December 5, 2020

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Powering Biomedical Devices

Powering Biomedical Devices
Author : Edwar Romero
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2013-03-28
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :70
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From exoskeletons to neural implants, biomedical devices are no less than life-changing. Compact and constant power sources are necessary to keep these devices running efficiently. Edwar Romero's Powering Biomedical Devices reviews the background, current technologies, and possible future developments of these power sources, examining not only the types of biomedical power sources available (macro, mini, MEMS, and nano), but also what they power (such as prostheses, insulin pumps, and muscular and neural stimulators), and how they work (covering batteries, biofluids, kinetic and thermal energy, and telemetry). The book also looks at challenges such as energy generation efficiency, energy density, rectification, and energy storage and management. A final section on future trends rounds out the book. By briefly examining these key aspects, this book gives its readers a valuable overview of biomedical devices' power sources. A compact introduction to the vital topic of biomedical devices' power sources Reviews the background, current technologies, and possible future developments of biomedical power sources Short-format text allows for material that is clear, concise, and to-the-point Extensive references provided for further reading

Wireless Power Transfer for Implantable Biomedical Devices Using Adjustable Magnetic Resonance

Wireless Power Transfer for Implantable Biomedical Devices Using Adjustable Magnetic Resonance
Author : Basem M. Badr
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2016
Category :
Total pages :129
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Rodents are essential models for research on fundamental neurological processing and for testing of therapeutic manipulations including drug efficacy studies. Telemetry acquisition from rodents is important in biomedical research and requires a long-term powering method. A wireless power transfer (WPT) scheme is desirable to power the telemetric devices for rodents. This dissertation investigates a WPT system to deliver power from a stationary source (primary coil) to a moving telemetric device (secondary coil) via magnetic resonant coupling. The continuously changing orientation of the rodent leads to coupling loss/problems between the primary and secondary coils, presenting a major challenge. We designed a novel secondary circuit employing ferrite rods placed at specific locations and orientations within the coil. The simulation and experimental results show a significant increase of power transfer using our ferrite arrangement, with improved coupling at most orientations. The use of a medium-ferrite-angled (4MFA) configuration further improved power transfer. Initially, we designed a piezoelectric-based device to harvest the kinetic energy available from the natural movement of the rodent; however, the harvested power was insufficient to power the telemetric devices for the rodents. After designing our 4MFA device, we designed a novel wireless measurement system (WMS) to collect real-time performance data from the secondary circuit while testing WPT systems. This prevents the measurement errors associated with voltage/current probes or coaxial cables placed directly into the primary magnetic field. The maximum total efficiency of our novel WPT is 14.1% when the orientation of the 4MFA is parallel to the primary electromagnetic field, and a current of 2.0 A (peak-to-peak) is applied to the primary coil. We design a novel controllable WPT system to facilitate the use of multiple secondary circuits (telemetric devices) to operate within a single primary coil. Each telemetric device can tune or detune its resonant frequency independently of the others using its internal control algorithm.

World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering September 7 - 12, 2009 Munich, Germany

World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering September 7 - 12, 2009 Munich, Germany
Author : Olaf Dössel,Wolfgang C. Schlegel
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2010-01-04
Category : Science
Total pages :390
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Present Your Research to the World! The World Congress 2009 on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering – the triennial scientific meeting of the IUPESM - is the world’s leading forum for presenting the results of current scientific work in health-related physics and technologies to an international audience. With more than 2,800 presentations it will be the biggest conference in the fields of Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering in 2009! Medical physics, biomedical engineering and bioengineering have been driving forces of innovation and progress in medicine and healthcare over the past two decades. As new key technologies arise with significant potential to open new options in diagnostics and therapeutics, it is a multidisciplinary task to evaluate their benefit for medicine and healthcare with respect to the quality of performance and therapeutic output. Covering key aspects such as information and communication technologies, micro- and nanosystems, optics and biotechnology, the congress will serve as an inter- and multidisciplinary platform that brings together people from basic research, R&D, industry and medical application to discuss these issues. As a major event for science, medicine and technology the congress provides a comprehensive overview and in–depth, first-hand information on new developments, advanced technologies and current and future applications. With this Final Program we would like to give you an overview of the dimension of the congress and invite you to join us in Munich! Olaf Dössel Congress President Wolfgang C.

