November 30, 2020

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Proteomic Profiling and Analytical Chemistry

Proteomic Profiling and Analytical Chemistry
Author : Pawel Ciborowski,Jerzy Silberring
Publisher : Newnes
Release Date : 2012-12-31
Category : Science
Total pages :264
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Proteomic Profiling and Analytical Chemistry helps scientists without a strong background in analytical chemistry to understand basic analytical principles and apply them to proteomics profiling. In most proteomic profiling experiments, liquid chromatography is used; this method is also used widely in analytical chemistry. This book bridges the gap between overly specialized courses and books in mass spectrometry, proteomics and analytical chemistry. It also helps researchers with an analytical chemistry background to break into the proteomics field. Proteomic Profiling and Analytical Chemistry focuses on practical applications for proteomic research helping readers to design better experiments and to more easily interpret, analyze and validate the resulting data. Experimental aspects such as sample preparation, protein extraction and precipitation, gel electrophoresis, microarrays, dynamics of fluorescent dyes, and more are all covered in detail. Covers the analytical consequences of protein and peptide modifications that may have a profound effect on how and what researchers actually measure Includes practical examples illustrating the importance of problems in quantitation and validation of biomarkers Helps in designing and executing proteomic experiments with sound analytics

Proteomic Profiling and Analytical Chemistry

Proteomic Profiling and Analytical Chemistry
Author : Pawel Ciborowski,Jerzy Silberring
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2016-03-02
Category : Science
Total pages :298
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Proteomic Profiling and Analytical Chemistry: The Crossroads, Second Edition helps scientists without a strong background in analytical chemistry to understand principles of the multistep proteomic experiment necessary for its successful completion. It also helps researchers who do have an analytical chemistry background to break into the proteomics field. Highlighting points of junction between proteomics and analytical chemistry, this resource links experimental design with analytical measurements, data analysis, and quality control. This targeted point of view will help both biologists and chemists to better understand all components of a complex proteomic study. The book provides detailed coverage of experimental aspects such as sample preparation, protein extraction and precipitation, gel electrophoresis, microarrays, dynamics of fluorescent dyes, and more. The key feature of this book is a direct link between multistep proteomic strategy and quality control routinely applied in analytical chemistry. This second edition features a new chapter on SWATH-MS, substantial updates to all chapters, including proteomic database search and analytical quantification, expanded discussion of post-hoc statistical tests, and additional content on validation in proteomics. Covers the analytical consequences of protein and peptide modifications that may have a profound effect on how and what researchers actually measure Includes practical examples illustrating the importance of problems in quantitation and validation of biomarkers Helps in designing and executing proteomic experiments with sound analytics

Odorant Binding and Chemosensory Proteins

Odorant Binding and Chemosensory Proteins
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-09-02
Category : Science
Total pages :514
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This new volume of Methods in Enzymology continues the legacy of this premier serial with quality chapters authored by leaders in the field. Provides the authority and expertise of leading contributors from an international board of authors Presents the latest release in the Methods in Enzymology series

Mass Spectrometry-Based Chemical Proteomics

Mass Spectrometry-Based Chemical Proteomics
Author : W. Andy Tao,Ying Zhang
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2019-09-04
Category : Science
Total pages :432
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Emphasizing mass spectrometry, this book provides strategies and concepts for understanding and analyzing chemical proteomics, their functions, modifications, and interactions. Chapters cover technical advances and applications in drug discovery, from target identification to validation and potential treatments. Provides a basic overview of chemical proteomics, up-to-date concepts, analysis, and target validation Covers fundamentals and strategies, including proteome profiling and chemical probes Explains technical advances in the field and describes on shotgun proteomics, protein profiling, quantitative proteomics, peptide biosensors, and glycoprotein analysis Includes a wide variety of applications in drug discovery, from drug targets to the chemoproteomics analysis of natural products

