December 5, 2020

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Reactive Species Detection in Biology

Reactive Species Detection in Biology
Author : Frederick A. Villamena
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2016-10-23
Category : Science
Total pages :340
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Reactive Species Detection in Biology: From Fluorescence to Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectroscopy discusses the reactive oxygen species that have been implicated in the pathogenesis of various diseases, presenting theories, chemistries, methodologies, and various applications for the detection of reactive species in biological systems, both in-vitro and in-vivo. Techniques covered include fluorescence, high performance chromatography, mass spectrometry, immunochemistry, and electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy. Probe design and development are also reviewed in order to advance new approaches in radical detection through synthesis, computations, or experimental applications. Reviews all current advances in radical detection Emphasizes chemical structures and reaction schemes fundamental to radical detection and identification Describes the uses, advantages, and disadvantages of various probe designs Examines new approaches to radical probe development

Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) in Living Cells

Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) in Living Cells
Author : Filip Cristiana,Albu Elena
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2018-05-23
Category : Science
Total pages :216
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Oxygen represents only 20% of the Earth's atmosphere, yet it is vital for the survival of aerobic organisms. There is a dark part of the use of oxygen that consists in generating reactive species that are potentially harmful to living organisms. Moreover, reactive oxygen species can combine with nitrogen derivatives and generate many other reactive species. Thus, living organisms are continuously assaulted by reactive species from external or internal sources. However, the real danger comes in the case of high concentrations and prolonged exposure to these species. This book presents an image of the mechanisms of action of reactive species and emphasizes their involvement in diseases. Inflammation and cancer are examined to determine when and how reactive species turn the evolution of a benign process to a malignant one. Some answers may come from recent studies indicating that reactive species are responsible for epigenetic changes.

Reactive Oxygen Species in Biology and Human Health

Reactive Oxygen Species in Biology and Human Health
Author : Shamim I. Ahmad
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2017-12-19
Category : Science
Total pages :543
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Unlike other narrowly focused books, Reactive Oxygen Species in Biology and Human Health provides a comprehensive overview of ROS. It covers the current status of research and provides pointers to future research goals. Additionally, it authoritatively reviews the impact of reactive oxygen species with respect to various human diseases and discusses antioxidants and other compounds that counteract oxidative stress. Comprised of seven sections, the first section describes the introduction, detection, and production of ROS, emphasizing phenolic compounds and vitamin E for their abilities to act as antioxidants. This section also highlights the role of lipoprotein-associated oxidative stress. Section two addresses the importance of iron accumulation in the brain resulting in the development of a group of neurodegenerative disorders (NDs) and identifies several causative genes for neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation (NBIA) associated with Parkinsonism-related disorders. The third section discusses a number of NDs, including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Alzheimer’s disease (AD), Huntington's disease (HD), epilepsy, and multiple sclerosis (MS). Section four addresses autoimmune diseases caused by ROS, including asthma, autoimmune liver diseases, rheumatoid arthritis, thyroid disease, primary biliary cirrhosis, and systemic lupus. Section five analyzes a number of different cancers, including lung cancer, breast cancer, and melanoma, along with possible treatment regimens. Section six discusses cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) induced by ROS, presents the ROS-associated complex biochemical processes inducing inflammation as an important cause of CVDs, and explains the roles carotenoids play in preventing CVDs. The final section addresses other human diseases induced by oxidative stress, including sickle cell disease, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, retinopathy, fibromyalgia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, pulmonary hypertension, infertility, and aging of human skin.

Peroxynitrite Detection in Biological Media

Peroxynitrite Detection in Biological Media
Author : Sabine Szunerits,Mekki Bayachou
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release Date : 2015-10-21
Category : Biosensors
Total pages :232
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Peroxynitrite is a powerful oxidiser which can damage a wide array of molecules within cells, including DNA and proteins, leading to apoptosis, inflammation or cancer. Peroxynitrite detection and quantification provides critical information in understanding its biological implications. Attempts to investigate the behavior of peroxynitrite in vivo and in vitro have been hampered by the difficulty in detecting this highly reactive oxygen species. This book presents the current state of the art in this research field with contributions from scientific leaders in the field. The chapters make clear the associated challenges and development for selective and sensitive detection of peroxynitrite. This book is a timely addition to the literature, as the first in the field, dedicated to detecting this molecule in vivo. It will be welcomed by the community particularly medicinal and analytical chemists, developers of sensors and probes and analytical equipment manufacturers.

