November 26, 2020

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Planetary Tectonism across the Solar System

Planetary Tectonism across the Solar System
Author : Christian Klimczak,Geoffrey C. Collins,Paul K. Byrne
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-05-01
Category : Science
Total pages :400
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Planetary Tectonism across the Solar System, Volume Two in the Comparative Planetology series, addresses key questions surrounding planetary tectonism, such our understanding of the global contraction of Mercury, the formation of giant rift zones on Saturn’s icy moons, or the tesserated terrain on Venus. It makes connections to Earth, such as how deformation on Mercury is both similar and different, and how to apply theoretical considerations behind plate tectonics on Earth to other planets. The book offers an up-to-date, accessible and comprehensive discussion of the major tectonic processes and landforms that shape and drive the evolution of planets, moons and smaller bodies. By placing a singular emphasis on comparing tectonic processes and landforms on all relevant Solar System bodies, with the explicit objective of providing a systems-level understanding of this widespread phenomenon, this book is ideal for anyone studying planetary tectonism. Includes an introduction that places the book in the context of the larger Comparative Planetology series Compares tectonic processes on all relevant Solar System bodies, providing a systems-level understanding of this widespread phenomenon that shapes and drives the evolution of planets, moons and smaller bodies Features over 100 color illustrations and charts to better convey concepts Offers additional online content, including figures, animations, videos and interviews with contributing authors

Volcanism and Tectonism Across the Inner Solar System

Volcanism and Tectonism Across the Inner Solar System
Author : T. Platz,M. Massironi,P.K. Byrne,H. Hiesinger
Publisher : Geological Society of London
Release Date : 2015-01-05
Category : Science
Total pages :448
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Volcanism and tectonism are the dominant endogenic means by which planetary surfaces change. This book aims to encompass the broad range in character of volcanism, tectonism, faulting and associated interactions observed on planetary bodies across the inner solar system - a region that includes Mercury, Venus, Earth, the Moon, Mars and asteroids. The diversity and breadth of landforms produced by volcanic and tectonic processes is enormous, and varies across the inner solar system bodies. As a result, the selection of prevailing landforms and their underlying formational processes that are described and highlighted in this volume are but a primer to the expansive field of planetary volcanism and tectonism. This Special Publication features 22 research articles about volcanic and tectonic processes manifest across the inner solar system.

Planetary Volcanism across the Solar System

Planetary Volcanism across the Solar System
Author : Tracy K. P. Gregg,Rosaly M. Lopes,Sarah A. Fagents
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-08-01
Category : Science
Total pages :400
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Planetary Volcanism across the Solar System compares and contrasts the vast array of planetary bodies in the Solar System, including Earth. The wealth of spacecraft data for almost all major solid-surface bodies in the Solar System indicate that volcanism has been a dominant mechanism in shaping the landscapes of these bodies. The book addresses key questions surrounding our understanding of planetary volcanism, such as how to integrate the data into a coherent view of how volcanic activity arises, how this mechanism shapes planets, which volcanic landforms are ubiquitous throughout the Solar System, and which are unique. By placing a singular emphasis on comparing volcanic processes and landforms on all relevant Solar System bodies, and with the explicit objective of providing a systems-level understanding of this widespread phenomenon, users will find an up-to-date, accessible and comprehensive discussion of the major volcanic processes and landforms that shape and drive the evolution of planets, moons and smaller bodies. Includes an introduction placing the book in the context of the larger Comparative Planetology series Compares volcanic processes and landforms on all relevant Solar System bodies, providing a systems-level understanding of this widespread phenomenon Offers a thorough examination of the major volcanic processes and landforms that shape and drive the evolution of planets, moons and smaller bodies Includes information from new mission data and discoveries in recent years Features over 100 color illustrations and charts to more clearly convey concepts Offers additional online content, including figures, animations, video, and other multimedia content such as interviews with contributing authors

Planetary Geology

Planetary Geology
Author : Angelo Pio Rossi,Stephan van Gasselt
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2017-11-28
Category : Science
Total pages :433
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This book provides an up-to-date interdisciplinary geoscience-focused overview of solid solar system bodies and their evolution, based on the comparative description of processes acting on them. Planetary research today is a strongly multidisciplinary endeavor with efforts coming from engineering and natural sciences. Key focal areas of study are the solid surfaces found in our Solar System. Some have a direct interaction with the interplanetary medium and others have dynamic atmospheres. In any of those cases, the geological records of those surfaces (and sub-surfaces) are key to understanding the Solar System as a whole: its evolution and the planetary perspective of our own planet. This book has a modular structure and is divided into 4 sections comprising 15 chapters in total. Each section builds upon the previous one but is also self-standing. The sections are: Methods and tools Processes and Sources Integration and Geological Syntheses Frontiers The latter covers the far-reaching broad topics of exobiology, early life, extreme environments and planetary resources, all areas where major advancements are expected in the forthcoming decades and both key to human exploration of the Solar System. The target readership includes advanced undergraduate students in geoscience-related topics with no specific planetary science knowledge; undergraduates in other natural science domains (e.g. physics, astronomy, biology or chemistry); graduates in engineering and space systems design who want to complement their knowledge in planetary science. The authors’ backgrounds span a broad range of topics and disciplines: rooted in Earth geoscience, their expertise covers remote sensing and cartography, field mapping, impact cratering, volcanology and tectonics, sedimentology and stratigraphy exobiology and life in extreme environments, planetary resources and mining. Several generations of planetary scientists are cooperating to provide a modern view on a discipline developed from Earth during and through Space exploration.