Identifying Microbes by Mass Spectrometry Proteomics

Identifying Microbes by Mass Spectrometry Proteomics
Author : Charles H. Wick
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2013-09-10
Category : Science
Total pages :289
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All microbes, including bacteria, viruses, and fungi, can be classified and identified by matching a few peptides known to be unique to each organism. Identifying Microbes by Mass Spectrometry Proteomics describes ways to identify microorganisms using powerful new techniques combining hardware and software and yielding highly accurate methods for detection, identification, and classification of microbes. This straightforward technology can be used to detect unknown and unsequenced microorganisms as well as microbes in complex environmental samples. This book reviews various mass analyzers used for detection and describes ionization methods frequently used for analysis of microbial constituents, a necessary step in the preparation of mass spectrometry (MS) samples. The text also discusses diverse processing methods, which are used to analyze MS files for matching mass spectral profiles, and examines protein and nucleic acid sequence-based methods capable of classification and identification of microbial agents. The book also covers sample collection methods and specific sample preparation techniques. The text addresses using computer software and bioinformatics approaches for data mining to discriminate microbes using mass spectrometry proteomics (MSP). It also discusses historical pattern recognition-based methods and other approaches such as analysis of pyrolysis products, chemical ionization (CI) of fatty acid methyl esters, and MALDI-MS. The text contains examples of the application of the MSP technique for microbe detection and includes a survey of suitable and commercially available MS-based platforms. Successful applications include the identification of unknown microbes in honey bees associated with colony collapse disorder and the analysis of virus strains from the 2009 influenza pandemic. The final chapter outlines future trends in these groundbreaking uses of MS techniques, which are fast, not limited by sample type, and show potential in answering complex environmental questions.

Technologies to Enable Autonomous Detection for BioWatch

Technologies to Enable Autonomous Detection for BioWatch
Author : National Research Council,Institute of Medicine,Board on Life Sciences,Board on Health Sciences Policy
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2013-12-31
Category : Medical
Total pages :260
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The BioWatch program, funded and overseen by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), has three main elements--sampling, analysis, and response--each coordinated by different agencies. The Environmental Protection Agency maintains the sampling component, the sensors that collect airborne particles. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention coordinates analysis and laboratory testing of the samples, though testing is actually carried out in state and local public health laboratories. Local jurisdictions are responsible for the public health response to positive findings. The Federal Bureau of Investigation is designated as the lead agency for the law enforcement response if a bioterrorism event is detected. In 2003 DHS deployed the first generation of BioWatch air samplers. The current version of this technology, referred to as Generation 2.0, requires daily manual collection and testing of air filters from each monitor. DHS has also considered newer automated technologies (Generation 2.5 and Generation 3.0) which have the potential to produce results more quickly, at a lower cost, and for a greater number of threat agents. Technologies to Enable Autonomous Detection for BioWatch is the summary of a workshop hosted jointly by the Institute of Medicine and the National Research Council in June 2013 to explore alternative cost-effective systems that would meet the requirements for a BioWatch Generation 3.0 autonomous detection system, or autonomous detector, for aerosolized agents . The workshop discussions and presentations focused on examination of the use of four classes of technologies--nucleic acid signatures, protein signatures, genomic sequencing, and mass spectrometry--that could reach Technology Readiness Level (TRL) 6-plus in which the technology has been validated and is ready to be tested in a relevant environment over three different tiers of temporal timeframes: those technologies that could be TRL 6-plus ready as part of an integrated system by 2016, those that are likely to be ready in the period 2016 to 2020, and those are not likely to be ready until after 2020. Technologies to Enable Autonomous Detection for BioWatch discusses the history of the BioWatch program, the role of public health officials and laboratorians in the interpretation of BioWatch data and the information that is needed from a system for effective decision making, and the current state of the art of four families of technology for the BioWatch program. This report explores how the technologies discussed might be strategically combined or deployed to optimize their contributions to an effective environmental detection capability.