Reactive Oxygen Species in Biology and Human Health

Reactive Oxygen Species in Biology and Human Health
Author : Shamim I. Ahmad
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2017-12-19
Category : Science
Total pages :543
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Unlike other narrowly focused books, Reactive Oxygen Species in Biology and Human Health provides a comprehensive overview of ROS. It covers the current status of research and provides pointers to future research goals. Additionally, it authoritatively reviews the impact of reactive oxygen species with respect to various human diseases and discusses antioxidants and other compounds that counteract oxidative stress. Comprised of seven sections, the first section describes the introduction, detection, and production of ROS, emphasizing phenolic compounds and vitamin E for their abilities to act as antioxidants. This section also highlights the role of lipoprotein-associated oxidative stress. Section two addresses the importance of iron accumulation in the brain resulting in the development of a group of neurodegenerative disorders (NDs) and identifies several causative genes for neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation (NBIA) associated with Parkinsonism-related disorders. The third section discusses a number of NDs, including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Alzheimer’s disease (AD), Huntington's disease (HD), epilepsy, and multiple sclerosis (MS). Section four addresses autoimmune diseases caused by ROS, including asthma, autoimmune liver diseases, rheumatoid arthritis, thyroid disease, primary biliary cirrhosis, and systemic lupus. Section five analyzes a number of different cancers, including lung cancer, breast cancer, and melanoma, along with possible treatment regimens. Section six discusses cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) induced by ROS, presents the ROS-associated complex biochemical processes inducing inflammation as an important cause of CVDs, and explains the roles carotenoids play in preventing CVDs. The final section addresses other human diseases induced by oxidative stress, including sickle cell disease, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, retinopathy, fibromyalgia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, pulmonary hypertension, infertility, and aging of human skin.

Reactive Oxygen Species in Chemistry, Biology, and Medicine

Reactive Oxygen Species in Chemistry, Biology, and Medicine
Author : A. Quintanilha
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-06-29
Category : Science
Total pages :232
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A NATO Advanced Study Institute on "Oxygen Radicals in Biological Systems: Recent Progress and New Methods of Study" was held in Braga, Portugal between Sep tember 1 and September 14, 1985, in order to consider the basic chemistry and biochem istry of activated oxygen (both radical and non-radical species) and their effect in biolog ical systems. This book summarizes the main lectures given at this meeting. While there is no attempt to cover all the major topics in the expanding subject of oxidative mechanisms in biology, an effort has been made to provide overviews on some key aspects of this field. The authors have attempted to convey a clear picture of both what is known and what remains unclear in their respective subjects. Not only are some of the techniques used for detecting activated oxygen species described, but also their strengths and limi tations. The chemistry of many of these species is discussed and the biological and/or pathological implications are carefully reviewed. The medical and therapeutic aspects of some of the well established pathways of damage and protection are analyzed. It is our hope that the material included in this book might be useful for both researchers and teachers at the graduate level. The success of this meeting was to a large extent due to the tireless committment of Professor Alberto Amaral and Dr. Concei~a:o Rangel; without their outstanding efforts in dealing with all the aspects of the organization, this summer school would not have been possible.

