June 17, 2021

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Science of Carbon Storage in Deep Saline Formations

Science of Carbon Storage in Deep Saline Formations
Author : Pania Newell,Anastasia Ilgen
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2018-09-06
Category : Science
Total pages :446
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Science of Carbon Storage in Deep Saline Formations: Process Coupling across Time and Spatial Scales summarizes state-of-the-art research, emphasizing how the coupling of physical and chemical processes as subsurface systems re-equilibrate during and after the injection of CO2. In addition, it addresses, in an easy-to-follow way, the lack of knowledge in understanding the coupled processes related to fluid flow, geomechanics and geochemistry over time and spatial scales. The book uniquely highlights process coupling and process interplay across time and spatial scales that are relevant to geological carbon storage. Includes the underlying scientific research, as well as the risks associated with geological carbon storage Covers the topic of geological carbon storage from various disciplines, addressing the multi-scale and multi-physics aspects of geological carbon storage Organized by discipline for ease of navigation

Geologic Carbon Sequestration

Geologic Carbon Sequestration
Author : V. Vishal,T.N. Singh
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2016-05-11
Category : Science
Total pages :338
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This exclusive compilation written by eminent experts from more than ten countries, outlines the processes and methods for geologic sequestration in different sinks. It discusses and highlights the details of individual storage types, including recent advances in the science and technology of carbon storage. The topic is of immense interest to geoscientists, reservoir engineers, environmentalists and researchers from the scientific and industrial communities working on the methodologies for carbon dioxide storage. Increasing concentrations of anthropogenic carbon dioxide in the atmosphere are often held responsible for the rising temperature of the globe. Geologic sequestration prevents atmospheric release of the waste greenhouse gases by storing them underground for geologically significant periods of time. The book addresses the need for an understanding of carbon reservoir characteristics and behavior. Other book volumes on carbon capture, utilization and storage (CCUS) attempt to cover the entire process of CCUS, but the topic of geologic sequestration is not discussed in detail. This book focuses on the recent trends and up-to-date information on different storage rock types, ranging from deep saline aquifers to coal to basaltic formations.

Geological Storage of CO2 in Deep Saline Formations

Geological Storage of CO2 in Deep Saline Formations
Author : Auli Niemi,Jacob Bear,Jacob Bensabat
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2016-12-26
Category : Science
Total pages :738
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This book offers the reader a comprehensive overview, as well as in-depth understanding, of appropriate methods for quantifying and characterizing saline aquifers that are suitable for geological storage of CO2. It starts from a general overview of the methodology and the processes that take place when CO2 is injected and stored in deep saline water containing formations. This is followed by presentations of mathematical and numerical models used for predicting the consequences of CO2 injection. This book provides a description of relevant experimental methods, from laboratory experiments to field scale site characterization and techniques for monitoring the spreading of the injected CO2 in the formation. Experiences from a number of important field injection projects are reviewed as are those from CO2 natural analog sites. Finally, relevant risk management methods are presented. Geological storage of CO2 is widely considered a key technology, capable of substantially reducing the amount of CO2 released into the atmosphere, thereby reducing the negative impacts of such releases on global climate. Around the world, projects are already in operation, while others are being initiated and executed to demonstrate the technology. Deep saline formations are the geological formations evaluated to hold the highest storage potential, due to their abundance world-wide. Until now, such formations have, however, been relatively poorly characterized, due to their low economic value. Therefore, the processes of injection and storage of CO2 in such formations still need to be better quantified and methods for characterizing, modeling and monitoring of CO2 storage in such formations rapidly need to evolve.

The American Journal of Science

The American Journal of Science
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2007
Category : Earth sciences
Total pages :129
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Development of Science-Based Permitting Guidance for Geological Sequestration of CO2 in Deep Saline Aquifers Based on Modeling and Risk Assessment

Development of Science-Based Permitting Guidance for Geological Sequestration of CO2 in Deep Saline Aquifers Based on Modeling and Risk Assessment
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2006
Category :
Total pages :129
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Underground carbon storage may become one of the solutions to address global warming. However, to have an impact, carbon storage must be done at a much larger scale than current CO2 injection operations for enhanced oil recovery. It must also include injection into saline aquifers. An important characteristic of CO2 is its strong buoyancy--storage must be guaranteed to be sufficiently permanent to satisfy the very reason that CO2 is injected. This long-term aspect (hundreds to thousands of years) is not currently captured in legislation, even if the U.S. has a relatively well-developed regulatory framework to handle carbon storage, especially in the operational short term. This report proposes a hierarchical approach to permitting in which the State/Federal Government is responsible for developing regional assessments, ranking potential sites (''General Permit'') and lessening the applicant's burden if the general area of the chosen site has been ranked more favorably. The general permit would involve determining in the regional sense structural (closed structures), stratigraphic (heterogeneity), and petrophysical (flow parameters such as residual saturation) controls on the long-term fate of geologically sequestered CO2. The state-sponsored regional studies and the subsequent local study performed by the applicant will address the long-term risk of the particular site. It is felt that a performance-based approach rather than a prescriptive approach is the most appropriate framework in which to address public concerns. However, operational issues for each well (equivalent to the current underground injection control-UIC-program) could follow regulations currently in place. Area ranking will include an understanding of trapping modes. Capillary (due to residual saturation) and structural (due to local geological configuration) trappings are two of the four mechanisms (the other two are solubility and mineral trappings), which are the most relevant to the time scale of interest. The most likely pathways for leakage, if any, are wells and faults. We favor a defense-in-depth approach, in which storage permanence does not rely upon a primary seal only but assumes that any leak can be contained by geologic processes before impacting mineral resources, fresh ground water, or ground surface. We examined the Texas Gulf Coast as an example of an attractive target for carbon storage. Stacked sand-shale layers provide large potential storage volumes and defense-in-depth leakage protection. In the Texas Gulf Coast, the best way to achieve this goal is to establish the primary injection level below the total depth of most wells (>2,400 m-8,000 ft). In addition, most faults, particularly growth faults, present at the primary injection level do not reach the surface. A potential methodology, which includes an integrated approach comprising the whole chain of potential events from leakage from the primary site to atmospheric impacts, is also presented. It could be followed by the State/Federal Government, as well as by the operators.

