January 17, 2021

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Safety Critical Systems Handbook

Safety Critical Systems Handbook
Author : David J. Smith,Kenneth G. L. Simpson
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2010-11-11
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :288
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Safety Critical Systems Handbook: A Straightfoward Guide to Functional Safety, IEC 61508 (2010 Edition) and Related Standards, Including Process IEC 61511 and Machinery IEC 62061 AND ISO 13849, Third Edition, offers a practical guide to the functional safety standard IEC 61508. The book is organized into three parts. Part A discusses the concept of functional safety and the need to express targets by means of safety integrity levels. It places functional safety in context, along with risk assessment, likelihood of fatality, and the cost of conformance. It also explains the life-cycle approach, together with the basic outline of IEC 61508 (known as BS EN 61508 in the UK). Part B discusses functional safety standards for the process, oil, and gas industries; the machinery sector; and other industries such as rail, automotive, avionics, and medical electrical equipment. Part C presents case studies in the form of exercises and examples. These studies cover SIL targeting for a pressure let-down system, burner control system assessment, SIL targeting, a hypothetical proposal for a rail-train braking system, and hydroelectric dam and tidal gates. The only comprehensive guide to IEC 61508, updated to cover the 2010 amendments, that will ensure engineers are compliant with the latest process safety systems design and operation standards Helps readers understand the process required to apply safety critical systems standards Real-world approach helps users to interpret the standard, with case studies and best practice design examples throughout

The Safety Critical Systems Handbook

The Safety Critical Systems Handbook
Author : David J. Smith,Kenneth G. L. Simpson
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release Date : 2020-01-15
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :360
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The Safety Critical Systems Handbook: A Straightforward Guide to Functional Safety: IEC 61508 (2010 Edition), IEC 61511 (2015 Edition) and Related Guidance, Fifth Edition presents the latest guidance on safety-related systems that guard workers and the public against injury and death, also discussing environmental risks. This comprehensive resource has been fully revised, with additional material on risk assessment, cybersecurity, COMAH and HAZID, published guidance documents/standards, quantified risk assessment and new worked examples. The book provides a comprehensive guide to the revised IEC 61508 standard as well as the 2016 IEC 61511. This book will have a wide readership, not only in the chemical and process industries, but in oil and gas, power generation, avionics, automotive, manufacturing and other sectors. It is aimed at most engineers, including those in project, control and instrumentation, design and maintenance disciplines. Provides the only comprehensive guide to IEC 61508 and 61511 (updated for 2016) that ensures engineers are compliant with the latest process safety systems design and operation standards Presents a real-world approach that helps users interpret the standard, with new case studies and best practice design examples using revised standards Covers applications of the standard to device design

Mission-Critical and Safety-Critical Systems Handbook

Mission-Critical and Safety-Critical Systems Handbook
Author : Kim Fowler
Publisher : Newnes
Release Date : 2009-11-19
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :592
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This handbook provides a consolidated, comprehensive information resource for engineers working with mission and safety critical systems. Principles, regulations, and processes common to all critical design projects are introduced in the opening chapters. Expert contributors then offer development models, process templates, and documentation guidelines from their own core critical applications fields: medical, aerospace, and military. Readers will gain in-depth knowledge of how to avoid common pitfalls and meet even the strictest certification standards. Particular emphasis is placed on best practices, design tradeoffs, and testing procedures. *Comprehensive coverage of all key concerns for designers of critical systems including standards compliance, verification and validation, and design tradeoffs *Real-world case studies contained within these pages provide insight from experience