Free Radicals in Biology and Medicine

Free Radicals in Biology and Medicine
Author : Barry Halliwell,John M. C. Gutteridge
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date : 2015-07-16
Category : Antioxidants
Total pages :896
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Free Radicals in Biology and Medicine has become a classic text in the field of free radical and antioxidant research. Now in its fifth edition, the book has been comprehensively rewritten and updated whilst maintaining the clarity of its predecessors. Two new chapters discuss 'in vivo' and 'dietary' antioxidants, the first emphasising the role of peroxiredoxins and integrated defence mechanisms which allow useful roles for ROS, and the second containing new information on the role of fruits, vegetables, and vitamins in health and disease. This new edition also contains expanded coverage of the mechanisms of oxidative damage to lipids, DNA, and proteins (and the repair of such damage), and the roles played by reactive species in signal transduction, cell survival, death, human reproduction, defence mechanisms of animals and plants against pathogens, and other important biological events. The methodologies available to measure reactive species and oxidative damage (and their potential pitfalls) have been fully updated, as have the topics of phagocyte ROS production, NADPH oxidase enzymes, and toxicology. There is a detailed and critical evaluation of the role of free radicals and other reactive species in human diseases, especially cancer, cardiovascular, chronic inflammatory and neurodegenerative diseases. New aspects of ageing are discussed in the context of the free radical theory of ageing. This book is recommended as a comprehensive introduction to the field for students, educators, clinicians, and researchers. It will also be an invaluable companion to all those interested in the role of free radicals in the life and biomedical sciences.

Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS), Nanoparticles, and Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) Stress-Induced Cell Death Mechanisms

Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS), Nanoparticles, and Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) Stress-Induced Cell Death Mechanisms
Author : Loutfy H. Madkour
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-06-27
Category : Medical
Total pages :780
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Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS), Nanoparticles, and Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) Stress-Induced Cell Death Mechanisms presents the role of ROS‒mediated pathways cellular signaling stress, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, oxidative stress, oxidative damage, nanomaterials, and the mechanisms by which metalloids and nanoparticles induce their toxic effects. The book covers the ecotoxicology of environmental heavy metal ions and free radicals on macromolecules cells organisms, heavy metals‒induced cell responses, oxidative stress, the source of oxidants, and the roles of ROS, oxidative stress and oxidative damage mechanisms. It also examines the nanotoxicity, cytotoxicity and genotoxicity mechanisms of nanomaterials and the effects of nanoparticle interactions. Antioxidant defense therapy and strategies for treatment round out the book, making it an ideal resource for researchers and professional scientists in toxicology, environmental chemistry, environmental science, nanomaterials and the pharmaceutical sciences. Covers the ecotoxicology of environmental heavy metal ions and the interactions between specific heavy metals‒induced cell responses and oxidative stress Provides a better understanding of the mechanism of nanomaterial-induced toxicity as a first defense for hazard prevention Covers recent advances in new nanomedication technologies for the effects of NPs on oxidative stress, ROS and ER stress Discusses the effects of interactions between antioxidant defense therapy, ROS and strategies for treatment

Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry of Oxygen Species

Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry of Oxygen Species
Author : Irena Kruk
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2013-04-17
Category : Science
Total pages :265
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Properties, sources of formation, reactions, and detection of oxygen species form the first part of this volume. Biochemical, toxicological and environmental aspects are dealt with in detail in the following chapters. This information provides the basis for a state-of-the-art understanding of the role of oxygen species in environmental pollution and as a health hazard.

Frontiers of Reactive Oxygen Species in Biology and Medicine

Frontiers of Reactive Oxygen Species in Biology and Medicine
Author : Kozi Asada,Toshikazu Yoshikawa
Publisher : Elsevier Science & Technology
Release Date : 1994
Category : Health & Fitness
Total pages :578
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Reflecting upon the progress since the discovery of superoxide dismutase, these papers cover such topics as: reactive species of oxygen and its detection in vivo and in vitro; antioxidative enzymes and compounds; and the molecular mechanisms for adaption to oxidative stress.

Methods in Biological Oxidative Stress

Methods in Biological Oxidative Stress
Author : Kenneth Hensley,Robert A. Floyd
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2003
Category : Medical
Total pages :215
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Methods in Biological Oxidative Stress is practical in scope, and outlines modern techniques for measuring oxidative stress and detecting oxidizing agents both in vitro and in vivo. Free radicals and reactive oxidizing agents, once ignored as meaningful biochemicals entities, are now recognized as causes or contributing factors in dozens if not hundreds of disease states, and free radical metabolism of xenobiotics is increasingly important to pharmacologists. This is the first book to detail experimental methods for detecting free radicals and reactive oxygen species or their byproducts. Subjects covered include techniques used routinely in laboratories developed by the authors, as well as HPLC-electrochemical measurement of protein oxidation products, particularly nitrotyrosine and dityrosine; HPLC-electrochemical detection of DNA oxidation products; HPLC measurement of salicylate products, a means of detecting OH radicals in vivo; electron paramagnetic resonance. Contributions are from recognized experts in the field of oxidative stress, who have developed novel strategies for studying biological oxidations.

