December 1, 2020

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Plasticity of Metallic Materials

Plasticity of Metallic Materials
Author : Oana Cazacu,Benoit Revil-Baudard
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-11-23
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :560
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Plasticity of Metallic Materials presents a rigorous framework for description of plasticity phenomena, classic and recent models for isotropic and anisotropic materials, new original analytical solutions to various elastic/plastic boundary value problems and new interpretations of mechanical data based on these recent models. The book covers models for metals with both cubic and hexagonal crystal structures, presents the mechanical tests required to determine the model parameters, various identification procedures, verification, and validation tests, and numerous applications to metal forming. Outlines latest research on plastic anisotropy and its role in metal forming Presents characterization and validation tests for metals with various crystal structures Compares the predictive capabilities of various models for a variety of loadings

Fundamentals of Creep in Metals and Alloys

Fundamentals of Creep in Metals and Alloys
Author : Michael E. Kassner,Maria-Teresa Perez-Prado
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2004-04-06
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :288
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* Numerous line drawings with consistent format and units allow easy comparison of the behavior of a very wide range of materials * Transmission electron micrographs provide a direct insight in the basic microstructure of metals deforming at high temperatures * Extensive literature review of over 1000 references provide an excellent reference document, and a very balanced discussion Understanding the strength of materials at a range of temperatures is critically important to a huge number of researchers and practitioners from a wide range of fields and industry sectors including metallurgists, industrial designers, aerospace R&D personnel, and structural engineers. The most up-to date and comprehensive book in the field, Fundamentals of Creep in Metals and Alloys discusses the fundamentals of time-dependent plasticity or creep plasticity in metals, alloys and metallic compounds. This is the first book of its kind that provides broad coverage of a range of materials not just a sub-group such as metallic compounds, superalloys or crystals. As such it presents the most balanced view of creep for all materials scientists. The theory of all of these phenomena are extensively reviewed and analysed in view of an extensive bibliography that includes the most recent publications in the field. All sections of the book have undergone extensive peer review and therefore the reader can be sure they have access to the most up-to-date research, fully interrogated, from the world’s leading investigators. · Numerous line drawings with consistent format and units allow easy comparison of the behavior of a very wide range of materials · Transmission electron micrographs provide a direct insight in the basic microstructure of metals deforming at high temperatures · Extensive literature review of over 1000 references provide an excellent reference document, and a very balanced discussion

Plasticity of Metals: Experiments, Models, Computation

Plasticity of Metals: Experiments, Models, Computation
Author : Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft
Publisher : Wiley-VCH
Release Date : 2001
Category : Science
Total pages :398
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This is the final report, drawing its conclusions and results from many individual papers and co-workers at the Institute for Structural Analysis of the Technical University of Braunschweig. It shows the correlation between energetic and mechanical quantities of face-centred cubic metals, cold worked and softened to different states. Constitutive models for the plastic of metals are developed and the application of these models is presented. The improvements achieved by this contribution cover the material functions, the shape of yield surfaces, and the consideration of distributed experimental data within the mumerical analysis.

Plasticity of Pressure-Sensitive Materials

Plasticity of Pressure-Sensitive Materials
Author : Holm Altenbach,Andreas Öchsner
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2014-07-08
Category : Science
Total pages :376
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Classical plasticity theory of metals is independent of the hydrostatic pressure. However if the metal contains voids or pores or if the structure is composed of cells, this classical assumption is no more valid and the influence of the hydrostatic pressure must be incorporated in the constitutive description. Looking at the microlevel, metal plasticity is connected with the uniform planes of atoms organized with long-range order. Planes may slip past each other along their close-packed directions. The result is a permanent change of shape within the crystal and plastic deformation. The presence of dislocations increases the likelihood of planes slipping. Nowadays, the theory of pressure sensitive plasticity is successfully applied to many other important classes of materials (polymers, concrete, bones etc.) even if the phenomena on the micro-level are different to classical plasticity of metals. The theoretical background of this phenomenological approach based on observations on the macro-level is described in detail in this monograph and applied to a wide range of different important materials in the last part of this book.

Formability of Metallic Materials

Formability of Metallic Materials
Author : D. Banabic,H.J. Bunge,K. Pöhlandt,A.E. Tekkaya
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-04-17
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :334
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After a brief introduction into crystal plasticity,the fun- damentals of crystallographic textures and plastic anisotro- py, a main topic of this book, are outlined. A large chapter is devoted to formability testing both for bulk metal and sheet metal forming. For the first time testing methods for plastic anisotropy of round bars and tubes are included. A profound survey is given of literature about yield criteria for anisotropic materials up to most recent developments and the calculation of forming limits of anisotropic sheet me- tal. Other chapters are concerned with properties of workpieces after metal forming as well as the fundamentals of the theory of plasticity and finite element simulation of metal forming processes. The book is completed by a collection of tables of international standards for formability testing and of flow curves of metals which are most commonly used in metal forming. It is addressed both to university and industrial readers.

