December 1, 2020

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Plasma Technologies for Textiles

Plasma Technologies for Textiles
Author : Roshan Shishoo
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2007-02-21
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :360
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Plasma technologies present an environmentally-friendly and versatile way of treating textile materials in order to enhance a variety of properties such as wettability, liquid repellency, dyeability and coating adhesion. Recent advances made in commercially viable plasma systems have greatly increased the potential of using plasma technology in industrial textile finishing. This pioneering book provides an essential guide to both the technology and science related to plasmas and its practical applications in the textile industry. The first part of the book discusses the science and technology behind plasmas. Chapters give detailed and comprehensive descriptions on the characteristics of plasmas and methods of control and treatment in the processing of textiles. Both low pressure cold plasma and atmospheric pressure cold plasma processes are described as well as the diagnosis and control of plasma parameters in plasma generating reactors. A chapter is devoted to the use of plasma technology to achieve nanoscale treatment of textile surfaces. The second part of the book concentrates on specific applications of plasma technologies. Chapters cover treatments for water and oil repellency of textiles, engineering of biomedical textiles and woollen finishing techniques through the use of plasma technologies. Further chapters cover the modification of fibres for use in composites and the potential use of plasma technologies for the finishing of fabrics made of man made fibres. The final chapter in the book gives a comprehensive analysis of the surface chemical and physical characterisation of plasma treated fabrics. Written by a distinguished international team of experts, Plasma technologies for textiles is an invaluable reference for researchers, scientists and technologists alike. Summarises both the science and technology of plasma processing, and its practical applications Discusses how plasma technology improves textile properties such as wettability and liquid repelling An invaluable reference for researchers, scientists and technologists

Plasma Technologies for Textile and Apparel

Plasma Technologies for Textile and Apparel
Author : S. K. Nema,P. B. Jhala
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2015-05-05
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :386
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Plasma Technologies for Textile Apparel details plasma based technologies in textile industries. It disseminates knowledge gained over the years by Indian Institutes and organizations in the arena of plasma based applications for textiles. The book describes basics of low temperature plasma production in vacuum as well as at atmospheric pressure and various applications of plasma in textile particularly in Indian context.

A Novel Green Treatment for Textiles

A Novel Green Treatment for Textiles
Author : Chi-wai Kan
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2014-09-02
Category : Science
Total pages :311
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Industries worldwide have been impacted by environmental regulations, economics, and ultimately consumers, which has led to more thought about the development of sustainable products. The textile industry is no exception. The preparation, dyeing, and finishing of textile fibres requires large amounts of water and other chemicals which may be toxic or hazardous. Green chemistry along with other green technologies may now play a leading role in this process. This book emphasises the importance of plasma treatment as a green and sustainable technology. A Novel Green Treatment for Textiles: Plasma Treatment as a Sustainable Technology discusses the plasma treatment of textile fibres and its environmental, economic, and social benefits. The book reviews the general properties of textiles and provides a description of the current treatment methods typically used today. The author then introduces the concept of plasma and its application in treating textile materials. The application of plasma as a pretreatment as well as a treatment in dyeing textiles is discussed. The book summarizes the application of plasma treatment in the printing and finishing of textiles. Also explored is the concept of sustainability and its role in the development of plasma treatments in textile wet processing. The 12 Principles of Green Chemistry are incorporated throughout the book.

Sustainable Textiles

Sustainable Textiles
Author : Richard Blackburn
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2009-10-19
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :416
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Environmental issues are playing an increasingly important role in the textile industry, both from the point of view of government regulation and consumer expectations. Sustainable textiles reviews ways of achieving more sustainable materials and technologies as well as improving recycling in the industry. The first part of the book discusses ways of improving sustainability at various points in the supply chain. Chapters discuss how sustainability can be integrated into textile design, ensuring more sustainable production of both natural and synthetic fibres, improving sustainability in processes such as dyeing as well as more environmentally-friendly technologies including enzyme and plasma technologies. The second part of the book reviews consumer perceptions of recycled textiles, eco-labelling, organic textiles and the use of recycled materials in textile products. With a distinguished editor and an impressive range of international contributors, Sustainable textiles is an important reference for the textile industry and those researching this important topic. Reviews government regulations and consumer expectations about environmental impact on the textiles industry Discusses ways of achieving more sustainable materials and technologies as well as textiles recycling Examines how sustainability can be integrated into textile design, production and processes