Singlet Oxygen

Singlet Oxygen
Author : Santi Nonell,Cristina Flors
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release Date : 2016-01-27
Category : Active oxygen
Total pages :488
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Meeting the desire for a comprehensive book that collects and curates the vast amount of knowledge gained in the field of singlet oxygen, this title covers the physical, chemical and biological properties of this reactive oxygen species and also its increasingly important applications across chemical, environmental and biomedical areas.The editors have a long and distinguished background in the field of singlet oxygen chemistry and biomedical applications, giving them a unique insight and ensuring the contributions attain the highest scientific level.The book provides an up to date reference resource for both the beginner and experienced researcher and crucially for those working across disciplines such as photochemistry, photobiology and photomedicine.

Plant Signal Transduction

Plant Signal Transduction
Author : Thomas Pfannschmidt
Publisher : Humana Press
Release Date : 2014-12-04
Category : Science
Total pages :360
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During recent years, research has greatly expanded our understanding of the sophisticated molecular network of responses which enable plants to develop, survive and propagate under a wide range of conditions. In Plant Signal Transduction: Methods and Protocols, an international panel of experts provide well-established methods vital to analyzing plant signal transduction on the molecular level. Featuring experimental procedures on several of the most popular model organisms, the volume focuses on in planta analyses and the proteins involved in signal transduction in order to aid with the establishment of laboratory techniques or the modification of the protocols for other plants. As part of the highly successful Methods in Molecular BiologyTM series, the chapters include brief introductions to the subject, lists of necessary materials, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on trouble-shooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Comprehensive and cutting-edge, Plant Signal Transduction: Methods and Protocols will benefit plant scientists wishing to improve their experimental approaches and delve further into this exciting and important field of study

Biological Reactive Intermediates Vi

Biological Reactive Intermediates Vi
Author : Patrick Dansette,Robert R. Snyder,Terrence J. Monks,David J. Jollow,I. Glenn Sipes,Helmut Greim,G. Gordon Gibson,Marcel Delaforge
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2001-11-30
Category : Science
Total pages :728
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This volume presents a discussion of the biological effects produced following the metabolism of xenobiotic chemicals to chemically reactive metabolites, i.e., toxic and carcinogenic effects, which have been the basis of all five earlier volumes in this series. In particular, this volume devotes sections to structure-activity relationships, recent advances in the understanding of the chemistry of reactive metabolites, and the generation and activity of reactive oxygen species with special emphasis on nitric oxide. There are also segments on DNA damage by reactive metabolites and DNA repair, tissue specific responses to BRIs, and human health effects of BRIs. The papers that comprise this volume were submitted by world class scientists who were in attendance at The Symposium on Biological Reactive Intermediates VI at the Universite Rene Descartes, July 16-20, 2000.

Oxidative Stress in Human Reproduction

Oxidative Stress in Human Reproduction
Author : Ashok Agarwal,Rakesh Sharma,Sajal Gupta,Avi Harlev,Gulfam Ahmad,Stefan S. du Plessis,Sandro C. Esteves,Siew May Wang,Damayanthi Durairajanayagam
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2017-05-03
Category : Health & Fitness
Total pages :190
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This book discusses the role of oxidative stress in the reproductive system. The book reviews endogenous sources, methods of determining its levels in body fluid/tissues, the physiological roles of ROS, as well as its negative effects on the human reproductive processes. Also discussed are multiple extrinsic factors that could induce oxidative stress in the reproductive system. This volume covers various clinical pathologies related to the reproductive system that arise from or produce oxidative stress, both in the male and female. The use of antioxidants as a therapeutic measure to keep ROS levels in check are highlighted, describing the outcome of various clinical studies involving antioxidant supplementation in infertile patients. Infertility is a global disease that affects 15-25% of all couples, and oxidative stress arising from a multitude of sources has been implicated as one of the major contributing factors to the decline in human fertility. As such, this book provides an up-to-date review on the significance of ROS in human reproduction.