November 23, 2020

Download Ebook Free Spectroscopic Techniques At High Pressure

In situ Spectroscopic Techniques at High Pressure

In situ Spectroscopic Techniques at High Pressure
Author : Andreas Braeuer
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2015-12-07
Category : Science
Total pages :394
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In situ Spectroscopic Techniques at High Pressure provides a comprehensive treatment of in-situ applications of spectroscopic techniques at high pressure and their working principles, allowing the reader to develop a deep understanding of which measurements are accessible with each technique, what their limitations are, and for which application each technique is best suited. Coverage is also given to the instrumental requirements for these applications, with respect to the high pressure instrumentation and the spectroscopic components of the equipment. The pedagogical style of the book is supplemented by the inclusion of "study questions" which aim to make it useful for graduate-level courses. Bridges the gap between supercritical fluid science/technology and in-situ spectroscopic techniques Provides a powerful guide to applying spectroscopic techniques as gainful sensors at high pressure Highlights the influence of a high pressure environment and high pressure equipment on spectroscopic techniques Presents a deep understanding of which measurements are accessible with each technique, what their limitations are, and for which application each technique is best suited

High Pressure Bioscience

High Pressure Bioscience
Author : Kazuyuki Akasaka,Hitoshi Matsuki
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2015-07-14
Category : Medical
Total pages :730
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This volume covers both the basic concepts and theory of bio-macromolecules under pressure and the various frontiers in high-pressure bioscience and biotechnology. A century has passed since Bridgman discovered the irreversible coagulation of egg white by applying pressure at 700 atmospheres in 1914. Today we are able to monitor pressure-dependent changes in protein structure as a reversible process even at atomic scale with modern spectroscopic techniques. We can study the fluctuating reality of protein structures as designed by nature, which is the basis for all dynamism of life on earth. We are currently facing a new era of high-pressure bioscience, in which pressure is no longer an “odd” or “foreign” variable to life, but rather an integrated part of it. Pressure is used as a crucial variable for disclosing the secrets of nature and as a powerful new tool for enhancing certain reactions in bio-macromolecules and even in living cells for our practical and industrial needs. A dramatic advancement of high-pressure bioscience both in the basic and the applied sciences is thus anticipated in near future, for which sharing the current advanced knowledge on structure and dynamics of bio-macromolecules under pressure among researchers in both fields is crucial. This book serves as a valuable resource not only for those working directly in a pressure-related field, but also for those working in many other fields of the biosciences. Particularly, the basic part of it is intended to serve as a classical text book on high-pressure bioscience to a wide audience including students and researchers in both basic and applied fields in years to come. Readers can focus on topics of immediate interest first, but may wish to go over other chapters if interest arises in a later occasion.

High-Pressure Crystallography

High-Pressure Crystallography
Author : Elena Boldyreva,Przemyslaw Dera
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2010-09-03
Category : Science
Total pages :612
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This unique book is devoted to the theme of crystallographic studies at high pressure. It places emphasis on the phenomena characteristic to the compressed state of matter, as well as experimental and theoretical techniques, used to study these phenomena.

High-Pressure Physics

High-Pressure Physics
Author : John Loveday
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2012-06-06
Category : Science
Total pages :342
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High-pressure science has undergone a revolution in the last 15 years. The development of intense new x-ray and neutron sources, improved detectors, new instrumentation, greatly increased computation power, and advanced computational algorithms have enabled researchers to determine the behavior of matter at static pressures in excess of 400 GPa. Sh

Spectroscopic Methods in Mineralogy and Geology

Spectroscopic Methods in Mineralogy and Geology
Author : Frank C. Hawthorne
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release Date : 2018-12-17
Category : Science
Total pages :714
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Volume 18 of Reviews in Mineralogy provides a general introduction to the use of spectroscopic techniques in Earth Sciences. It gives an Introduction To Spectroscopic Methods and covers Symmetry, Group Theory And Quantum Mechanics; Spectrum-Fitting Methods; Infrared And Raman Spectroscopy; Inelastic Neutron Scattering; Vibrational Spectroscopy Of Hydrous Components; Optical Spectroscopy; Mossbauer Spectroscopy; MAS NMR Spectroscopy Of Minerals And Glasses; NMR Spectroscopy And Dynamic Processes In Mineralogy And Geochemistry; X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy: Applications In Mineralogy ind Geochemistry; Electron Paramagnetic Resonance; Auger Electron And X-Ray Photelectron Spectroscopies and Luminescence, X-Ray Emission and New Spectroscopies. The authors of this volume presented a short course, entitled "Spectroscopic Methods in Mineralogy and Geology", May 13-15, 1988, in Hunt Valley, Maryland.