Geological Storage of CO2 in Deep Saline Formations

Geological Storage of CO2 in Deep Saline Formations
Author : Auli Niemi,Jacob Bear,Jacob Bensabat
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2017-02-24
Category : Science
Total pages :554
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This book offers readers a comprehensive overview, and an in-depth understanding, of suitable methods for quantifying and characterizing saline aquifers for the geological storage of CO2. It begins with a general overview of the methodology and the processes that take place when CO2 is injected and stored in deep saline-water-containing formations. It subsequently presents mathematical and numerical models used for predicting the consequences of CO2 injection. This book provides descriptions of relevant experimental methods, from laboratory experiments to field scale site characterization and techniques for monitoring spreading of the injected CO2 within the formation. Experiences from a number of important field injection projects are reviewed, as are those from CO2 natural analog sites. Lastly, the book presents relevant risk management methods. Geological storage of CO2 is widely considered to be a key technology capable of substantially reducing the amount of CO2 released into the atmosphere, thereby reducing the negative impacts of such releases on the global climate. Around the world, projects are already in full swing, while others are now being initiated and executed to demonstrate the technology. Deep saline formations are the geological formations considered to hold the highest storage potential, due to their abundance worldwide. To date, however, these formations have been relatively poorly characterized, due to their low economic value. Accordingly, the processes involved in injecting and storing CO2 in such formations still need to be better quantified and methods for characterizing, modeling and monitoring this type of CO2 storage in such formations must be rapidly developed and refined.

Geological storage of CO2 in deep saline aquifers : Experiences gained at the Ketzin pilot site, Germany

Geological storage of CO2 in deep saline aquifers : Experiences gained at the Ketzin pilot site, Germany
Author : Axel Liebscher
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2013
Category : Aquifers
Total pages :400
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This volume examines the issues and technology for the geological storage of CO2. It details the experiences gained at the Ketzin pilot site located in the Federal State of Brandenburg, Germany, the first ever European on-shore CO2 storage project.

Mechanisms for CO2 Sequestration in Geological Formations and Enhanced Gas Recovery

Mechanisms for CO2 Sequestration in Geological Formations and Enhanced Gas Recovery
Author : Roozbeh Khosrokhavar
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2015-10-28
Category : Science
Total pages :94
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This book gives background information why shale formations in the world are important both for storage capacity and enhanced gas recovery (EGR). Part of this book investigates the sequestration capacity in geological formations and the mechanisms for the enhanced storage rate of CO2 in an underlying saline aquifer. The growing concern about global warming has increased interest in geological storage of carbon dioxide (CO2). The main mechanism of the enhancement, viz., the occurrence of gravity fingers, which are the vehicles of enhanced transport in saline aquifers, can be visualized using the Schlieren technique. In addition high pressure experiments confirmed that the storage rate is indeed enhanced in porous media. The book is appropriate for graduate students, researchers and advanced professionals in petroleum and chemical engineering. It provides the interested reader with in-depth insights into the possibilities and challenges of CO2 storage and the EGR prospect.

Geological Storage of CO2 – Long Term Security Aspects

Geological Storage of CO2 – Long Term Security Aspects
Author : Axel Liebscher,Ute Münch
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2015-02-21
Category : Science
Total pages :245
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This book explores the industrial use of secure, permanent storage technologies for carbon dioxide (CO2), especially geological CO2 storage. Readers are invited to discover how this greenhouse gas could be spared from permanent release into the atmosphere through storage in deep rock formations. Themes explored here include CO2 reservoir management, caprock formation, bio-chemical processes and fluid migration. Particular attention is given to groundwater protection, the improvement of sensor technology, borehole seals and cement quality. A collaborative work by scientists and industrial partners, this volume presents original research, it investigates several aspects of innovative technologies for medium-term use and it includes a detailed risk analysis. Coal-based power generation, energy consuming industrial processes (such as steel and cement) and the burning of biomass all result in carbon dioxide. Those involved in such industries who are considering geological storage of CO2, as well as earth scientists and engineers will value this book and the innovative monitoring methods described. Researchers in the field of computer imaging and pattern recognition will also find something of interest in these chapters.

