November 28, 2020

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Physical Properties of Textile Fibres

Physical Properties of Textile Fibres
Author : J. W. S. Hearle,W E Morton
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2008-10-10
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :796
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First published in 1962, and now in its fourth edition, Physical properties of textile fibres has become a classic, providing the standard reference on key aspects of fibre performance. The new edition has been substantially reorganised and revised to reflect new research. After introductory chapters on fibre structure, testing and sampling, the book reviews key fibre properties, their technical significance, factors affecting these properties and measurement issues. Each chapter covers both natural and synthetic fibres, including high-performance fibres. The book first reviews properties such as fineness, length and density. It then considers thermal properties and reaction to moisture. A further group of chapters then reviews tensile properties, thermo-mechanical responses, fibre breakage and fatigue. Finally, the book discusses dielectric properties, electrical resistance and static, optical properties and fibre friction. Written by one of the world’s leading authorities, the fourth edition of Physical properties of textile fibres consolidates its reputation as a standard work both for those working in the textile industry and those teaching and studying textile science. A standard reference on key aspects of fibre performance An essential read and reference for textile technologists, fibre scientists, textile engineers and those in academia Provides substantial updated material on fibre structure and new test methods, data and theories regarding properties of textile fibres

Physical Properties of Textile Fibres

Physical Properties of Textile Fibres
Author : William Ernest Morton,J. W. S. Hearle,Textile Institute
Publisher : Technomic Publishing Company
Release Date : 1993
Category : Science
Total pages :725
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Encyclopedic in scope, this is the foremost guide and reference to the structure and physical properties of textile fibers. It covers in detail all physical properties relevant to natural and synthetic textile fibers. A 73-page foundation chapter provides a thorough introduction to fiber structure, followed by separate chapters on each of 25 physical properties. Each of these chapters provides a detailed examination of basis in theory, practical considerations in applications, experimental techniques and findings. Two chapters added to this third edition cover high performance fibers, and flex fatigue and other forms of failure The 738-page text is illustrated by more than 500 photographs, micrographs, diagrams and other schematics. The text is supplemented by more than 100 tables and graphs providing properties and performance data in convenient form.

The Textile Fibres

The Textile Fibres
Author : Joseph Merritt Matthews
Publisher : Wentworth Press
Release Date : 2019-03-22
Category :
Total pages :320
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This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

Physical Properties of Textile Fibres

Physical Properties of Textile Fibres
Author : W. E. Morton,J. W. S. Hearle
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1986
Category : Textile fibers
Total pages :660
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This work is primarily a textbook aimed at university and college students. It deals with an extensive range of fibre properties and includes an introductory chapter on fibre structure. The book aims to provide a general background to the fundamental principles of the subject upon which more specifically detailed studies may be based.

Identification of Textile Fibers

Identification of Textile Fibers
Author : M M Houck
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2009-01-30
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :396
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The identification of fibers is important to the textile industry, forensic science, fashion designers and historians among others. Identifying fibers involves observing the physical and chemical properties of the fiber for which there are a wide diversity of instruments available. This book provides a comprehensive review of fiber structure, the diversity of instruments available to identify fibers and applicications for a range of industries. The first part of the book examines the main fibers, their structure and characteristics. Part two focuses on methods of fiber identification, ranging from microscopic to DNA analysis. Specific applications, including how textiles are identified in forensic investigations. Identification of textile fibers is an important text for forensic scientists, police and lawyers who may be involved with the use of textile fibers to provide evidence in criminal cases. It will also be relevant for textile designers, technologists and inspectors wishing to assess fiber quality and understand fiber damage. Provides a comprehensive review of the main types of fibre together with their structure, characteristics and identification Assesses methods of fibre identification from optical microscopy to DNA analysis as well as instruments available to identify fibres

Surface Characteristics of Fibers and Textiles

Surface Characteristics of Fibers and Textiles
Author : Christopher Pastore,Paul Kiekens
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2000-12-06
Category : Science
Total pages :312
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An exploration of the surface characteristics of fibres and textiles. It emphasizes how fibre surface affects permeability, stiffness, strength, dyeing, wrinkling, and other performance characteristics to optimize production. It also illustrates methods for developing wrinkle-resistant finishes on fibre surfaces using environmentally friendly techniques.

