November 24, 2020

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R&D and Licensing

R&D and Licensing
Author : Kieran Comerford
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2007-01-31
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :240
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This book explains the principles of research and development (R&D) management in an environment which is open to external sources of technology. Organisations no longer undertake all of their R&D in-house. Increasingly, companies innovate by using a combination of R&D and externally sourced technologies. R&D and Licensing shows how to integrate these into the product and process development programme, and provides extensive guidance on intellectual property, licensing and royalty negotiations. The book demonstrates how companies increase their value through the acquisition of intellectual assets. Integrates the concepts of R&D management and technology licensing Describes technology acquisition strategies and techniques Explains how a knowledge of intellectual property can be used to add value

Risk-sharing in the Pharmaceutical Industry

Risk-sharing in the Pharmaceutical Industry
Author : Gerrit Reepmeyer
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2006-02-25
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :297
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The productivity in pharmaceutical research and development faces intense pres sure. R&D expenditures of the major US and European companies have topped US$ 33 billion in 2003 compared to around US$ 13 billion just a decade ago. At the same time, the number of new drug approvals has dropped from 53 in 1996 to only 35 in 2003. Moreover, the protraction of clinical trials has significantly reduced the effective time of patent protection. The consequences are devastating. Monopoly profits have started to decline and the average costs per new drug have reached a re cord level of close to US$ 1 billion today. As a result, any failure of a new sub stance in the R&D process can lead to considerable losses, and the risks of introduc ing a new drug to the market have grown tremendously. Particularly if a company is highly dependent on just a handful of mega-selling blockbuster drugs, the risks can be even greater. For example, Pfizer generated about 90% of its worldwide revenues in 2002 with just 8 products. Any shortfall of a promising late-stage drug candidate would have left Pfizer with a gaping hole in its product portfolio. In order to deal with these risks, many pharmaceutical companies have started to organize their R&D in partnership. In fact, more than 600 alliances in pharmaceutical R&D are signed every year.

Value Creation in the Pharmaceutical Industry

Value Creation in the Pharmaceutical Industry
Author : Alexander Schuhmacher,Markus Hinder,Oliver Gassmann
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2016-04-11
Category : Science
Total pages :508
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This practical guide for advanced students and decision-makers in the pharma and biotech industry presents key success factors in R&D along with value creators in pharmaceutical innovation. A team of editors and authors with extensive experience in academia and industry and at some of the most prestigious business schools in Europe discusses in detail the innovation process in pharma as well as common and new research and innovation strategies. In doing so, they cover collaboration and partnerships, open innovation, biopharmaceuticals, translational medicine, good manufacturing practice, regulatory affairs, and portfolio management. Each chapter covers controversial aspects of recent developments in the pharmaceutical industry, with the aim of stimulating productive debates on the most effective and efficient innovation processes. A must-have for young professionals and MBA students preparing to enter R&D in pharma or biotech as well as for students on a combined BA/biomedical and natural sciences program.

Open Innovation in Firms and Public Administrations: Technologies for Value Creation

Open Innovation in Firms and Public Administrations: Technologies for Value Creation
Author : de Pablos Heredero, Carmen
Publisher : IGI Global
Release Date : 2011-11-30
Category : Political Science
Total pages :379
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Economic globalization and the application of information and communication technologies have offered firms the opportunity to develop and distribute new knowledge. Open Innovation in Firms and Public Administrations: Technologies for Value Creation analyzes open innovation in a global context and proposes business models and institutional actors that promote the development of open innovation in firms, institutions, and public administrations worldwide. This book provides insights and supports executives concerned with the management of open innovation and organizational development in different types of open innovation communities and environments.

R&D Decisions

R&D Decisions
Author : Alice Belcher,John Hassard,Stephen Procter
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2002-09-11
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :304
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R&D Decisions, Strategy, Policy and Innovations explores how research and development decisions affect all of us. They are linked inextricably to the performance of firms and of economics as a whole. Their importance means that they are of concern to a large number of practitioners, policy-makers and researchers. This book demonstrates the range of issues and perspectives which R&D can encompass and at the same time brings out the elements which unite them. The papers in this book are organized into three main sections: * Strategy and Organization explores the importance of R&D and of the structures and strategies of individual organizations. The emerging 'core competence paradigm' is especially noted. * Policy and Performance looks at what new thinking on R&D more generally implies for government policy and the performance of industries, regions and economies. * Disclosure and the Market examines issues raised by changing regulations on the disclosure of R&D expenditure.

New Directions in Manufacturing

New Directions in Manufacturing
Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Board on Manufacturing and Engineering Design,Committee on New Directions in Manufacturing
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2004-05-28
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :156
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The processes and techniques of manufacturing have changed substantially over the decades and that evolution continues today. In order to examine the potential impacts of these changes, the Department of Commerce asked the NRC to design a workshop to focus on issues central to the changing nature of manufacturing. The workshop brought together a number of experts to present papers about and to discuss the current state of manufacturing in the United States and the challenges it faces. This report presents the results of that workshop. Key challenges that emerged from the workshop and that are discussed include understanding manufacturing trends; manufacturing globalization; information technology opportunities; maintaining innovation; strengthening small and medium-sized enterprises; workforce education; and rising infrastructure costs.

