November 26, 2020

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Reactive Polymers Fundamentals and Applications

Reactive Polymers Fundamentals and Applications
Author : Johannes Karl Fink
Publisher : William Andrew
Release Date : 2013-04-11
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :576
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The use of reactive polymers enables manufacturers to make chemical changes at a late stage in the production process—these in turn cause changes in performance and properties. Material selection and control of the reaction are essential to acheive optimal performance. The second edition of Reactive Polymers Fundamentals and Applications introduces engineers and scientists to the range of reactive polymers available, explains the reactions that take place, and details applications and performance benefits. Basic principles and industrial processes are described for each class of reactive resin (thermoset), as well as additives, the curing process, and applications and uses. The initial chapters are devoted to individual resin types (e.g. epoxides, cyanacrylates, etc.); followed by more general chapters on topics such as reactive extrusion and dental applications. Material new to this edition includes the most recent developments, applications and commercial products for each chemical class of thermosets, as well as sections on fabrication methods, reactive biopolymers, recycling of reactive polymers, and case studies. Injection molding of reactive polymers, radiation curing, thermosetting elastomers, and reactive extrusion equipment are all covered as well. Most comprehensive source of information about reactive polymers Covers basics as well as most recent developments, including reactive biopolymers, recycling of reactive polymers, nanocomposites, and fluorosilicones Indispensable guide for engineers and advanced students alike—providing extensive literature and patent review

Reactive Polymers: Fundamentals and Applications

Reactive Polymers: Fundamentals and Applications
Author : Johannes Karl Fink
Publisher : William Andrew
Release Date : 2017-10-31
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :712
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Reactive Polymers: Fundamentals and Applications: A Concise Guide to Industrial Polymers, Third Edition introduces engineers and scientists to a range of reactive polymers and then details their applications and performance benefits. Basic principles and industrial processes are described for each class of reactive resin (thermoset), as well as additives, the curing process, applications and uses. The initial chapters are devoted to individual resin types (e.g., epoxides, cyanacrylates), followed by more general chapters on topics such as reactive extrusion and dental applications. Injection molding of reactive polymers, radiation curing, thermosetting elastomers, and reactive extrusion equipment are covered as well. The use of reactive polymers enables manufacturers to make chemical changes at a late stage in the production process, which, in turn, cause changes in performance and properties. Material selection and control of the reaction are essential to achieve optimal performance. Material new to this edition includes the most recent developments, applications and commercial products for each chemical class of thermosets, as well as sections on fabrication methods, reactive biopolymers, recycling of reactive polymers and case studies. Covers the basics and most recent developments, including reactive biopolymers, recycling of reactive polymers, nanocomposites and fluorosilicones Offers an indispensable guide for engineers and advanced students alike Provides extensive literature and patent review Reflects a thorough review of all literature published in this area since 2014 Features revised and updated chapters to reflect the latest research in reactive polymers

Reactive Polymers Fundamentals and Applications

Reactive Polymers Fundamentals and Applications
Author : Johannes Karl Fink
Publisher : William Andrew
Release Date : 2005-12-31
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :794
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Loaded with practical knowledge, Reactive Polymers Fundamentals and Applications: A Concise Guide to Industrial Polymers comprehensively presents the state-of-art of methods and materials for the formulation of polymeric resins. It is an indispensable tool for chemists, engineers, and manufacturers who use, formulate, and cure raw materials into final products. The text focuses on the chemical modification of properties during the final stage of part fabrication from plastics. Newer applications range from the small scale, such as dental fillings, to industrial processes for batch fabrication. The book covers resin groups in major use in industry and under active research and development.

Reactive Polymers Fundamentals and Applications

Reactive Polymers Fundamentals and Applications
Author : Johannes Karl Fink
Publisher : William Andrew
Release Date : 2005-07-15
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :794
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Loaded with practical knowledge, Reactive Polymers Fundamentals and Applications: A Concise Guide to Industrial Polymers comprehensively presents the state-of-art of methods and materials for the formulation of polymeric resins. It is an indispensable tool for chemists, engineers, and manufacturers who use, formulate, and cure raw materials into final products. The text focuses on the chemical modification of properties during the final stage of part fabrication from plastics. Newer applications range from the small scale, such as dental fillings, to industrial processes for batch fabrication. The book covers resin groups in major use in industry and under active research and development.