Geological and Mineralogical Sequestration of CO2

Geological and Mineralogical Sequestration of CO2
Author : Giovanni Ruggieri,Fabrizio Gherardi
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2020-09-08
Category :
Total pages :198
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The rapid increasing of concentrations of anthropologically generated greenhouse gases (primarily CO2) in the atmosphere is responsible for global warming and ocean acidification. The International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) indicates that carbon capture and storage (CCS) techniques are a necessary measure to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the short-to-medium term. One of the technological solutions is the long-term storage of CO2 in appropriate geological formations, such as deep saline formations and depleted oil and gas reservoirs. Promising alternative options that guarantee the permanent capture of CO2, although on a smaller scale, are the in-situ and ex-situ fixation of CO2 in the form of inorganic carbonates via the carbonation of mafic and ultramafic rocks and of Mg/Ca-rich fly ash, iron and steel slags, cement waste, and mine tailings. According to this general framework, this Special Issue collects articles covering various aspects of recent scientific advances in the geological and mineralogical sequestration of CO2. In particular, it includes the assessment of the storage potential of candidate injection sites in Croatia, Greece, and Norway; numerical modelling of geochemical-mineralogical reactions and CO2 flow; studies of natural analogues providing information on the processes and the physical-chemical conditions characterizing serpentinite carbonation; and experimental investigations to better understand the effectiveness and mechanisms of geological and mineralogical CO2 sequestration.

Carbon Sequestration and Its Role in the Global Carbon Cycle

Carbon Sequestration and Its Role in the Global Carbon Cycle
Author : Brian J. McPherson,Eric T. Sundquist
Publisher : American Geophysical Union
Release Date : 2009-01-12
Category : Science
Total pages :359
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Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 183. For carbon sequestration the issues of monitoring, risk assessment, and verification of carbon content and storage efficacy are perhaps the most uncertain. Yet these issues are also the most critical challenges facing the broader context of carbon sequestration as a means for addressing climate change. In response to these challenges, Carbon Sequestration and Its Role in the Global Carbon Cycle presents current perspectives and research that combine five major areas: The global carbon cycle and verification and assessment of global carbon sources and sinks Potential capacity and temporal/spatial scales of terrestrial, oceanic, and geologic carbon storage Assessing risks and benefits associated with terrestrial, oceanic, and geologic carbon storage Predicting, monitoring, and verifying effectiveness of different forms of carbon storage Suggested new CO2 sequestration research and management paradigms for the future. The volume is based on a Chapman Conference and will appeal to the rapidly growing group of scientists and engineers examining methods for deliberate carbon sequestration through storage in plants, soils, the oceans, and geological repositories.

Carbon Dioxide Capture for Storage in Deep Geologic Formations

Carbon Dioxide Capture for Storage in Deep Geologic Formations
Author : David C. Thomas,Sally Benson
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2005
Category : Atmospheric carbon dioxide
Total pages :1331
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Accompanying CD-ROM contains the results from the CO2 capture projects.

Geological Storage of Carbon Dioxide (CO2)

Geological Storage of Carbon Dioxide (CO2)
Author : J Gluyas,S Mathias
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2013-11-23
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :366
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Geological storage and sequestration of carbon dioxide, in saline aquifers, depleted oil and gas fields or unminable coal seams, represents one of the most important processes for reducing humankind’s emissions of greenhouse gases. Geological storage of carbon dioxide (CO2) reviews the techniques and wider implications of carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS). Part one provides an overview of the fundamentals of the geological storage of CO2. Chapters discuss anthropogenic climate change and the role of CCS, the modelling of storage capacity, injectivity, migration and trapping of CO2, the monitoring of geological storage of CO2, and the role of pressure in CCS. Chapters in part two move on to explore the environmental, social and regulatory aspects of CCS including CO2 leakage from geological storage facilities, risk assessment of CO2 storage complexes and public engagement in projects, and the legal framework for CCS. Finally, part three focuses on a variety of different projects and includes case studies of offshore CO2 storage at Sleipner natural gas field beneath the North Sea, the CO2CRC Otway Project in Australia, on-shore CO2 storage at the Ketzin pilot site in Germany, and the K12-B CO2 injection project in the Netherlands. Geological storage of carbon dioxide (CO2) is a comprehensive resource for geoscientists and geotechnical engineers and academics and researches interested in the field. Reviews the techniques and wider implications of carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS) An overview of the fundamentals of the geological storage of CO2 discussing the modelling of storage capacity, injectivity, migration and trapping of CO2 among other subjects Explores the environmental, social and regulatory aspects of CCS including CO2 leakage from geological storage facilities, risk assessment of CO2 storage complexes and the legal framework for CCS

JPT. Journal of Petroleum Technology

JPT. Journal of Petroleum Technology
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2007-07
Category : Petroleum engineering
Total pages :129
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Oil & Gas Science and Technology

Oil & Gas Science and Technology
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2007
Category : Liquid fuels
Total pages :129
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