Reactive Drug Metabolites

Reactive Drug Metabolites
Author : Amit S. Kalgutkar,Deepak Dalvie,R. Scott Obach,Dennis A. Smith
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2012-09-06
Category : Medical
Total pages :402
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Closing a gap in the scientifi c literature, this first comprehensive introduction to the topic is based on current best practice in one of the largest pharmaceutical companies worldwide. The first chapters trace the development of our understanding of drug metabolite toxicity, covering basic concepts and techniques in the process, while the second part details chemical toxicophores that are prone to reactive metabolite formation. This section also reviews the various drug-metabolizing enzymes that can participate in catalyzing reactive metabolite formation, including a discussion of the structure-toxicity relationships for drugs. Two chapters are dedicated to the currently hot topics of herbal constituents and IADRs. The next part covers current strategies and approaches to evaluate the reactive metabolite potential of new drug candidates, both by predictive and by bioanalytical methods. There then follows an in-depth analysis of the toxicological potential of the top 200 prescription drugs, illustrating the power and the limits of the toxicophore concept, backed by numerous case studies. Finally, a risk-benefi t approach to managing the toxicity risk of reactive metabolite-prone drugs is presented. Since the authors carefully develop the knowledge needed, from fundamental considerations to current industry standards, no degree in pharmacology is required to read this book, making it perfect for medicinal chemists without in-depth pharmacology training.

Proteomic Profiling of Laryngeal Muscle

Proteomic Profiling of Laryngeal Muscle
Author : Nathan V. Welham
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2006
Category : Botulinum toxin
Total pages :120
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Sample Preparation in Biological Mass Spectrometry

Sample Preparation in Biological Mass Spectrometry
Author : Alexander R. Ivanov,Alexander V. Lazarev
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2011-06-15
Category : Science
Total pages :1089
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The aim of this book is to provide the researcher with important sample preparation strategies in a wide variety of analyte molecules, specimens, methods, and biological applications requiring mass spectrometric analysis as a detection end-point. In this volume we have compiled the contributions from several laboratories which are employing mass spectrometry for biological analysis. With the latest inventions and introduction of highly sophisticated mass spectrometry equipment sample preparation becomes an extremely important bottleneck of biomedical analysis. We have a goal of giving the reader several successful examples of sample preparation, development and optimization, leading to the success in analytical steps and proper conclusions made at the end of the day. This book is structured as a compilation of contributed chapters ranging from protocols to research articles and reviews. The main philosophy of this volume is that sample preparation methods have to be optimized and validated for every project, for every sample type and for every downstream analytical technique.

Applications in Forensic Proteomics

Applications in Forensic Proteomics
Author : Eric D. Merkley
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2019
Category : Bioinformatics
Total pages :129
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Proteomic and Metabolomic Approaches to Biomarker Discovery

Proteomic and Metabolomic Approaches to Biomarker Discovery
Author : Haleem J. Issaq,Timothy D. Veenstra
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-10-24
Category : Science
Total pages :504
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Proteomic and Metabolomic Approaches to Biomarker Discovery, Second Edition covers techniques from both proteomics and metabolomics and includes all steps involved in biomarker discovery, from study design to study execution. The book describes methods and presents a standard operating procedure for sample selection, preparation and storage, as well as data analysis and modeling. This new standard effectively eliminates the differing methodologies used in studies and creates a unified approach. Readers will learn the advantages and disadvantages of the various techniques discussed, as well as potential difficulties inherent to all steps in the biomarker discovery process. This second edition has been fully updated and revised to address recent advances in MS and NMR instrumentation, high-field NMR, proteomics and metabolomics for biomarker validation, clinical assays of biomarkers and clinical MS and NMR, identifying microRNAs and autoantibodies as biomarkers, MRM-MS assay development, top-down MS, glycosylation-based serum biomarkers, cell surface proteins in biomarker discovery, lipodomics for cancer biomarker discovery, and strategies to design studies to identify predictive biomarkers in cancer research. Addresses the full range of proteomic and metabolomic methods and technologies used for biomarker discovery and validation Covers all steps involved in biomarker discovery, from study design to study execution Serves as a vital resource for biochemists, biologists, analytical chemists, bioanalytical chemists, clinical and medical technicians, researchers in pharmaceuticals and graduate students