Printing on Polymers

Printing on Polymers
Author : Joanna Izdebska,Sabu Thomas
Publisher : William Andrew
Release Date : 2015-09-24
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :444
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Printing on Polymers: Fundamentals and Applications is the first authoritative reference covering the most important developments in the field of printing on polymers, their composites, nanocomposites, and gels. The book examines the current state-of-the-art and new challenges in the formulation of inks, surface activation of polymer surfaces, and various methods of printing. The book equips engineers and materials scientists with the tools required to select the correct method, assess the quality of the result, reduce costs, and keep up-to-date with regulations and environmental concerns. Choosing the correct way of decorating a particular polymer is an important part of the production process. Although printing on polymeric substrates can have desired positive effects, there can be problems associated with various decorating techniques. Physical, chemical, and thermal interactions can cause problems, such as cracking, peeling, or dulling. Safety, environmental sustainability, and cost are also significant factors which need to be considered. With contributions from leading researchers from industry, academia, and private research institutions, this book serves as a one-stop reference for this field—from print ink manufacture to polymer surface modification and characterization; and from printing methods to applications and end-of-life issues. Enables engineers to select the correct decoration method for each material and application, assess print quality, and reduce costs Increases familiarity with the terminology, tests, processes, techniques, and regulations of printing on plastic, which reduces the risk of adverse reactions, such as cracking, peeling, or dulling of the print Addresses the issues of environmental impact and cost when printing on polymeric substrates Features contributions from leading researchers from industry, academia, and private research institutions

Thermal Analysis of Polymers

Thermal Analysis of Polymers
Author : Joseph D. Menczel,R. Bruce Prime
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2014-07-09
Category : Science
Total pages :696
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Presents a solid introduction to thermal analysis, methods,instrumentation, calibration, and application along with thenecessary theoretical background. Useful to chemists, physicists, materials scientists, andengineers who are new to thermal analysis techniques, and toexisting users of thermal analysis who wish expand their experienceto new techniques and applications Topics covered include Differential Scanning Calorimetry andDifferential Thermal Analysis (DSC/DTA), Thermogravimetry,Thermomechanical Analysis and Dilatometry, Dynamic MechanicalAnalysis, Micro-Thermal Analysis, Hot Stage Microscopy, andInstrumentation. Written by experts in the various areas of thermalanalysis Relevant and detailed experiments and examples follow eachchapter.

Fundamentals and Applications of Micro and Nanofibers

Fundamentals and Applications of Micro and Nanofibers
Author : Alexander L. Yarin,Behnam Pourdeyhimi,Seeram Ramakrishna
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2014-05-08
Category : Science
Total pages :453
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A comprehensive exposition of micro and nanofiber formation processes, from physical foundations to production and applications.

Rheological Fundamentals of Polymer Processing

Rheological Fundamentals of Polymer Processing
Author : J.A. Covas,J.F. Agassant,A.C. Diogo,J. Vlachopoulos,K. Walters
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-04-17
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :464
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Experts in rheology and polymer processing present up-to-date, fundamental and applied information on the rheological properties of polymers, in particular those relevant to processing, contributing to the physical understanding and the mathematical modelling of polymer processing sequences. Basic concepts of non-Newtonian fluid mechanics, micro-rheological modelling and constitutive modelling are reviewed, and rheological measurements are described. Topics with practical relevance are debated, such as linear viscoelasticity, converging and diverging flows, and the rheology of multiphase systems. Approximation methods are discussed for the computer modelling of polymer melt flow. Subsequently, polymer processing technologies are studied from both simulation and engineering perspectives. Mixing, crystallization and reactive processing aspects are also included. Audience: An integrated and complete view of polymer processing and rheology, important to institutions and individuals engaged in the characterisation, testing, compounding, modification and processing of polymeric materials. Can also support academic polymer processing engineering programs.

Plasma Catalysis

Plasma Catalysis
Author : Xin Tu,J. Christopher Whitehead,Tomohiro Nozaki
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2019-11-21
Category : Science
Total pages :348
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This book provides a comprehensive overview of the field of plasma catalysis, regarded as a promising alternative to thermal processes for energy and environmental applications. It bridges the gap between the plasma and catalysis research communities, covering both the fundamentals of plasma catalysis and its application in environmental and energy research. The first section of the book offers a broad introduction to plasma catalysis, covering plasma-catalyst systems, interactions, and modeling. The core of the book then focuses on different applications, describing a wide range of plasma-catalytic processes in catalyst synthesis, environmental clean-up, greenhouse gas conversion and synthesis of materials for energy applications. Chapters cover topics ranging from removal of NOx and VOCs to conversion of methane, carbon dioxide and the reforming of ethanol and methanol. Written by a group of world-leading researchers active in the field, the book forms a valuable resource for scientists, engineers and students with different research backgrounds including plasma physics, plasma chemistry, catalysis, energy, environmental engineering, electrical engineering and material engineering.

Reactive Extrusion

Reactive Extrusion
Author : Günter Beyer,Christian Hopmann
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2018-01-11
Category : Science
Total pages :432
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This first comprehensive overview of reactive extrusion technology for over a decade combines the views of contributors from both academia and industry who share their experiences and highlight possible applications and markets. They also provide updated information on the underlying chemical and physical concepts, summarizing recent developments in terms of the material and machinery used. As a result, readers will find here a compilation of potential applications for reactive extrusion to access new and cost-effective polymeric materials, while using existing compounding machines.

