November 25, 2020

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Plant Disturbance Ecology

Plant Disturbance Ecology
Author : Edward A. Johnson,Kiyoko Miyanishi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-10-30
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :562
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Plant Disturbance Ecology: The Process and the Response, Second Edition, is fully updated and clearly presents how scientists can use a multitude of approaches in plant disturbance ecology. Chapters on fire and beavers from the previous edition were combined into more extensive and inclusive chapters covering disturbance. There are new chapters on windstorms, droughts, and tree uprooting. All chapters from the first edition have been updated to include the latest research. Edited and written by leading experts in the field, this second edition is an essential resource for scientists interested in understanding plant disturbance and ecological processes. Disturbance ecology is still an active area of research and there have been many advances in new areas. One emerging direction in disturbance studies is the increased coupling of physical and ecological processes, and not just their forcing. Disturbances are increasingly traced back further in space and time to mechanisms that are causing the disturbances themselves (e.g., earth surface processes and mesoscale and larger meteorological processes), and the ecological effects being studied are becoming more physiological. Advances understanding of natural disturbances by combining geophysical and ecological processes Provides a framework for collaboration between geophysical scientists and ecologists studying natural disturbances Offers a fully updated second edition with five new chapters and revisions of 11 chapters from the first edition

Plant Disturbance Ecology

Plant Disturbance Ecology
Author : Edward A. Johnson,Kiyoko Miyanishi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-10-30
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :562
GET BOOK

Plant Disturbance Ecology: The Process and the Response, Second Edition, is fully updated and clearly presents how scientists can use a multitude of approaches in plant disturbance ecology. Chapters on fire and beavers from the previous edition were combined into more extensive and inclusive chapters covering disturbance. There are new chapters on windstorms, droughts, and tree uprooting. All chapters from the first edition have been updated to include the latest research. Edited and written by leading experts in the field, this second edition is an essential resource for scientists interested in understanding plant disturbance and ecological processes. Disturbance ecology is still an active area of research and there have been many advances in new areas. One emerging direction in disturbance studies is the increased coupling of physical and ecological processes, and not just their forcing. Disturbances are increasingly traced back further in space and time to mechanisms that are causing the disturbances themselves (e.g., earth surface processes and mesoscale and larger meteorological processes), and the ecological effects being studied are becoming more physiological. Advances understanding of natural disturbances by combining geophysical and ecological processes Provides a framework for collaboration between geophysical scientists and ecologists studying natural disturbances Offers a fully updated second edition with five new chapters and revisions of 11 chapters from the first edition

Plant Disturbance Ecology

Plant Disturbance Ecology
Author : Edward A. Johnson,Kiyoko Miyanishi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2010-07-20
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :720
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The media coverage of natural disasters (hurricanes, fires, floods, ice storms, etc.) indicates the prevalence of natural disasters in most, if not all, ecosystems. In order for scientists to study, understand, and ultimately predict how these disturbances affect ecosystems, it is necessary for them to know more about the physical processes involved in these disturbances and to learn how to couple these processes to the ecological systems. Essential for all ecologists, forest researchers, and conservation biologists, this book includes chapters on the disturbance processes, how the disturbance causes necrosis or death to individuals, and their effects on population or community processes. In Plant Disturbance Ecology, physical scientists who study disturbances provide an introduction to the physical disturbance processes, while ecologists relate this information to the way the vegetation responds to the disturbances. This reference is also key for all researchers hydrology, geomorphology, and environmental management. Includes coverage on six different disturbance processes: Wind, Gravity, Geomorphic, Hydrologic, Combustion, and Biotic Provides a clear explanation of how some of the physical processes of disturbance affect plant ecological processes Offers ecologists an up-to-date understanding of the physical processes and allows them to predict future affects of disturbances Unites two related fields by linking the disturbance processes and ecological responses Presents physical scientists with ideas of how they might usefully apply their knowledge to advance understanding of ecological systems

Plant Disturbance Ecology

Plant Disturbance Ecology
Author : Edward A. Johnson,Kiyoko Miyanishi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-10
Category :
Total pages :129
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Disturbance ecology is still an active area of research and there have been many advances in new areas. One emerging direction in disturbance studies is the increased coupling of physical and ecological processes, and not just their forcing. Disturbances are increasingly traced back further in space and time to mechanisms that are causing the disturbances themselves (e.g. earth surface processes and mesoscale and larger meteorological processes), and the ecological effects being studied are becoming more physiological. This fully updated second edition will encourage movement away from the informal, conceptual approach traditionally used in defining natural disturbances and clearly present how scientists can use a multitude of approaches in plant disturbance ecology. The three fire chapters from the previous edition have been combined into one, more extensive chapter on fire disturbance. The two beaver chapters have been combined into one, more inclusive chapter on beaver disturbance. There are also new chapters on windstorms, droughts and tree uprooting. All other chapters from the first edition remain and have been updated to include the latest research. Edited by leading experts in the field with chapters by renowned scientists, Plant Disturbance Ecology 2nd edition, will be an essential resource for scientists interested in understanding plant disturbance and ecological processes.