Engineering Education and Management

Engineering Education and Management
Author : Liangchi Zhang,Chunliang Zhang
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2011-11-23
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :770
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This is the proceedings of the selected papers presented at 2011 International Conference on Engineering Education and Management (ICEEM2011) held in Guangzhou, China, during November 18-20, 2011. ICEEM2011 is one of the most important conferences in the field of Engineering Education and Management and is co-organized by Guangzhou University, The University of New South Wales, Zhejiang University and Xi’an Jiaotong University. The conference aims to provide a high-level international forum for scientists, engineers, and students to present their new advances and research results in the field of Engineering Education and Management. This volume comprises 121 papers selected from over 400 papers originally submitted by universities and industrial concerns all over the world. The papers specifically cover the topics of Management Science and Engineering, Engineering Education and Training, Project/Engineering Management, and Other related topics. All of the papers were peer-reviewed by selected experts. The papers have been selected for this volume because of their quality and their relevancy to the topic. This volume will provide readers with a broad overview of the latest advances in the field of Engineering Education and Management. It will also constitute a valuable reference work for researchers in the fields of Engineering Education and Management.

How Absorptive Capacity is Formed in a Latecomer Economy: Different Roles of Foreign Patent and Know-how Licensing in Korea

How Absorptive Capacity is Formed in a Latecomer Economy: Different Roles of Foreign Patent and Know-how Licensing in Korea
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2015
Category :
Total pages :129
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Different from previous studies that tend to use in-house research and development (R&D) as a proxy for absorptive capacity but fail to reveal the origins of this R&D ability, this paper attempts to determine the origin of absorptive capacity (AC) after defining such concept as the capability of a firm to conduct in-house R&D and to generate innovation outcomes. This paper distinguishes three forms of foreign technology acquisitions based on unique data from Korea, namely, know-how-only licensing, know-how-and-patent licensing, and patent-only licensing. An econometric analysis demonstrates that a firm tends to involve know-how licensing before it starts in-house R&D, whereas patent licensing is not significantly related to conducting R&D. Therefore, a substitution effect is found between foreign patent licensing and conducting in-house R&D, which is in contrast to the inducing effect of know-how licensing for in-house R&D. It is also found that conducting in-house R&D, and know-how licensing by a firm, respectively, is significantly related to a generation of innovations or patent applications in next periods. This study shows that a learning process that involves foreign technology, especially tacit knowledge in the form of know-how, occurs before firms can conduct in-house R&D and innovations.

The Future Development of Competition Framework

The Future Development of Competition Framework
Author : Zongle Huang,Jiyuan Chen
Publisher : Kluwer Law International B.V.
Release Date : 2004-01-01
Category : Law
Total pages :311
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In the march of economic globalization it has become increasingly apparent that divergence in competition policy from one country to another is a major stumbling block. More than any other factor, an international consensus of competition laws is sure to facilitate the clear working interaction among trade, investment, intellectual property rights, and technology transfer that economic progress demands. This forward-looking book offers presents insightful perspectives on how this consensus may be achieved. The Future Development of Competition Framework presents papers and speeches by well-known competition law practitioners versed in competition law and policy, including representatives of national competition authorities. They came from a variety of countries ? including France, Germany, Canada, Mexico, Indonesia, Malaysia, Russia, Japan, Australia, Taiwan, Korea and the United States ? to attend a 2003 conference sponsored by the Taiwan Fair Trade Commission. The book reproduces texts of the various contributions to the conference, including a roundtable discussion. Among the topics addressed are the following: mergers and acquisitions; political interests; enforcement policies and sanctions; national cultures and traditions; international cartels; regional cooperation; concentration indexes and dominance indexes; patent pools; financial deregulation; confidentiality measures; technical assistance; striking the right balance between competition and regulation; reconciling competition policy and development policies. Although they are especially valuable for their concentration on the Asia Pacific countries, these discussions will be of incalculable value to practitioners and academics everywhere who are involved in any of the interconnected branches of economic law or policy covered here.

Future Communication, Computing, Control and Management

Future Communication, Computing, Control and Management
Author : Ying Zhang
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-02-01
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :608
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This volume contains revised and extended research articles written by prominent researchers participating in the ICF4C 2011 conference. 2011 International Conference on Future Communication, Computing, Control and Management (ICF4C 2011) has been held on December 16-17, 2011, Phuket, Thailand. Topics covered include intelligent computing, network management, wireless networks, telecommunication, power engineering, control engineering, Signal and Image Processing, Machine Learning, Control Systems and Applications, The book will offer the states of arts of tremendous advances in Computing, Communication, Control, and Management and also serve as an excellent reference work for researchers and graduate students working on Computing, Communication, Control, and Management Research.