Novel Advances in Microsystems Technologies and Their Applications

Novel Advances in Microsystems Technologies and Their Applications
Author : Laurent A. Francis,Krzysztof Iniewski
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2017-07-28
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :621
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Microsystems technologies have found their way into an impressive variety of applications, from mobile phones, computers, and displays to smart grids, electric cars, and space shuttles. This multidisciplinary field of research extends the current capabilities of standard integrated circuits in terms of materials and designs and complements them by creating innovative components and smaller systems that require lower power consumption and display better performance. Novel Advances in Microsystems Technologies and their Applications delves into the state of the art and the applications of microsystems and microelectronics-related technologies. Featuring contributions by academic and industrial researchers from around the world, this book: Examines organic and flexible electronics, from polymer solar cell to flexible interconnects for the co-integration of micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS) with complementary metal oxide semiconductors (CMOS) Discusses imaging and display technologies, including MEMS technology in reflective displays, the fabrication of thin-film transistors on glass substrates, and new techniques to display and quickly transmit high-quality images Explores sensor technologies for sensing electrical currents and temperature, monitoring structural health and critical industrial processes, and more Covers biomedical microsystems, including biosensors, point-of-care devices, neural stimulation and recording, and ultra-low-power biomedical systems Written for researchers, engineers, and graduate students in electrical and biomedical engineering, this book reviews groundbreaking technology, trends, and applications in microelectronics. Its coverage of the latest research serves as a source of inspiration for anyone interested in further developing microsystems technologies and creating new applications.

Inductive Powering

Inductive Powering
Author : Koenraad van Schuylenbergh,Robert Puers
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2009-05-31
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :223
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Inductive powering has been a reliable and simple method for many years to wirelessly power devices over relatively short distances, from a few centimetres to a few feet. Examples are found in biomedical applications, such as cochlear implants; in RFID, such as smart cards for building access control; and in consumer devices, such as electrical toothbrushes. Device sizes shrunk considerably the past decades, demanding accurate design tools to obtain reliable link operation in demanding environments. With smaller coil sizes, the link efficiency drops dramatically to a point where the commonly used calculation methods become invalid. Inductive Powering: Basic Theory and Application to Biomedical Systems lists all design equations and topology alternatives to successfully build an inductive power and data link for your specific application. It also contains practical guidelines to expand the external driver with a servomechanism that automatically tunes itself to varying coupling and load conditions.

Wearable and Autonomous Biomedical Devices and Systems for Smart Environment

Wearable and Autonomous Biomedical Devices and Systems for Smart Environment
Author : Aimé Lay-Ekuakille
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2010-10-04
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :408
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This book is dedicated to wearable and autonomous systems, including devices, offers to variety of users, namely, master degree students, researchers and practitioners, An opportunity of a dedicated and a deep approach in order to improve their knowledge in this specific field. The book draws the attention about interesting aspects, as for instance, advanced wearable sensors for enabling applications, solutions for arthritic patients in their limited and conditioned movements, wearable gate analysis, energy harvesting, physiological parameter monitoring, communication, pathology detection , etc..

Emerging Capabilities and Applications of Wireless Power Transfer

Emerging Capabilities and Applications of Wireless Power Transfer
Author : Triviño-Cabrera, Alicia,Aguado, José A.
Publisher : IGI Global
Release Date : 2018-09-21
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :383
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Technologies that enable powering a device without the need for being connected with a cable to the grid are gaining attention in recent years due to the advantages that they provide. They are a commodity to users and provide additional functionalities that promote autonomy among the devices. Emerging Capabilities and Applications of Wireless Power Transfer is an essential reference source that analyzes the different applications of wireless power transfer technologies and how the technologies are adapted to fulfill the electrical, magnetic, and design-based requirements of different applications. Featuring research on topics such as transfer technologies, circuital analysis, and inductive power transfer, this book is a vital resource for academicians, electrical engineers, scientists, researchers, and industry professionals seeking coverage on device power and creating autonomy through alternative power options for devices.

