December 3, 2020

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Spinal Control: The Rehabilitation of Back Pain E-Book

Spinal Control: The Rehabilitation of Back Pain E-Book
Author : Paul W. Hodges,Jacek Cholewicki,Jaap H van Dieen
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release Date : 2013-08-19
Category : Medical
Total pages :304
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For the first time, international scientific and clinical leaders have collaborated to present this exclusive book which integrates state-of-the art engineering concepts of spine control into clinically relevant approaches for the rehabilitation of low back pain. Spinal Control identifies the scope of the problem around motor control of the spine and pelvis while defining key terminology and methods as well as placing experimental findings into context. Spinal Control also includes contributions that put forward different sides of critical arguments (e.g. whether or not to focus on training the deep muscles of the trunk) and then bring these arguments together to help both scientists and clinicians better understand the convergences and divergences within this field. On the one hand, this book seeks to resolve many of the issues that are debated in existing literature, while on the other, its contributing opinion leaders present current best practice on how to study the questions facing the field of spine control, and then go on to outline the key directions for future research. Spinal Control – the only expert resource which provides a trusted, consensus approach to low back pain rehabilitation for both clinicians and scientists alike! Covers the most important issues in spine control research Illustrates the clinical relevance of research and how this is or can be applied in clinical practice Edited and written by world leading experts, contributing first class content on different aspects of spine control Chapters that bring together the expertise of these world leaders on topics such as neuromotor mechanisms of spine control, proprioception, subgrouping in back pain and modelling spine stability An extensive and illustrated clinical consensus chapter that brings together the philosophies of clinical opinion leaders for the first time

Neuromodulatory Control of Spinal Function in Health and Disease

Neuromodulatory Control of Spinal Function in Health and Disease
Author : Brian R. Noga,Shawn Hochman,Hans Hultborn
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release Date : 2020-02-20
Category :
Total pages :129
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Brainstem Control of Spinal Cord Function

Brainstem Control of Spinal Cord Function
Author : Charles D. Barnes
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2012-12-02
Category : Medical
Total pages :304
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Brainstem Control of Spinal Cord Function summarizes the research findings on major bulbospinal control systems. It explores how sensory, reflex-evoking inputs to the central nervous system (CNS) modulate descending control signals and how descending control signals regulate the excitability or gains of the segmental reflex arcs. It also looks at the role of the reticulospinal system in the control of movement, the effects of labyrinth and neck inputs on vestibulospinal and medullary reticulospinal neurons, the behavioral significance of the raphe-spinal system, locus coeruleus control of spinal cord activity, and the influence of allergic encephalomyelitis on monoaminergic neurotransmission. Organized into six chapters, this book begins with an overview of the findings on how human spinal reflexes are modulated. It then discusses the reticulospinal system, its role in the control of movements, and its involvement in responses elicited from several sensory systems. In addition, the book examines the response characteristics of the vestibulospinal and the medullary reticulospinal systems based on experiments on labyrinthine and neck input. Other chapters focus on all aspects, including motor and sensory, of the raphe-spinal system, physiological aspects of coerulospinal neurons, and the mechanisms by which allergic encephalomyelitis results in hindlimb paralysis. This book is a valuable resource for physiologists and students of physiology.

Peripheral and Spinal Mechanisms in the Neural Control of Movement

Peripheral and Spinal Mechanisms in the Neural Control of Movement
Author : M.D. Binder
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 1999-12-17
Category : Science
Total pages :479
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In the last decade, we have witnessed a striking maturation of our understanding of how neurons in the spinal cord control muscular activity and movement. Paradoxically, a host of new findings have revealed an unexpected versatility in the behavior of these well-studied neural elements and circuits. In this volume, the world's leading experts review the current state of our knowledge of motor control, outline their latest results and developments, and delineate the seminal unresolved questions in this vibrant field of research. The volume begins with a commentary and overview of our current understanding of the peripheral and spinal basis of motor control. The remainder of the volume is divided into seven sections, each focused on a different problem. The first chapter in each section provides some historical review and presages the experimental findings and hypotheses that are discussed in subsequent chapters. Topics include the biomechanics of neuromuscular systems, the properties of motoneurons and the muscle units they control, spinal interneurons, pattern generating circuits, locomotion, descending control of spinal circuits, comparative physiology of motor systems, and motor systems neurophysiology studied in man. The book serves as a unique reference volume and should be essential reading for anyone interested in motor systems. Moreover, the volume's comprehensive coverage of a wide range of topics make it an effective textbook for graduate level courses in motor control neurobiology, kinesiology, physical therapy, and rehabilitation medicine.