Japanese Telecommunications

Japanese Telecommunications
Author : Ruth Taplin,Masako Wakui
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2006-02-01
Category : Social Science
Total pages :288
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Presenting a comprehensive survey of the telecommunications industry in Japan, Taplin and Wakui cover the different sectors of the industry – including mobile, broadband and satellite, whilst considering key questions such as the structure and economics of the industry, government policy, and international relations issues connected to the industry. The volume brings together unique analysis by renowned experts in the telecommunications field. One major overall problem is that, unlike many other industries, Japan has lagged behind other countries in telecommunications. Japanese Telecommunications considers why this should be so, showing how far this is attributable to an unmodernized industry structure, and assessing the measures being taken to address the problem. After over a decade of struggle, Japan has recorded rapid uptake of broadband, and Japanese advanced mobile services have become increasingly successful on a global scale. Japan has also undergone regulatory reform, and competition policy is now given top priority by government. Taplin and Wakui examine the most recent developments and provide signposts for the future.

Cost of Capital

Cost of Capital
Author : Shannon P. Pratt,Roger J. Grabowski
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2014-03-12
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :1344
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A one-stop shop for background and current thinking on the development and uses of rates of return on capital Completely revised for this highly anticipated fifth edition, Cost of Capital contains expanded materials on estimating the basic building blocks of the cost of equity capital, the risk-free rate, and equity risk premium. There is also discussion of the volatility created by the financial crisis in 2008, the subsequent recession and uncertain recovery, and how those events have fundamentally changed how we need to interpret the inputs to the models we use to develop these estimates. The book includes new case studies providing comprehensive discussion of cost of capital estimates for valuing a business and damages calculations for small and medium-sized businesses, cross-referenced to the chapters covering the theory and data. Addresses equity risk premium and the risk-free rate, including the impact of Federal Reserve actions Explores how to use Morningstar's Ibbotson and Duff Phelps Risk Premium Report data Discusses the global cost of capital estimation, including a new size study of European countries Cost of Capital, Fifth Edition puts an emphasis on practical application. To that end, this updated edition provides readers with exclusive access to a companion website filled with supplementary materials, allowing you to continue to learn in a hands-on fashion long after closing the book.

R&D, Innovation and Competitiveness in the European Chemical Industry

R&D, Innovation and Competitiveness in the European Chemical Industry
Author : Fabrizio Cesaroni,Alfonso Gambardella,Walter A. Garcia-Fontes
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2004-04-30
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :250
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R&D, Innovation and Competitiveness in the European Chemical Industry explores the science & technology base and the dynamic performance of the European "system of innovation" in the chemical industry, with particular attention to its contribution to economic growth through innovation and competitiveness, and its ability to translate its research into commercially useful products. It also analyses the forces that encourage the diffusion of chemical innovations on downstream user industries and among large and small firms. The studies presented in this book represent an analysis of the issues and questions raised by the Green Paper on Innovation presented by the European Commission, for the specific case of the European chemical industry. R&D, Innovation and Competitiveness in the European Chemical Industry will be of interest to industry and government experts related to the chemical industry, scholars; both faculty and graduate students interested in growth, corporate strategy and the management of innovation.

R&D Activity and Acquisitions in High Technology Industries

R&D Activity and Acquisitions in High Technology Industries
Author : Bruce A. Blonigen
Publisher : DIANE Publishing
Release Date : 2008-11-01
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :26
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Economic analysis of high-tech industries often assumes that firms¿ abilities to survive in such an industry depend on their own internal R&D efforts. High-tech firms may choose to specialize in either this internal growth (through R&D) strategy or an external growth strategy of acquiring other firms or firms¿ operations. They studied 200 electronics firms over 10 years to test the relationship between R&D intensity and the probability of acquisition. Robust to a variety of dependent variable specifications, they find a strong and significant negative correlation, suggesting that electronics firms may be specializing in one activity or the other. Firms with greater intangible assets, higher profitability and lower debt to asset ratios are more likely to acquire. Tables.

Federal R&d, Drug Discovery, and Pricing

Federal R&d, Drug Discovery, and Pricing
Author : Wendy H. Schacht
Publisher : DIANE Publishing
Release Date : 2012-10-10
Category :
Total pages :32
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Public interest in approaches that might provide prescription drugs at lower cost, particularly for the elderly, has rekindled discussion over the role the federal government plays in facilitating the creation of new pharmaceuticals for the marketplace. The government traditionally funds R&D to meet the mission requirements of the federal departments and agencies. It also supports work in areas where there is an identified need for research, primarily basic research, not being performed in the private sector. Congressional initiatives have expanded to include the promotion of technological innovation to meet other national needs, particularly the economic growth that flows from the use of new and improved goods and services. Various laws facilitate commercialization of federally funded R&D through technology transfer, cooperative R&D, and intellectual property rights. Contents of this report: Overview; Government Support for R&D; Industrial R&D; Patents; Legislative Initiatives; NIH-University-Industry Collaboration; Pricing Decisions and Recoupment; Research Tools; Government Rights: Royalty Free Licenses and Reporting Requirements; Conclusion. Figures. This is a print on demand report.