November 28, 2020

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Principles of Translational Science in Medicine

Principles of Translational Science in Medicine
Author : Martin Wehling
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2015-04-02
Category : Science
Total pages :364
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Principles of Translational Science in Medicine: From Bench to Bedside, Second Edition, provides an update on major achievements in the translation of research into medically relevant results and therapeutics. The book presents a thorough discussion of biomarkers, early human trials, and networking models, and includes institutional and industrial support systems. It also covers algorithms that have influenced all major areas of biomedical research in recent years, resulting in an increasing numbers of new chemical/biological entities (NCEs or NBEs) as shown in FDA statistics. The book is ideal for use as a guide for biomedical scientists to establish a systematic approach to translational medicine. Provides an in-depth description of novel tools for the assessment of translatability of trials to balance risk and improve projects at any given stage of product development New chapters deal with translational issues in the fastest growing population (the elderly), case studies, translatability assessment tools, and advances in nanotherapies Details IPR issues of translation, especially for public-private-partnerships Contains contributions from world leaders in translational medicine, including the former NIH director and authorities from various European regulatory institutions

Clinical and Translational Science

Clinical and Translational Science
Author : David Robertson,Gordon H. Williams
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2016-11-25
Category : Science
Total pages :808
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Clinical and Translational Science: Principles of Human Research, Second Edition, is the most authoritative and timely resource for the broad range of investigators taking on the challenge of clinical and translational science, a field that is devoted to investigating human health and disease, interventions, and outcomes for the purposes of developing new treatment approaches, devices, and modalities to improve health. This updated second edition has been prepared with an international perspective, beginning with fundamental principles, experimental design, epidemiology, traditional and new biostatistical approaches, and investigative tools. It presents complete instruction and guidance from fundamental principles, approaches, and infrastructure, especially for human genetics and genomics, human pharmacology, research in special populations, the societal context of human research, and the future of human research. The book moves on to discuss legal, social, and ethical issues, and concludes with a discussion of future prospects, providing readers with a comprehensive view of this rapidly developing area of science. Introduces novel physiological and therapeutic strategies for engaging the fastest growing scientific field in both the private sector and academic medicine Brings insights from international leaders into the discipline of clinical and translational science Addresses drug discovery, drug repurposing and development, innovative and improved approaches to go/no-go decisions in drug development, and traditional and innovative clinical trial designs

Clinical and Translational Science

Clinical and Translational Science
Author : David Robertson,Gordon H. Williams
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2009-03-02
Category : Medical
Total pages :600
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Clinical or translational science is the field of study devoted to investigating human health and disease, interventions and outcomes for the purposes of developing new treatment approaches, devices, and modalities to improve health. New molecular tools and diagnostic technologies based on clinical and translational research have lead to a better understanding of human disease and the application of new therapeutics for enhanced health. Clinical and Translational Science is designed as the most authoritative and modern resource for the broad range of investigators in various medical specialties taking on the challenge of clinical research. Prepared with an international perspective, this resource begins with experimental design and investigative tools to set the scene for readers. It then moves on to human genetics and pharmacology with a focus on statistics, epidemiology, genomic information, drug discovery and development, and clinical trials. Finally, it turns to legal, social, and ethical issues of clinical research concluding with a discussion of future prospects to provide readers with a comprehensive view of the this developing area of science. Clinical research is one of the fastest growing fields in private practice and academic medicine with practical biological, physiological, cellular, and therapeutic applications Contributions from international leaders provide insight into background and future understanding for clinical and translational science Provides the structure for complete instruction and guidance on the subject from fundamental principles, approaches and infrastructure to human genetics, human pharmacology, research in special populations, the societal context of human research, and the future of human research

Biomaterials in Translational Medicine

Biomaterials in Translational Medicine
Author : Lei Yang,Sarit Bhaduri,Thomas J. Webster
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2018-11-30
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :358
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Biomaterials in Translational Medicine delivers timely and detailed information on the latest advances in biomaterials and their role and impact in translational medicine. Key topics addressed include the properties and functions of these materials and how they might be applied for clinical diagnosis and treatment. Particular emphasis is placed on basic fundamentals, biomaterial formulations, design principles, fabrication techniques and transitioning bench-to-bed clinical applications. The book is an essential reference resource for researchers, clinicians, materials scientists, engineers and anyone involved in the future development of innovative biomaterials that drive advancement in translational medicine. Systematically introduces the fundamental principles, rationales and methodologies of creating or improving biomaterials in the context of translational medicine Includes the translational or commercialization status of these new biomaterials Provides the reader with enough background knowledge for a fundamental grip of the difficulties and technicalities of using biomaterial translational medicine Directs the reader on how to find other up-to-date sources (i.e. peer reviewed journals) in the field of translational medicine and biomaterials