Safety Critical Systems Handbook

Safety Critical Systems Handbook
Author : David J. Smith,Kenneth G. L. Simpson
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release Date : 2010-12-29
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :288
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Safety Critical Systems Handbook: A Straightfoward Guide to Functional Safety, IEC 61508 (2010 Edition) and Related Standards, Including Process IEC 61511 and Machinery IEC 62061 AND ISO 13849, Third Edition, offers a practical guide to the functional safety standard IEC 61508. The book is organized into three parts. Part A discusses the concept of functional safety and the need to express targets by means of safety integrity levels. It places functional safety in context, along with risk assessment, likelihood of fatality, and the cost of conformance. It also explains the life-cycle approach, together with the basic outline of IEC 61508 (known as BS EN 61508 in the UK). Part B discusses functional safety standards for the process, oil, and gas industries; the machinery sector; and other industries such as rail, automotive, avionics, and medical electrical equipment. Part C presents case studies in the form of exercises and examples. These studies cover SIL targeting for a pressure let-down system, burner control system assessment, SIL targeting, a hypothetical proposal for a rail-train braking system, and hydroelectric dam and tidal gates. The only comprehensive guide to IEC 61508, updated to cover the 2010 amendments, that will ensure engineers are compliant with the latest process safety systems design and operation standards Helps readers understand the process required to apply safety critical systems standards Real-world approach helps users to interpret the standard, with case studies and best practice design examples throughout

Developing Safety-Critical Software

Developing Safety-Critical Software
Author : Leanna Rierson
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2017-12-19
Category : Computers
Total pages :610
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The amount of software used in safety-critical systems is increasing at a rapid rate. At the same time, software technology is changing, projects are pressed to develop software faster and more cheaply, and the software is being used in more critical ways. Developing Safety-Critical Software: A Practical Guide for Aviation Software and DO-178C Compliance equips you with the information you need to effectively and efficiently develop safety-critical, life-critical, and mission-critical software for aviation. The principles also apply to software for automotive, medical, nuclear, and other safety-critical domains. An international authority on safety-critical software, the author helped write DO-178C and the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration’s policy and guidance on safety-critical software. In this book, she draws on more than 20 years of experience as a certification authority, an avionics manufacturer, an aircraft integrator, and a software developer to present best practices, real-world examples, and concrete recommendations. The book includes: An overview of how software fits into the systems and safety processes Detailed examination of DO-178C and how to effectively apply the guidance Insight into the DO-178C-related documents on tool qualification (DO-330), model-based development (DO-331), object-oriented technology (DO-332), and formal methods (DO-333) Practical tips for the successful development of safety-critical software and certification Insightful coverage of some of the more challenging topics in safety-critical software development and verification, including real-time operating systems, partitioning, configuration data, software reuse, previously developed software, reverse engineering, and outsourcing and offshoring An invaluable reference for systems and software managers, developers, and quality assurance personnel, this book provides a wealth of information to help you develop, manage, and approve safety-critical software more confidently.

Functional Safety

Functional Safety
Author : David Smith,Kenneth Simpson
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2004-08-13
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :280
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Electrical, electronic and programmable electronic systems, such as emergency shut down systems and railway signalling systems, increasingly carry out safety functions to guard workers and the public against injury or death and the environment against pollution. The international standard IEC 61508 has been developed as a generic standard that applies to all these systems irrespective of their application. IEC 61508 is seen by many professionals as complex. This book overcomes that complexity by introducing the standard in the context of safety in general before moving on to provide practical advice about implementing it and obtaining certification. It also explains how IEC 61508 relates to second tier standards and related guidance, such as IEC 61511, 61513, UKOOA, ISA S84.01 and DIN standards, among others. Throughout the text, the authors illustrate their explanations with examples to which the answers are supplied in the appendix. Four case studies with further exercises set the information in context. Templates and checklists for drawing up your own implementation plan and information on self-certification are also provided. As Functional Safety, the standard, is applicable to many industries, Functional Safety, the book, in its previous edition has proved to be an invaluable reference for professionals from a variety of industries, such as project/instrumentation/design/control engineers as well as safety professionals in oil and gas, chemical, rail, power generation, nuclear, aircraft, and automotive industries. The new edition includes a new chapter on IEC 61511, the process sector standard, published since the first edition. The text has been updated throughout in light of the authors’ recent experience and two case studies have been added. Dr. David J Smith, BSc, PhD, CEng, FIEE, HonFSaRS, FIQA, MIGasE, has been directly concerned with reliability, safety and software quality for 30 years. He has written a number of books on the subject as well as numerous papers. His PhD thesis was on the subject of reliability prediction accuracy and common cause failure. He chairs the IGasE panel which develops its guidelines on safety-related systems (now in its third edition). He has also made contributions to IEC 61508. Kenneth G. L. Simpson, MPhil, FIEE, FInstMC, MIGasE, has been associated with safety-related systems design and also with their assessment for 25 years. He is a member of the IEC 61508 drafting committee and also of the I Gas E panel which writes the gas industry guidance. Following a career in aerospace, Ken has spent 20 years in the control system industry and is a Director of Silvertech International plc, a leading designer of safety and control systems. He has written a number of papers on the topic and gives frequent talks.

