January 19, 2021

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Stress and Addiction

Stress and Addiction
Author : Mustafa al'Absi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2011-04-28
Category : Psychology
Total pages :456
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Stress is one of the most commonly reported precipitants of drug use and is considered the number one cause of relapse to drug abuse. For the past several decades, there have been a number of significant advances in research focusing on the neurobiological and psychosocial aspects of stress and addiction; along with this growth came the recognition of the importance of understanding the interaction of biological and psychosocial factors that influence risk for initiation and maintenance of addictive behaviors. Recent research has started to specifically focus on understanding the nature of how stress contributes to addiction - this research has influenced the way we think about addiction and its etiological factors and has produced exciting possibilities for developing effective intervention strategies; to date there has been no available book to integrate this literature. This highly focused work integrates and consolidates available knowledge to provide a resource for researchers and practitioners and for trainees in multiple fields. Stress and Addiction will help neuroscientists, social scientists, and mental health providers in addressing the role of stress in addictive behaviors; the volume is also useful as a reference book for those conducting research in this field. Integrates theoretical and practical issues related to stress and addiction Includes case studies illustrating where an emotional state and addictive behavior represent a prominent feature of the clinical presentation Cross-disciplinary coverage with contributions by by scientists and practitioners from multiple fields, including psychology, neuroscience, neurobiology, and medicine

Stress, Burnout, and Addiction in the Nursing Profession

Stress, Burnout, and Addiction in the Nursing Profession
Author : Herbert R. Warner Ph.D
Publisher : Xlibris Corporation
Release Date : 2014-03
Category : Medical
Total pages :96
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This book is about the most common issues that confront a nurse on a daily basis. It can cause him or her heartaches, heartbreaks, and heart troubles. Stress is, by far, in my opinion, a leading cause of heart problems, sickness, and depression in this country. In this book, I talk about awareness in our hospitals, clinics, and emergency departments. Everyone should feel comfortable and be confident of the nurse treating you or your loved ones; we must also remember that nurses are also human beings with issues and problems like everyone else in this world. This book is also a valuable asset to any nursing student considering going to nursing school or college to study medicine.

Women and Addiction

Women and Addiction
Author : Kathleen T. Brady,Sudie E. Back,Shelly F. Greenfield
Publisher : Guilford Press
Release Date : 2009-04-02
Category : Psychology
Total pages :526
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For many years, addiction research focused almost exclusively on men. Yet scientific awareness of sex and gender differences in substance use disorders has grown tremendously in recent decades. This volume brings together leading authorities to review the state of the science and identify key directions for research and clinical practice. Concise, focused chapters illuminate how biological and psychosocial factors influence the etiology and epidemiology of substance use disorders in women; their clinical presentation, course, and psychiatric comorbidities; treatment access; and treatment effectiveness. Prevalent substances of abuse are examined, as are issues facing special populations.

Neuroimaging in Addiction

Neuroimaging in Addiction
Author : Bryon Adinoff,Elliot A. Stein
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2011-11-02
Category : Medical
Total pages :352
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Neuroimaging in Addiction presents an up-to-date, comprehensive review of the functional and structural imaging human studies that have greatly advanced our understanding of this complex disorder. Approaching addiction from a conceptual rather than a substance-specific perspective, this book integrates broad neuropsychological constructs that consider addiction as a neuroplastic process with genetic, developmental, and substance-induced contributions. The internationally recognized contributors to this volume are leaders in clinical imaging with expertise that spans the addiction spectrum. Following a general introduction, an overview of neural circuitry and modern non-invasive imaging techniques provides the framework for subsequent chapters on reward salience, craving, stress, impulsivity and cognition. Additional topics include the use of neuroimaging for the assessment of acute drug effects, drug-induced neurotoxicity, non-substance addictive behaviors, and the application of imaging genetics to identify unique intermediate phenotypes. The book concludes with an exploration of the future promise for functional imaging as guide to the diagnosis and treatment of addictive disorders. Scientists and clinicians will find the material in this volume invaluable in their work towards understanding the addicted brain, with the overall goal of improved prevention and treatment outcomes for patients. Features a Foreword by Edythe London, Director of the Center for Addictive Behaviors, University of California at Los Angeles.

