November 26, 2020

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Stochastic Models, Statistics and Their Applications

Stochastic Models, Statistics and Their Applications
Author : Ansgar Steland,Ewaryst Rafajłowicz,Krzysztof Szajowski
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2015-02-04
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :492
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This volume presents the latest advances and trends in stochastic models and related statistical procedures. Selected peer-reviewed contributions focus on statistical inference, quality control, change-point analysis and detection, empirical processes, time series analysis, survival analysis and reliability, statistics for stochastic processes, big data in technology and the sciences, statistical genetics, experiment design, and stochastic models in engineering. Stochastic models and related statistical procedures play an important part in furthering our understanding of the challenging problems currently arising in areas of application such as the natural sciences, information technology, engineering, image analysis, genetics, energy and finance, to name but a few. This collection arises from the 12th Workshop on Stochastic Models, Statistics and Their Applications, Wroclaw, Poland.

Probabilistic Finite Element Model Updating Using Bayesian Statistics

Probabilistic Finite Element Model Updating Using Bayesian Statistics
Author : Tshilidzi Marwala,Ilyes Boulkaibet,Sondipon Adhikari
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2016-09-23
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :248
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Probabilistic Finite Element Model Updating Using Bayesian Statistics: Applications to Aeronautical and Mechanical Engineering Tshilidzi Marwala and Ilyes Boulkaibet, University of Johannesburg, South Africa Sondipon Adhikari, Swansea University, UK Covers the probabilistic finite element model based on Bayesian statistics with applications to aeronautical and mechanical engineering Finite element models are used widely to model the dynamic behaviour of many systems including in electrical, aerospace and mechanical engineering. The book covers probabilistic finite element model updating, achieved using Bayesian statistics. The Bayesian framework is employed to estimate the probabilistic finite element models which take into account of the uncertainties in the measurements and the modelling procedure. The Bayesian formulation achieves this by formulating the finite element model as the posterior distribution of the model given the measured data within the context of computational statistics and applies these in aeronautical and mechanical engineering. Probabilistic Finite Element Model Updating Using Bayesian Statistics contains simple explanations of computational statistical techniques such as Metropolis-Hastings Algorithm, Slice sampling, Markov Chain Monte Carlo method, hybrid Monte Carlo as well as Shadow Hybrid Monte Carlo and their relevance in engineering. Key features: Contains several contributions in the area of model updating using Bayesian techniques which are useful for graduate students. Explains in detail the use of Bayesian techniques to quantify uncertainties in mechanical structures as well as the use of Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques to evaluate the Bayesian formulations. The book is essential reading for researchers, practitioners and students in mechanical and aerospace engineering.

Biomedical Image Segmentation

Biomedical Image Segmentation
Author : Ayman El-Baz,Xiaoyi Jiang,Jasjit S. Suri
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2016-11-17
Category : Medical
Total pages :526
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As one of the most important tasks in biomedical imaging, image segmentation provides the foundation for quantitative reasoning and diagnostic techniques. A large variety of different imaging techniques, each with its own physical principle and characteristics (e.g., noise modeling), often requires modality-specific algorithmic treatment. In recent years, substantial progress has been made to biomedical image segmentation. Biomedical image segmentation is characterized by several specific factors. This book presents an overview of the advanced segmentation algorithms and their applications.

Bayesian Statistics 7

Bayesian Statistics 7
Author : Dennis V. Lindley
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date : 2003-07-03
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :750
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This volume contains the proceedings of the 7th Valencia International Meeting on Bayesian Statistics. This conference is held every four years and provides the main forum for researchers in the area of Bayesian statistics to come together to present and discuss frontier developments in the field.

Analytic Statistical Models

Analytic Statistical Models
Author : Ib M. Skovgaard
Publisher : IMS
Release Date : 1990
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :167
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Multiple-point Geostatistics

Multiple-point Geostatistics
Author : Professor Gregoire Mariethoz,Jef Caers
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2014-10-16
Category : Science
Total pages :376
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This book provides a comprehensive introduction to multiple-point geostatistics, where spatial continuity is described using training images. Multiple-point geostatistics aims at bridging the gap between physical modelling/realism and spatio-temporal stochastic modelling. The book provides an overview of this new field in three parts. Part I presents a conceptual comparison between traditional random function theory and stochastic modelling based on training images, where random function theory is not always used. Part II covers in detail various algorithms and methodologies starting from basic building blocks in statistical science and computer science. Concepts such as non-stationary and multi-variate modeling, consistency between data and model, the construction of training images and inverse modelling are treated. Part III covers three example application areas, namely, reservoir modelling, mineral resources modelling and climate model downscaling. This book will be an invaluable reference for students, researchers and practitioners of all areas of the Earth Sciences where forecasting based on spatio-temporal data is performed.

Engineering Geology and the Environment

Engineering Geology and the Environment
Author : G.C. Koukis,P.G. Marinos,G.C. Stourna,G.C. Tsiambaos
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 1997-01-01
Category : Science
Total pages :508
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Composed of the proceedings of a symposium on engineering geology and the environment, held in Athens in June, 1997, this work provides a survey of trends in engineering geology, and an interdisciplinary collaboration with hydrogeology, geochemistry, geomorphology, and soil and rock mechanics.

Mathematical Methods of Statistics

Mathematical Methods of Statistics
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2002
Category : Mathematical statistics
Total pages :129
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Market Microstructure

Market Microstructure
Author : Frédéric Abergel,Jean-Philippe Bouchaud,Thierry Foucault,Charles-Albert Lehalle,Mathieu Rosenbaum
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2012-04-03
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :416
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The latest cutting-edge research on market microstructure Based on the December 2010 conference on market microstructure, organized with the help of the Institut Louis Bachelier, this guide brings together the leading thinkers to discuss this important field of modern finance. It provides readers with vital insight on the origin of the well-known anomalous "stylized facts" in financial prices series, namely heavy tails, volatility, and clustering, and illustrates their impact on the organization of markets, execution costs, price impact, organization liquidity in electronic markets, and other issues raised by high-frequency trading. World-class contributors cover topics including analysis of high-frequency data, statistics of high-frequency data, market impact, and optimal trading. This is a must-have guide for practitioners and academics in quantitative finance.

