November 27, 2020

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Solid-State Hydrogen Storage

Solid-State Hydrogen Storage
Author : Gavin Walker
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2008-09-30
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :600
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Hydrogen fuel cells are emerging as a major alternative energy source in transportation and other applications. Central to the development of the hydrogen economy is safe, efficient and viable storage of hydrogen. Solid-state hydrogen storage: Materials and chemistry reviews the latest developments in solid-state hydrogen storage. Part one discusses hydrogen storage technologies, hydrogen futures, hydrogen containment materials and solid-state hydrogen storage system design. Part two reviews the analysis of hydrogen interactions including structural characterisation of hydride materials, neutron scattering techniques, reliably measuring hydrogen uptake in storage materials and modelling of carbon-based materials for hydrogen storage. Part three analyses physically-bound hydrogen storage with chapters on zeolites, carbon nanostructures and metal-organic framework materials. Part four examines chemically-bound hydrogen storage including intermetallics, magnesium hydride, alanates, borohydrides, imides and amides, multicomponent hydrogen storage systems, organic liquid carriers, indirect hydrogen storage in metal ammines and technological challenges in hydrogen storage. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Solid-state hydrogen storage: Materials and chemistry is a standard reference for researchers and professionals in the field of renewable energy, hydrogen fuel cells and hydrogen storage. Assesses hydrogen fuel cells as a major alternative energy source Discusses hydrogen storage technologies and solid-state hydrogen storage system design Explores the analysis of hydrogen interactions including reliably measuring hydrogen uptake in storage materials

Nanomaterials for Solid State Hydrogen Storage

Nanomaterials for Solid State Hydrogen Storage
Author : Robert A. Varin,Tomasz Czujko,Zbigniew S. Wronski
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2009-01-13
Category : Science
Total pages :338
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Over the past decade, important advances have been made in the development of nanostructured materials for solid state hydrogen storage used to supply hydrogen to fuel cells in a clean, inexpensive, safe and efficient manner. Nanomaterials for Solid State Hydrogen Storage focuses on hydrogen storage materials having high volumetric and gravimetric hydrogen capacities, and thus having the highest potential of being applied in the automotive sector. Written by leading experts in the field, Nanomaterials for Solid State Hydrogen Storage provides a thorough history of hydrides and nanomaterials, followed by a discussion of existing fabrication methods. The authors’ own research results in the behavior of various hydrogen storage materials are also presented. Covering fundamentals, extensive research results and recent advances in nanomaterials for solid state hydrogen storage, this book serves as a comprehensive reference.

Energy, Society and the Environment

Energy, Society and the Environment
Author : Ali Salehabadi,Mardiana Idayu Ahmad,Norli Ismail,Norhashimah Morad,Morteza Enhessari
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2020
Category : Electronic books
Total pages :94
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This book provides a comprehensive and contemporary overview of advances in energy and energy storage technologies. Although the coverage is varied and diverse, the book also addresses unifying patterns and trends in order to enrich readers' understanding of energy and energy storage systems, particularly hydrogen energy storage, including e.g. their morphology, porosity and material structure. Readers will also gain insights into the hydrogen storage performance landscape, based on data released by the US Department of Energy (DOE), providing a basis for understanding real-world applications. The book also discusses the superior hydrogen storage performance of solid-state materials and explores the physical and chemical properties that can potentially affect their performance. .

Standardized Testing Program for Solid-State Hydrogen Storage Technologies

Standardized Testing Program for Solid-State Hydrogen Storage Technologies
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2012
Category :
Total pages :129
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In the US and abroad, major research and development initiatives toward establishing a hydrogen-based transportation infrastructure have been undertaken, encompassing key technological challenges in hydrogen production and delivery, fuel cells, and hydrogen storage. However, the principal obstacle to the implementation of a safe, low-pressure hydrogen fueling system for fuel-cell powered vehicles remains storage under conditions of near-ambient temperature and moderate pressure. The choices for viable hydrogen storage systems at the present time are limited to compressed gas storage tanks, cryogenic liquid hydrogen storage tanks, chemical hydrogen storage, and hydrogen absorbed or adsorbed in a solid-state material (a.k.a. solid-state storage). Solid-state hydrogen storage may offer overriding benefits in terms of storage capacity, kinetics and, most importantly, safety. The fervor among the research community to develop novel storage materials had, in many instances, the unfortunate consequence of making erroneous, if not wild, claims on the reported storage capacities achievable in such materials, to the extent that the potential viability of emerging materials was difficult to assess. This problem led to a widespread need to establish a capability to accurately and independently assess the storage behavior of a wide array of different classes of solid-state storage materials, employing qualified methods, thus allowing development efforts to focus on those materials that showed the most promise. However, standard guidelines, dedicated facilities, or certification programs specifically aimed at testing and assessing the performance, safety, and life cycle of these emergent materials had not been established. To address the stated need, the Testing Laboratory for Solid-State Hydrogen Storage Technologies was commissioned as a national-level focal point for evaluating new materials emerging from the designated Materials Centers of Excellence (MCoE) according to established and qualified standards. Working with industry, academia, and the U.S. government, SwRI set out to develop an accepted set of evaluation standards and analytical methodologies. Critical measurements of hydrogen sorption properties in the Laboratory have been based on three analytical capabilities: 1) a high-pressure Sievert-type volumetric analyzer, modified to improve low-temperature isothermal analyses of physisorption materials and permit in situ mass spectroscopic analysis of the sample's gas space; 2) a static, high-pressure thermogravimetric analyzer employing an advanced magnetic suspension electro-balance, glove-box containment, and capillary interface for in situ mass spectroscopic analysis of the sample's gas space; and 3) a Laser-induced Thermal Desorption Mass Spectrometer (LTDMS) system for high thermal-resolution desorption and mechanistic analyses. The Laboratory has played an important role in down-selecting materials and systems that have emerged from the MCoEs.

