November 30, 2020

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Seismic Stratigraphy and Depositional Facies Models

Seismic Stratigraphy and Depositional Facies Models
Author : P.C.H. Veeken
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2013-11-14
Category : Science
Total pages :360
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The 2e of Seismic Stratigraphy and Depositional Facies Models summarizes basic seismic interpretation techniques and demonstrates the benefits of integrated reservoir studies for hydrocarbon exploration. Topics are presented from a practical point of view and are supported by well-illustrated case histories. The reader is taken from a basic level to more advanced study techniques. The presented modern geophysical techniques allow more accurate prediction of the changes in subsurface geology. Dynamics of sedimentary environments are discussed their relation to global controling factors, and a link is made to high-resolution sequence stratigraphy. The interest in seismic stratigraphic techniques to interpret reflection datasets is well established. The advent of sophisticated subsurface reservoir studies and 4D monitoring for optimizing the hydrocarbon production in existing fields demonstrate the importance of the 3D seismic methodology. The added value of reflection seismics to the petroleum industry has clearly been proven over the last few decades. Seismic profiles and 3D cubes form a vast and robust data source to unravel the structure of the subsurface. Larger offsets and velocity anisotropy effects give access to more details on reservoir flow properties like fracture density, porosity and permeability distribution. Elastic inversion and modeling may tell something about the change in petrophysical parameters. Seismic investigations provide a vital tool for the delineation of subtle hydrocarbon traps, and they are the basis for understanding the regional basin framework and the stratigraphic subdivision. Seismic stratigraphy combines two very different scales of observation: the seismic and well control. The systematic approach applied in seismic stratigraphy explains why many workers are using the principles to evaluate their seismic observations. Discusses the link between seismic stratigraphic principles and sequence stratigraphy Provides techniques for seismic reservoir characterization as well as well control Analyzes inversion, AVO and seismic attributes

Seismic Stratigraphy and Depositional Facies Models

Seismic Stratigraphy and Depositional Facies Models
Author : Paul P. Veeken
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2013
Category :
Total pages :495
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The 2e of Seismic Stratigraphy and Depositional Facies Models summarizes basic seismic interpretation techniques and demonstrates the benefits of integrated reservoir studies for hydrocarbon exploration. Topics are presented from a practical point of view and are supported by well-illustrated case histories. The reader is taken from a basic level to more advanced study techniques. The presented modern geophysical techniques allow more accurate prediction of the changes in subsurface geology. Dynamics of sedimentary environments are discussed their relation to global controling factor.

Seismic Facies and Sedimentary Processes of Submarine Fans and Turbidite Systems

Seismic Facies and Sedimentary Processes of Submarine Fans and Turbidite Systems
Author : Paul Weimer,Martin H. Link
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-11-11
Category : Science
Total pages :447
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The Frontiers in Sedimentary Geology series was established for the student, the researcher, and the applied scientist to enhance their potential to stay abreast of the most recent ideas and developments and to become familiar with certain topics in the field of sedimentary geology. This series deals with subjects that are in the forefront of both scientific and economic interests. The treatment of a subject in an individual volume, therefore, should be a combina tion of topical, regional, and interdisciplinary approaches. The interdisciplinary aspects are becoming more and more important because most studies dealing with the natural sciences cannot effectively stand alone. Although this thrust may sound simple, in reality it is not, basi cally because each discipline has developed its own jargon and definitions ofterms. Communi cation among disciplines is a major issue and can be accomplished more constructively when people with different backgrounds join together at the same symposium and can read from the same volume rather than confining themselves within the world of their own specialty meetings and journals. Books in this series provide this connective link between disciplines. Each book in this series provides a continuous and connected flow of concepts throughout the volume by the use of introductory chapters that outline a topic to help the reader grasp its problems and to understand the contributions that follow.

The Geology of Stratigraphic Sequences

The Geology of Stratigraphic Sequences
Author : Andrew D. Miall
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-06-29
Category : Science
Total pages :435
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Sequence stratigraphy represents a new paradigm in geology. The principal hypothesis is that stratigraphie successions may be subdivided into discrete sequences bounded by widespread unconformities. There are two parts to this hypothesis. First, it suggests that the driving forces which generate sequences and their bounding unconformities also generate predietable three-dimensional stratigraphies. In re cent years stratigraphie research guided by sequence models has brought about fundamental im provements in our understanding of stratigraphie processes and the controls of basin architecture. Sequence models have provided a powerful framework for mapping and numerieal modeling, enabling the science of stratigraphy to advance with rapid strides. This research has demonstrated the importance of a wide range of processes for the generation of cyclie sequences, including eustasy, tectonics, and orbital forcing of climate change. The main objective of this book is to document the sequence record and to discuss our current state of knowledge about sequence-generating processes.