Physical Testing of Textiles

Physical Testing of Textiles
Author : B P Saville
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 1999-01-08
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :336
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This book examines the physical testing of textiles in the form of fibre, yarn and fabric, the emphasis throughout eing on standard and reproducible tests. After an introductory explanation of sampling and measurement, the author explores the effects of moisture on textiles, then goes on to discuss fibre dimension, yarn tests for linear density, twist, evenness and hairiness, tensile strength, and dimensional stability and serviceability. Also covered are aspects of comfort and fabric handle, colour fastness and quality assurance. The book’s comprehensive coverage of the physical properties of textiles makes it an essential reference for managers in the textiles industry concerned with quality assurance, garment and fabric technologists, and students of textile science and engineering.

Handbook of Tensile Properties of Textile and Technical Fibres

Handbook of Tensile Properties of Textile and Technical Fibres
Author : A. R. Bunsell
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2009-10-19
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :696
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Fibres usually experience tensile loads whether they are used for apparel or technical structures. Their form, which is long and fine, makes them some of the strongest materials available as well as very flexible. This book provides a concise and authoritative overview of tensile behaviour of a wide range of both natural and synthetic fibres used both in textiles and high performance materials. After preliminary chapters that introduce the reader to tensile properties, failure and testing of fibres, the book is split into two parts. Part one examines tensile properties and failure of natural fibres, such as cotton, hemp, wool and silk. Part two discusses the tensile properties and failure of synthetic fibres ranging from polyamide, polyester and polyethylene fibres to carbon fibres. Many chapters also provide a general background to the fibre, including the manufacture, microstructure, factors that affect tensile properties as well as methods to improve tensile failure. With its distinguished editor and array of international contributors, Handbook of tensile properties of textile and technical fibres is an important reference for fibre scientists, textile technologists and engineers, as well as those in academia. Provides an overview of tensile behaviour of a wide range of both natural and synthetic fibres Examines tensile characterisitics, tensile failure of textiles fibres and factors that affect tensile properties Discusses mircostructures and each type of fibre from manufacture to finished product

The Textile Fibers

The Textile Fibers
Author : Joseph Merritt Matthews
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1913
Category : Textile fibers
Total pages :630
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The Chemistry of Textile Fibres

The Chemistry of Textile Fibres
Author : Robert R Mather,Roger H Wardman
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release Date : 2015-11-06
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :439
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Textiles are ubiquitous materials that many of us take for granted in our everyday lives. We rely on our clothes to protect us from the environment and use them to enhance our appearance. Textiles also find applications in transport, healthcare, construction, and many other industries. The revised and updated 2nd Edition of The Chemistry of Textile Fibres highlights the trend towards the synthesis, from renewable resources, of monomers for making synthetic fibres. It contains new information on the influence of legislation and the concerns of environmental organisations on the use of chemicals in the textile industry. New sections on genetically modified cotton, anti-microbial materials and spider silk have been added as well as a new chapter covering functional fibres and fabrics. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the various types of textile fibres that are available today, ranging from natural fibres to the high-performance fibres that are very technologically advanced. Readers will gain an appreciation of why particular types of fibre are used for certain applications through understanding the chemistry behind their properties. Students following ‘A’ level courses or equivalent and first-year undergraduate students reading textile technology subjects at university will find this book a valuable source of information.

Physico-chemical Aspects of Textile Coloration

Physico-chemical Aspects of Textile Coloration
Author : Stephen M. Burkinshaw,Andrew Filarowski
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2016-02-08
Category : Science
Total pages :648
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The production of textile materials comprises a very large and complex global industry that utilises a diverse range of fibre types and creates a variety of textile products. As the great majority of such products are coloured, predominantly using aqueous dyeing processes, the coloration of textiles is a large-scale global business in which complex procedures are used to apply different types of dye to the various types of textile material. The development of such dyeing processes is the result of substantial research activity, undertaken over many decades, into the physico-chemical aspects of dye adsorption and the establishment of ‘dyeing theory’, which seeks to describe the mechanism by which dyes interact with textile fibres. Physico-Chemical Aspects of Textile Coloration provides a comprehensive treatment of the physical chemistry involved in the dyeing of the major types of natural, man-made and synthetic fibres with the principal types of dye. The book covers: fundamental aspects of the physical and chemical structure of both fibres and dyes, together with the structure and properties of water, in relation to dyeing; dyeing as an area of study as well as the terminology employed in dyeing technology and science; contemporary views of intermolecular forces and the nature of the interactions that can occur between dyes and fibres at a molecular level; fundamental principles involved in dyeing theory, as represented by the thermodynamics and kinetics of dye sorption; detailed accounts of the mechanism of dyeing that applies to cotton (and other cellulosic fibres), polyester, polyamide, wool, polyacrylonitrile and silk fibres; non-aqueous dyeing, as represented by the use of air, organic solvents and supercritical CO2 fluid as alternatives to water as application medium. The up-to-date text is supported by a large number of tables, figures and illustrations as well as footnotes and widespread use of references to published work. The book is essential reading for students, teachers, researchers and professionals involved in textile coloration.