The Plasticity of Metals at the Sub-micrometer Scale and Dislocation Dynamics in a Thin Film

The Plasticity of Metals at the Sub-micrometer Scale and Dislocation Dynamics in a Thin Film
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Stanford University
Release Date : 2011
Category :
Total pages :129
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Nanotechnology has played a significant role in the development of useful engineering devices and in the synthesis of new classes of materials. For the reliable design of devices and for structural applications of materials with micro- or nano-sized features, nanotechnology has always called for an understanding of the mechanical properties of materials at small length scales. Thus, it becomes important to develop new experimental techniques to allow reliable mechanical testing at small scales. At the same time, the development of computational techniques is necessary to interpret the experimentally observed phenomena. Currently, microcompression testing of micropillars, which are fabricated by focused-ion beam (FIB) milling, is one of the most popular experimental methods for measuring the mechanical properties at the micrometer scale. Also, dislocation dynamics codes have been extensively developed to study the local evolution of dislocation structures. Therefore, we conducted both experimental and theoretical studies that shed new light on the factors that control the strength and plasticity of crystalline materials at the sub-micrometer scale. In the experimental work, we produced gold nanopillars by focused-ion beam milling, and conducted microcompression tests to obtain the stress-strain curves. Firstly, the size effects on the strength of gold nanopillars were studied, and "Smaller is Stronger" was observed. Secondly, we tried to change the dislocation densities to control the strength of gold nanopillars by prestraining and annealing. The results showed that prestraining dramatically reduces the flow strength of nanopillars while annealing restores the strength to the pristine levels. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) revealed that the high dislocation density (~1015 m-2) of prestrained nanopillars significantly decreased after heavy plastic deformation. In order to interpret this TEM observation, potential dislocation source structures were geometrically analyzed. We found that the insertion of jogged dislocations before relaxation or enabling cross-slip during plastic flow are prerequisites for the formation of potentially strong natural pinning points and single arm dislocation sources. At the sub-micron scale, these conditions are most likely absent, and we argue that mobile dislocation starvation would occur naturally in the course of plastic flow. Two more outstanding issues have also been studied in this dissertation. The first involves the effects of FIB milling on the mechanical properties. Since micropillars are made by FIB milling, the damage layer at the free surface is always formed and would be expected to affect the mechanical properties at a sub-micron scale. Thus, pristine gold microparticles were produced by a solid-state dewetting technique, and the effects of FIB milling on both pristine and prestrained microparticles were examined via microcompression testing. These experiments revealed that FIB milling significantly reduces the strength of pristine microparticles, but does not alter that of prestrained microparticles. Thus, we confirmed that if there are pre-existing mobile-dislocations present in the crystal, FIB milling does not affect the mechanical properties. The second issue is the scaling law commonly used to describe the strength of micropillars as a function of sample size. For the scaling law, the power-law approximation has been widely used without understanding fundamental physics in it. Thus, we tried to analyze the power-law approximation in a quantitative manner with the well-known single arm source model. Material parameters, such as the friction stress, the anisotropic shear modulus, the magnitude of Burgers vector and the dislocation density, were explored to understand their effects on the scaling behavior. Considering these effects allows one to rationalize the observed material-dependent power-law exponents quantitatively. In another part of the dissertation, a

Theory of Metal Forming Plasticity

Theory of Metal Forming Plasticity
Author : Andrzej Sluzalec
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-04-17
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :278
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The intention of this book is to reveal and discuss some aspects of the metal fo- ing plasticity theory. The modern theory describes deformation of metallic bodies in cold and hot regimes under combined thermal and mechanical loadings. Th- mal and deformation fields appear in metal forming in various forms. A thermal field influences the material properties, modifies the extent of plastic zones, etc. and the deformation of metallic body induces changes in temperature distribution. The thermal effects in metal forming plasticity can be studied at two levels, - pending on whether uncoupled or coupled theories of thermo-plastic response have to be applied. A majority of metal forming processes can be satisfactorily studied within an uncoupled theory. In such an approach the temperature enters the stress-strain relation through the material constants and through the thermal dilatation. The description of thermo-plastic deformation in metal forming is c- ried out on the ground of thermodynamics.