Mathematical Reviews

Mathematical Reviews
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2007
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :129
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Pattern Recognition and Image Analysis

Pattern Recognition and Image Analysis
Author : Jorge S. Marques
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2005-05-23
Category : Computers
Total pages :703
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The two-volume set LNCS 3522 and 3523 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Second Iberian Conference on Pattern Recognition and Image Analysis, IbPRIA 2005, held in Estoril, Portugal in June 2005. The 170 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 292 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on computer vision, shape and matching, image and video processing, image and video coding, face recognition, human activity analysis, surveillance, robotics, hardware architectures, statistical pattern recognition, syntactical pattern recognition, image analysis, document analysis, bioinformatics, medical imaging, biometrics, speech recognition, natural language analysis, and applications.

Asymptotic Statistics

Asymptotic Statistics
Author : Reinhard Höpfner
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
Release Date : 2014-01-31
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :286
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This textbook is devoted to the general asymptotic theory of statistical experiments. Local asymptotics for statistical models in the sense of local asymptotic (mixed) normality or local asymptotic quadraticity make up the core of the book. Numerous examples deal with classical independent and identically distributed models and with stochastic processes. The book can be read in different ways, according to possibly different mathematical preferences of the reader. One reader may focus on the statistical theory, and thus on the chapters about Gaussian shift models, mixed normal and quadratic models, and on local asymptotics where the limit model is a Gaussian shift or a mixed normal or a quadratic experiment (LAN, LAMN, LAQ). Another reader may prefer an introduction to stochastic process models where given statistical results apply, and thus concentrate on subsections or chapters on likelihood ratio processes and some diffusion type models where LAN, LAMN or LAQ occurs. Finally, readers might put together both aspects. The book is suitable for graduate students starting to work in statistics of stochastic processes, as well as for researchers interested in a precise introduction to this area.

Nonlinear Statistical Models

Nonlinear Statistical Models
Author : Andrej Pázman
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-03-14
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :260
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Nonlinear statistical modelling is an area of growing importance. This monograph presents mostly new results and methods concerning the nonlinear regression model. Among the aspects which are considered are linear properties of nonlinear models, multivariate nonlinear regression, intrinsic and parameter effect curvature, algorithms for calculating the L2-estimator and both local and global approximation. In addition to this a chapter has been added on the large topic of nonlinear exponential families. The volume will be of interest to both experts in the field of nonlinear statistical modelling and to those working in the identification of models and optimization, as well as to statisticians in general.

Ecological Statistics

Ecological Statistics
Author : Gordon A. Fox,Simoneta Negrete-Yankelevich,Vinicio J. Sosa
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release Date : 2015-01-29
Category : Science
Total pages :400
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The application and interpretation of statistics are central to ecological study and practice. Ecologists are now asking more sophisticated questions than in the past. These new questions, together with the continued growth of computing power and the availability of new software, have created a new generation of statistical techniques. These have resulted in major recent developments in both our understanding and practice of ecological statistics. This novel book synthesizes a number of these changes, addressing key approaches and issues that tend to be overlooked in other books such as missing/censored data, correlation structure of data, heterogeneous data, and complex causal relationships. These issues characterize a large proportion of ecological data, but most ecologists' training in traditional statistics simply does not provide them with adequate preparation to handle the associated challenges. Uniquely, Ecological Statistics highlights the underlying links among many statistical approaches that attempt to tackle these issues. In particular, it gives readers an introduction to approaches to inference, likelihoods, generalized linear (mixed) models, spatially or phylogenetically-structured data, and data synthesis, with a strong emphasis on conceptual understanding and subsequent application to data analysis. Written by a team of practicing ecologists, mathematical explanations have been kept to the minimum necessary. This user-friendly textbook will be suitable for graduate students, researchers, and practitioners in the fields of ecology, evolution, environmental studies, and computational biology who are interested in updating their statistical tool kits. A companion web site provides example data sets and commented code in the R language.

Integrated Technologies for Environmental Monitoring and Information Production

Integrated Technologies for Environmental Monitoring and Information Production
Author : Nilgun B. Harmanciogammalu,S.D. Ozkul,O. Fistikoglu,Paul Geerders
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-12-06
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :477
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This book presents the proceedings and the outcomes of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop (ARW) on Integrated Technologies for Environmental Monitoring and Information Production, which was held in Marmaris, Turkey, between September 10- 14, 200 I. With the contribution of 45 experts from 20 different countries, the ARW has provided the opportunity to resolve the basic conflicts that tend to arise between different disciplines associated with environmental data management and to promote understanding between experts on an international and multidisciplinary basis. The prevailing universal problem in environmental data management (EDM) systems is the significant incoherence between data collection procedures and the retrieval of information required by the users. This indicates the presence of problems still encountered in the realization of; (1) delineation of objectives, constraints, institutional aspects of EDM; (2) design of data collection networks; (3) statistical sampling; (4) physical sampling and presentation of data; (5) data processing and environmental databases; (6) reliability of data; (7) data analysis and transfer of data into information; and (8) data accessibility and data exchange at local, regional and global scales. Further problems stem from the lack of coherence between different disciplines involved in EDM, lack of coordination between responsible agencies on a country basis, and lack of coordination on an international level regarding the basic problems and relevant solutions that should be sought.