High Pressure Chemistry and Biochemistry

High Pressure Chemistry and Biochemistry
Author : R. van Eldik,Jiri Jonas
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 1987-03-31
Category : Science
Total pages :468
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It was the objective of the ASI on "Advances in High Pressure Studies of Chemical and Biochemical Systems" to present the current status of such studies and to emphasize the advances achieved during the nine years since the previous ASI on "High Pressure Chemistry". These advances are partly due to the improved instrumentation enabling static and dynamic measurements at pressures several orders of magnitude higher than before, and partly due to the more general availability of high pressure equipment. This has led to a remarkable development in various areas of physics and chemistry, and especially in biochemistry. Throughout the presentation of this Advanced Study Institute the emphasis fell on the teaching character of such a summer school, and the contributions in this volume are of such a nature. Following a general introduction to modern high pressure research, a series of chapters on theoretical and experimental studies of gases, fluids and solids at high temperatures and pressures are presented with special emphasis on the physical aspects involved. Instrumentation used in such studies, viz. shock compression, NMR spectroscopy, laser scattering, x-ray and neutron scattering, and vibrational spectroscopy are treated in detail. The subsequent chapters are devoted to the application of high pressure techniques in the broad areas of organic, inorganic and biochemistry_ The formal lectures were supplemented by 29 contributed papers, for which a list of titles is included.

Advances in High-Pressure Techniques for Geophysical Applications

Advances in High-Pressure Techniques for Geophysical Applications
Author : J. Chen,Y. Wang,Simon Duffy,G. Shen,L.P. Dobrzhinetskaya
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2011-10-13
Category : Science
Total pages :532
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High-pressure mineral physics is a field that is strongly driven by the development of new technology. Fifty years ago, when experimentally achievable pressures were limited to just 25 GPa, little was know about the mineralogy of the Earth's lower mantle. Silicate perovskite, the likely dominant mineral of the deep Earth, was identified only when the high-pressure techniques broke the pressure barrier of 25 GPa in 1970s. However, as the maximum achievable pressure reached beyond one Megabar (100 GPa) and even to the pressure of Earth’s core on minute samples, new discoveries increasingly were fostered by the development of new analytical techniques and improvements in sensitivity and precision of existing techniques. The book consists of six sections which group the papers according to their main topics: a) Elastic and Anelastic Properties; b) Rheology; c) Melt and Glass Properties; d) Structural and Magnetic Properties; e) Diffraction and Spectroscopy; f) Pressure Calibration and Generation. As many papers cover multiple topics, readers may find papers of interest in different sections. All papers are prepared with emphasis on technical details suitable for a technical reference. Many on-line software resources are also listed in as detailed a manner as possible. However, the URL of the software sites may be subject to change without notice. * State of the art in a very important branch of geophysics, namely the experimental determination of material behavior at the extreme conditions of planetary interiors * Emphasis on technical details suitable for a technical reference * Includes many on-line software resources

High Pressure Liquids and Solutions

High Pressure Liquids and Solutions
Author : Y. Taniguchi,K. Hara,M. Senoo
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2013-10-22
Category : Science
Total pages :216
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Pressure, like temperature, is one of the most important parameters governing the state of matter. Today, high-pressure science and technology is applied to diverse research fields: physics, chemistry, biology, earth and marine sciences, material science and technology, chemical engineering, biotechnology and medicine. Research on liquids and solutions at high pressure is not only important for elucidating the structure of liquids, intermolecular interactions between solutes and solvents and chemical reactions in solutions, but also for providing fundamental numerical data for the design of chemical plants and the development of chemical processes. In particular, high-pressure studies of water and aqueous solutions are closely correlated with research into bioscience and biotechnology. In this volume some of the most important and most recent advances in liquids and solutions at high pressure in Japan are presented.

Protein Folding Protocols

Protein Folding Protocols
Author : Yawen Bai,Ruth Nussinov
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2007
Category : Science
Total pages :327
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Protein Folding Protocols is a comprehensive collection of chapters describing a broad range of techniques to study, predict, and analyze the protein folding process. It covers experiment and theory, bioinformatics approaches and state-of-the-art simulation protocols for better sampling of the conformational space.

New Developments in High-Pressure Mineral Physics and Applications to the Earth's Interior

New Developments in High-Pressure Mineral Physics and Applications to the Earth's Interior
Author : D.C. Rubie,Thomas S. Duffy,E. Ohtani
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release Date : 2004
Category : Science
Total pages :625
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Geophysical measurements, such as the lateral variations in seismic wave velocities that are imaged by seismic tomography, provide the strongest constraints on the structure of the Earth's deep interior. In order to interpret such measurements in terms of mineralogical/compositional models of the Earth's interior, data on the physical and chemical properties of minerals at high pressures and temperatures are essential. Knowledge of thermodynamics, phase equilibria, crystal chemistry, crystallography, rheology, diffusion and heat transport are required to characterize the structure and dynamics of the Earth's deep interior as well as the processes by which the Earth originally differentiated. Many experimental studies have been made possible only by a range of technical developments in the quest to achieve high pressures and temperatures in the laboratory. At the same time, analytical methods, including X-ray diffraction, a variety of spectroscopic techniques, electron microscopy, ultrasonic interferometry, and methods for rheological investigations have been developed and greatly improved. In recent years, major progress has been made also in the field of computational mineralogy whereby ab initio simulations are used to investigate the structural and dynamical properties of condensed matter at an atomistic level. This volume contains a broad range of contributions that typify and summarize recent progress in the areas of high-pressure mineral physics as well as associated technical developments.