Translational Medicine and Drug Discovery

Translational Medicine and Drug Discovery
Author : Bruce H. Littman,Rajesh Krishna
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2011-01-31
Category : Medical
Total pages :129
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This book, edited by two innovative leaders in the field, focuses on the new discipline of translational medicine as it pertains to drug development within the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industry. Translational medicine seeks to translate biological and molecular knowledge of disease and how drugs work into innovative development strategies that reduce the cost and increase the speed of delivering new medicines for patients. This book outlines general strategies, biomarker development, imaging tools, translational human models and examples of their application to real drug development. The latest thinking is presented by researchers from many of the world's leading drug development companies, including Pfizer, Merck, Eli Lilly, Abbott and Novartis, as well as academic institutions and public-private partnerships that support translational research. This book is essential for anyone interested in translational medicine from a variety of backgrounds: university institutes, medical schools, pharmaceutical companies and drug development researchers and decision-makers.

Cures vs. Profits

Cures vs. Profits
Author : James Lyons-Weiler
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date : 2016-03-28
Category : Medical
Total pages :360
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Did you ever wonder whether doctors want cures, or just treatments? Did you know ... Grapefruit can interact with over 100 drugs, but it may be useful for reducing blood pressure and for weight loss?ADHD over diagnosis is now recognized widely as a fact, and there are existing — and new ways — to avoid a misdiagnosis?Studies have been conducted demonstrating the utility of Omega 3 fatty acids, meditation, yoga, and melatonin for some important symptoms of ADHD, including executive functions?Vaccines have saved millions of lives in the last decade? But are they safe?Breast cancer rates are declining in the US, but have been steadily increasing in Japan?Doctors are getting better at predicting which chemotherapy will, and will not work, on certain cancers?There are vaccines against cancer? This book reviews recent key, hard-won successes and findings from recent biomedical research. Written by one of the most ardent defenders of the public trust in science, it provides an accessible, detailed look at successes in translational biomedical and clinical research. The author provides an optimistic, forward-looking view for the possibility of change for the public good, cutting through the controversy and gets to very core of each topic. The public can be optimistic about the future of medicine, but only if they learn the facts of these advances, and learn what their doctors should be expected to know. Highly referenced, and filled with interviews from experts and people directly involved in the research behind the new facts in each chapter, this book is a rich source of information on advances in biomedicine that you will want to share with your family & friends. Contents: PrefaceAbuses in MedicineOutrageous Acts of PseudoscienceWait ... Grapefruit is Bad for You?Hormone Receptor Status and Breast Cancer TreatmentFecal Microbiota TransplantationOverdiagnosis of ADHD: It's Their Mind, Not YoursVaccination Programs: Eradication of Infectious DiseasesChemosensitivity and Chemoresistance Assays in CancerA Very Special Kind of Brain Cancer SurgeryGenomics and Personalized MedicineRobot-Assisted SurgeryHallmarks and Principles of Translational Research SuccessFuture Medicine 1: Early Detection and Cures for Alzheimer's DiseaseFuture Medicine 2: Cancer VaccinesThe Future of Translational Research Readership: Lay public, scientists, doctors, politicians, policy makers, public health workers, health care worker, investors.