Mercury

Mercury
Author : Sean C. Solomon,Larry R. Nittler,Brian J. Anderson
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2018-12-31
Category : Science
Total pages :690
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Offers an authoritative synthesis of knowledge of the planet Mercury after the MESSENGER mission, for researchers and students in planetary science.

Planetary Tectonics

Planetary Tectonics
Author : Thomas R. Watters,Richard A. Schultz
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2010
Category : Science
Total pages :518
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This book is an essential reference volume that surveys tectonic landforms on solid bodies throughout the Solar System.

Planetary Surface Processes

Planetary Surface Processes
Author : H. Jay Melosh
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2011-08-25
Category : Science
Total pages :129
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Planetary Surface Processes is the first advanced textbook to cover the full range of geologic processes that shape the surfaces of planetary-scale bodies. Using a modern, quantitative approach, this book reconsiders geologic processes outside the traditional terrestrial context. It highlights processes that are contingent upon Earth's unique circumstances and processes that are universal. For example, it shows explicitly that equations predicting the velocity of a river are dependent on gravity: traditional geomorphology textbooks fail to take this into account. This textbook is a one-stop source of information on planetary surface processes, providing readers with the necessary background to interpret new data from NASA, ESA and other space missions. Based on a course taught by the author at the University of Arizona for 25 years, it is aimed at advanced students, and is also an invaluable resource for researchers, professional planetary scientists and space-mission engineers.

Encyclopedia of the Solar System

Encyclopedia of the Solar System
Author : Lucy-Ann McFadden,Torrence Johnson,Paul Weissman
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2006-12-18
Category : Science
Total pages :992
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Long before Galileo published his discoveries about Jupiter, lunar craters, and the Milky Way in the Starry Messenger in 1610, people were fascinated with the planets and stars around them. That interest continues today, and scientists are making new discoveries at an astounding rate. Ancient lake beds on Mars, robotic spacecraft missions, and new definitions of planets now dominate the news. How can you take it all in? Start with the new Encyclopedia of the Solar System, Second Edition. This self-contained reference follows the trail blazed by the bestselling first edition. It provides a framework for understanding the origin and evolution of the solar system, historical discoveries, and details about planetary bodies and how they interact—and has jumped light years ahead in terms of new information and visual impact. Offering more than 50% new material, the Encyclopedia includes the latest explorations and observations, hundreds of new color digital images and illustrations, and more than 1,000 pages. It stands alone as the definitive work in this field, and will serve as a modern messenger of scientific discovery and provide a look into the future of our solar system. · Forty-seven chapters from 75+ eminent authors review fundamental topics as well as new models, theories, and discussions · Each entry is detailed and scientifically rigorous, yet accessible to undergraduate students and amateur astronomers · More than 700 full-color digital images and diagrams from current space missions and observatories amplify the chapters · Thematic chapters provide up-to-date coverage, including a discussion on the new International Astronomical Union (IAU) vote on the definition of a planet · Information is easily accessible with numerous cross-references and a full glossary and index

Plate Tectonics & Crustal Evolution

Plate Tectonics & Crustal Evolution
Author : Kent C. Condie
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2013-10-22
Category : Science
Total pages :504
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This substantially revised edition includes recently published information relating to plate tectonics and continental origin. A large number of new figures have been added, and new sections included on meteorites, seismic tomography, mantle convection, accretionary terranes, mantle sources and evolution, continental growth, secular changes in Earth history, also a new chapter on exogenic Earth systems. In addition the following topics have been substantially revised: lunar origin, global gravity, origin of the core, metamorphism, plate boundaries, hotspots, tectonic settings, and magma associations. Among the new features the Tectonic Map of the World has also been updated.

Fundamentals of Physical Geology

Fundamentals of Physical Geology
Author : Sreepat Jain
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-10-18
Category : Science
Total pages :488
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Physical Geology is a vast subject and it is not possible to cover all aspects in one book. This book does not invent the wheel but merely put together sets of updated but concise material on Physical Geology with lots of illustrations. All illustrations are created by hand and give a real classroom feel to the book. Students or readers can easily reproduce them by hand. This is a book, where a diagram says it all. The book is divided into four parts. The first part “The Solar System and Cosmic Bodies” deals with elements of our Solar System and the cosmic bodies around it (like meteorites, asteroids, etc.). The second part “The Earth Materials” deals with Earth and its internal structure. The third part “The Hydrologic System” is more exhaustive and deals with the hydrological system of the Earth including Weathering and Mass Wasting, Streams, Groundwater, Karst, Glaciers, Oceans and Aeolian Processes and Landforms. The fourth and the final part “The Tectonic System” deals with different aspects of Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes and Volcanoes.

