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Unpublished Shaw

Unpublished Shaw
Author : Bernard Shaw,Dan H. Laurence
Publisher : Penn State Press
Release Date : 1996
Category : Literary Criticism
Total pages :248
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SHAW 16 contains twenty-nine unpublished pieces by Shaw written between 1877 and 1950. The most significant is a ten-page draft synopsis of Man and Superman (the original manuscript draft of the play has been lost) in a contemplated five-act version, providing scholars with a hitherto unavailable ur-text. Equally important for the biographical and artistic insights they offer are the early literary efforts found in Shaw's first opus notebook, including an extended narrative-verse fragment of 1877 set in Dublin; a polemic (his first) on oakum picking and prison conditions; a criticism of organists and orchestral conductors; and an attempted evaluation of contemporary arts and letters in 1878. We find Shaw, through the persona of a female narrator, creating in his own image a fictional memoir of the young Hector Berlioz; offering an ironic vindication of housebreakers (in anticipation of Heartbreak House); exploring the seamy side of the prizefight ring; examining "exhausted" genres of Victorian art in 1880; defining the "true signification of the term Gentleman"; lecturing on Socialism and the family and on realism as the goal of fiction; and penetratingly considering the future of marriage in a rejected book review, one of four included in the volume. The dimensions of Shaw's political views may be examined through nearly a dozen commentaries on politics and on war and peace, ranging from the Boer War (an 1899 draft letter to the press, "Why Not Abolish the Soldier?") and 1903 municipal elections to U.S. Liberty Loans, the Italo-Abyssinian War, "how to talk intelligently" about the Second World War, and the implications of the hydrogen bomb in the nuclear age. For good measure, the volume concludes with two brief playlets, previously unrecorded. The editors have arranged these pieces individually or grouped by theme and genre as near to chronological order as possible, and the reader is brought closer to the original manuscripts by the retention of Shaw's stylistic and spelling inconsistencies, and by transliteration of the shorthand notations he frequently inserted between lines or in the margins. Each text is supplemented by an editorial note providing its provenance and a detailed physical description of the manuscript.

Shaw and Science Fiction

Shaw and Science Fiction
Author : Milton T. Wolf
Publisher : Penn State Press
Release Date : 1997-01-01
Category : Literary Criticism
Total pages :294
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Shaw's speculations about human destiny align him with many other writers of the time, and later, who forged a new genre of literature that ultimately took the name in 1928 of "science fiction." Ray Bradbury affirms Greg Bear's statement about the little-known, but significant, relationship that Bernard Shaw has with science fiction. Bradbury, who frequently emphasizes Shaw's influence on his own work, asks, "Isn't it obvious at last: Those that do not live in the future will be trapped and die in the past?" Susan Stone-Blackburn, comparing Shaw's Back to Methuselah with Olaf Stapledon's Last and First Men, discusses why science-fiction scholars have been reluctant to acknowledge Shaw's role in the genre. Tom Shippey examines aspects of Shaw's theory of Creative Evolution to show why many have dismissed Shaw's science fiction as insufficiently scientific. Surveying the science-fiction milieu, Ben P. Indick shows that while Shaw was not interested in writing science fiction per se, he knew the genre and how to use it. Jeffrey M. Wallmann chronicles the science-fiction techniques that Shaw foreshadowed. Rodelle Weintraub analyzes dream-related elements of the fantastic that Shaw frequently employed in his drama. John Barnes focuses on Shaw's "radical superman," a stock-in-trade of science fiction. Like H. G. Wells, Shaw understood that human intervention was becoming the dominant mechanism of evolution and that new approaches to theatrical drama would be required to convey the social and political impact of the scientific revolution. Elwira M. Grossman compares similar dilemmas facing Shaw and the Polish dramatist Witkacy. J. L. Wisenthal examines the utopian tradition that underlay the English literary experience, and Julie A. Sparks contrasts Karel Capek's anti-utopian concepts with Shaw's utopian vision. Also included is an 1887 lecture by Shaw entitled "Utopias," published here for the first time. Several of the contributors emphasize the significant influence that Shaw had on major science-fiction writers. Elizabeth Anne Hull explores Shaw's affinities with Arthur C. Clarke, John R. Pfeiffer discusses the many connections between Shaw and Ray Bradbury, and George Slusser explores Shaw and Robert A. Heinlein's "recurrent fascination with the possibilities of life extension." Like his friend Einstein, Shaw knew that imagination is more important than knowledge. Peter Gahan's article demonstrates that Shaw's ambition was to engage the reader's imagination, the only "sufficient backdrop for his vision." Also included are reviews of recent additions to Shavian scholarship, including the Shaw/Wells correspondence, and John R. Pfeiffer's "Continuing Checklist of Shaviana."