Handbook of System Safety and Security

Handbook of System Safety and Security
Author : Edward Griffor
Publisher : Syngress
Release Date : 2016-10-02
Category : Computers
Total pages :300
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Handbook of System Safety and Security: Cyber Risk and Risk Management, Cyber Security, Adversary Modeling, Threat Analysis, Business of Safety, Functional Safety, Software Systems, and Cyber Physical Systems presents an update on the world's increasing adoption of computer-enabled products and the essential services they provide to our daily lives. The tailoring of these products and services to our personal preferences is expected and made possible by intelligence that is enabled by communication between them. Ensuring that the systems of these connected products operate safely, without creating hazards to us and those around us, is the focus of this book, which presents the central topics of current research and practice in systems safety and security as it relates to applications within transportation, energy, and the medical sciences. Each chapter is authored by one of the leading contributors to the current research and development on the topic. The perspective of this book is unique, as it takes the two topics, systems safety and systems security, as inextricably intertwined. Each is driven by concern about the hazards associated with a system’s performance. Presents the most current and leading edge research on system safety and security, featuring a panel of top experts in the field Includes several research advancements published for the first time, including the use of ‘goal structured notation’ together with a ‘judgment calculus’ and their automation as a ‘rule set’ to facilitate systems safety and systems security process execution in compliance with existing standards Presents for the first time the latest research in the field with the unique perspective that systems safety and systems security are inextricably intertwined Includes coverage of systems architecture, cyber physical systems, tradeoffs between safety, security, and performance, as well as the current methodologies and technologies and implantation practices for system safety and security

Reliability of Safety-Critical Systems

Reliability of Safety-Critical Systems
Author : Marvin Rausand
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2014-03-03
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :466
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Presents the theory and methodology for reliabilityassessments of safety-critical functions through examples from awide range of applications Reliability of Safety-Critical Systems: Theory andApplications provides a comprehensive introduction toreliability assessments of safety-related systems based onelectrical, electronic, and programmable electronic (E/E/PE)technology. With a focus on the design and development phases ofsafety-critical systems, the book presents theory and methodsrequired to document compliance with IEC 61508 and the associatedsector-specific standards. Combining theory and practical applications, Reliability ofSafety-Critical Systems: Theory and Applications implements keysafety-related strategies and methods to meet quantitative safetyintegrity requirements. In addition, the book details a variety ofreliability analysis methods that are needed during all stages of asafety-critical system, beginning with specification and design andadvancing to operations, maintenance, and modification control. Thekey categories of safety life-cycle phases are featured, includingstrategies for the allocation of reliability performancerequirements; assessment methods in relation to design; andreliability quantification in relation to operation andmaintenance. Issues and benefits that arise from complex moderntechnology developments are featured, as well as: Real-world examples from large industry facilities with majoraccident potential and products owned by the general public such ascars and tools Plentiful worked examples throughout that provide readers witha deeper understanding of the core concepts and aid in the analysisand solution of common issues when assessing all facets ofsafety-critical systems Approaches that work on a wide scope of applications and can beapplied to the analysis of any safety-critical system A brief appendix of probability theory for reference With an emphasis on how safety-critical functions are introducedinto systems and facilities to prevent or mitigate the impact of anaccident, this book is an excellent guide for professionals,consultants, and operators of safety-critical systems who carry outpractical, risk, and reliability assessments of safety-criticalsystems. Reliability of Safety-Critical Systems: Theory andApplications is also a useful textbook for courses inreliability assessment of safety-critical systems and reliabilityengineering at the graduate-level, as well as for consultingcompanies offering short courses in reliability assessment ofsafety-critical systems.