Neuromechanics and Control of Physical Behavior: from Experimental and Computational Formulations to Bio-inspired Technologies

Neuromechanics and Control of Physical Behavior: from Experimental and Computational Formulations to Bio-inspired Technologies
Author : Massimo Sartori,Francisco J. Valero-Cuevas,Alfred C. Schouten,Matthew Tresch,Yoshihiko Nakamura,Manish Sreenivasa
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release Date : 2019-08-15
Category :
Total pages :302
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The term "neuromechanics" defines an integrative approach that combines the neuromuscular control and the biomechanical aspects of physical behavior in humans and animals. Crucial to this approach is a detailed description and modeling of the interaction between the nervous system and the controlled biomechanical plant. Only then do we have the broader context within which to understand evolution, movement mechanics, neural control, energetics, disability and rehabilitation. In addition to enabling new basic science directions, understanding the interrelations between movement neural and mechanical function should also be leveraged for the development of personalized wearable technologies to augment or restore the motor capabilities of healthy or impaired individuals. Similarly, this understanding will empower us to revisit current approaches to the design and control of robotic and humanoid systems to produce truly versatile human-like physical behavior and adaptation in real-world environments. This Research Topic is therefore poised at an opportune moment to promote understanding of apparently disparate topics into a coherent focus.

Advances in Physical Ergonomics and Human Factors: Part II

Advances in Physical Ergonomics and Human Factors: Part II
Author : Renliu Jang,Tareq Ahram
Publisher : AHFE Conference
Release Date : 2014-07-19
Category :
Total pages :359
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The discipline of human factors and ergonomics (HF/E) is concerned with the design of products, process, services, and work systems to assure their productive, safe and satisfying use by people. Physical ergonomics involves the design of working environments to fit human physical abilities. By understanding the constraints and capabilities of the human body and mind, we can design products, services and environments that are effective, reliable, safe and comfortable for everyday use. This book focuses on the advances in the physical HF/E, which are a critical aspect in the design of any human-centered technological system. The ideas and practical solutions described in the book are the outcome of dedicated research by academics and practitioners aiming to advance theory and practice in this dynamic and all-encompassing discipline. A thorough understanding of the physical characteristics of a wide range of people is essential in the development of consumer products and systems. Human performance data serve as valuable information to designers and help ensure that the final products will fit the targeted population of end users. Mastering physical ergonomics and safety engineering concepts is fundamental to the creation of products and systems that people are able to use, avoidance of stresses, and minimization of the risk for accidents.

Spinal Cord Monitoring

Spinal Cord Monitoring
Author : Johannes Schramm,Stephen J. Jones
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-12-06
Category : Medical
Total pages :330
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2nd international symposium

Neurological Aspects of Spinal Cord Injury

Neurological Aspects of Spinal Cord Injury
Author : Norbert Weidner,Rüdiger Rupp,Keith E. Tansey
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2017-06-06
Category : Medical
Total pages :770
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This clinically focused book aims to cover for the first time all of the neurological aspects relevant to the diagnosis and treatment of spinal cord disease. Furthermore, innovative neurorestorative therapeutic strategies - aiming for repair of the damaged spinal cord and/or reorganization of the remaining nervous system - with significant potential for translation into clinical routine are presented. The book covers a comprehensive list of topics, including epidemiology, neuroanatomy, etiology of compressive and non-compressive spinal cord injury, imaging, neurophysiology, neurological sequelae, and complications with emphasis on dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system. Both clinically established and preclinical therapies are discussed in detail. The book is suited for trainees and practicing clinicians including neurologists, spine surgeons, rehabilitation specialists, neuroradiologists, and occupational/physical therapists; it will also be of value to neuroscientists involved in research into spinal cord disease.

The Circuitry of the Human Spinal Cord

The Circuitry of the Human Spinal Cord
Author : Emmanuel Pierrot-Deseilligny,David Burke
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2012-04-26
Category : Medical
Total pages :606
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A comprehensive review of the corticospinal and spinal contributions to the control of movement in human subjects.

Kinetic Control - E-Book

Kinetic Control - E-Book
Author : Mark Comerford,Sarah Mottram
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release Date : 2012-06-15
Category : Medical
Total pages :544
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This text is designed as clinical reference to develop knowledge of the examination, diagnosis and classification of uncontrolled movement (motor control dysfunction) and the management of movement dysfunction. It will help the therapist: Develop clinical skills in the assessment and retraining of movement control To use movement control tests to identify uncontrolled movement To classify uncontrolled movement into diagnostic subgroups Access a large range of motor control and movement retraining strategies Develop an assessment framework that will provide a diagnosis of dysfunction, pain sensitive tissues and pain mechanisms Use a clinical reasoning framework to prioritise clinical decision making Provides detailed explanation of evidence and research underpinning motor control dysfunction and movement retraining Unique subclassification system of musculoskeletal disorders and pain Region specific testing -step by step instructions for assessment, diagnosis, classification and treatment using Movement Performance Solutions unique system Highly illustrated with clear step by step instructions for treatment of Lumbar, Cervical and Thoracic Spine, Shoulder and Hip