Constructions of 'the Jew' in English Literature and Society

Constructions of 'the Jew' in English Literature and Society
Author : Bryan Cheyette
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 1995-10-26
Category : Literary Criticism
Total pages :301
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Combining cultural theory, discourse analysis and new historicism with readings of the works of major contemporary authors, this study concludes that "the Jew" is characterized unstereotypically as the embodiment of uncertainty within English literature and society.

Major History Plays of Shaw

Major History Plays of Shaw
Author : Dipankar Chakrabarti
Publisher : Atlantic Publishers & Dist
Release Date : 2007
Category : Historical drama, English
Total pages :130
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G.B. Shaw Is A Literary Mohican Who Bestrode Modern Thought Like A Colossus, But He Was Not A Historian In A Popular Sense. He Wrote Many Plays On Historical Themes, And The Success Of His Historical Plays Shows What He Could Have Achieved If He Had Devoted Himself To Historical Drama.The Present Book Major History Plays Of Shaw: A Fresh Look Presents A Close Study Of Shaw S Select History Plays, Especially The Shavian Notion Of Historical Truth. Shaw, Perhaps, Does Not Believe That History Is Only A Storehouse Of Past Records. He Views The Past Critically As A Step Towards Changing The Present. For Shaw, Historical Truth Is Intensely Related To The Growth Of His Mind, His Firm Faith In The Creed Of Creative Evolution.It Is A Well Conceived And Lucidly Written Book And Commends Itself For Academic Respectability. In This Scholarly Endeavour, Readers Interested In Shaw S Works Will Find Much To Engage Their Attention. It Is Particularly Useful For The Students, Researchers And Teachers Of English Literature.

Shaw's Sense of History

Shaw's Sense of History
Author : J. L. Wisenthal,Professor of English J L Wisenthal
Publisher : Oxford [England] : Clarendon Press
Release Date : 1988
Category : Historical drama, English
Total pages :186
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Shaw's thinking about history was fundamental to his work as a dramatist; historical issues deeply engaged his plays, whether set in the past or the present. This is the first book to explore this preoccupation with historical themes, demonstrating how Shaw's interest in the historical process achieved dramatic expression, and throwing new light on the playwright's accomplishment in a variety of plays.

1992, Shaw and the Last Hundred Years

1992, Shaw and the Last Hundred Years
Author : Bernard Frank Dukore
Publisher : Penn State Press
Release Date : 1994
Category : Literary Criticism
Total pages :328
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In 1892 the first production of Bernard Shaw's first play, Widowers' Houses, heralded the birth of modern drama in the English language. One hundred years later a group of Shavians gathered to examine the significance and influence of Shaw's drama in the English-speaking world. The conference, sponsored by Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, brought together theater scholars, critics, and artists from Canada, England, Ireland, and the United States. The conference also featured productions of The Shewing-up of Blanco Posnet, The Man of Destiny, and Farfetched Tales, each followed by a symposium. The centennial conference not only marked the importance of the event but also stimulated new ways of regarding that historic moment, reexaminations of the significance of Shaw's plays, and explorations of their consequences. Some speakers reevaluated the genesis of the first production of Widowers' Houses and its social, cultural, and theatrical context. Some brought to bear on the subject of Shavian drama recent critical perspectives, such as feminism, deconstructionism, and the type of close textual and intertextual scrutiny seldom accorded Shaw. Others explored his impact in England, America, Ireland, and the Antipodes. Still others examined the relationship of comedy and ideas, subtext, and how this Victorian dramatist remains pertinent today. The conference concluded with a symposium that aimed to assess what might lie ahead for Shaw on page and stage in the next hundred years. This volume records the proceedings of the conference as well as reviews and the continuing checklist of Shaviana. Contributors are Peter Barnes, Charles A. Berst, Montgomery Davis, Bernard F. Dukore, Martin Esslin, Joanne E. Gates, Nicholas Grene, Christopher Innes, Katherine E. Kelly, Frederick P. W. McDowell, Rhoda Nathan, Christopher Newton, Michael O'Hara, Jean Reynolds, Irving Wardle, Stanley Weintraub, and J. L. Wisenthal.

