the connection of shift of phase diagrams in the mechanical field with changes in macromolecule sizes. The tutorials described here will help the reader to correctly build the phase diagrams of polymer systems using a variety of methods.

Phase Transitions in Bulk Polymers

Phase Transitions in Bulk Polymers
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1977
Category : Phase rule and equilibrium
Total pages :136
GET BOOK

The International Symposium on Phase Transitions in Polymers

The International Symposium on Phase Transitions in Polymers
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1980
Category :
Total pages :325
GET BOOK

Geometry and Phase Transitions in Colloids and Polymers

Geometry and Phase Transitions in Colloids and Polymers
Author : William Kung
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date : 2009
Category : Science
Total pages :191
GET BOOK

This monograph represents an extension of the author''s original PhD thesis and includes a more thorough discussion on the concepts and mathematics behind his research works on the foam model, as applied to studying issues of phase stability and elasticity for various non-closed packed structures found in fuzzy and colloidal crystals, as well as on a renormalization-group analysis regarding the critical behavior of loop polymers upon which topological constraints are imposed. The common thread behind these two research works is their demonstration of the importance and effectiveness of utilizing geometrical and topological concepts for modeling and understanding soft systems undergoing phase transitions.

Phase Transitions in Foods

Phase Transitions in Foods
Author : Yrjö H. Roos,Yrjo H Roos
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 1995-06-12
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :360
GET BOOK

Assembling recent research and theories, this book describes the phase and state transitions that affect technological properties of biological materials occurring in food processing and storage. It covers the role of water as a plasticizer, the effect of transitions on mechanical and chemical changes, and the application of modeling in predicting stability rates of changes. The volume presents methods for detecting changes in the physical state and various techniques used to analyze phase behavior of biopolymers and food components. This book should become a valuable resource for anyone involved with food engineering, processing, storage, and quality, as well as those working on related properties of pharmaceuticals and other biopolymers. Contains descriptions of nonfat food solids as"biopolymers"which exhibit physical properties that are highly dependent on temperature, time, and water content Details the effects of water on the state and stability of foods Includes information on changes occuring in state and physicochemical properties during processing and storage The only book on phase and state transitions written specifically for the applications in food industry, product development, and research No recent competition

Fundamentals of Polymer Physics and Molecular Biophysics

Fundamentals of Polymer Physics and Molecular Biophysics
Author : Himadri B. Bohidar
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2015-01-05
Category : Science
Total pages :350
GET BOOK

"Provides a physical interpretation of the data obtained in macromolecular transport phenomena in a given system and also addresses some important issues and concepts related to biopolymers such as proteins and nucleic acids"--

Phase Transition Dynamics

Phase Transition Dynamics
Author : Akira Onuki
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2002-06-06
Category : Science
Total pages :714
GET BOOK

Phase transition dynamics is centrally important to condensed matter physics. This 2002 book treats a wide variety of topics systematically by constructing time-dependent Ginzburg-Landau models for various systems in physics, metallurgy and polymer science. Beginning with a summary of advanced statistical-mechanical theories including the renormalization group theory, the book reviews dynamical theories, and covers the kinetics of phase ordering, spinodal decomposition and nucleation in depth. The phase transition dynamics of real systems are discussed, treating interdisciplinary problems in a unified manner. Topics include supercritical fluid dynamics, stress-diffusion coupling in polymers and mesoscopic dynamics at structural phase transitions in solids. Theoretical and experimental approaches to shear flow problems in fluids are reviewed. Phase Transition Dynamics provides a comprehensive account, building on the statistical mechanics of phase transitions covered in many introductory textbooks. It will be essential reading for researchers and advanced graduate students in physics, chemistry, metallurgy and polymer science.

Phase Transitions in Foods

Phase Transitions in Foods
Author : Yrjo H Roos,Stephan Drusch
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2015-10-05
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :380
GET BOOK

Phase Transitions in Foods, Second Edition, assembles the most recent research and theories on the topic, describing the phase and state transitions that affect technological properties of biological materials occurring in food processing and storage. It covers the role of water as a plasticizer, the effect of transitions on mechanical and chemical changes, and the application of modeling in predicting stability rates of change. The volume presents methods for detecting changes in the physical state and various techniques used to analyze phase behavior of biopolymers and food components. It should become a valuable resource for anyone involved with food engineering, processing, storage, and quality, as well as those working on related properties of pharmaceuticals and other biopolymers. Contains descriptions of non-fat food solids as "biopolymers" which exhibit physical properties that are highly dependent on temperature, time, and water content Details the effects of water on the state and stability of foods Includes information on changes occurring in state and physicochemical properties during processing and storage The only book on phase and state transitions written specifically for the applications in food industry, product development, and research

Phase Transitions - 1973

Phase Transitions - 1973
Author : H. K. Henisch,R. Roy,L. E. Cross
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2013-10-22
Category : Science
Total pages :454
GET BOOK

Phase Transitions - 1973 is a collection of the proceedings of the Conference on Phase Transitions and Their Applications in Materials Science, held at Pennsylvania State University, Pennsylvania, on May 23-25, 1973. The papers explore some of the practical applications of solid-state phase transitions and consequent precursor property modifications in metals, ceramics, glasses, polymers, macromolecules, and biological systems. Comprised of 41 chapters, this book begins with an introduction to applications of phase transitions in materials science, followed by a syncretist classification of phase transitions. Subsequent chapters discuss phase transitions in materials such as liquid crystals, PLZT ceramics, disordered semiconductors, silver iodide single crystals, and aluminum alloys. The structural aspects of phase transitions are also considered, along with the statistical mechanics of glass transition; thermal expansion and phase transitions in silica; phase transformation of Fe-Mn alloys induced by shock loading; and order-disorder transitions in biopolymers. This monograph will be of interest to physicists and materials scientists.