Hydrogen Storage Materials

Hydrogen Storage Materials
Author : R.G. Barnes
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release Date : 1988-01-01
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :332
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Materials Science Forum Vol. 31

Hydrogen Storage Technology

Hydrogen Storage Technology
Author : Lennie Klebanoff
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release Date : 2016-04-21
Category : Science
Total pages :520
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Zero-carbon, hydrogen-based power technology offers the most promising long-term solution for a secure and sustainable energy infrastructure. With contributions from the world's leading technical experts in the field, Hydrogen Storage Technology: Materials and Applications presents a broad yet unified account of the various materials science, physi

Hydrogen Storage Materials

Hydrogen Storage Materials
Author : Darren P. Broom
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2011-02-28
Category : Science
Total pages :260
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The problem of storing hydrogen safely and effectively is one of the major technological barriers currently preventing the widespread adoption of hydrogen as an energy carrier and the subsequent transition to a so-called hydrogen economy. Practical issues with the storage of hydrogen in both gas and liquid form appear to make reversible solid state hydrogen storage the most promising potential solution. Hydrogen Storage Materials addresses the characterisation of the hydrogen storage properties of the materials that are currently being considered for this purpose. The background to the topic is introduced, along with the various types of materials that are currently under investigation, including nanostructured interstitial and complex hydrides, and porous materials, such as metal-organic frameworks and microporous organic polymers. The main features of Hydrogen Storage Materials include: an overview of the different types of hydrogen storage materials and the properties that are of interest for their practical use; descriptions of the gas sorption measurement methods used to determine these properties, and the complementary techniques that can be used to help corroborate hydrogen uptake data; and extensive coverage of the practical considerations for accurate hydrogen sorption measurement that drive both instrument design and the development of experimental methodology. Hydrogen Storage Materials provides an up-to-date overview of the topic for experienced researchers, while including enough introductory material to serve as a useful, practical introduction for newcomers to the field.

Handbook of Hydrogen Storage

Handbook of Hydrogen Storage
Author : Michael Hirscher
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2010-02-16
Category : Science
Total pages :373
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Owing to the limited resources of fossil fuels, hydrogen is proposed as an alternative and environment-friendly energy carrier. However, its potential is limited by storage problems, especially for mobile applications. Current technologies, as compressed gas or liquefied hydrogen, comprise severe disadvantages and the storage of hydrogen in lightweight solids could be the solution to this problem. Since the optimal storage mechanism and optimal material have yet to be identified, this first handbook on the topic provides an excellent overview of the most probable candidates, highlighting both their advantages as well as drawbacks. From the contents: ¿ Physisorption ¿ Clathrates ¿ Metal hydrides ¿ Complex hydrides ¿ Amides, imides, and mixtures ¿ Tailoring Reaction Enthalpies ¿ Borazan ¿ Aluminum hydride ¿ Nanoparticles A one-stop reference on all questions concerning hydrogen storage for physical and solid state chemists, materials scientists, chemical engineers, and physicists.