The Mindfulness Workbook for Addiction

The Mindfulness Workbook for Addiction
Author : Rebecca E. Williams,Julie S. Kraft
Publisher : New Harbinger Publications
Release Date : 2012-08-01
Category : Self-Help
Total pages :232
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Most addictive behavior is rooted in some type of loss, be it the death of a loved one, coming to terms with limitations set by chronic health problems, or the end of a relationship. By turning to drugs and alcohol, people who have suffered a loss can numb their grief. In the process, they postpone their healing and can drive themselves further into addiction. The Mindfulness Workbook for Addiction offers readers an effective program for working through their addiction and grief with cognitive behavior therapy (CBT), dialectical behavior therapy (DBT), and acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT). Created by a psychologist who works for the Department of Veterans Affairs and a marriage and family therapist who works for Sharp Mesa Vista Hospital, this mindfulness training workbook is effective for treating the emotion dysregulation, stress, depression, and grief that lie at the heart of addiction. No matter the loss, the mindfulness skills in this workbook help readers process their grief, determine the function their addiction is serving, and replace the addiction with healthy coping behaviors.

Brain Reward & Stress Systems in Addiction

Brain Reward & Stress Systems in Addiction
Author : Nicholas W Gilpin,Remi Martin-Fardon
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release Date : 2015-03-26
Category :
Total pages :129
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Addiction to drugs and alcohol is a dynamic and multi-faceted disease process in humans, with devastating health and financial consequences for the individual and society-at-large. In humans, drug and alcohol use disorders (i.e., abuse and dependence) are defined by clusters of behavioral symptoms that can be modeled to various degrees in animals. Hallmark behavioral symptoms associated with drug and alcohol dependence are compulsive drug use, loss of control during episodes of drug use, the emergence of a negative emotional state in the absence of the drug, and chronic relapse vulnerability during drug abstinence. The transition to drug dependence is defined by neuroadaptations in brain circuits that, in the absence of drugs, mediate a variety of critical behavioral and physiological processes including natural reward, positive and negative emotional states, nociception, and feeding. Chronic drug exposure during the transition to dependence spurs (1) within-systems changes in neural circuits that contribute to the acute rewarding effects of the drug and (2) recruitment of brain stress systems (neuroendocrine and extra-hypothalamic). There are substantial genetic contributions to the propensity to use and abuse drugs, and drug abuse is highly co-morbid with various other psychiatric conditions (e.g., anxiety disorders, major depressive disorder) that may precede or follow the development of drug use problems. Across drugs of abuse, there are overlapping and dissociable aspects of the behavioral and neural changes that define the transition to dependence. Even within a single drug, people abuse drugs for a variety of reasons. The picture is further complicated by the fact that humans often abuse more than one drug concurrently. Even in the face of these challenges, pre-clinical and clinical research is making exponential gains into understanding the neurobiology of drug addiction. With the advent of new technologies and their combination with traditional approaches, the field is able to ask and answer addiction-related research questions in increasingly sophisticated ways. Here, we hope to assemble a collection of articles that provide an up-to-the-moment snapshot of the prevailing empirical, theoretical and technical directions in the addiction research field. We encourage submissions from all investigators working to understand the neurobiology of addiction, especially as it pertains to reward and stress pathways in the brain.

Addicted to Stress

Addicted to Stress
Author : Debbie Mandel
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2010-01-26
Category : Psychology
Total pages :256
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A stress management expert explains the growing problem of stress addiction and offers a step-by-step program for alleviating it, demonstrating how women can overcome repetitive, destructive behaviors with a regimen of self-empowerment, exercise and self-care, healthy narcissism, diet, and renewed humor and sensuality.

Food and Addiction

Food and Addiction
Author : Kelly D. Brownell,Mark S. Gold
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date : 2012-08-30
Category : Psychology
Total pages :496
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Can certain foods hijack the brain in ways similar to drugs and alcohol, and is this effect sufficiently strong to contribute to major diseases such as obesity, diabetes, and heart disease, and hence constitute a public health menace? Terms like "chocoholic" and "food addict" are part of popular lore, some popular diet books discuss the concept of addiction, and there are food addiction programs with names like Food Addicts in Recovery Anonymous. Clinicians who work with patients often hear the language of addiction when individuals speak of irresistible cravings, withdrawal symptoms when starting a diet, and increasing intake of palatable foods over time. But what does science show, and how strong is the evidence that food and addiction is a real and important phenomenon? Food and Addiction: A Comprehensive Handbook brings scientific order to the issue of food and addiction, spanning multiple disciplines to create the foundation for what is a rapidly advancing field and to highlight needed advances in science and public policy. The book assembles leading scientists and policy makers from fields such as nutrition, addiction, psychology, epidemiology, and public health to explore and analyze the scientific evidence for the addictive properties of food. It provides complete and comprehensive coverage of all subjects pertinent to food and addiction, from basic background information on topics such as food intake, metabolism, and environmental risk factors for obesity, to diagnostic criteria for food addiction, the evolutionary and developmental bases of eating addictions, and behavioral and pharmacologic interventions, to the clinical, public health, and legal and policy implications of recognizing the validity of food addiction. Each chapter reviews the available science and notes needed scientific advances in the field.