Sustainable Technologies for Fashion and Textiles

Sustainable Technologies for Fashion and Textiles
Author : Rajkishore Nayak
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2019-12-01
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :394
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Sustainable Technologies for Fashion and Textiles combines the latest academic research and industrial practices to shed light on a wide range of activities that influence how the textiles industry affects the natural environment. Pressure from regulators, customers and other stakeholders has pressed companies to translate general sustainability concepts and ideas into business practices. This is leading to improvements in how the industry consumes water, electricity and chemicals, and to a reduction in the amount of waste generated by textile processes. This book groups approaches to these topics under four themes, fiber, yarn and fabric production, chemical processing, garment manufacturing and recycling. Addresses sustainability challenges that occur throughout the supply chain, from the sourcing of raw materials, to recycling finished products Provides introductions to sustainability—both in general and within the textiles industry—making this topic accessible for readers of all backgrounds Compares the advantages and disadvantages of different approaches to sustainability, helping readers avoid pitfalls when devising their own strategies

Frontiers of Textile Materials

Frontiers of Textile Materials
Author : Mohd Shabbir,Shakeel Ahmed,Javed N. Sheikh
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2020-03-10
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :384
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The book “Frontiers and Textile Materials will deal with the important materials that can be utilized for value-addition and functionalization of textile materials. The topics covered in this book includes the materials like enzymes, polymers, etc. that are utilized for conventional textile processing and the advanced materials like nanoparticles which are expected to change the horizons of textiles. The futuristic techniques for textile processing like plasma are also discussed.

Non-Thermal Plasma Technology for Polymeric Materials

Non-Thermal Plasma Technology for Polymeric Materials
Author : Sabu Thomas,Miran Mozetic,Uros Cvelbar,Petr Spatenka,K.M. Praveen
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2018-10-08
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :494
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Non-Thermal Plasma Technology for Polymeric Materials: Applications in Composites, Nanostructured Materials and Biomedical Fields provides both an introduction and practical guide to plasma synthesis, modification and processing of polymers, their composites, nancomposites, blends, IPNs and gels. It examines the current state-of-the-art and new challenges in the field, including the use of plasma treatment to enhance adhesion, characterization techniques, and the environmental aspects of the process. Particular attention is paid to the effects on the final properties of composites and the characterization of fiber/polymer surface interactions. This book helps demystify the process of plasma polymerization, providing a thorough grounding in the fundamentals of plasma technology as they relate to polymers. It is ideal for materials scientists, polymer chemists, and engineers, acting as a guide to further research into new applications of this technology in the real world. Enables materials scientists and engineers to deploy plasma technology for surface treatment, characterization and analysis of polymeric materials Reviews the state-of-the-art in plasma technology for polymer synthesis and processing Presents detailed coverage of the most advanced applications for plasma polymerization, particularly in medicine and biomedical engineering, areas such as implants, biosensors and tissue engineering

Active Coatings for Smart Textiles

Active Coatings for Smart Textiles
Author : Jinlian Hu
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2016-04-06
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :482
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Active Coatings for Smart Textiles presents the latest information on active materials and their application to textiles in the form of coatings and finishes for the purpose of improving performance and creating active functional effects. This important book provides detailed coverage of smart coating types, processes, and applications. After an introduction to the topic, Part One introduces various types of smart and active coatings, including memory polymer coatings, durable and self-cleaning coatings, and breathable coatings. Technologies and related processes for the application of coatings to textiles is the focus of Part Two, with chapters devoted to microencapsulation technology, plasma surface treatments, and nanotechnology-based treatments. The book ends with a section on applications of smart textiles with responsive coatings, which are increasingly finding commercial niches in sportswear, protective clothing, medical textiles, and architecture. Introduces various types of smart and active coatings for textiles Covers technologies and application processes for the coating and finishing of textiles Reviews commercial applications of such coatings, including in sportswear, protective clothing, medical textiles and architecture