Novel Solid State Materials for Chemical Hydrogen Storage

Novel Solid State Materials for Chemical Hydrogen Storage
Author : Zhe Liu
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2017
Category :
Total pages :129
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Handbook of Nanomaterials for Hydrogen Storage

Handbook of Nanomaterials for Hydrogen Storage
Author : Mieczyslaw Jurczyk
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2017-11-09
Category : Science
Total pages :308
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Nanoscale metallic and ceramic materials, also called nanomaterials, have held enormous attraction for researchers over the past few years. They demonstrate novel properties compared with conventional (microcrystalline) materials owing to their nanoscale features. Recently, mechanical alloying and powder metallurgy processes for the fabrication of metal–ceramic/alloy–ceramic nanocomposites with a unique microstructure have been developed. This book focuses on the fabrication of nanostructured hydrogen storage materials and their nanocomposites. The potential application of the research presented in the book fits well into the EU Framework Programme for Research and Innovation Horizon 2020, where one of the societal challenges is secure, clean, and efficient energy. Wherever possible, the authors have illustrated the subject by their own results. The goal of the book is to provide comprehensive knowledge about materials for energy applications to graduate students and researchers in chemistry, chemical engineering, and materials science.

The Hydrogen Economy

The Hydrogen Economy
Author : National Academy of Engineering,National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Board on Energy and Environmental Systems,Committee on Alternatives and Strategies for Future Hydrogen Production and Use
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2004-09-05
Category : Science
Total pages :256
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The announcement of a hydrogen fuel initiative in the President’s 2003 State of the Union speech substantially increased interest in the potential for hydrogen to play a major role in the nation’s long-term energy future. Prior to that event, DOE asked the National Research Council to examine key technical issues about the hydrogen economy to assist in the development of its hydrogen R&D program. Included in the assessment were the current state of technology; future cost estimates; CO2 emissions; distribution, storage, and end use considerations; and the DOE RD&D program. The report provides an assessment of hydrogen as a fuel in the nation’s future energy economy and describes a number of important challenges that must be overcome if it is to make a major energy contribution. Topics covered include the hydrogen end-use technologies, transportation, hydrogen production technologies, and transition issues for hydrogen in vehicles.

Nanotechnology for Energy Sustainability

Nanotechnology for Energy Sustainability
Author : Baldev Raj,Marcel Van de Voorde,Yashwant Mahajan
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2017-01-27
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :1316
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In three handy volumes, this ready reference provides a detailed overview of nanotechnology as it is applied to energy sustainability. Clearly structured, following an introduction, the first part of the book is dedicated to energy production, renewable energy, energy storage, energy distribution, and energy conversion and harvesting. The second part then goes on to discuss nano-enabled materials, energy conservation and management, technological and intellectual property-related issues and markets and environmental remediation. The text concludes with a look at and recommendations for future technology advances. An essential handbook for all experts in the field - from academic researchers and engineers to developers in industry.

Advanced Materials for Renewable Hydrogen Production, Storage and Utilization

Advanced Materials for Renewable Hydrogen Production, Storage and Utilization
Author : Jianjun Liu
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2015-11-25
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :146
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Hydrogen, as an energy carrier, is widely regarded as a potential cost-effective, renewable, and clean energy alternative to fossil fuels in order to mitigate the energy shortage and environmental pollution that are currently being faced. The rapid development of advanced materials in hydrogen production, storage, and utilization has opened up a new avenue for the conversion and utilization of hydrogen energy. This book summarizes the current research progress in these areas and is expected to aid in the development and design of advanced materials to improve hydrogen production, storage, and utilization.

Hydrides for Energy Storage

Hydrides for Energy Storage
Author : A. F. Andresen,A. J. Maeland
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2013-10-22
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :616
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Hydrides for Energy Storage documents the proceedings of an International Symposium held in Geilo, Norway on August 14-19, 1977. This book discusses the thermodynamics of metal, alloy and intermetallic/hydrogen systems; localization and diffusion of hydrogen in lanthanum-nickel compounds; kinetics of hydrogen absorption and desorption; and nuclear magnetic resonance studies of metal hydrides. The calculated heats of formation of metal and metal alloy hydrides; hydrogen absorption into rare earth intermetallic compounds; plateau pressure of RE Ni5 and RE Co5 hydrides; and hydride formation of C14-type Ti alloy are also elaborated. This text likewise covers the mixing effects of two different types of hydrides; hydrogen storage electrode systems; and applications of metal hydrides. This publication is intended for chemists concerned with the fundamental properties of hydrides.

Gold Nanoparticles

Gold Nanoparticles
Author : Mohammed Muzibur Rahman,Abdullah Mohammed Asiri
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2019-02-13
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :170
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Gold Nanoparticles - Reaching New Heights contains recent research on the preparation, characterization, fabrication, and potential of optical and biological applications of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs). It is promising novel research that has received a lot of interest over the last few decades. It covers advanced topics on optical, physical, medicinal, and biological applications of AuNPs. Development of green nanotechnology is generating the interest of researchers towards the synthesis of eco-friendly, safe, non-toxic applications, which can be used for manufacture at a large scale. These are simple, cost-effective, stable, enduring, and reproducible aqueous room temperature synthesis applications to obtain the self-assembly of AuNPs. This potentially unique work offers various approaches to R