Mindfulness-Related Treatments and Addiction Recovery

Mindfulness-Related Treatments and Addiction Recovery
Author : Marianne Marcus,Aleksandra Zgierska
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2013-09-13
Category : Social Science
Total pages :136
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While mindfulness meditation has been used in clinical settings as an adjunctive treatment for substance use disorders for some time, there has been limited empirical evidence to support this practice. Mindfulness-Related Treatments and Addiction Recovery bridges this gap by reporting the findings of studies in which mindfulness practice has been combined with other behavioural treatments and/or adapted to meet the needs of a variety of client populations in recovery. Therapies used as interventions in the described studies include Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR), Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT), Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT), Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention (MBRP), and Mindfulness-Based Therapeutic Community (MBTC) treatment. The book offers a glimpse into the many ways in which mindfulness strategies have been applied to various facets of the recovery process including stress, craving, anxiety, and other relapse related factors. Preliminary evidence, while not conclusive, suggests that mindfulness-based therapies are effective, safe, satisfying to clients, and that an individual, at-home mindfulness practice can be potentially sustained over time, beyond the intervention duration. This book was originally published as a special issue of Substance Abuse.

Stress and Your Health

Stress and Your Health
Author : Hymie Anisman
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2015-02-12
Category : Psychology
Total pages :296
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Stress and Your Health: From Vulnerability to Resilience presents an evidence-based evaluation of the various effects of stress, along with methods to alleviate distress and stress-related illnesses. Examines myriad stressor effects and proven ways to alleviate stress in our lives Covers a wide range of stressor-related topics including therapeutic strategies to deal with stress and factors that hinder treatment of stress Makes difficult biochemical and immunological concepts accessible to a non-specialist audience Addresses many of the factors that cause individuals to be more vulnerable to the impact of stressors and at increased risk for pathology

Handbook of Stress and the Brain Part 2: Stress: Integrative and Clinical Aspects

Handbook of Stress and the Brain Part 2: Stress: Integrative and Clinical Aspects
Author : Thomas Steckler,N.H. Kalin,J.M.H.M. Reul
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2005-04-07
Category : Medical
Total pages :484
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The Handbook of Stress and the Brain focuses on the impact of stressful events on the functioning of the central nervous system; how stress affects molecular and cellular processes in the brain, and in turn, how these brain processes determine our perception of and reactivity to, stressful challenges - acutely and in the long-run. Written for a broad scientific audience, the Handbook comprehensively reviews key principles and facts to provide a clear overview of the interdisciplinary field of stress. The work aims to bring together the disciplines of neurobiology, physiology, immunology, psychology and psychiatry, to provide a reference source for both the non-clinical and clinical expert, as well as serving as an introductory text for novices in this field of scientific inquiry. Part 1 addresses basic aspects of the neurobiology of the stress response including the involvement of neuropeptide, neuroendocrine and neurotransmitter systems and its corollaries regarding gene expression and behavioural processes such as cognition, motivation and emotionality. Part 2 treats the complexity of short-term and long-term regulation of stress responsivity, the role of stress in psychiatric disorders as based on both preclinical and clinical evidence, and the current status with regard to new therapeutic strategies targetting stress-related disorders. * Provides an overview of recent advances made in stress research * Includes timely discussion of stress and its effect on the immune system * Presents novel treatment strategies targeting brain processes involved in stress processing and coping mechanisms.