The Ecology of Natural Disturbance and Patch Dynamics

The Ecology of Natural Disturbance and Patch Dynamics
Author : Steward T.A. Pickett,P. S. White
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 1985
Category : Science
Total pages :472
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This monograph on ecological patch dynamics will prove useful to ecologists and upper level students with varied backgrounds. After an introduction, examples of patch dynamics are provided. The effects of large and small scale natural disturbances on ecosystems such as forest, prairie, marine and arid are described. Specific responses and adaptations of the organisms are outlined. Subsequent chapters deal with the environmental impact of natural disturbances on the organization and function of the affected ecosystems. Tables, graphs, and diagrams are located throughout the book.

Invasive Plant Ecology

Invasive Plant Ecology
Author : Shibu Jose,Harminder Pal Singh,Daizy Rani Batish,Ravinder Kumar Kohli
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2013-01-09
Category : Nature
Total pages :302
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Invasion of non-native plant species, which has a significant impact on the earth’s ecosystems, has greatly increased in recent years due to expanding trade and transport among different countries. Understanding the ecological principles underlying the invasive process as well as the characteristics of the invasive plants is crucial for making good management decisions to address this problem. Invasive Plant Ecology includes chapters derived from presentations at conferences such as the World Congress of the International Union of Forestry Research Organizations (IUFRO), as well as contributions from invited renowned authors. The chapters include both original research and syntheses of current knowledge on specific topics. Actions essential for coordinated approaches to curtail plant invasion include increasing awareness of the ecological impacts of alien plants and employing novel control strategies. This book provides a foundation in invasion ecology by examining ecological theories and case studies that explain plant invasions, their impacts, management strategies, and the ecological economics. The chapters describe ecological characteristics, mutualistic associations, microbial communities, and disturbance regimes that affect the spread of invasive plants. The book also covers spatial analysis and predictive modeling of invasive plants. The final chapters offer guidelines for ecological management and restoration of invaded areas and describe the economics of the invasive plant issue. This collection contains case studies from around the world, giving readers a real view of the extent of the invasive species issue along with real-world strategies. With its focus on the ecological aspects of plant invasion, this book provides an important reference for students, scientists, professionals, and policy makers who are involved in the study and management of alien invasive plants and ecosystems.

An Introduction to Disturbance Ecology

An Introduction to Disturbance Ecology
Author : Corrado Battisti,Gianluca Poeta,Giuliano Fanelli
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2016-07-19
Category : Nature
Total pages :178
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This book represents an introductory review of disturbance ecology and threat analysis, providing schematic concepts and approaches useful for work on sites that are affected by the impact of human actions. It is aimed at conservation and environmental practitioners, who will find tips for choosing methods and approaches when there are conflicts between the natural components and human activity. It is also addressed to students of applied ecology, ecosystem management, land-use planning and environmental impact assessment. It discusses a number of topics covered in the programs of many university courses related to basic ecology and ecology of disturbance, the latter constituting a field of great interest because of its implications and repercussions in applied territorial science. The book is divided into two parts: the first focuses on the theoretical and disciplinary framework of the ecology of disturbance, while the second is devoted to the analysis of anthropogenic threats. This, in particular, discusses the most recent approach, which uses a conventional nomenclature to allow a coarse-grained quantification and objective assessment of threat impact on different environmental components. Such an approach facilitates the comparison of hierarchically different events and, therefore, helps define the priorities for management and conservation strategies.

Ecosystems of Disturbed Ground

Ecosystems of Disturbed Ground
Author : L.R. Walker
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 1999-12-17
Category : Science
Total pages :868
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As the human population inexorably grows, its cumulative impact on the Earth's resources is hard to ignore. The ability of the Earth to support more humans is dependent on the ability of humans to manage natural resources wisely. Because disturbance alters resource levels, effective management requires understanding of the ecology of disturbance. This book is the first to take a global approach to the description of both natural and anthropogenic disturbance regimes that physically impact the ground. Natural disturbances such as erosion, volcanoes, wind, herbivory, flooding and drought plus anthropogenic disturbances such as foresty, grazing, mining, urbanization and military actions are considered. Both disturbance impacts and the biotic recovery are addressed as well as the interactions of different types of disturbance. Other chapters cover processes that are important to the understanding of disturbance of all types including soil processes, nutrient cycles, primary productivity, succession, animal behaviour and competition. Humans react to disturbances by avoiding, exacerbating, or restoring them or by passing environmental legislation. All of these issues are covered in this book. Managers need better predictive models and robust data-collections that help determine both site-specfic and generalized responses to disturbance. Multiple disturbances have a complex effect on both physical and biotic processes as they interact. This book provides a wealth of detail about the process of disturbance and recovery as well as a synthesis of the current state of knowledge about disturbance theory, with extensive documentation.