Sequence Stratigraphy and Facies Associations

Sequence Stratigraphy and Facies Associations
Author : Henry W. Posamentier
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2009-04-15
Category : Science
Total pages :600
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In recent years there has been a virtual explosion of stratigraphic studies utilizing the principles of sequence stratigraphy. Although the concept of time stratigraphy is not new, the packaging of depositional units into systems tracts and sequences is. This new approach has led to the reassessment of areas that in some cases have been the subject of intense geological scrutiny for decades. The fundamental principles upon which sequence stratigraphy is based are applicable at a broad range of temporal and physical scales. This volume arises from several sessions on sequence stratigraphy held at the Thirteenth International Sedimentological Congress, with emphasis on facies associations within a sequence stratigraphic framework.

Seismic Stratigraphy, Basin Analysis and Reservoir Characterisation

Seismic Stratigraphy, Basin Analysis and Reservoir Characterisation
Author : P.C.H. Veeken
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2006-11-13
Category : Science
Total pages :522
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The interest in seismic stratigraphic techniques to interpret reflection datasets is well established. The advent of sophisticated subsurface reservoir studies and 4D monitoring, for optimising the hydrocarbon production in existing fields, does demonstrate the importance of the 3D seismic methodology. The added value of reflection seismics to the petroleum industry has clearly been proven over the last decades. Seismic profiles and 3D cubes form a vast and robust data source to unravel the structure of the subsurface. It gets nowadays exploited in ever greater detail. Larger offsets and velocity anisotropy effects give for instance access to more details on reservoir flow properties like fracture density, porosity and permeability distribution, Elastic inversion and modelling may tell something about the change in petrophysical parameters. Seismic investigations provide a vital tool for the delineation of subtle hydrocarbon traps. They are the basis for understanding the regional basin framework and the stratigraphic subdivision. Seismic stratigraphy combines two very different scales of observation: the seismic and well-control. The systematic approach applied in seismic stratigraphy explains why many workers are using the principles to evaluate their seismic observations. The here presented modern geophysical techniques allow more accurate prediction of the changes in subsurface geology. Dynamics of sedimentary environments are discussed with its relation to global controling factors and a link is made to high-resolution sequence stratigraphy. ‘Seismic Stratigraphy Basin Analysis and Reservoir Characterisation’ summarizes basic seismic interpretation techniques and demonstrates the benefits of intergrated reservoir studies for hydrocarbon exploration. Topics are presented from a practical point of view and are supported by well-illustrated case histories. The reader (student as well as professional geophysicists, geologists and reservoir engineers) is taken from a basic level to more advanced study techniques. * Overview reflection seismic methods and its limitations. * Link between basic seismic stratigraphic principles and high resolution sequence stratigraphy. * Description of various techniques for seismic reservoir characterization and synthetic modelling. * Overview nversion techniques, AVO and seismic attributes analysis.

Seismic and Sequence Stratigraphy and Integrated Stratigraphy

Seismic and Sequence Stratigraphy and Integrated Stratigraphy
Author : Gemma Aiello
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2017-12-06
Category : Science
Total pages :168
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This book contains six chapters dealing with the investigation of seismic and sequence stratigraphy and integrated stratigraphy, including the stratigraphic unconformities, in different geological settings and using several techniques and methods, including the seismostratigraphic and the sequence stratigraphic analysis, the field geological survey, the well log stratigraphic interpretation, and the lithologic and paleobotanical data. Book chapters are separated into two main sections: (i) seismic and sequence stratigraphy and (ii) integrated stratigraphy. There are three chapters in the first section, including the application of sequence and seismic stratigraphy to the fine-grained shales, to the fluvial facies and depositional environments, and to the Late Miocene geological structures offshore of Taiwan. In the second section, there are three chapters dealing with the integrated stratigraphic investigation of Jurassic deposits of the southern Siberian platform, with the stratigraphic unconformities, reviewing the related geological concepts and studying examples from Middle-Upper Paleozoic successions; and, finally, with the integrated stratigraphy of the Cenozoic deposits of the Andean foreland basin (northwestern Argentina).

Sedimentary Facies Analysis

Sedimentary Facies Analysis
Author : A. Guy Plint
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2009-04-13
Category : Science
Total pages :400
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This book celebrates the professional career of Harold Reading, who has played a leading role in the development of the IAS, and has been at the roots of the development of 'facies sedimentology' as an art in itself and as a major tool in the broader field of geology. This special collection of original research papers from Harold Reading's students covers the wide range of his research interests and reflects the power of facies sedimentology today. State-of-the-art research papers in the important field of facies sedimentology * a festschrift to one of the great names in sedimentology.