Thrust Faulting on the Terrestrial Planets

Thrust Faulting on the Terrestrial Planets
Author : Kelsey Taylor Warden
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2019
Category :
Total pages :250
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The exterior of a planet often reflects its internal workings. On planets with little to no erosion, the surface geology can record billions of years of planetary evolution. Mercury, the smallest planet in our solar system, has not experienced aqueous erosion and as such, is an ideal site for exploring the longest-lived and most ancient planetary processes. These include global contraction (a decrease in planet volume), tidal despinning (slowing of the planet's rotation), and reorientation (a shift in the orientation of the rotational axis). Each of these processes contributes to stresses that have influenced the tectonic development of structures like faults and folds in the rocks, often basalts, that cover the surface of the planet. On Earth, regional processes are also recorded in local structures. Studying the development of faults and folds is important for understanding the tectonic context of their structural evolution. Research presented in this dissertation ties together Earth and other-planetary tectonism, deciphering what structures are telling us about planetary evolution. By describing how basalts deform, I relate their deformation to more widespread processes. I present the first quantitative estimates for strain rates from global contraction on Mercury ranging back ~4 Ga, and describe the likely structural style of faulting based on the most detailed tectonic map ever produced of another planet. Results from mapping have also allowed for the constraint of the timing of despinning and reorientation. An investigation of an Earth analogue to these structures, the Yakima Fold Province of central Washington state is also carried out. The structures are represented with a three-dimensional model produced from structural data collected in the field and ~44 km of seismic profile interpretations. Insight into the distribution of deformation across these folds and faults has allowed me to intimately relate the strain observed in the belt to the tectonic setting of the Cenozoic northwest, including the opening of the Basin and Range, subduction of the Juan de Fuca and Farallon plates, and hotspot volcanism in the Snake River Plain.

Vision and Voyages for Planetary Science in the Decade 2013-2022

Vision and Voyages for Planetary Science in the Decade 2013-2022
Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board,Committee on the Planetary Science Decadal Survey
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2012-01-30
Category : Science
Total pages :398
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In recent years, planetary science has seen a tremendous growth in new knowledge. Deposits of water ice exist at the Moon's poles. Discoveries on the surface of Mars point to an early warm wet climate, and perhaps conditions under which life could have emerged. Liquid methane rain falls on Saturn's moon Titan, creating rivers, lakes, and geologic landscapes with uncanny resemblances to Earth's. Vision and Voyages for Planetary Science in the Decade 2013-2022 surveys the current state of knowledge of the solar system and recommends a suite of planetary science flagship missions for the decade 2013-2022 that could provide a steady stream of important new discoveries about the solar system. Research priorities defined in the report were selected through a rigorous review that included input from five expert panels. NASA's highest priority large mission should be the Mars Astrobiology Explorer Cacher (MAX-C), a mission to Mars that could help determine whether the planet ever supported life and could also help answer questions about its geologic and climatic history. Other projects should include a mission to Jupiter's icy moon Europa and its subsurface ocean, and the Uranus Orbiter and Probe mission to investigate that planet's interior structure, atmosphere, and composition. For medium-size missions, Vision and Voyages for Planetary Science in the Decade 2013-2022 recommends that NASA select two new missions to be included in its New Frontiers program, which explores the solar system with frequent, mid-size spacecraft missions. If NASA cannot stay within budget for any of these proposed flagship projects, it should focus on smaller, less expensive missions first. Vision and Voyages for Planetary Science in the Decade 2013-2022 suggests that the National Science Foundation expand its funding for existing laboratories and establish new facilities as needed. It also recommends that the program enlist the participation of international partners. This report is a vital resource for government agencies supporting space science, the planetary science community, and the public.

Planetology

Planetology
Author : Tom Jones,Ellen Renee Stofan
Publisher : National Geographic Books
Release Date : 2008
Category : Science
Total pages :217
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Explores the contrasts and similarities between Earth and its planetary neighbors, tracing the history of the solar system and the natural forces and processes that have shaped nearby planets and moons.

Introduction to Physical Geology, Canadian Edition

Introduction to Physical Geology, Canadian Edition
Author : Charles Fletcher,Dan Gibson,Kevin Ansdell
Publisher : Wiley Global Education
Release Date : 2014-07-29
Category : Science
Total pages :704
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Physical Geology: The Science of Earth Canadian Edition takes a unique approach to teaching students physical geology. The primary goal of this text is to give students a more meaningful understanding of the concepts of geology and science, as well as emphasizing the importance of becoming an earth citizen. The result is a text that engages students and builds an enduring understanding of geologic principles and their interconnection with sustainability and global/environmental issues.

Introduction to Earth and Planetary System Science

Introduction to Earth and Planetary System Science
Author : Naotatsu Shikazono
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-03-12
Category : Science
Total pages :177
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This book presents basic information on material science (geochemistry, geophysics, geology, mineralogy, etc.), interaction between subsystem consisting earth system (atmosphere, hydrosphere, litho (geo) sphere, biosphere, humans) and in earth-planet system and evolution of earth-planetary system. The nature-humans interactions are described and new view on earth, planets and humans (integration of anthropocentrism and naturecentrism) are presented.