Principles and Practice of Clinical Research

Principles and Practice of Clinical Research
Author : John I. Gallin,Frederick P. Ognibene
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2007
Category : Science
Total pages :430
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The second edition of this innovative work again provides a unique perspective on the clinical discovery process by providing input from experts within the NIH on the principles and practice of clinical research. Molecular medicine, genomics, and proteomics have opened vast opportunities for translation of basic science observations to the bedside through clinical research. As an introductory reference it gives clinical investigators in all fields an awareness of the tools required to ensure research protocols are well designed and comply with the rigorous regulatory requirements necessary to maximize the safety of research subjects. Complete with sections on the history of clinical research and ethics, copious figures and charts, and sample documents it serves as an excellent companion text for any course on clinical research and as a must-have reference for seasoned researchers. *Incorporates new chapters on Managing Conflicts of Interest in Human Subjects Research, Clinical Research from the Patient's Perspective, The Clinical Researcher and the Media, Data Management in Clinical Research, Evaluation of a Protocol Budget, Clinical Research from the Industry Perspective, and Genetics in Clinical Research *Addresses the vast opportunities for translation of basic science observations to the bedside through clinical research *Delves into data management and addresses how to collect data and use it for discovery *Contains valuable, up-to-date information on how to obtain funding from the federal government

Principles of Tumors

Principles of Tumors
Author : Leon P. Bignold
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-11-01
Category : Medical
Total pages :686
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Principles of Tumors: A Translational Approach to Foundations, Second Edition, provides a concise summary of translational/interdisciplinary topics on the various aspects of tumors, especially abnormalities in their cells, their causes and effects on patients. Topics discussed include how genomic abnormalities in tumors may result from the actions of carcinogens and how genomic changes determine the cell biological/morphological abnormalities in tumor cell populations. In addition, the relationships between tumor cell genomics and therapeutic outcomes are described. There are also supporting appendices on general bioscience, including the principles of histology (the cells and tissues of the body), genetics, pathology, radiology and pharmacology. This book gives a thorough, detailed, yet concise account of the main bioscience, clinical and therapeutic aspects of tumors. It emphasizes the translational aspects of research into tumors with extensive discussions of interdisciplinary issues. The content in this book will be invaluable for researchers and clinicians involved in collaborative projects where it is necessary to understand fundamental issues in other branches of biomedicine. Presents content that has been totally updated with the most recent developments of the field, including new chapters on tumor imaging exams, new surgical techniques, immunotherapy, gene therapy, and several novel therapies using natural and synthetic compounds Presents translational approaches for every topic to improve conceptual insights for new research projects Covers a broad range of subjects, making it easier for the reader to understand related fields Includes diagrams for complex topics to aid in understanding for non-specialists

Translational Research in Traumatic Brain Injury

Translational Research in Traumatic Brain Injury
Author : Daniel Laskowitz,Gerald Grant
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2015-12-01
Category : Medical
Total pages :412
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Traumatic brain injury (TBI) remains a significant source of death and permanent disability, contributing to nearly one-third of all injury related deaths in the United States and exacting a profound personal and economic toll. Despite the increased resources that have recently been brought to bear to improve our understanding of TBI, the development of new diagnostic and therapeutic approaches has been disappointingly slow. Translational Research in Traumatic Brain Injury attempts to integrate expertise from across specialties to address knowledge gaps in the field of TBI. Its chapters cover a wide scope of TBI research in five broad areas: Epidemiology Pathophysiology Diagnosis Current treatment strategies and sequelae Future therapies Specific topics discussed include the societal impact of TBI in both the civilian and military populations, neurobiology and molecular mechanisms of axonal and neuronal injury, biomarkers of traumatic brain injury and their relationship to pathology, neuroplasticity after TBI, neuroprotective and neurorestorative therapy, advanced neuroimaging of mild TBI, neurocognitive and psychiatric symptoms following mild TBI, sports-related TBI, epilepsy and PTSD following TBI, and more. The book integrates the perspectives of experts across disciplines to assist in the translation of new ideas to clinical practice and ultimately to improve the care of the brain injured patient.

Translational and Experimental Clinical Research

Translational and Experimental Clinical Research
Author : Daniel P. Schuster,William J. Powers (MD.)
Publisher : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Release Date : 2005
Category : Medical
Total pages :490
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This volume is a comprehensive textbook for investigators entering the rapidly growing field of translational and experimental clinical research. The book offers detailed guidelines for designing and conducting a study and analyzing and reporting results and discusses key ethical and regulatory issues. Chapters address specific types of studies such as clinical experiments in small numbers of patients, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics, and gene therapy and pharmacogenomic studies. A major section describes modern techniques of translational clinical research, including gene expression, identifying mutations and polymorphisms, cloning, transcriptional profiling, proteomics, cell and tissue imaging, tissue banking, evaluating substrate metabolism, and in vivo imaging.