Handbook of Telechelic Polyesters, Polycarbonates, and Polyethers

Handbook of Telechelic Polyesters, Polycarbonates, and Polyethers
Author : Sophie M. Guillaume
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2017-03-31
Category : Science
Total pages :436
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Telechelic polymers have garnered a great deal of scientific interest due to their reactive chain-end functions. This comprehensive book compiles and details the basic principles of and cutting-edge research in telechelic polyesters, polycarbonates, and polyethers, ranging from synthesis to applications. It discusses general strategies toward telechelic polymers, centered on the fundamental aspects of polycondensation reactions, of cationic, anionic, coordination-insertion, and activated monomer mechanisms of the metal-, enzyme-, or otherwise organocatalyzed ring-opening polymerization of cyclic monomers, and of postpolymerization chemical modification methods of polymer precursors. All main classes of polymers are covered separately, comprising polyhydroxyalkanoates, poly(ε-caprolactone)s, poly(lactic acid)s, polylactides, polycarobnates, and polyethers, including synthetic approaches as well as some illustrative, up-to-date examples and uses. The book also addresses applications of hydroxyl, thiol, amino, or acrylate/methacrylate end-capped polymers as starting materials for the preparation of diverse polymer architectures ranging from block, graft, and star-shaped polymers and micelles to precursors for ATRP macroinitiators, polyurethane copolymers, shape-memory polymers, or nanosized drug delivery systems. The book will appeal to advanced undergraduate- and graduate-level students of polymer science; researchers in macromolecular science, especially those with an interest in functional and reactive polymers; and polymer chemists in academia and industry.

Phase-Transfer Catalysis

Phase-Transfer Catalysis
Author : C.M. Starks,M. Halper
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-12-06
Category : Science
Total pages :668
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Since 1971 when useful working concepts for the technique of phase-transfer catalysis (PTC) were introduced, the understanding, development, and applica tions of this method for conducting organic reactions has expanded exponentially. PTC has brought vast new dimensions and options to chemists and chemical engineers. From its use in less than ten commercial processes in 1975, PTC use has increased so that in the early 1990s it is involved in more than 600 industrial applications to manufacture products valued at between 10 and 20 billion U.S. dollars. PTC is widely used for simple organic reactions, steps in synthesis of pharmaceuticals, agricultural chemicals, perfumes, ftavorants, and dyes; for specialty polymerization reactions, polymer modifications, and monomer synthe sis; for pollution and environmental control processes; for analysis oftrace organic and inorganic compounds; and for many other applications. Often, PTC offers the best (and sometimes only) practical technique to obtain certain products. The authors experience in teaching a short course on phase-transfer catalysis has shown to us that a newcomer to PTC can easily be frustrated and confused by the large amount of information available in the literature and in patents. The purpose of this book, therefore, was to bring this information together in a logical and user-friendly way, without sacrificing matters of scholarly and fundamental importance.

Fundamentals and Emerging Applications of Polyaniline

Fundamentals and Emerging Applications of Polyaniline
Author : Masoud Mozafari,Narendra Pal Singh Chauhan
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2019-08-09
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :308
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Fundamentals and Emerging Applications of Polyaniline presents in-depth coverage of synthetic routes, characterization tools, experimental procedures, and the preparation of PANI-based materials for advanced applications. Sections examine the various synthetic routes available for the polymerization of aniline, covering both conventional methods and new approaches, specific PANI-based materials, and their potential applications. Users will be able to understand how to use these methods in areas such as electromagnetic interference shielding, rechargeable batteries, light emitting diodes, super capacitors, anti-static packaging and coatings, photonics, biomedical applications, chemical and biochemical sensors. This is a highly valuable source of information for researchers, scientists and graduate students in polymer science, polymer composites, polymer chemistry, nanotechnology, physics and materials science. Covers the latest synthetic approaches, such as ultrasound-assisted polymerization, irradiation path and electrochemical polymerization Offers detailed information on PANI-based composites, including graphene, CNT and functionalized polyaniline Explains how different PANI-based materials can be geared for specific cutting-edge applications across a range of fields

Reactive Extrusion

Reactive Extrusion
Author : Marino Xanthos
Publisher : Hanser Gardner Publications
Release Date : 1992-01-01
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :304
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Based on a highly successful PPI advanced technical course given by the author, this book combines the applied and fundamental aspects of reactive extrusion.

Ion Exchange in Environmental Processes

Ion Exchange in Environmental Processes
Author : Arup K. SenGupta
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2017-09-18
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :496
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7.1.1 Heavy Metals: What are They?