Principles of Sequence Stratigraphy

Principles of Sequence Stratigraphy
Author : Octavian Catuneanu
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2006-05-19
Category : Science
Total pages :386
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Principles of Sequence Stratigraphy provides an in-depth coverage and impartial assessment of all current ideas and models in the field of sequence stratigraphy. This textbook thoroughly develops fundamental concepts of sequence stratigraphy that links base-level changes to sedimentary deposits. It examines differing approaches to how the sequence stratigraphic method can be applied to the rock record, and reviews practical applications such as how petroleum geologists can target where to drill for oil. The book's balanced approach helps students acquire a common terminology and conceptual understanding that will be helpful later in their academic and professional careers, whether they pursue jobs as geologists, geophysicists, or reservoir engineers. This textbook offers theoretical guidelines of how the facies and time relationships are expected to be under specific circumstances such as subsidence patterns, sediment supply, topographic gradients, etc. It goes beyond the standard treatment of sequence stratigraphy by focusing on a more user-friendly and flexible method of analysis of the sedimentary rock record than other current methods. The text is richly illustrated with dozens of full color photographs and original illustrations of outcrop, core, well log, and 3D seismic data. There is a dedicated chapter on discussions and conclusions, along with an instructor site containing images from the book. Principles of Sequence Stratigraphy will appeal to researchers and professionals, as well as upper graduate and graduate students in stratigraphy, sedimentology, petroleum peology and engineering, economic geology, coal geology, seismic exploration, precambrian geology, and mining geology and engineering. * Offers theoretical guidelines of how the facies and time relationships are expected to be under specific circumstances such as subsidence patterns, sediment supply, topographic gradients, etc. * Contains numerous high-quality and full-color diagrams, photographs and illustrations, virtually on every aid in comprehension of the subject * Features a dedicated chapter on discussions and conclusions incorporating all previous chapters with references, basic principles and strategies * Provides an extensive list of references for further reading, as well as an author and subject index for quick information access

Depositional Facies and Sequence Stratigraphic Model for the Silurian Reefs, Michigan Basin, USA

Depositional Facies and Sequence Stratigraphic Model for the Silurian Reefs, Michigan Basin, USA
Author : Zaid N. Nadhim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2019
Category : Eolian processes
Total pages :132
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Depositional models for the Silurian reefs in the Michigan Basin suggest that internal facies are either (i) randomly distributed within a symmetrical reef structure, or (ii) highly asymmetrical and strongly controlled by paleo-wind direction. To further test the applicability of these models, internal facies distributions were mapped using high-resolution core and log data in two sets of Silurian reefs. The results suggest that the relationship between reef geometry, facies distribution and proposed paleo-wind direction is more inconsistent than recently proposed. More specifically, facies descriptions from the Silurian reefs suggest the following. First, overall reef geometry and facies distributions are not controlled by single paleo-wind direction, but rather the overall reef geometry supports the interpretation that multiple paleo-wind directions occurred throughout the time of the reef growth. Facies distributions also don't support a single paleo-wind direction during the time of reef growth. Second, in addition to the local ecological and hydrodynamic controls, internal facies distributions appear to be controlled by relative sea-level fluctuation in the reef shallow carbonate platforms. This interpretation is based on cyclical facies changes that reflect oscillations in depositional energy conditions and exposure, which reflect changes in circulation and sea level change during Silurian reef growth. The results of this study challenge existing models and suggests that a single paleo-wind direction should not be used to predict reef internal facies distribution in the Silurian reefs.

Carbonate Sedimentology and Sequence Stratigraphy

Carbonate Sedimentology and Sequence Stratigraphy
Author : Wolfgang Schlager
Publisher : SEPM Soc for Sed Geology
Release Date : 2007
Category : Carbonate minerals
Total pages :200
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This book, dedicated to carbonate rocks, approaches sequence stratigraphy from its sedimentologic background. It attempts to communicate by combining different specialities and different lines of reasoning, and by searching for principles underlying the bewildering diversity of carbonate rocks. It provides enough general background, in introductory chapters and appendices, to be easily digestible for sedimentologists and stratigraphers as well as earth scientists at large.

