November 24, 2020

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Physiology of the Cladocera

Physiology of the Cladocera
Author : Nikolai N. Smirnov
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2017-06-01
Category : Science
Total pages :418
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Physiology of the Cladocera, Second Edition, is a much-needed summary of foundational information on these increasingly important model organisms. This unique and valuable review is based on the world’s literature, including Russian research not previously widely available, and offers systematically arranged data on the physiology of Cladocera, assisting with explanation of their life and distribution. It features the addition of new sections and a vast amount of new information, such as the latest data on feeding, nutrition, pathological physiology, chemical composition, neurosecretion, and behavior, as well as hormonal regulation, antioxidants, and the biochemical background of effects of natural and anthropogenic factors. Additional expertly updated contributions in genetics and cytology, and a new chapter in embryology, round out the physiological chapters, and provide comprehensive insight into the state of knowledge of Cladocera and their underlying mechanisms. Cladocera crustaceans have become globally studied for many purposes, including genetic, molecular, ecological, environmental, water quality, systematics, and evolutionary biology research. Since the genome of Daphnia was sequenced and published, that system has gained much wider exposure, also leading to a rapidly growing awareness of the importance of understanding physiological processes as they relate to evolutionary and ecological genomics as well as ecogenomic toxicology. However, the physiological background on Cladocera has been fragmentary (including on the other 700 known species besides Daphnia), despite the extensive literature on species identification and morphology. This work addresses this issue by collecting and synthesizing from the literature the state of knowledge of cladoceran physiology, including discussion on both adequately and inadequately investigated fields, and thus directions of future research. Summarizes fundamental information obtained in recent years, including on steroids, antioxidants, hormones, nanoparticles, and impact of wastewater of pharmaceutical industries Provides the foundational information needed for scientists and practitioners from a variety of fields, including conservation and evolutionary biology, genomics, ecology, ecotoxicology, comparative physiology, limnology, zoology–carcinology, and water quality assessment Features coverage of both Daphniids and representatives of other families, with attention drawn to little-studied aspects of their physiology, especially of those living in the litt oral zone Includes guidance to the literature on cladoceran physiology in four languages Discusses advantages and shortcomings of Cladocera as experimental animals and indicators of water quality

Physiology of the Cladocera

Physiology of the Cladocera
Author : Nikolai N. Smirnov
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2013-09-25
Category : Science
Total pages :352
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The Physiology of Cladocera is a much-needed summary of foundational information on these increasingly important model organisms. This unique and valuable summary is based on the world's literature, including Russian research not widely available until now. It offers systematically arranged data on the physiology of Cladocera, assisting with explanation of their life and distribution, as well as discussion on directions of future research. Special expert contributions in genetics, immunology, and cytology round out the physiological chapters and provide comprehensive insight into the state of knowledge of Cladocera and its underlying mechanisms. Cladocera crustaceans make up a significant part of the natural communities and biological productivity of fresh waters. In recent decades, they have become globally studied for many purposes, including systematics, genetic, molecular, ecological and evolutionary biology studies. They are also used as "sentinel" organisms for assessing water quality and the environment. In addition, the genome of Daphnia (a genus within Cladocera) was recently sequenced and published, giving this system a much wider exposure. It has also led to a rapidly growing awareness of the importance of understanding physiological processes as they relate to evolutionary and ecological genomics and ecogenomic toxicology. Despite the increasing use of Cladocera in research and study, physiological background information on these creatures is fragmentary. Hundreds of unconnected publications have been accumulated on their physiology, and a synthesis and general representation of the literature has been much needed for the many researchers working with this organism. The Physiology of Cladocera stands alone as a valuable and comprehensive offering in this area for many researchers and students. Collects and synthesizes from the worldwide literature the state of knowledge of cladoceran physiology Forward-looking perspective incorporates information from the emerging technological worlds of genomics, cytology, chemical communication, and immunology Provides foundational information on Cladocera physiology for researchers in various fields, including conservation and evolutionary biology, genomics, ecology, ecotoxicology, and comparative physiology

Studies on the Physiology, Genetics, and Evolution of Some Cladocera

Studies on the Physiology, Genetics, and Evolution of Some Cladocera
Author : Arthur Mangun Banta
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1939
Category : Cladocera
Total pages :285
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Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates

Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates
Author : James H. Thorp,Alan P. Covich
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2010
Category : Science
Total pages :1021
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The third edition of Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates continues the tradition of in-depth coverage of the biology, ecology, phylogeny, and identification of freshwater invertebrates from the USA and Canada. This text serves as an authoritative single source for a broad coverage of the anatomy, physiology, ecology, and phylogeny of all major groups of invertebrates in inland waters of North America, north of Mexico.

Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates

Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates
Author : James H. Thorp,Alan P. Covich
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2010
Category : Science
Total pages :1021
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The third edition of Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates continues the tradition of in-depth coverage of the biology, ecology, phylogeny, and identification of freshwater invertebrates from the USA and Canada. This text serves as an authoritative single source for a broad coverage of the anatomy, physiology, ecology, and phylogeny of all major groups of invertebrates in inland waters of North America, north of Mexico.

Studies on the Physiology, Genetics, and Evolution of Some Cladocera

Studies on the Physiology, Genetics, and Evolution of Some Cladocera
Author : Arthur Mangun Banta
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1939
Category : Cladocera
Total pages :285
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Physiology

Physiology
Author : Ernest S. Chang,Martin Thiel
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date : 2015-02-27
Category : Science
Total pages :528
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The Crustacea is one of the dominant invertebrate groups, displaying staggering diversity in form and function, and spanning the full spectrum of Earth's environments. Crustaceans are increasingly used as model organisms in all fields of biology, as few other taxa exhibit such a variety of body shapes and adaptations to particular habitats and environmental conditions. Physiology is the fourth volume in The Natural History of the Crustacea series, and the first book in over twenty-five years to provide an overview of the comparative physiology of crustaceans. An understanding of physiology is crucial to a comprehension of the biology of this fascinating invertebrate group. Written by a group of internationally recognized experts studying a wide range of crustacean taxa and topics, this volume synthesizes current research in a format that is accessible to a wide scientific audience.

Dormancy in Aquatic Organisms. Theory, Human Use and Modeling

Dormancy in Aquatic Organisms. Theory, Human Use and Modeling
Author : Victor R. Alekseev,Bernadette Pinel-Alloul
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2019-09-25
Category : Science
Total pages :274
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This is the second volume on dormancy in aquatic organisms. The book is divided into three parts whereby the first part is devoted to several groups of aquatic organisms which are under-studied in terms of the dormancy’s role in the life cycle. The second part looks at the use of dormancy phenomena in science and potential human applications. Furthermore, part 3 comprises of examples of using modeling in relation to dormancy phenomenon and it opens with a theoretical analysis of studies of biological information, including seasonal information. This work can be used as a text book for students as well as a manual for science and practice purposes in ecology, aquaculture, nature protection and space researches with regards to creating ecological life supporting systems and discovering extraterrestrial life on other planets with harsh environmental conditions.

Cladocera as Model Organisms in Biology

Cladocera as Model Organisms in Biology
Author : Petter Larsson,Lawrence J. Weider
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-12-06
Category : Science
Total pages :307
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The Third International Symposium on Cladocera, papers from which make up this volume, covered recent findings on the behaviour, life history, population genetics, reproduction, chemical communication, predator-prey interactions, epibionts, taxonomy, phylogeny, palaeolimnology and biogeography of this animal group. The Cladocera occupy an intermediate position in lake ecosystems, both as plankton and benthic organisms. Their often high abundance and their function, as transfer organisms from algae and dead organic matter to macro-invertebrates and fish, make them one of the most important organisms to affect the biological processes in freshwater ecosystems. The Cladocera living among the plankton often have recognizable distribution patterns and migrations; their size and brief life cycles make them popular in laboratory experiments; their cyclic parthenogenesis makes them suitable for many aspects of population genetics; and they are present as microfossils in lake sediments. All these features confer a unique status on the Cladocera as model organisms in many aspects of modern systematics and ecology.