Proteomics and Peptidomics

Proteomics and Peptidomics
Author : Gyorgy Marko-Varga
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2005
Category : Medical
Total pages :632
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Proteomics and peptidomics is the detailed understanding of the role that proteins and peptides play in health and disease and is a necessary compliment to genetic analysis. The functional expression analysis of both proteins and peptides plays a central role in modern drug discovery as well as drug development, and is also a key research area in systems biology.Proteomics and Peptidomics captures the width as well as the depth within the area and exemplifies the variety as well as the traditional basis of analytical chemistry that is needed in order to move forward in expression analysis studies. As a fast emerging field, it gives and overview of parts within the field combined with highly specialized and dedicated topics that are intended to compliment each other.

Fundamentals of Advanced Omics Technologies: From Genes to Metabolites

Fundamentals of Advanced Omics Technologies: From Genes to Metabolites
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Newnes
Release Date : 2014-02-14
Category : Science
Total pages :490
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Fundamentals of Advanced Omics Technologies: From Genes to Metabolites covers the fundamental aspects of the new instrumental and methodological developments in omics technologies, including those related to genomics, transcriptomics, epigenetics, proteomics and metabolomics, as well as other omics approaches such as glycomics, peptidomics and foodomics. The principal applications are presented in the following complementary volume. The chapters discuss in detail omics technologies, DNA microarray analysis, next-generation sequencing technologies, genome-wide analysis of methylation and histone modifications, emerging nanotechniques in proteomics, imaging mass spectrometry in proteomics, recent quantitative proteomics approaches, and advances in high-resolution NMR-based metabolomics, as well as MS-based non-targeted metabolomics and metabolome analysis by CE-MS, global glycomics analyses, foodomics, and high resolution analytical tools for quantitative peptidomics. Key aspects related to chemometrics, bioinformatics, data treatment, data integration and systems biology, deep-sequencing data analysis, statistical approaches for the analysis of microarray data, the integration of transcriptome and metabolome data and computational approaches for visualization and integration of omics data are also covered. Covers the latest advances in instrumentation, experimental design, sample preparation, and data analysis Provides thorough explanations and descriptions of specific omics technologies Describes advanced tools and methodologies for data pretreatment, storage, curation and analysis, as well as data integration

Activity-Based Protein Profiling

Activity-Based Protein Profiling
Author : Benjamin F. Cravatt,Ku-Lung Hsu,Eranthie Weerapana
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2019-02-23
Category : Medical
Total pages :417
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This volume provides a collection of contemporary perspectives on using activity-based protein profiling (ABPP) for biological discoveries in protein science, microbiology, and immunology. A common theme throughout is the special utility of ABPP to interrogate protein function and small-molecule interactions on a global scale in native biological systems. Each chapter showcases distinct advantages of ABPP applied to diverse protein classes and biological systems. As such, the book offers readers valuable insights into the basic principles of ABPP technology and how to apply this approach to biological questions ranging from the study of post-translational modifications to targeting bacterial effectors in host-pathogen interactions.

Experimental Studies of the Correlation Between the Messenger RNA and Protein Expression Profiles in Escherichia Coli Expressing RhsA Elements

Experimental Studies of the Correlation Between the Messenger RNA and Protein Expression Profiles in Escherichia Coli Expressing RhsA Elements
Author : Kunal Aggarwal
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2007
Category :
Total pages :452
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This study also presents data analysis strategies for data collected using relatively new isobaric-tagging based shotgun proteomics technique and compares the consistency of protein quantitation obtained using this technique with that obtained using two-dimensional electrophoresis. This work also identifies seven new candidate non-coding RNA transcripts using a novel approach incorporating genomic, transcriptomic and proteomic data.