The Shavian

The Shavian
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1999
Category :
Total pages :129
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Shaw's New History of English Literature

Shaw's New History of English Literature
Author : Thomas Budd Shaw
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1874
Category : American literature
Total pages :404
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Shaw and Politics

Shaw and Politics
Author : T. F. Evans
Publisher : Penn State University Press
Release Date : 1991
Category : Fiction
Total pages :314
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Shaw's political activities and utterances touched virtually every major political issue of his time and spanned most of his adult life. In this collection, Bernard Crick assesses the extent of Shaw's influence as a political thinker, Stanley Weintraub describes Shaw's 1888-92 political speaking engagements at "Oxbridge," and James Woodfield looks at Widowers' Houses as "Comedy for Socialism's Sake." Norman Buchan, M.P., provides a present-day parliamentarian's view of Shaw's thoughts about parliamentary democracy. Leon H. Hugo explores Shaw's reactions to the politics of South Africa, and Patricia Pugh examines Shaw's role as an imperialist. Peter Archer, M.P., addresses Shaw and the Irish question. C. E. Hill traces Shaw's involvement with local government. John V. Antinori analyzes the "politics of personality" in Shaw's relationship with George Sylvester Viereck, and Michel W. Pharand focuses on the "politics of pacifism" in his discussion of Shaw and Romain Rolland. Eric Wallis introduces four reprinted contemporary responses to The Intelligent Woman's Guide, published in The Criterion in 1928, by Harold J. Laski, the Reverend M. C. D'Arcy, A. L. Rowse, and Kenneth Pickthorn. Also reprinted are the 1944 Spectator review by Walter Elliot of Everybody's Political What's What? and Shaw's reply. David Nathan explores Shaw's attitude toward the Jews, with emphasis on Geneva, and H. J. Fyrth examines Geneva in the context of international politics. The volume also contains reviews of six books relevant to Shaw studies, including one devoted to Shaw and Marx.

A History of English Political Thought in the Nineteenth Century

A History of English Political Thought in the Nineteenth Century
Author : Mark Francis,John Morrow (Ph. D.)
Publisher : Bloomsbury Academic
Release Date : 1994
Category : Great Britain
Total pages :336
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A Sense of History

A Sense of History
Author : Margaret Trask
Publisher : School of Librarianship University of New South Wales
Release Date : 1975
Category : Australia
Total pages :159
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Shaw's Controversial Socialism

Shaw's Controversial Socialism
Author : James Alexander
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2009
Category : Literary Criticism
Total pages :292
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Analyzing Shaw's writings in the political & historical contexts from which they sprang, Alexander shows that Shaw's socialism represented a reactive rather than a proactive stance.

