April 17, 2021

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R&D and Licensing

R&D and Licensing
Author : Kieran Comerford
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2007-01-31
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :240
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This book explains the principles of research and development (R&D) management in an environment which is open to external sources of technology. Organisations no longer undertake all of their R&D in-house. Increasingly, companies innovate by using a combination of R&D and externally sourced technologies. R&D and Licensing shows how to integrate these into the product and process development programme, and provides extensive guidance on intellectual property, licensing and royalty negotiations. The book demonstrates how companies increase their value through the acquisition of intellectual assets. Integrates the concepts of R&D management and technology licensing Describes technology acquisition strategies and techniques Explains how a knowledge of intellectual property can be used to add value

Risk-sharing in the Pharmaceutical Industry

Risk-sharing in the Pharmaceutical Industry
Author : Gerrit Reepmeyer
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2006-02-25
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :297
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The productivity in pharmaceutical research and development faces intense pres sure. R&D expenditures of the major US and European companies have topped US$ 33 billion in 2003 compared to around US$ 13 billion just a decade ago. At the same time, the number of new drug approvals has dropped from 53 in 1996 to only 35 in 2003. Moreover, the protraction of clinical trials has significantly reduced the effective time of patent protection. The consequences are devastating. Monopoly profits have started to decline and the average costs per new drug have reached a re cord level of close to US$ 1 billion today. As a result, any failure of a new sub stance in the R&D process can lead to considerable losses, and the risks of introduc ing a new drug to the market have grown tremendously. Particularly if a company is highly dependent on just a handful of mega-selling blockbuster drugs, the risks can be even greater. For example, Pfizer generated about 90% of its worldwide revenues in 2002 with just 8 products. Any shortfall of a promising late-stage drug candidate would have left Pfizer with a gaping hole in its product portfolio. In order to deal with these risks, many pharmaceutical companies have started to organize their R&D in partnership. In fact, more than 600 alliances in pharmaceutical R&D are signed every year.

Value Creation in the Pharmaceutical Industry

Value Creation in the Pharmaceutical Industry
Author : Alexander Schuhmacher,Markus Hinder,Oliver Gassmann
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2016-04-11
Category : Science
Total pages :508
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This practical guide for advanced students and decision-makers in the pharma and biotech industry presents key success factors in R&D along with value creators in pharmaceutical innovation. A team of editors and authors with extensive experience in academia and industry and at some of the most prestigious business schools in Europe discusses in detail the innovation process in pharma as well as common and new research and innovation strategies. In doing so, they cover collaboration and partnerships, open innovation, biopharmaceuticals, translational medicine, good manufacturing practice, regulatory affairs, and portfolio management. Each chapter covers controversial aspects of recent developments in the pharmaceutical industry, with the aim of stimulating productive debates on the most effective and efficient innovation processes. A must-have for young professionals and MBA students preparing to enter R&D in pharma or biotech as well as for students on a combined BA/biomedical and natural sciences program.

Fiscal Year 1986 Department of Energy Authorization (nuclear Fission R&D and Waste Management)

Fiscal Year 1986 Department of Energy Authorization (nuclear Fission R&D and Waste Management)
Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science and Technology. Subcommittee on Energy Research and Production
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1985
Category : Fossil fuels
Total pages :799
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Successful Technology Licensing

Successful Technology Licensing
Author : Anonim
Publisher : World Intellectual Property Organization
Release Date : 2004
Category : Foreign licensing agreements
Total pages :52
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This practical guide for business persons, researchers and lawyers gives the basics of how to prepare for and conduct a technology license negotiation. It includes an explanation of how to succeed in licensing, a step-by-step approach for preparing for licensing, as well as a description of the "four clusters" of key terms in a licensing agreement and a form term sheet to be used as a tool for preparation. This guide can be used to train trainers in connection with WIPO's Successful Technology Licensing training toolkit.

Advanced Seminar on Licensing Agreements

Advanced Seminar on Licensing Agreements
Author : Steven M. Weinberg
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1999
Category : License agreements
Total pages :440
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Intellectual Property Management in R&D Collaborations

Intellectual Property Management in R&D Collaborations
Author : Martin A. Bader
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2006-10-13
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :268
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This work examines the current, relevant and complex problem of how companies can take an intellectual property lead within research and development collaborations. Special emphasis is placed on the early phases of the innovation process and the service industry sector in which intellectual property management is still a new phenomenon. The author derives archetypes for managing intellectual property in collaborations and analyses their strengths and weaknesses.

Patent Portfolio Deployment: Bridging The R&d, Patent And Product Markets

Patent Portfolio Deployment: Bridging The R&d, Patent And Product Markets
Author : Liu Shang-jyh,Fong Anna Hoi Yan,Lan Tony Yuhong
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date : 2017-01-11
Category : Law
Total pages :272
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Patents are powerful weapons in a company's legal arsenal, with both defensive and offensive capabilities. Patents protect a company's innovation from potential infringers, while at the same time support the company's efforts to exploit their innovation commercially in the global marketplace. This book explores the role of patents in today's knowledge economy. We discuss how patents have become a valuable commodity and have a lucrative market of their own. However, to profit from patent monetization, this Patent market must be closely linked to the R&D market and the Product Market. This book offers a systematic approach to patent deployment to maximize profits beginning with data collection from patent, journal and business sources. Readers will be guided through analyses of the patent landscape to identify traps and opportunities for commercialization. This book argues that patents must be aggregated into portfolios to maximize their effectiveness and value in the modern economy. With strong patent portfolios, companies can be engaged in licensing and more sophisticated business models like forming patent alliances and collaborating with IP intermediaries. Finally, the book will provide an overview of the various ways of valuing patents and suggest some simplified approaches for management to value the company's patents.