Chronic Pain and Addiction

Chronic Pain and Addiction
Author : Michael R. Clark,Glenn J. Treisman
Publisher : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Release Date : 2011-01-01
Category : Medical
Total pages :165
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The relationship between chronic pain and addiction Patients with chronic pain understandably seek relief from their distress and discomfort, but many medications that alleviate pain are potentially addictive, and most chronic pain conditions only have a temporary response to opiate analgesic drugs. This volume reviews the fundamental topics that underlie the complex relationships of this controversial domain. The authors review behavioral models and practical methods for understanding and treating chronic pain and addiction including methods to formulate patients with complex comorbidity and screen patients with chronic pain for addictive liability. Finally, the authors describe the current findings from clinical and basic science that illuminate the role of opiates, cannabinoids and ketamine in the treatment of chronic pain. Up to date and comprehensive, this book is relevant to all professionals engaged in the care of patients with chronic pain or addiction and all others interested in these contemporary issues, particularly non-clinicians seeking clarity in the controversy over the best approach to patients with chronic pain.

I Want to Change My Life

I Want to Change My Life
Author : Steven M. Melemis
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2010
Category : Health & Fitness
Total pages :274
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A leading expert in addiction and mood disorders shares a five-point plan for overcoming anxiety, depression, and addiction. He describes the symptoms, causes, treatment, and relapse prevention strategies, and includes numerous exercises and a one-month step-by-step program.

Management of Medical Disorders Associated with Drug Abuse and Addiction

Management of Medical Disorders Associated with Drug Abuse and Addiction
Author : Giuseppe Barbaro
Publisher : Nova Publishers
Release Date : 2007
Category : Medical
Total pages :204
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The addiction is a brain disease with severe medical consequences. Today, all people in the world are exposed to and use a variety of drugs of abuse. The most harmful of them are nicotine, alcohol, heroin, cocaine and 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (i.e., Ecstasy, or MDMA). If the 60's were the epoch of psychedelic 'culture', the 70's of the epidemic use of heroin, the 80's of the diffusion of human immunodeficiency (HIV) virus infection between drug addicts, the 90's of the popular use of the club drugs and cocaine, the new millennium is characterised by the trend of using several different drugs of abuse concurrently. In the last years the phenomenon of poly-drug use has been prevalent and it is expected to continue. Several concerns are strictly associated with the poly-drug use. The first is represented by the limits of the treatment strategies today available, the second by the various synergistic and interactive effects on the body of the different drugs of abuse (it is well know the harmful and toxic effects of the combined use of alcohol and cocaine), and the third by the serious medical and psychiatric consequences. This book presents a thoughtful plan for treatment of the substance abuse disorders in the addicted populations, and management of the co-morbid infectious diseases in this patient group.

The Food Addiction Recovery Workbook

The Food Addiction Recovery Workbook
Author : Carolyn Coker Ross
Publisher : New Harbinger Publications
Release Date : 2017-09-01
Category : Self-Help
Total pages :240
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Isn’t it time you got off the diet treadmill? In The Food Addiction Recovery Workbook, physician Carolyn Coker Ross offers the proven-effective Anchor Program™ to help you curb cravings, end body dissatisfaction, manage stress and emotions without food, and truly satisfy your soul. When it comes to addiction, abstinence isn’t always the answer—and with food addiction, this is especially true. And yet, for decades nutritional experts have dissected the problem of obesity, and the result has been a series of recommendations about what and how much to eat. When “eating too much fat” was thought to cause obesity, grocery store shelves exploded with low-fat products. Next came the low carb craze that led us to fear eating all carbohydrates, and with it came another assortment of fad products and diets. This pattern has repeated numerous times—and it never seems to be helpful! If you’re struggling with obesity or food addiction, you’ve probably been told that you must deprive yourself of certain foods in order to lose weight. You may have also been convinced—by the media and by our culture—that if you finally become thin your life will be better, you’ll be happier, and your suffering will come to an end. The problem is—it’s not all about the food. It’s about how food is used to self-soothe, to numb ourselves against the pain of living or to cope with stress and unresolved emotions. Even as your waist whittles away, the problems that caused your food addiction won’t disappear. The Anchor Program™ approach detailed in this workbook is not about dieting. It’s about being anchored to your true, authentic self. When you find your unique anchor, you will relate better to your body, you will know intuitively how to feed your body, and you will reach the weight that’s right for you. Anyone who’s been on the diet treadmill—losing and regaining lost weight—will admit that losing weight doesn’t instantly bring health or happiness. That’s because losing weight is a red herring for the real issue, the misuse of food to solve a problem that has nothing to do with food. This book offers a whole-person approach that blends practical information on managing stress and regulating emotions without relying on food. If you’re ready to uncover the true cause of your food addiction, you’ll finally be able to embrace a balanced diet and reach the weight that’s right for you.