Handbook of translational medicine

Handbook of translational medicine
Author : Josep M. Llovet
Publisher : Edicions Universitat Barcelona
Release Date : 2016-10-05
Category : Medical
Total pages :244
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This handbook aims to capture the basic concepts of translational medicine, understood as a branch of the biomedical field that translates discoveries into the clinical setting. This discipline is currently closing the gap between basic science and clinical research. The book is intended to be straightforward, easy-to-read, intelligible and practical. It describes the basic principles of translational medicine, including major advances in genomics, new technologies, the processing of big data and biobanks. Regarding the biological foundations of translational medicine, we address concepts related to the molecular basis of cancer, inflammation, angiogenesis, stem cells and experimental models. More specifically on translational medicine, we present discoveries and breakthroughs in oncology, neuroscience, metabolic and systemic diseases, and public health. Finally, we have specific sections focused on clinical trials and biomarkers in the genomic era, advances in imaging techniques and entrepreneurship and innovation. Our purpose is to offer a manageable text to guide graduate and post-graduate students, professionals and researchers in biomedicine through the major technologies and advances that have occurred in the translational field. It is also intended to aid residents, fellows and physician-scientists working in hospitals and academic institutions.

NMR Studies of Translational Motion

NMR Studies of Translational Motion
Author : William S. Price
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2009-07-30
Category : Science
Total pages :393
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Overview of NMR theory and applications in fluid systems, fully referenced for research use.

Nanoparticles in Translational Science and Medicine

Nanoparticles in Translational Science and Medicine
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2011-11-14
Category : Science
Total pages :648
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This volume explores some of the most exciting recent advances in basic research on nanoparticles in translational science and medicine and how this knowledge is leading to advances in the various fields. This series provides a forum for discussion of new discoveries, approaches, and ideas Contributions from leading scholars and industry experts Reference guide for researchers involved in molecular biology and related fields

Translational Regenerative Medicine

Translational Regenerative Medicine
Author : Anthony Atala,Julie Allickson
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2014-12-01
Category : Science
Total pages :606
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Translational Regenerative Medicine is a reference book that outlines the life cycle for effective implementation of discoveries in the dynamic field of regenerative medicine. By addressing science, technology, development, regulatory, manufacturing, intellectual property, investment, financial, and clinical aspects of the field, this work takes a holistic look at the translation of science and disseminates knowledge for practical use of regenerative medicine tools, therapeutics, and diagnostics. Incorporating contributions from leaders in the fields of translational science across academia, industry, and government, this book establishes a more fluid transition for rapid translation of research to enhance human health and well-being. Provides formulaic coverage of the landscape, process development, manufacturing, challenges, evaluation, and regulatory aspects of the most promising regenerative medicine clinical applications Covers clinical aspects of regenerative medicine related to skin, cartilage, tendons, ligaments, joints, bone, fat, muscle, vascular system, hematopoietic /immune system, peripheral nerve, central nervous system, endocrine system, ophthalmic system, auditory system, oral system, respiratory system, cardiac system, renal system, hepatic system, gastrointestinal system, genitourinary system Identifies effective, proven tools and metrics to identify and pursue clinical and commercial regenerative medicine

Pharmaceutical Medicine and Translational Clinical Research

Pharmaceutical Medicine and Translational Clinical Research
Author : Divya Vohora,Gursharan Singh
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2017-11-14
Category : Medical
Total pages :526
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Pharmaceutical Medicine and Translational Clinical Research covers clinical testing of medicines and the translation of pharmaceutical drug research into new medicines, also focusing on the need to understand the safety profile of medicine and the benefit-risk balance. Pharmacoeconomics and the social impact of healthcare on patients and public health are also featured. It is written in a clear and straightforward manner to enable rapid review and assimilation of complex information and contains reader-friendly features. As a greater understanding of these aspects is critical for students in the areas of pharmaceutical medicine, clinical research, pharmacology and pharmacy, as well as professionals working in the pharmaceutical industry, this book is an ideal resource. Includes detailed coverage of current trends and key topics in pharmaceutical medicine, including biosimilars, biobetters, super generics, and Provides a comprehensive look at current and important aspects of the science and regulation of drug and biologics discovery