Seismic Stratigraphy and Depositional Systems of Northeastern Santos Basin, Offshore Southeastern Brasil

Seismic Stratigraphy and Depositional Systems of Northeastern Santos Basin, Offshore Southeastern Brasil
Author : Paulus Hendrikus Van Der Ven
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1983
Category : Geology
Total pages :300
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Sequence Stratigraphy and Depositional Systems of the Paleocene Andrew Formation in the Central North Sea

Sequence Stratigraphy and Depositional Systems of the Paleocene Andrew Formation in the Central North Sea
Author : Brian C. Reinsborough
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1993
Category : Geology
Total pages :242
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This study focuses on the main depocenter of the Andrew Formation in the Moray Firth Basin, located at the junction of the Central and Viking Grabens, in the central North Sea. The objectives of this report are to (1) define the sequence stratigraphic framework of the Andrew Formation, (2) describe and characterize the depositional systems associated to the Andrew slope to basin system, and (3) interpret the depositional processes that have dominated sediment emplacement. Specific facies association of the Andrew Formation are determined by the nature (point source or linear source) and caliber (volume, grain size, sand:mud) of sediment supply to the slope environment. Genetic interpretation of the Andrew Formation focuses on understanding depositional processes which dominated sediment emplacement. Seven depositional facies have been identified for the Andrew slope and basinal system; turbidite channel-fills, turbidite lobes, mounded turbidite lobes, sheet turbidites, debris flows and slumps, low density turbidites and hemipelagic drapes. Seven depositional processes collectively create the above mentioned Andrew depositional facies; turbidity currents, cohesive mud flows, sandy debris flows, muddy debris flows, slumping, low density turbidity currents and suspension settling. The Andrew Formation consists of upper and lower depositional units identified on seismic by bounding downlap terminations and on well logs by high-gamma marker beds. The lower Andrew displays three distinct sand-rich lobes, delineated by isopach and sand percent maps and log motif characteristics. Proximal, mounded, sand-rich units disperse into unchannelized sheet turbidites in the basin plain areas. The upper Andrew downlaps the lower unit, and a single, linear sediment source was centered in the Witch Ground Graben. The sediment dispersal pattern and internal facies character suggest the upper unit is a proximal slope-apron downlapping and filling inter-lobe bathymetric lows of the underlying unit. The lower Andrew is interpreted to be a structurally focused, sand-rich lobe complex, without associated incised canyons. The Andrew system evolved as the delta platform expanded onto the proximal fan, resulting in a linear sediment source spilling over the slope as a fringing slope-apron. The Andrew depositional system in the slope and basin environment is characterized by a high degree of facies disorganization composed of a wide array of gravity-flow deposits.

Stratigraphy: A Modern Synthesis

Stratigraphy: A Modern Synthesis
Author : Andrew D. Miall
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2015-12-28
Category : Science
Total pages :454
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A Comprehensive review of modern stratigraphic methods. The stratigraphic record is the major repository of information about the geological history of Earth, a record stretching back for nearly 4 billion years. Stratigraphic studies fill out our planet’s plate-tectonic history with the details of paleogeography, past climates, and the record of evolution, and stratigraphy is at the heart of the effort to find and exploit fossil fuel resources. Modern stratigraphic methods are now able to provide insights into past geological events and processes on time scales with unprecedented accuracy and precision, and have added much to our understanding of global tectonic and climatic processes. It has taken 200 years and a modern revolution to bring all the necessary developments together to create the modern, dynamic science that this book sets out to describe. Stratigraphy now consists of a suite of integrated concepts and methods, several of which have considerable predictive and interpretive power. The new, integrated, dynamic science that Stratigraphy has become is now inseparable from what were its component parts, including sedimentology, chronostratigraphy, and the broader aspects of basin analysis.

Geostatistics Banff 2004

Geostatistics Banff 2004
Author : Oy Leuangthong,Clayton V. Deutsch
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2008-01-24
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :1142
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The return of the congress to North America after 20 years of absence could not have been in a more ideal location. The beauty of Banff and the many offerings of the Rocky Mountains was the perfect background for a week of interesting and innovative discussions on the past, present and future of geostatistics. The congress was well attended with approximately 200 delegates from 19 countries across six continents. There was a broad spectrum of students and seasoned geostatisticians who shared their knowledge in many areas of study including mining, petroleum, and environmental applications. You will find 119 papers in this two volume set. All papers were presented at the congress and have been peer-reviewed. They are grouped by the different sessions that were held in Banff and are in the order of presentation. These papers provide a permanent record of different theoretical perspectives from the last four years. Not all of these ideas will stand the test of time and practice; however, their originality will endure. The practical applications in these proceedings provide nuggets of wisdom to those struggling to apply geostatistics in the best possible way. Students and practitioners will be digging through these papers for many years to come. Oy Leuangthong Clayton V. Deutsch ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We would like to thank the industry sponsors who contributed generously to the overall success and quality of the congress: De Beers Canada Earth Decision Sciences Maptek Chile Ltda. Mira Geoscience Nexen Inc. Petro-Canada Placer Dome Inc.