Vegetation Ecology

Vegetation Ecology
Author : Eddy van der Maarel,Janet Franklin
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2012-10-24
Category : Science
Total pages :576
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Additional resources for this book can be found at: ahref="http://www.wiley.com/go/vandermaarelfranklin/vegetationecology"www.wiley.com/go/vandermaarelfranklin/vegetationecology/a. Vegetation Ecology, 2nd Edition is a comprehensive,integrated account of plant communities and their environments.Written by leading experts in their field from four continents, thesecond edition of this book: covers the composition, structure, ecology, dynamics,diversity, biotic interactions and distribution of plantcommunities, with an emphasis on functional adaptations; reviews modern developments in vegetation ecology in ahistorical perspective; presents a coherent view on vegetation ecology whileintegrating population ecology, dispersal biology, soilbiology, ecosystem ecology and global change studies; tackles applied aspects of vegetation ecology, includingmanagement of communities and invasive species; includes new chapters addressing the classification and mappingof vegetation, and the significance of plant functional types Vegetation Ecology, 2nd Edition is aimed at advancedundergraduates, graduates and researchers and teachers in plantecology, geography, forestry and nature conservation. VegetationEcology takes an integrated, multidisciplinary approach and will bewelcomed as an essential reference for plant ecologists the worldover.

Ecology and Control of Introduced Plants

Ecology and Control of Introduced Plants
Author : Judith L. Myers,Barnabas Lindars,Judith H. Myers,Dawn Bazely
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2003-05-15
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :313
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Table of contents

Forest Fires

Forest Fires
Author : Edward A. Johnson
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2001-03-01
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :594
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Even before the myth of Prometheus, fire played a crucial ecological role around the world. Numerous plant communities depend on fire to generate species diversity in both time and space. Without fire such ecosystems would become sterile monocultures. Recent efforts to prohibit fire in fire dependent communities have contributed to more intense and more damaging fires. For these reasons, foresters, ecologists, land managers, geographers, and environmental scientists are interested in the behavior and ecological effects of fires. This book will be the first to focus on the chemistry and physics of fire as it relates to the ways in which fire behaves and the impacts it has on ecosystem function. Leading international contributors have been recruited by the editors to prepare a didactic text/reference that will appeal to both advanced students and practicing professionals.

Disturbance Ecology and Biological Diversity

Disturbance Ecology and Biological Diversity
Author : Erik A. Beever,Inger Suzanne Prange,Dominick A. DellaSala
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2019-10-30
Category : Nature
Total pages :300
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This book presents cascading effects of ecological disturbances on a multitude of ecosystem components. It includes agricultural development, large infrequent disturbances, forest harvesting, non-native grazing in deserts, ground transportation, powerline corridors, fires, urban ecology, disturbance in aquatic ecosystems, land-use dynamics on diversity, habitat fragmentation, sedimentation of wetlands, and contemporary climate change. The book facilitates users in understanding why disturbances are occurring while recommending mitigation and remediation strategies.

Plant Ecology

Plant Ecology
Author : Zubaida Yousaf
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2017-09-06
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :200
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This book is aimed to cover the phylogenetic and functional ecology with special reference to ecological shifts. I hope this book may benefit the students, fellow professors, and resource managers studying plant sciences. Since the topics stated in this book are not new but the issues and technologies mentioned were new to me, I expect that they will be new and equally advanced for the readers too. I encourage the readers to get out into the field to identify plants and to dig out the anthropogenic and social activities effecting plants to come along with the development of plant ecology; to rise and serve the topic of the enormous number of plants facing extinction; and to relish themselves and make some effort to contribute something to the world.

Disturbance and Ecosystems

Disturbance and Ecosystems
Author : H. A. Mooney,M. Godron
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-12-06
Category : Science
Total pages :294
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The earth's landscapes are being increasingly impacted by the activities of man. Unfortunately, we do not have a full understanding of the consequences of these disturbances on the earth's productive capacity. This problem was addressed by a group of French and U.S. ecologists who are specialists at levels of integration extending from genetics to the biosphere at a meeting at Stanford, California, sponsored by the National Science Foundation and the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique. With a few important exceptions it was found at this meeting that most man-induced disturbances of ecosystems can be viewed as large scale patterns of disturbances that have occurred, generally on a small scale, in ecosystems through evolutionary time. Man has induced dramatic large-scale changes in the environment which must be viewed at the biosphere level. Acid deposition and CO increase are two 2 examples of the consequences of man's increased utilization of fossil fuels. It is a matter of considerable concern that we cannot yet fully predict the ecological consequences of these environmental changes. Such problems must be addressed at the international level, yet substantive mechanisms to do this are not available.

Forest Ecology

Forest Ecology
Author : Arnold van der Valk
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2009-08-02
Category : Science
Total pages :363
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This volume provides an overview of recent advances in forest ecology on a variety of topics, including species diversity and the factors that control species diversity, environmental factors controlling distribution of forests, impacts of disturbances on forests (fires, drought, hurricane), reproduction ecology of both trees and understory species, and spatial organization of forests. Previously published in Plant Ecology, Volume 201, No.1, 2009.