Cladocera: the Biology of Model Organisms

Cladocera: the Biology of Model Organisms
Author : A. Brancelj,L. De Meester,P. Spaak
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-12-06
Category : Science
Total pages :303
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Cladocerans are increasingly used in many fields of science and this volume covers a wide range of such topics. Cladocerans have a strong influence on freshwater ecosystems and in some aspects they can be used in biomanipulation projects. Their fast and easy asexual reproduction offers a wide range of possibilities for studies in many fields of research: genetics, ecology, ecotoxicology, etc. In some ways they are the Drosophila of the present day. Their global distribution makes them of special interest from a phylogenetic and biogeographic as well as an ecological point of view. Apart from the proceedings of previous symposia, there are no other books which cover the whole range of aspects. These proceedings update the last symposia as well as including completely new information on certain fields of research. Target groups are research scientists within ecology, systematic biology, evolutionary biology and population biology. The book could also be a useful source of information for special courses for students of the above mentioned topics.

Test No. 211: Daphnia magna Reproduction Test

Test No. 211: Daphnia magna Reproduction Test
Author : OECD
Publisher : OECD Publishing
Release Date : 2008-10-16
Category :
Total pages :23
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The test method described in this Test Guideline assesses the effect of chemicals on the reproductive output of Daphnia magna Straus. To this end, young female Daphnia are exposed to the test substance added to water at a range of concentrations (at ...

The Transmission Electron Microscope

The Transmission Electron Microscope
Author : Khan Maaz
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2015-09-02
Category : Science
Total pages :360
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This book The Transmission Electron Microscope abundantly illustrates necessary insight and guidance of this powerful and versatile material characterization technique with complete figures and thorough explanations. The second edition of the book presents deep understanding of new techniques from introduction to advance levels, covering in-situ transmission electron microscopy, electron and focused ion beam microscopy, and biological diagnostic through TEM. The chapters cover all major aspects of transmission electron microscopy and their uses in material characterization with special emphasis on both the theoretical and experimental aspects of modern electron microscopy techniques. It is believed that this book will provide a solid foundation of electron microscopy to the students, scientists, and engineers working in the field of material science and condensed matter physics.

The Genus Daphnia (including Daphniopsis) (Anomopoda:Daphniidae)

The Genus Daphnia (including Daphniopsis) (Anomopoda:Daphniidae)
Author : John A. H. Benzie
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2005
Category : Cladocera
Total pages :376
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Development and Environment

Development and Environment
Author : Warren Burggren,Benjamin Dubansky
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2018-09-24
Category : Science
Total pages :467
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Rather than a loosely connected list of facts/topics, this book addresses virtually every field that involves the use of developing animals in environmental science. In doing so, it will help define the scientific collective within these fields to both those readers who are "outside" of a particular field (students and professionals alike) and those who work within said field, where multiple iterations of the same job description exist. Both the content and choice of authors fully support this goal, as the editors and contributing authors represent contemporary thought and experimentation in their respective fields – ranging from developmental physiology through environmental toxicology to medicine. As such, this work will appeal to a broad audience, including any scientist or trainee interested in the nexus of environment, development and physiology.

Thorp and Covich's Freshwater Invertebrates

Thorp and Covich's Freshwater Invertebrates
Author : James H. Thorp,D. Christopher Rogers, MD, MBA
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2018-12-21
Category : Nature
Total pages :950
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Thorp and Covich's Freshwater Invertebrates: Keys to Palaearctic Fauna, Fourth Edition, is part of a multivolume series covering inland water invertebrates of the world that began with Vol. I: Ecology and General Biology (2015), then Vol. II (2016) Keys to Nearctic Fauna, and finally in Vol. III (2018) Keys to Neotropical Hexapoda (insects and springtails). It now continues with identification keys for Palearctic invertebrates in Vol. IV. Two other volumes currently in development focus on general invertebrates of the Neotropical/Antarctic, and Australasian Bioregions. Other volumes in the early planning stages include Afrotropical and Oriental/Oceanic Bioregions. All volumes are designed for multiple uses and levels of expertise by professionals in universities, government agencies and private companies, as well as by graduate and undergraduate students. Provides identification keys for inland water (fresh to saline) invertebrates of the Palearctic Zoogeographic Region, from Iceland to Russia, and from the northern Pole region to Saharan Africa in the west, through the Middle East, and to the central China and Japan in the east Presents identification keys for aquatic invertebrates to the genus or species level for many groups and to family for Hexapoda, with the keys progressing from higher to lower taxonomic levels Includes a general introduction and sections on limitations, terminology and morphology, material preparation and preservation and references