Markets for Technology

Markets for Technology
Author : Ashish Arora,Andrea Fosfuri,Alfonso Gambardella
Publisher : MIT Press
Release Date : 2004-01-30
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :350
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The past two decades have seen a gradual but noticeable change in the economic organization of innovative activity. Most firms used to integrate research and development with activities such as production, marketing, and distribution. Today firms are forming joint ventures, research and development alliances, licensing deals, and a variety of other outsourcing arrangements with universities, technology-based start-ups, and other established firms. In many industries, a division of innovative labor is emerging, with a substantial increase in the licensing of existing and prospective technologies. In short, technology and knowledge are becoming definable and tradable commodities. Although researchers have made significant advances in understanding the determinants and consequences of innovation, until recently they have paid little attention to how innovation functions as an economic process. This book examines the nature and workings of markets for intermediate technological inputs. It looks first at how industry structure, the nature of knowledge, and intellectual property rights facilitate the development of technology markets. It then examines the impacts of these markets on firm boundaries, the division of labor within the economy, industry structure, and economic growth. Finally, it examines the implications of this framework for public policy and corporate strategy. Combining theoretical perspectives from economics and management with empirical analysis, the book also draws on historical evidence and case studies to flesh out its research results.

STI Review

STI Review
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1988
Category : Competition, International
Total pages :129
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Three Essays on R&D and Technology Licensing in Brazil [microform]

Three Essays on R&D and Technology Licensing in Brazil [microform]
Author : Johnson, Daniel Kent Neil
Publisher : Ann Arbor, Mich. : University Microfilms International
Release Date : 1997
Category :
Total pages :306
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Open Innovation in Firms and Public Administrations: Technologies for Value Creation

Open Innovation in Firms and Public Administrations: Technologies for Value Creation
Author : de Pablos Heredero, Carmen
Publisher : IGI Global
Release Date : 2011-11-30
Category : Political Science
Total pages :379
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Economic globalization and the application of information and communication technologies have offered firms the opportunity to develop and distribute new knowledge. Open Innovation in Firms and Public Administrations: Technologies for Value Creation analyzes open innovation in a global context and proposes business models and institutional actors that promote the development of open innovation in firms, institutions, and public administrations worldwide. This book provides insights and supports executives concerned with the management of open innovation and organizational development in different types of open innovation communities and environments.

Hearings on National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993--H.R. 2100, and Oversight of Previously Authorized Programs, Before the Committee on Armed Services, House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session

Hearings on National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993--H.R. 2100, and Oversight of Previously Authorized Programs, Before the Committee on Armed Services, House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session
Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Armed Services. Department of Energy, Defense Nuclear Facilities Panel,United States
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1992
Category : Government publications
Total pages :972
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Early-Stage Technologies

Early-Stage Technologies
Author : Richard Razgaitis
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons Incorporated
Release Date : 1999-10-08
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :291
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Comprehensive coverage of the issues, methods, and art of valuing and pricing early-stage technologies To develop or not to develop; to license or not to license; what price will be a true reflection of the product's value from both the buyer's and seller's point of view? These questions are crucial to companies dependent on intellectual property-particularly technology companies, universities, and biotech companies. The risks associated with early-stage technology are high, and decisions must often be made years before any potential product will reach the market. In Early-Stage Technologies: Valuation and Pricing, Richard Razgaitis presents TR-R-A-DE(TM), a comprehensive approach to determining the future of new technologies based on technology rights, risk assignment, the art of deal-making, and deal economics. He considers the key components involved in a licensing transaction, offers a detailed presentation of six valuation methods for intellectual property, examines risk in both quantitative and qualitative terms, and explores the negotiation strategy and structuring of agreements that are the keys to the art of technology rights deal-making. Early-Stage Technologies is an indispensable tool for anyone involved in the development, valuation, and licensing of intellectual property, the most valuable resource and driving force of the information age.

Patent Challenges for Standard-Setting in the Global Economy

Patent Challenges for Standard-Setting in the Global Economy
Author : National Research Council,Policy and Global Affairs,Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy,Committee on Intellectual Property Management in Standard-Setting Processes
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2013-10-07
Category : Political Science
Total pages :176
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Patent Challenges for Standard-Setting in the Global Economy: Lessons from Information and Communication Technology examines how leading national and multinational standard-setting organizations (SSOs) address patent disclosures, licensing terms, transfers of patent ownership, and other issues that arise in connection with developing technical standards for consumer and other microelectronic products, associated software and components, and communications networks including the Internet. Attempting to balance the interests of patent holders, other participants in standard-setting, standards implementers, and consumers, the report calls on SSOs to develop more explicit policies to avoid patent holdup and royalty-stacking, ensure that licensing commitments carry over to new owners of the patents incorporated in standards, and limit injunctions for infringement of patents with those licensing commitments. The report recommends government measures to increase the transparency of patent ownership and use of standards information to improve patent quality and to reduce conflicts of laws across countries.