Polymers, Liquids and Colloids in Electric Fields

Polymers, Liquids and Colloids in Electric Fields
Author : Yoav Tsori,Ullrich Steiner
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date : 2009
Category : Science
Total pages :281
GET BOOK

Shows how an electric field can be used to affect objects at the submicron scale, and how it controls the phase behavior of liquids and polymers. This book focuses on the basic underlying mechanisms. It also deals with some technological applications.

Order, Disorder and Criticality

Order, Disorder and Criticality
Author : Yurij Holovatch
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date : 2004
Category : Science
Total pages :287
GET BOOK

This book reviews some of the classic aspects in the theory of phase transitions and critical phenomena, which has a long history. Recently, these aspects are attracting much attention due to essential new contributions. The topics presented in this book include : mathematical theory of the Ising model; equilibrium and non-equilibrium criticality of one-dimensional quantum spin chains; influence of structural disorder on the critical behaviour of the Potts model; criticality, fractality and multifractality of linked polymers; field-theoretical approaches in the super conducting phase transitions. The book is based on the review lectures that were given in Lviv (Ukraine) in March 2002 at the "Ising lectures" - a traditional annual workshop on phase transitions and critical phenomena which aims to bring together scientists working in the field of phase transitions with university students and those who are interested in the subject.

Responsive Gels: Volume Transitions 1

Responsive Gels: Volume Transitions 1
Author : Karel Dusek
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2014-03-12
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :275
GET BOOK

Toyiochi Tanaka, Mitsuhiro Shibayama, "Phase Transitions and related Phenomena of Polymer Gels", Akira Onuki "Theory of Phase Transition in Polymer Gels", Alexei Khokhlov, Sergei Starodybtzev, Valentina Vasilevskaya "Conformational Transitions in Polymer Gels: Theory and Experiment", Michal Ilavsky " Effect on Phase Transition on Swellingand Mechanical Behavior of Synthetic Hydrogels", Shozaburo Saito , M. Konno, H. Inomata "Volume Phase Transition of N-Alkylacrylamide Gels", Ronald Siegel "Hydrophobic Weak Polyelectrolyte Gels: Studies of Swelling Equilibria and Kinetics".

Crystallization in Multiphase Polymer Systems

Crystallization in Multiphase Polymer Systems
Author : Sabu Thomas,Mohammed Arif P.,E. Bhoje Gowd,Nandakumar Kalarikkal
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2017-09-15
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :610
GET BOOK

Crystallization in Multiphase Polymer Systems is the first book that explains in depth the crystallization behavior of multiphase polymer systems. Polymeric structures are more complex in nature than other material structures due to their significant structural disorder. Most of the polymers used today are semicrystalline, and the subject of crystallization is still one of the major issues relating to the performance of semicrystalline polymers in the modern polymer industry. The study of the crystallization processes, crystalline morphologies and other phase transitions is of great significance for the understanding the structure-property relationships of these systems. Crystallization in block copolymers, miscible blends, immiscible blends, and polymer composites and nanocomposites is thoroughly discussed and represents the core coverage of this book. The book critically analyzes the kinetics of nucleation and growth process of the crystalline phases in multi-component polymer systems in different length scales, from macro to nanoscale. Various experimental techniques used for the characterization of polymer crystallization process are discussed. Written by experts in the field of polymer crystallization, this book is a unique source and enables professionals and students to understand crystallization behavior in multiphase polymer systems such as block copolymers, polymer blends, composites and nanocomposites. Covers crystallization of multiphase polymer systems, including copolymers, blends and nanocomposites Features comprehensive, detailed information about the basic research, practical applications and new developments for these polymeric materials Analyzes the kinetics of nucleation and growth process of the crystalline phases in multi-component polymer systems in different length scales, from macro to nanoscale

Phase Transitions in Foods

Phase Transitions in Foods
Author : Yrjö H. Roos,Yrjo H Roos
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 1995-06-12
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :360
GET BOOK

Assembling recent research and theories, this book describes the phase and state transitions that affect technological properties of biological materials occurring in food processing and storage. It covers the role of water as a plasticizer, the effect of transitions on mechanical and chemical changes, and the application of modeling in predicting stability rates of changes. The volume presents methods for detecting changes in the physical state and various techniques used to analyze phase behavior of biopolymers and food components. This book should become a valuable resource for anyone involved with food engineering, processing, storage, and quality, as well as those working on related properties of pharmaceuticals and other biopolymers. Contains descriptions of nonfat food solids as"biopolymers"which exhibit physical properties that are highly dependent on temperature, time, and water content Details the effects of water on the state and stability of foods Includes information on changes occuring in state and physicochemical properties during processing and storage The only book on phase and state transitions written specifically for the applications in food industry, product development, and research No recent competition