Micro Energy Harvesting

Micro Energy Harvesting
Author : Danick Briand,Eric Yeatman,Shad Roundy,Oliver Brand,Gary K. Fedder,Christofer Hierold,Jan G. Korvink,Osamu Tabata
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2015-06-22
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :490
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With its inclusion of the fundamentals, systems and applications, this reference provides readers with the basics of micro energy conversion along with expert knowledge on system electronics and real-life microdevices. The authors address different aspects of energy harvesting at the micro scale with a focus on miniaturized and microfabricated devices. Along the way they provide an overview of the field by compiling knowledge on the design, materials development, device realization and aspects of system integration, covering emerging technologies, as well as applications in power management, energy storage, medicine and low-power system electronics. In addition, they survey the energy harvesting principles based on chemical, thermal, mechanical, as well as hybrid and nanotechnology approaches. In unparalleled detail this volume presents the complete picture -- and a peek into the future -- of micro-powered microsystems.

Optical Communication Technology

Optical Communication Technology
Author : Pedro Pinho
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2017-08-09
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :184
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The optical world is continuously and rapidly evolving, and new challenges arise every day. As a result of these rapid changes, the need for up-to-date texts that address this growing field from an interdisciplinary perspective persists. This book presents an overview of new optical communication technologies and a bird's-eye view of some of the more promising technologies among them. The book covers the theoretical but also the practical aspects of technology implementation in a way that is suitable for undergraduate- and graduate-level students, as well as researchers and professional engineers.

VLSI Circuits for Biomedical Applications

VLSI Circuits for Biomedical Applications
Author : Krzysztof Iniewski
Publisher : Artech House
Release Date : 2008
Category : Biomedical engineering
Total pages :452
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Supported with over 280 illustrations and over 160 equations, the book offers cutting-edge guidance on designing integrated circuits for wireless biosensing, body implants, biosensing interfaces, and molecular biology. You discover innovative design techniques and novel materials to help you achieve higher levels circuit and system performance.

Implantable Biomedical Microsystems

Implantable Biomedical Microsystems
Author : Swarup Bhunia,Steve Majerus,Mohamad Sawan
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2015-01-28
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :336
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Research and innovation in areas such as circuits, microsystems, packaging, biocompatibility, miniaturization, power supplies, remote control, reliability, and lifespan are leading to a rapid increase in the range of devices and corresponding applications in the field of wearable and implantable biomedical microsystems, which are used for monitoring, diagnosing, and controlling the health conditions of the human body. This book provides comprehensive coverage of the fundamental design principles and validation for implantable microsystems, as well as several major application areas. Each component in an implantable device is described in details, and major case studies demonstrate how these systems can be optimized for specific design objectives. The case studies include applications of implantable neural signal processors, brain-machine interface (BMI) systems intended for both data recording and treatment, neural prosthesis, bladder pressure monitoring for treating urinary incontinence, implantable imaging devices for early detection and diagnosis of diseases as well as electrical conduction block of peripheral nerve for chronic pain management. Implantable Biomedical Microsystems is the first comprehensive coverage of bioimplantable system design providing an invaluable information source for researchers in Biomedical, Electrical, Computer, Systems, and Mechanical Engineering as well as engineers involved in design and development of wearable and implantable bioelectronic devices and, more generally, teams working on low-power microsystems and their corresponding wireless energy and data links. First time comprehensive coverage of system-level and component-level design and engineering aspects for implantable microsystems. Provides insight into a wide range of proven applications and application specific design trade-offs of bioimplantable systems, including several major case studies Enables Engineers involved in development of implantable electronic systems to optimize applications for specific design objectives.