Mechanical Properties of Complex Intermetallics

Mechanical Properties of Complex Intermetallics
Author : Esther Belin-Ferr‚
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date : 2011
Category : Science
Total pages :457
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This book will be the last one in a series of 4 books issued yearly as a deliverable of the research school established within the European Network of Excellence CMA (for Complex Metallic Alloys). It is written by reputed experts in the fields of metal physics, surface physics and chemistry, metallurgy and process engineering, combining expertise found inside as well as outside the network. The CMA network focuses on the huge group of largely unknown multinary alloys and compounds formed with crystal structures based on giant unit cells containing clusters, with many tens up to more than thousand atoms per unit cell. In these phases, for many phenomena, the physical length scales are substantially smaller than the unit-cell dimension. Hence, these materials offer unique combinations of properties, which are mutually excluded in conventional materials: metallic electric conductivity combined with low thermal conductivity, combination of good light absorption with high-temperature stability, combination of high metallic hardness with reduced wetting by liquids, electrical and thermal resistance tuneable by composition variation, excellent resistance to corrosion, reduced cold-welding and adhesion, enhanced hydrogen storage capacity and light absorption, etc. The series of books will concentrate on: development of fundamental knowledge with the aim of understanding materials phenomena, technologies associated with the production, transformation and processing of knowledge-based multifunctional materials, surface engineering, support for new materials development and new knowledge-based higher performance materials for macro-scale applications.

Inelastic Deformation of Metals

Inelastic Deformation of Metals
Author : Donald C. Stouffer,L. Thomas Dame
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 1996-01-05
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :520
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Using a totally new approach, this groundbreaking book establishesthe logical connections between metallurgy, materials modeling, andnumerical applications. In recognition of the fact that classicalmethods are inadequate when time effects are present, or whencertain types of multiaxial loads are applied, the new, physicallybased state variable method has evolved to meet these needs.Inelastic Deformation of Metals is the first comprehensivepresentation of this new technology in book form. It developsphysically based, numerically efficient, and accurate methods forpredicting the inelastic response of metals under a variety ofloading and environmental conditions. More specifically, Inelastic Deformation of Metals: * Demonstrates how to use the metallurgical information to developmaterial models for structural simulations and low cyclic fatiguepredictions. It presents the key features of classical and statevariable modeling, describes the different types of models andtheir attributes, and provides methods for developing models forspecial situations. This book's innovative approach covers such newtopics as multiaxial loading, thermomechanical loading, and singlecrystal superalloys. * Provides comparisons between data and theory to help the readermake meaningful judgments about the value and accuracy of aparticular model and to instill an understanding of how metalsrespond in real service environments. * Analyzes the numerical methods associated with nonlinearconstitutive modeling, including time independent, time dependentnumerical procedures, time integration schemes, inversiontechniques, and sub-incrementing. Inelastic Deformation of Metals is designed to give theprofessional engineer and advanced student new and expandedknowledge of metals and modeling that will lead to more accuratejudgments and more efficient designs. In contrast to existing plasticity books, which discuss few if anycorrelations between data and models, this breakthrough volumeshows engineers and advanced students how materials and modelsactually do behave in real service environments. As greater demandsare placed on technology, the need for more meaningful judgmentsand more efficient designs increases dramatically. Incorporatingthe state variable approach, Inelastic Deformation of Metals: * Provides an overview of a wide variety of metal responsecharacteristics for rate dependent and rate independent loadingconditions * Shows the correlations between the mechanical response propertiesand the deformation mechanisms, and describes how to use thisinformation in constitutive modeling * Presents different modeling options and discusses the usefulnessand limitations of each modeling approach, with material parametersfor each model * Offers numerous examples of material response and correlationwith model predictions for many alloys * Shows how to implement nonlinear material models in stand-aloneconstitutive model codes and finite element codes An innovative, comprehensive, and essential book, InelasticDeformation of Metals will help practicing engineers and advancedstudents in mechanical, aerospace, civil, and metallurgicalengineering increase their professional skills in the moderntechnological environment.

Cyclic Plasticity of Engineering Materials

Cyclic Plasticity of Engineering Materials
Author : Guozheng Kang,Qianhua Kan
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2017-03-10
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :552
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New contributions to the cyclic plasticity of engineering materials Written by leading experts in the field, this book provides an authoritative and comprehensive introduction to cyclic plasticity of metals, polymers, composites and shape memory alloys. Each chapter is devoted to fundamentals of cyclic plasticity or to one of the major classes of materials, thereby providing a wide coverage of the field. The book deals with experimental observations on metals, composites, polymers and shape memory alloys, and the corresponding cyclic plasticity models for metals, polymers, particle reinforced metal matrix composites and shape memory alloys. Also, the thermo-mechanical coupled cyclic plasticity models are discussed for metals and shape memory alloys. Key features: Provides a comprehensive introduction to cyclic plasticity Presents Macroscopic and microscopic observations on the ratchetting of different materials Establishes cyclic plasticity constitutive models for different materials. Analysis of cyclic plasticity in engineering structures. This book is an important reference for students, practicing engineers and researchers who study cyclic plasticity in the areas of mechanical, civil, nuclear, and aerospace engineering as well as materials science.