Surface Modification of Textiles

Surface Modification of Textiles
Author : Q Wei
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2009-08-26
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :352
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The surface of textiles offers an important platform for functional modifications in order to meet special requirements for a variety of applications. The surface modification of textiles may be achieved by various techniques ranging from traditional solution treatment to biological approaches. This book reviews fundamental issues relating to textile surfaces and their characterisation and explores the exciting opportunities for surface modification of a range of different textiles. Introductory chapters review some important surface modification techniques employed for improved functional behaviour of textiles and the various surface characterisation methods available. Further chapters examine the different types of surface modification suitable for textiles, ranging from the use of plasma treatments and physical vapour deposition to the use of nanoparticles. Concluding chapters discuss surface modification strategies for various applications of textiles. Surface modification of textiles is a valuable resource for chemists, surface scientists, textile technologists, fibre scientists, textile engineers and textile students. Reviews fundamental issues relating to textiles surfaces and their characterisation Examines various types of surface modification suitable for textiles, including plasma treatments and nanoparticles Discusses surface modification strategies for textile applications such as expansion into technical textile applications

The Impact and Prospects of Green Chemistry for Textile Technology

The Impact and Prospects of Green Chemistry for Textile Technology
Author : Shahid ul-Islam,Bhupendra Singh Butola
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2018-11-02
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :568
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The Impact and Prospects of Green Chemistry for Textile Technology provides a review and summary of the role of green chemistry in textiles, including the use of green agents and sustainable technologies in different textile applications. The book systematically covers the history and chemistry of eco-friendly colorants, chitin, chitosan, cyclodextrin, biomordants, antimicrobial, UV protective, flame retardant, insect repellant textiles, and advanced pre- and post- treatment technologies, such as the sonochemistry and plasma methods currently employed in functional modifications. The book also pays attention to the remediation of textile effluents using novel, sustainable and inexpensive adsorbents. Written by high profile contributors with many years of experience in textile technology, the book gives engineers and materials scientists in the textile industry the information they need to effectively deploy these green technologies and processes. Introduces green chemistry and sustainable technologies, and explores their role in different textile applications Examines the use of renewable materials, such as biopolymers, dyes and pigments, biomordants, polyphenols and plant extracts in functional finishing applications Deals the functional modification of textiles using state-of-the-art biotechnology and nanotechnology

Eco-Friendly Textile Dyeing and Finishing

Eco-Friendly Textile Dyeing and Finishing
Author : Jamshed A Khan
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2016-04-01
Category :
Total pages :341
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Years of human ignorance has diminished our natural resources and aged our planet. Now, people are making an effort to change the way they are treating the planet. Being more environmentally conscious about the impact materials used for fashion have on our planet is one-way designers can reduce waste and help enable a better world. By going eco-friendly can be less harmful to our natural resources. Not all fashion is following this eco-friendly trend, but more designers are embracing the trend toward eco-fashion than ever before. If the entire fashion industry became eco-friendly, it would make a huge difference for future generations because the fashion industry employs over a billion people globally. There is need for eco-friendly wet processing that is sustainable and beneficial methods. Number of sustainable practices has been implemented by various textile processing industries such as Eco- friendly bleaching; Peroxide bleaching; Eco-friendly dyeing and Printing; Low impact dyes; Natural dyes; Azo Free dyes; Phthalates Free Printing. There are a variety of materials considered "environmentally-friendly" for a variety of reasons. The industry is desperately in the need of newer and very efficient dyeing/finishing and functional treatments of textiles. There is growing awareness and readiness to adapt new perspective on industrial upgradation of Cleaner Production Programme, such new technologies help enterprises achieve green production and cost reduction at the same time. Green Production has become necessary for enterprises under the upgrade and transformation policy. The book Eco-Friendly Textile Dyeing and Finishing covers topics in the area of sustainable practices in textile dyeing and finishing.