Automotive System Safety

Automotive System Safety
Author : Joseph D. Miller
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2019-12-09
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :240
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Contains practical insights into automotive system safety with a focus on corporate safety organization and safety management Functional Safety has become important and mandated in the automotive industry by inclusion of ISO 26262 in OEM requirements to suppliers. This unique and practical guide is geared toward helping small and large automotive companies, and the managers and engineers in those companies, improve automotive system safety. Based on the author’s experience within the field, it is a useful tool for marketing, sales, and business development professionals to understand and converse knowledgeably with customers and prospects. Automotive System Safety: Critical Considerations for Engineering and Effective Management teaches readers how to incorporate automotive system safety efficiently into an organization. Chapters cover: Safety Expectations for Consumers, OEMs, and Tier 1 Suppliers; System Safety vs. Functional Safety; Safety Audits and Assessments; Safety Culture; and Lifecycle Safety. Sections on Determining Risk; Risk Reduction; and Safety of the Intended Function are also presented. In addition, the book discusses causes of safety recalls; how to use metrics as differentiators to win business; criteria for a successful safety organization; and more. Discusses Safety of the Intended Function (SOTIF), with a chapter about an emerging standard (SOTIF, ISO PAS 21448), which is for handling the development of autonomous vehicles Helps safety managers, engineers, directors, and marketing professionals improve their knowledge of the process of FS standards Aimed at helping automotive companies—big and small—and their employees improve system safety Covers auditing and the use of metrics Automotive System Safety: Critical Considerations for Engineering and Effective Management is an excellent book for anyone who oversees the safety and development of automobiles. It will also benefit those who sell and market vehicles to prospective customers.

Formal Methods for Industrial Critical Systems

Formal Methods for Industrial Critical Systems
Author : Stefania Gnesi,Tiziana Margaria
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2012-11-27
Category : Computers
Total pages :292
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Today, formal methods are widely recognized as an essential step in the design process of industrial safety-critical systems. In its more general definition, the term formal methods encompasses all notations having a precise mathematical semantics, together with their associated analysis methods, that allow description and reasoning about the behavior of a system in a formal manner. Growing out of more than a decade of award-winning collaborative work within the European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics, Formal Methods for Industrial Critical Systems: A Survey of Applications presents a number of mainstream formal methods currently used for designing industrial critical systems, with a focus on model checking. The purpose of the book is threefold: to reduce the effort required to learn formal methods, which has been a major drawback for their industrial dissemination; to help designers to adopt the formal methods which are most appropriate for their systems; and to offer a panel of state-of-the-art techniques and tools for analyzing critical systems.

Handbook of RAMS in Railway Systems

Handbook of RAMS in Railway Systems
Author : Qamar Mahboob,Enrico Zio
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2018-03-14
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :745
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The Handbook of RAMS in Railway Systems: Theory and Practice addresses the complexity in today's railway systems, which use computers and electromechanical components to increase efficiency while ensuring a high level of safety. RAM (Reliability, Availability, Maintainability) addresses the specifications and standards that manufacturers and operators have to meet. Modeling, implementation, and assessment of RAM and safety requires the integration of railway engineering systems; mathematical and statistical methods; standards compliance; and financial/economic factors. This Handbook brings together a group of experts to present RAM and safety in a modern, comprehensive manner.