Autonomic Dysfunction After Spinal Cord Injury

Autonomic Dysfunction After Spinal Cord Injury
Author : Lynne C. Weaver,Canio Polosa
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2005-10-11
Category : Medical
Total pages :472
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Autonomic dysfunction is a major and poorly understood consequence of spinal cord injury. It is a cause of very serious disability and requires much more research. It should be a focus of treatment strategies. This book will be of interest to anyone involved in research and treatment of spinal cord injury since it helps to explain the tremendously negative impact on the body caused by cord injury that is not as obvious as paralysis and loss of sensation. It contains a compilation of what is known about bladder, cardiovascular, bowel and sexual dysfunction after spinal cord injury, as it relates to the changes within the autonomic nervous system control of these functions. The book begins with a description of the time course of autonomic dysfunctions and their ramifications from the first hours after a spinal cord injury to the more stable chronic states. The next section contains three chapters that address anatomical findings that may provide some of the foundation for autonomic dysfunctions in many of the systems. The system-specific chapters then follow in four sections. Each section begins with a chapter or two defining the clinical problems experienced by people with cord injury. The following chapters present research, basic and clinical, that address the autonomic dysfunctions.

Pharmacology and Physiology for Anesthesia E-Book

Pharmacology and Physiology for Anesthesia E-Book
Author : Hugh C. Hemmings,Talmage D. Egan
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release Date : 2012-12-06
Category : Medical
Total pages :544
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Better understand the complexities of pharmacology and physiology relevant to your practice with the brand-new medical reference book, Pharmacology and Physiology for Anesthesia. Drs. Hugh Hemmings and Talmage Egan provide the clinical insights you need to effectively administer anesthesia, ensuring patient safety and the most optimal outcomes. Consult this title on your favorite e-reader, conduct rapid searches, and adjust font sizes for optimal readability. Access comprehensive, continually updated research on the physiology of organ systems and clinical topics in the pharmacology of anesthetic drugs. Quickly and easily reference the information you need through user-friendly tables, figures, and algorithms, all presented in lavish full color throughout. Understand the molecular mechanism of drug actions and identify key drug interactions that may complicate anesthesia with dedicated sections on these key areas.

The Circuitry of the Human Spinal Cord

The Circuitry of the Human Spinal Cord
Author : Emmanuel Pierrot-Deseilligny,David Burke
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2005-07-21
Category : Medical
Total pages :129
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Studies of human movement have proliferated in recent years, and there have been many studies of spinal pathways in humans, their role in movement, and their dysfunction in neurological disorders. This comprehensive reference surveys the literature related to the control of spinal cord circuits in human subjects, showing how they can be studied, their role in normal movement, and how they malfunction in disease states. Chapters are highly illustrated and consistently organised, reviewing, for each pathway, the experimental background, methodology, organisation and control, role during motor tasks, and changes in patients with CNS lesions. Each chapter concludes with a helpful resume that can be used independently of the main text to provide practical guidance for clinical studies. This will be essential reading for research workers and clinicians involved in the study, treatment and rehabilitation of movement disorders.

Central Nervous Control of Autonomic Function

Central Nervous Control of Autonomic Function
Author : Barry Jordan
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 1997-07-16
Category : Medical
Total pages :304
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Each of nine contributions presents an overview of the nervous control of autonomic outflow to a particular organ or system, while maintaining an integrated approach to describing the simultaneous control of several outflows in response to different physiological situations. The authors describe a neurophysiological, neuropharmacological, and neuroanatomical approach to problems. Reference to relevant studies in humans, as well as animal work, is also provided. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Spinal Cord Medicine, Second Edition

Spinal Cord Medicine, Second Edition
Author : Christopher M. Bono, MD,Diana D. Cardenas, MD, MHA,Frederick S. Frost, MD,Margaret C. Hammond, MD,Laurie B. Lindblom, MD,Inder Parkash, MD, MS, FRCS, FACS,Stevens A. Stiens, MD, MS,Robert M. Woolsey, MD
Publisher : Demos Medical Publishing
Release Date : 2010-03-19
Category : Medical
Total pages :560
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A Doody's Core Title 2012 The thoroughly revised Second Edition of this authoritative reference continues to define the standard of care for the field of spinal cord medicine. Encompassing all of the diseases and disorders that may a!ect the proper functioning of the spinal cord or spinal nerves, this comprehensive volume provides a state of the art review of the principles of care and best practices for restoring function and quality of life to patients with spinal cord injuries. Expert contributors from multiple disciplines cover topics ranging from acute medical and surgical management of specific problems to cutting-edge research, bladder, bowel and sexual dysfunction, neurologic and musculoskeletal issues, advanced rehabilitation techniques and technologies, functional outcomes, and psychosocial care. While comprehensive in scope, Spinal Cord Medicine offers practical guidance for physicians and other health care professionals involved in the management of individuals with SCI, multiple sclerosis, and other spinal cord disorders. The Second Edition has been completely updated to fully reflect current science and practice. Each section has been re-ordered to better present information and the Second Edition brings in many new authors and topics, more diagrams, illustrations, and tables to solidify concepts, and contains 18 entirely new chapters. Spinal Cord Medicine: Principles and Practice, Second Edition, reflects the breadth and depth of this multi-faceted specialty. Involving over 150 authors from more than 20 fields of medicine, it is a trusted reference for anyone who works with spinal cord patients and strives to deliver superior clinical care and improve outcomes.