Antimicrobial Textiles

Antimicrobial Textiles
Author : Gang Sun
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2016-04-11
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :372
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Antimicrobial textiles have attracted a great deal of interest in recent years due to their potential for reducing the transmission of infection in medical and healthcare environments. Antimicrobial properties can also improve the performance and lifespan of consumer products, and so these fabrics are increasingly finding applications in the wider textile and apparel industry. This book provides systematic coverage of the technologies and materials required for developing these important textiles. In Part One, chapters address key issues and technologies in the creation of antimicrobial textile products. Topics covered include testing and regulation, microencapsulation, sol-gel coating and plasma technologies, nanotechnology and life cycle assessment. Part Two then reviews key antimicrobial agents, such as N-halamines, plant based compounds and photo-active chemicals. Finally, the chapters of Part Three offer detailed reviews of antimicrobial textiles for particular important applications, including medical devices, protective clothing and products with improved durability and longevity. Reviews key issues and technologies in the creation of antimicrobial textile products Offered a detailed overview of by antimicrobial agents and a wide range of important applications Produced by an experienced editor and a distinguished and international team of contributors

Waterproof and Water Repellent Textiles and Clothing

Waterproof and Water Repellent Textiles and Clothing
Author : John T Williams
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2017-11-21
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :586
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Waterproof and Water Repellent Textiles and Clothing provides systematic coverage of the key types of finishes and high performance materials, from conventional wax and silicone, through controversial, but widely used fluoropolymers and advanced techniques, such as atmospheric plasma deposition and sol-gel technology. The book is an essential resource for all those engaged in garment development, production and finishing, and for academics engaged in research into apparel technology and textile science. Rapid innovation in this field is driving new performance demands in many areas, including the sporting and military sectors. However, another innovation driver is the regulatory framework in the USA, Europe and globally, addressing both health concerns (e.g. with PFOS / PFOA) and environmental impacts (e.g. C8 fluorocarbon finishes). Both of these aspects are fully covered, along with the replacement materials / technologies currently available and under development. In addition, oleophobic and multifunctional coatings are discussed, as are aspects of performance, testing and applications in sportswear, protective clothing, and footwear. Introduces innovative materials and technologies, exploring their current and potential use across different sectors Provides expert guidance on the health and environmental aspects of key waterproof materials and coatings and their associated regulations Demystifies testing processes and design principles

Encyclopedia of Plasma Technology - Two Volume Set

Encyclopedia of Plasma Technology - Two Volume Set
Author : J. Leon Shohet
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2016-12-12
Category : Science
Total pages :1656
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Technical plasmas have a wide range of industrial applications. The Encyclopedia of Plasma Technology covers all aspects of plasma technology from the fundamentals to a range of applications across a large number of industries and disciplines. Topics covered include nanotechnology, solar cell technology, biomedical and clinical applications, electronic materials, sustainability, and clean technologies. The book bridges materials science, industrial chemistry, physics, and engineering, making it a must have for researchers in industry and academia, as well as those working on application-oriented plasma technologies. Also Available Online This Taylor & Francis encyclopedia is also available through online subscription, offering a variety of extra benefits for researchers, students, and librarians, including: Citation tracking and alerts Active reference linking Saved searches and marked lists HTML and PDF format options Contact Taylor and Francis for more information or to inquire about subscription options and print/online combination packages. US: (Tel) 1.888.318.2367; (E-mail) [email protected] International: (Tel) +44 (0) 20 7017 6062; (E-mail) [email protected]

Textile and Clothing Design Technology

Textile and Clothing Design Technology
Author : Tom Cassidy,Parikshit Goswami
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2017-11-15
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :513
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In the textile industry, there is a pressing need for people who can facilitate the translation of creative solutions from designers into manufacturing language and data. The design technologist has to understand the elements and principles employed by designers and how these change for various textile media. One must also have a good understanding of the processes, materials and products for which the textile designer is required to produce creative solutions. This book will be for designers wishing to improve their technological knowledge, technologists wishing to understand the design process, and anyone else who seeks to work at this design-technology interface. Key Features: • Provides a comprehensive information about textile production, apparel production and the design aspects of both textile and apparel production. • Fills the traditional gap between design and manufacture changing with advanced technologies. • Includes brief summary of spinning, weaving, chemical processing and garmenting. • Facilitates translation of creative solutions from designers into manufacturing language and data. • Covers set of workshop activities.