Elements of Plasticity

Elements of Plasticity
Author : I. St Doltsinis
Publisher : WIT Press
Release Date : 2010
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :290
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Providing the essential theoretical framework for understanding elastoplastic behaviour, this text develops the subject of small strain elastoplasticity from classical theory to modern computational techniques.

Plasticity and Creep of Metals

Plasticity and Creep of Metals
Author : Andrew Rusinko,Konstantin Rusinko
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2011-07-24
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :434
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This book serves both as a textbook and a scientific work. As a textbook, the work gives a clear, thorough and systematic presentation of the fundamental postulates, theorems and principles and their applications of the classical mathematical theories of plasticity and creep. In addition to the mathematical theories, the physical theory of plasticity, the book presents the Budiansky concept of slip and its modification by M. Leonov. Special attention is given to the analysis of the advantages and shortcomings of the classical theories. In its main part, the book presents the synthetic theory of irreversible deformations, which is based on the mathematical Sanders flow plasticity theory and the physical theory, the Budiansky concept of slip. The main peculiarity of the synthetic theory is that the formulae for both plastic and creep deformation, as well their interrelations, can be derived from the single constitutive equation. Furthermore, the synthetic theory, as physical one, can take into account the real processes that take place in solids at irreversible deformation. This widens considerably the potential of the synthetic theory. In the framework of the synthetic theory such problems as creep delay, the Hazen-Kelly effect, the deformation at the break of the load trajectory, the influence of the rate of loading on the stress-strain diagram, creep at the changes of load, creep at unloading and reversed creep, have been analytically described. In the last chapter, the book shows the solution of some contemporary problems of plasticity and creep: Creep deformation at cyclic abrupt changes of temperature, The influence of irradiation on the plastic and creep deformation, Peculiarities of deformation at the phase transformation of some metals.

Plasticity of Metals at Finite Strain

Plasticity of Metals at Finite Strain
Author : Erastus Henry Lee,Russell L. Mallett
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1982
Category : Metals
Total pages :758
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Advances in Engineering Plasticity and its Application XIII

Advances in Engineering Plasticity and its Application XIII
Author : Fusahito Yoshida,Hiroshi Hamasaki
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release Date : 2016-12-15
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :736
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Selected, peer reviewed papers from the 13th Asia-Pacific Symposium on Engineering Plasticity and its Applications (AEPA2016), December 4-8, 2016, Hiroshima, Japan

Thermally Activated Mechanisms in Crystal Plasticity

Thermally Activated Mechanisms in Crystal Plasticity
Author : D. Caillard,J.L. Martin
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2003-09-08
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :452
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KEY FEATURES: A unified, fundamental and quantitative resource. The result of 5 years of investigation from researchers around the world New data from a range of new techniques, including synchrotron radiation X-ray topography provide safer and surer methods of identifying deformation mechanisms Informing the future direction of research in intermediate and high temperature processes by providing original treatment of dislocation climb DESCRIPTION: Thermally Activated Mechanisms in Crystal Plasticity is a unified, quantitative and fundamental resource for material scientists investigating the strength of metallic materials of various structures at extreme temperatures. Crystal plasticity is usually controlled by a limited number of elementary dislocation mechanisms, even in complex structures. Those which determine dislocation mobility and how it changes under the influence of stress and temperature are of key importance for understanding and predicting the strength of materials. The authors describe in a consistent way a variety of thermally activated microscopic mechanisms of dislocation mobility in a range of crystals. The principles of the mechanisms and equations of dislocation motion are revisited and new ones are proposed. These describe mostly friction forces on dislocations such as the lattice resistance to glide or those due to sessile cores, as well as dislocation cross-slip and climb. They are critically assessed by comparison with the best available experimental results of microstructural characterization, in situ straining experiments under an electron or a synchrotron beam, as well as accurate transient mechanical tests such as stress relaxation experiments. Some recent attempts at atomistic modeling of dislocation cores under stress and temperature are also considered since they offer a complementary description of core transformations and associated energy barriers. In addition to offering guidance and assistance for further experimentation, the book indicates new ways to extend the body of data in particular areas such as lattice resistance to glide.