Airborne Electronic Hardware Design Assurance

Airborne Electronic Hardware Design Assurance
Author : Randall Fulton,Roy Vandermolen
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2017-08-01
Category : Computers
Total pages :249
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Written by a Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) consultant designated engineering representative (DER) and an electronics hardware design engineer who together taught the DO-254 class at the Radio Technical Commission for Aeronautics, Inc. (RTCA) in Washington, District of Columbia, USA, Airborne Electronic Hardware Design Assurance: A Practitioner's Guide to RTCA/DO-254 is a testimony to the lessons learned and wisdom gained from many years of first-hand experience in the design, verification, and approval of airborne electronic hardware. This practical guide to the use of RTCA/DO-254 in the development of airborne electronic hardware for safety critical airborne applications: Describes how to optimize engineering processes and practices to harmonize with DO-254 Addresses the single most problematic aspect of engineering and compliance to DO-254—poorly written requirements Includes a tutorial on how to write requirements that will minimize the cost and effort of electronic design and verification Discusses the common pitfalls encountered by practitioners of DO-254, along with how those pitfalls occur and what can be done about them Settles the ongoing debate and misconceptions about the true definition of a derived requirement Promotes embracing DO-254 as the best means to achieve compliance to it, as well as the best path to high-quality electronic hardware Airborne Electronic Hardware Design Assurance: A Practitioner's Guide to RTCA/DO-254 offers real-world insight into RTCA/DO-254 and how its objectives can be satisfied. It provides engineers with valuable information that can be applied to any project to make compliance to DO-254 as easy and problem-free as possible.

Engineering a Safer World

Engineering a Safer World
Author : Nancy G. Leveson
Publisher : Engineering Systems
Release Date : 2016-10-17
Category : Agriculture (General)
Total pages :560
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A new approach to safety, based on systems thinking, that is more effective, less costly, and easier to use than current techniques. Engineering has experienced a technological revolution, but the basic engineering techniques applied in safety and reliability engineering, created in a simpler, analog world, have changed very little over the years. In this groundbreaking book, Nancy Leveson proposes a new approach to safety--more suited to today's complex, sociotechnical, software-intensive world--based on modern systems thinking and systems theory. Revisiting and updating ideas pioneered by 1950s aerospace engineers in their System Safety concept, and testing her new model extensively on real-world examples, Leveson has created a new approach to safety that is more effective, less expensive, and easier to use than current techniques. Arguing that traditional models of causality are inadequate, Leveson presents a new, extended model of causation (Systems-Theoretic Accident Model and Processes, or STAMP), then shows how the new model can be used to create techniques for system safety engineering, including accident analysis, hazard analysis, system design, safety in operations, and management of safety-critical systems. She applies the new techniques to real-world events including the friendly-fire loss of a U.S. Blackhawk helicopter in the first Gulf War; the Vioxx recall; the U.S. Navy SUBSAFE program; and the bacterial contamination of a public water supply in a Canadian town. Leveson's approach is relevant even beyond safety engineering, offering techniques for "reengineering" any large sociotechnical system to improve safety and manage risk.

Handbook of Crime Prevention and Community Safety

Handbook of Crime Prevention and Community Safety
Author : Nick Tilley,Aiden Sidebottom
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release Date : 2017-03-27
Category : Social Science
Total pages :600
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This second edition of the Handbook of Crime Prevention and Community Safety provides a completely revised and updated collection of essays focusing on the theory and practice of crime prevention and the creation of safer communities. This book is divided into five comprehensive parts: Part I, brand new to this edition, is concerned with theoretical perspectives on crime prevention and community safety. Part II considers general approaches to preventing crime, including a new chapter on the theory and practice of deterrence. Part III focuses on specific crime prevention strategies, including a new chapter on regulation for crime prevention. Part IV focuses on the prevention of specific categories of crime and the fear they generate, including new chapters on organised crime and cybercrime. Part V considers the preventative process: the methods through which presenting problems can be analysed, responses formulated and implemented, and their effectiveness evaluated. Bringing together leading academics and practitioners from the UK, US, Australia and the Netherlands, this volume will be an invaluable reference for researchers and practitioners whose work relates to crime prevention and community safety, as well as for undergraduate and postgraduate courses in crime prevention.