Fibre Structure

Fibre Structure
Author : J. W. S. Hearle,R. H. Peters
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2013-09-03
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :694
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Fibre Structure is a 19-chapter text that emerged from lectures presented at the Manchester College of Science and Technology. The interest of fiber studies lies to some extent in the important part textile materials play in general living and in industrial products and operations. The first chapters deal with the chemistry of fiber-forming polymers, followed by considerable chapters on the controversial subject of the fine structure of fibers. The remaining chapters describe the special features of all the important fibers, including glass and asbestos. Textile scientists, researchers, and manufacturers will find this book invaluable.

Matthews' Textile Fibres

Matthews' Textile Fibres
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1954
Category :
Total pages :129
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Effect of Mechanical and Physical Properties on Fabric Hand

Effect of Mechanical and Physical Properties on Fabric Hand
Author : H Behery
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2005-10-31
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :496
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It is a consumer’s instinct to use the sense of touch when choosing a garment; to describe and assess the fabric quality and its suitability for a specific end use. The way that the fabric feels is described as its handle or ‘fabric hand’. Fabric hand can be evaluated by mechanical or electronic devices and by human judges using psychophysical or psychological techniques. Effect of mechanical and physical properties on fabric hand thoroughly explores the techniques and issues involved in this difficult subject. It begins by looking at the concepts of fabric hand, with chapters on the developments in hand measurement, the application of statistical methods and the differences in fabric hand between different cultures. The second part is devoted to the different effects fiber, yarn and fabric can have on fabric hand. The effect of factors including fiber, yarn and woven fabrics are all outlined in separate chapters. Finally, the third section describes the effect that processing has on fabric hand. This includes processes such as wet processing and chemical finishing, mechanical finishing and refurbishing. Finally two important appendices are included for reference. Appendix A is from the Hand Evaluation and Standardization Committee and outlines the Kawabata system for standardization and analysis of hand evaluation. Appendix B describes the SiroFAST system of fabric assurance by simple testing developed by CSIRO, Australia. With an international panel of distinguished contributors, Effect of mechanical and physical properties on fabric hand provides comprehensive coverage on the subject. It will be an essential work for those researching and working in apparel and fashion design, textile selection, fabric designers and developers, manufacturers, and those interested in fabric dyeing and finishing. Essential reading for all those working in apparel and fashion design, textile selection, fabric design and development and fabric manufacturers Covers statistical methods in evaluating hand and a comparison of hand evaluation in different cultures Looks at the effect processing has on fabric hand

Advances in Agrophysical Research

Advances in Agrophysical Research
Author : Stanisław Grundas,Andrzej Stępniewski
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2013-07-31
Category : Science
Total pages :410
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The idea of this book was born due to the rapid increase of the interest in excellence of agricultural production in the aspect of both – the quality of raw material for food production as well as in the aspect of environment protection. Agrophysics is a field of science that focuses on the quality of agriculture as a whole i.e. the interaction between human and environment, especially the interaction between soil, plant, atmosphere and machine. Physics with its laws, principles and rules is a good tool for description of the interactions, as well as of the results of these interactions. Some aspects of chemistry, biology and other fields of science are also taken under consideration. This interdisciplinary approach can result in holistic description of processes which should lead to improvement of the efficiency of obtaining the raw materials to ensure a sufficient amount of food, safe for human health. This book could be regarded as the contribution to this description. The reader can find some basic as well, as more particular aspects of the contemporary agriculture, starting with the soil characteristics and treatment, plant growth and agricultural products’ properties and processing.