Shaw's Daughters

Shaw's Daughters
Author : J. Ellen Gainor
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1991
Category : Literary Criticism
Total pages :282
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For almost a century critics of George Bernard Shaw's dramatic works have accepted the characterization of Shaw as an artist and thinker well ahead of his time with regard to social issues - women's liberation in particular. Since the first wave of feminist criticism in the 1960s and 1970s, however, very little effort has been made to examine Shaw's works in the light of the most recent and challenging developments in feminist theory and gender studies. Now, at a time of renewed historical interest in his plays, J. Ellen Gainor brings the critical understanding of Shaw's work into the present day. Gainor introduces previously unexamined reviews and articles by Shaw's female contemporaries - and discovers among them a remarkable resistance to his depictions of women. Through an analysis of three major character tropes Gainor discovers dramaturgical patterns in Shaw's gender construction that work against the contention that the author created positive and progressive images of women and that situate his work well within the dominant social ideologies of the late Victorian and Edwardian eras. Gainor demonstrates that positioning Shaw firmly among his contemporaries may actually resolve some of the troubling issues in his dramaturgy, allowing us to understand more clearly the origins of a number of his female character types, and even to see continuities throughout his work where they have not been shown before.

Saint Joan

Saint Joan
Author : Arnold Jacques Silver
Publisher : Twayne Pub
Release Date : 1993
Category : Literary Criticism
Total pages :129
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In Saint Joan: Playing with Fire, Arnold Silver alternately views the last and perhaps best of George Bernard Shaw's major plays as great theater, historical re-creation, artifact of the prominent political struggles of the early twentieth century, and emblem of Shaw's own deep-seated personal and philosophical conflicts. Like most other treatments of Joan, Shaw's is sympathetic to the young heroine. Silver discusses the major themes that arise out of this basic sympathy: the individual versus society, change versus stability, the limits of tolerance, the phenomenon of patriotism. Unlike other adaptations, Shaw's is also curiously sympathetic to the members of the Church tribunal who hear the charges of heresy against Joan and who ultimately condemn her to death. Though Shaw insisted on the historical accuracy of his Saint Joan - and though his 1923 play is more faithful than any previous dramatic adaptation to the facts of Joan's life and her trial - it nonetheless reflects the preoccupations of Shaw and the times he lived in. These preoccupations - most prominent among them the legacy of World War I and the progress of the Russian Revolution - account for Shaw's torn sympathies and for many of the contradictions inherent within the play and between the play and its preface. The ostracism Shaw experienced during World War I for criticizing the British government, his support of Irish independence, his wholehearted embrace of Lenin's repressive communist regime - all mingled with a complex personal response to Joan to color his dramatic interpretation. While Silver's study by no means limits itself to a consideration of these influences, it is among the few that explores them unabashedly, putting before the reader yet another lens through which the play can be seen and understood. Rounding out an analysis of the play's structure and characterization is an examination of the philosophical issues it raises, of its controversial epilogue, of its historicity, and Shaw's clash with the Vatican over a filmscript of the work. Remarkably "un-Shavian" in that the playwright restrained himself from imprinting on Saint Joan the strong mark of his personality and his penchant for comedy, the play as a result "has far more veracity" than Shaw's other historical dramas, Silver writes. That it emerged out of "divergent emotions, destructive as well as benign, out of a personal set of conflicts as much as out of the historical ones of the fifteenth century," helped Shaw to "create in Saint Joan one of his most deeply felt and enduring masterpieces."

Sympathetic Realism in Nineteenth-Century British Fiction

Sympathetic Realism in Nineteenth-Century British Fiction
Author : Rae Greiner
Publisher : JHU Press
Release Date : 2013-01-21
Category : Literary Criticism
Total pages :216
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Rae Greiner proposes that sympathy is integral to the form of the classic nineteenth-century realist novel. Following the philosophy of Adam Smith, Greiner argues that sympathy does more than foster emotional identification with others; it is a way of thinking along with them. By abstracting emotions, feelings turn into detached figures of speech that may be shared. Sympathy in this way produces realism; it is the imaginative process through which the real is substantiated. In Sympathetic Realism in Nineteenth-Century British Fiction Greiner shows how this imaginative process of sympathy is written into three novelistic techniques regularly associated with nineteenth-century fiction: metonymy, free indirect discourse, and realist characterization. She explores the work of sentimentalist philosophers David Hume, Adam Smith, and Jeremy Bentham and realist novelists Jane Austen, Charles Dickens, George Eliot, Joseph Conrad, and Henry James.