Advances in High Pressure Bioscience and Biotechnology II

Advances in High Pressure Bioscience and Biotechnology II
Author : Roland Winter
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2003-05-28
Category : Science
Total pages :490
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With original work on marine and terrestrial microbiology, biochemistry, molecular biology, deep-sea diving, food science, and other industrial applications, this book covers the whole range of current high pressure bioscience. It will be welcomed by all industrial and academic researchers working in this field.

High Pressure Chemistry, Biochemistry and Materials Science

High Pressure Chemistry, Biochemistry and Materials Science
Author : Roland Winter,J. Jonas
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 1993
Category : Science
Total pages :645
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This monograph, which is the outcome of the ASI on High Pressure Chemistry, Biochemistry, and Materials Science, illustrates new developments in the field of high pressure science. In fact, for chemists, biochemists, and materials scientists, pressure as an experimental variable represents a tool which provides unique information about systems of materials. The main contributions to this volume present overview of the different subfields or applications of high pressure studies. In contrast, contributed papers offer more specialized aspects of various high pressure studies. The various contributions to this volume make clear the impressive range of fundamental and applied problems that can be studied by high pressure techniques, and also point towards a major growth of high pressure science and technology in the near future. The book focuses mainly on advances achieved in the six years since the previous ASI devoted to the high pressure field. The organization of this volume is as follows. The main lectures covering the three main areas of high pressure applications to chemistry, biochemistry, and materials science are followed by contributed papers. A summary of a panel discussion on the future of high pressure science and technology concludes this volume.

Vibrational Spectroscopy At High External Pressures

Vibrational Spectroscopy At High External Pressures
Author : John R. Ferraro
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2012-12-02
Category : Science
Total pages :278
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Vibrational Spectroscopy at High External Pressures: The Diamond Anvil Cell presents the effects of high pressure on the vibrational properties of materials as accomplished in a diamond anvil cell (DAC). The DAC serves the dual purpose of generating the pressures and being transparent to infrared radiation, allowing the observation of changes caused by pressure. The optical probes highlighted will deal principally with infrared and Raman scattering, although some observations in the visible region will also be presented. The book begins with a discussion of the effects of pressure and pressure units. This is followed by separate chapters on the instrumentation needed to study vibrational transitions under pressure and pressure calibration and various methods used to measure pressure in the DAC. Subsequent chapters deal with applications in basic areas of inorganic, coordination, and organic compounds. These include the effects of pressure on spin states and various geometries; pressure effects on organic molecules; applications in geochemistry, conductors, forensic science, and lubricants; and miscellaneous topics such as metallic hydrogen, metallic xenon, and CuCl.

Mass Spectrometry Handbook

Mass Spectrometry Handbook
Author : Mike S. Lee
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2012-04-16
Category : Science
Total pages :1368
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Due to its enormous sensitivity and ease of use, mass spectrometry has grown into the analytical tool of choice in most industries and areas of research. This unique reference provides an extensive library of methods used in mass spectrometry, covering applications of mass spectrometry in fields as diverse as drug discovery, environmental science, forensic science, clinical analysis, polymers, oil composition, doping, cellular research, semiconductor, ceramics, metals and alloys, and homeland security. The book provides the reader with a protocol for the technique described (including sampling methods) and explains why to use a particular method and not others. Essential for MS specialists working in industrial, environmental, and clinical fields.

High Pressure Rheology for Quantitative Elastohydrodynamics

High Pressure Rheology for Quantitative Elastohydrodynamics
Author : Scott S Bair
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2007-03-06
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :260
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Computational elastohydrodynamics, a part of tribology, has existed happily enough for about fifty years without the use of accurate models for the rheology of the liquids used as lubricants. For low molecular weight liquids, such as low viscosity mineral oils, it has been possible to calculate, with precision, the film thickness in a concentrated contact provided that the pressure and temperature are relatively low, even when the pressure variation of viscosity is not accurately modelled in detail. Other successes have been more qualitative in nature, using effective properties which come from the fitting of parameters used in calculations to experimental measurements of the contact behaviour, friction or film thickness. High Pressure Rheology for Quantitative Elastohydrodynamics is intended to provide a sufficiently accurate framework for the rheology of liquids at elevated pressure that it may be possible for computational elastohydrodynamics to discover the relationships between the behaviour of a lubricated concentrated contact and the measurable properties of the liquid lubricant. The required high-pressure measurement techniques are revealed in detail and data are presented for chemically well-defined liquids that may be used as quantitative reference materials. * Presents the property relations required for a quantitative calculation of the tribological behaviour of lubricated concentrated contacts. * Details of high-pressure experimental techniques. * Complete description of the pressure and temperature dependence of viscosity for high pressures. * Some little-known limitations on EHL modelling.