Omnidirectional Inductive Powering for Biomedical Implants

Omnidirectional Inductive Powering for Biomedical Implants
Author : Bert Lenaerts,Robert Puers
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2008-10-14
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :222
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Omnidirectional Inductive Powering for Biomedical Implants investigates the feasibility of inductive powering for capsule endoscopy and freely moving systems in general. The main challenge is the random position and orientation of the power receiving system with respect to the emitting magnetic field. Where classic inductive powering assumes a predictable or fixed alignment of the respective coils, the remote system is now free to adopt just any orientation while still maintaining full power capabilities. Before elaborating on different approaches towards omnidirectional powering, the design and optimisation of a general inductive power link is discussed in all its aspects. Special attention is paid to the interaction of the inductive power link with the patient’s body. Putting theory into practice, the implementation of an inductive power link for a capsule endoscope is included in a separate chapter.

Implantable Medical Electronics

Implantable Medical Electronics
Author : Vinod Kumar Khanna
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2015-12-10
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :453
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This book is a comprehensive, interdisciplinary resource for the latest information on implantable medical devices, and is intended for graduate students studying electrical engineering, electronic instrumentation, and biomedical engineering. It is also appropriate for academic researchers, professional engineers, practicing doctors, and paramedical staff. Divided into two sections on Basic Concepts and Principles, and Applications, the first section provides an all-embracing perspective of the electronics background necessary for this work. The second section deals with pacing techniques used for the heart, brain, spinal cord, and the network of nerves that interlink the brain and spinal cord with the major organs, including ear and eye prostheses. The four main offshoots of implantable electronics, which this book discusses, are: The insertion of an implantable neural amplifier for accurate recording of neural signals for neuroengineering studies The use of implantable pulse generators for pacing the activities of diseased organs The use of implantable sensors for observing the influence of therapy and monitoring a patient’s biological parameters The use of drug delivery systems to supervise the supply of accurate doses of medicine to affected parts Readers will also find chapters on the essentials of clocking and timing circuits, pulse generator circuits, neural amplifiers, batteries, biomaterials and biocompatibility, and more. Unique to this book is also a chapter on cyber security and confidentiality concerns with implants. End-of-chapter questions and exercises help readers apply the content to practical use, making this an ideal book for anyone wishing to learn more about implantable devices.

A CMOS Self-Powered Front-End Architecture for Subcutaneous Event-Detector Devices

A CMOS Self-Powered Front-End Architecture for Subcutaneous Event-Detector Devices
Author : Jordi Colomer-Farrarons,Pere MIRIBEL
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2011-02-17
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :163
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A CMOS Self-Powered Front-End Architecture for Subcutaneous Event-Detector Devices presents the conception and prototype realization of a Self-Powered architecture for subcutaneous detector devices. The architecture is designed to work as a true/false (event detector) or threshold level alarm of some substances, ions, etc... that are detected through a three-electrodes amperometric BioSensor approach. The device is envisaged as a Low-Power subcutaneous implantable application powered by an inductive link, one emitter antenna at the external side of the skin and the receiver antenna under the skin. The sensor is controlled with a Potentiostat circuit and then, a post-processing unit detects the desired levels and activates the transmission via a backscattering method by the inductive link. All the instrumentation, except the power module, is implemented in the so called BioChip. Following the idea of the powering link to harvest energy of the magnetic induced link at the implanted device, a Multi-Harvesting Power Chip (MHPC) has been also designed.

Remote Powering and Data Communication for Implanted Biomedical Systems

Remote Powering and Data Communication for Implanted Biomedical Systems
Author : Enver Gurhan Kilinc,Catherine Dehollain,Franco Maloberti
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2015-09-17
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :146
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This book describes new circuits and systems for implantable biomedical applications and explains the design of a batteryless, remotely-powered implantable micro-system, designed for long-term patient monitoring. Following new trends in implantable biomedical applications, the authors demonstrate a system which is capable of efficient, remote powering and reliable data communication. Novel architecture and design methodologies are used to transfer power with a low-power, optimized inductive link and data is transmitted by a reliable communication link. Additionally, an electro-mechanical solution is presented for tracking and monitoring the implantable system, while the patient is mobile.