November 29, 2020

Download Ebook Free String Theory And The Real World: From Particle Physics To Astrophysics

String Theory and the Real World: From particle physics to astrophysics

String Theory and the Real World: From particle physics to astrophysics
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2008-07-29
Category : Science
Total pages :692
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This book is a collection of lectures given in July 2007 at the Les Houches Summer School on "String Theory and the Real World: From particle physics to astrophysics." Provides a pedagogical introduction to topics in String Theory, and Cosmology Addresses each topic from the basis to the most recent developments Covers the lectures by internationally-renowned and leading experts

String Theory and the Real World

String Theory and the Real World
Author : C. Bachas
Publisher : Elsevier Science
Release Date : 2008
Category : Science
Total pages :662
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This book is a collection of lectures given in July 2007 at the Les Houches Summer School on "String Theory and the Real World: From particle physics to astrophysics". • Provides a pedagogical introduction to topics in String Theory, and Cosmology • Addresses each topic from the basis to the most recent developments • Covers the lectures by internationally-renowned and leading experts

String Theory and the Real World

String Theory and the Real World
Author : Gordon Kane
Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Release Date : 2017-03-27
Category : Science
Total pages :70
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This book attempts to explain why 'string theory' may provide the comprehensive underlying theory that describes and explains our world. It is an enthusiastic view of how compactified string/M-theories (plus data that may be reachable) seem to have the possibilities of leading to a comprehensive underlying theory of particle physics and cosmology, perhaps soon. We are living in a hugely exciting era for science, one during which it may be possible to achieve a real and true understanding of our physical world.

Supersymmetry and String Theory

Supersymmetry and String Theory
Author : Michael Dine
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2007-01-04
Category : Science
Total pages :129
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The past decade has witnessed dramatic developments in the field of theoretical physics. This book is a comprehensive introduction to these recent developments. It contains a review of the Standard Model, covering non-perturbative topics, and a discussion of grand unified theories and magnetic monopoles. It introduces the basics of supersymmetry and its phenomenology, and includes dynamics, dynamical supersymmetry breaking, and electric-magnetic duality. The book then covers general relativity and the big bang theory, and the basic issues in inflationary cosmologies before discussing the spectra of known string theories and the features of their interactions. The book also includes brief introductions to technicolor, large extra dimensions, and the Randall-Sundrum theory of warped spaces. This will be of great interest to graduates and researchers in the fields of particle theory, string theory, astrophysics and cosmology. The book contains several problems, and password protected solutions will be available to lecturers at www.cambridge.org/9780521858410.

Effective Field Theories in Particle Physics and Cosmology

Effective Field Theories in Particle Physics and Cosmology
Author : Sacha Davidson,Paolo Gambino,Mikko Laine,Matthias Neubert,Christophe Salomon
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date : 2020-04-20
Category : Science
Total pages :400
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The topic of the CVIII session of the Ecole de Physique des Houches, held in July 2017, was Effective Field Theory in Particle Physics and Cosmology. Effective Field Theory (EFT) is a general method for describing quantum systems with multiple length scales in a tractable fashion. It allows to perform precise calculations in established models (such as the Standard Models of particle physics and cosmology), as well as to concisely parametrise possible effects from physics beyond the Standard Models. The goal of this school was to offer a broad introduction to the foundations and modern applications of Effective Field Theory in many of its incarnations. This is all the more important as there are preciously few textbooks covering the subject, none of them in a complete way. In this book, the lecturers present the concepts in a pedagogical way so that readers can adapt some of the latest developments to their own problems. The chapters cover almost all the lectures given at the school and will serve as an introduction to the topic and as a reference manual to students and researchers.

Neutrinos in Physics and Astrophysics

Neutrinos in Physics and Astrophysics
Author : P. Langacker
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date : 2000
Category : Science
Total pages :649
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Neutrinos are the central thread in the study of many aspects of particle physics and astrophysics. Neutrino interactions test the standard electroweak theory and its TeV scale extensions, and examine the structure of the nucleon and of the CKM matrix. Searches for neutrino mass and other intrinsic properties probe new physics at very short distance scales. The weak interactions of neutrinos imply for them a unique role in studying the early universe, the core of the Sun, type II supernovae, and active galactic nuclei, and suggest the possibility of small neutrino masses contributing to the missing matter in the Universe, especially on very large distance scales.

Weak Scale Supersymmetry

Weak Scale Supersymmetry
Author : Howard Baer,Xerxes Tata
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2006-05-04
Category : Science
Total pages :129
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Supersymmetric models of particle physics predict new superpartner matter states for each particle in the Standard Model. These superpartners will have wide ranging implications, from cosmology to observations at high energy accelerators, such as CERN's LHC. In this 2006 text, the authors develop the basic concepts of supersymmetry and show how it can be incorporated into a theoretical framework for describing unified theories of elementary particles. They develop the technical tools of supersymmetry using four-component spinor notation familiar to high energy experimentalists and phenomenologists. The text takes the reader from an abstract formalism to a straightforward recipe for writing supersymmetric gauge theories of particle physics, and ultimately to the calculations necessary for practical applications at colliders and in cosmology. This is a comprehensive, practical and accessible introduction to supersymmetry for experimental and phenomenological particle physicists and graduate students. Exercises and worked examples that clarify the material are interspersed throughout.

String Theory and Particle Physics

String Theory and Particle Physics
Author : Luis E. Ibáñez,Angel M. Uranga
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2012-02-09
Category : Science
Total pages :673
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A systematic introduction to string phenomenology, outlining how string theory is connected to the real world of particle physics.

Quantum Generations

Quantum Generations
Author : Helge Kragh
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release Date : 2002-03-24
Category : Science
Total pages :494
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At the end of the nineteenth century, some physicists believed that the basic principles underlying their subject were already known, and that physics in the future would only consist of filling in the details. They could hardly have been more wrong. The past century has seen the rise of quantum mechanics, relativity, cosmology, particle physics, and solid-state physics, among other fields. These subjects have fundamentally changed our understanding of space, time, and matter. They have also transformed daily life, inspiring a technological revolution that has included the development of radio, television, lasers, nuclear power, and computers. In Quantum Generations, Helge Kragh, one of the world's leading historians of physics, presents a sweeping account of these extraordinary achievements of the past one hundred years. The first comprehensive one-volume history of twentieth-century physics, the book takes us from the discovery of X rays in the mid-1890s to superstring theory in the 1990s. Unlike most previous histories of physics, written either from a scientific perspective or from a social and institutional perspective, Quantum Generations combines both approaches. Kragh writes about pure science with the expertise of a trained physicist, while keeping the content accessible to nonspecialists and paying careful attention to practical uses of science, ranging from compact disks to bombs. As a historian, Kragh skillfully outlines the social and economic contexts that have shaped the field in the twentieth century. He writes, for example, about the impact of the two world wars, the fate of physics under Hitler, Mussolini, and Stalin, the role of military research, the emerging leadership of the United States, and the backlash against science that began in the 1960s. He also shows how the revolutionary discoveries of scientists ranging from Einstein, Planck, and Bohr to Stephen Hawking have been built on the great traditions of earlier centuries. Combining a mastery of detail with a sure sense of the broad contours of historical change, Kragh has written a fitting tribute to the scientists who have played such a decisive role in the making of the modern world.

Supersymmetry:Theory, Experiment, and Cosmology

Supersymmetry:Theory, Experiment, and Cosmology
Author : Pierre Binetruy
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release Date : 2006-11-09
Category : Science
Total pages :532
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This book describes the basic concepts of supersymmetric theories. It is aimed at theorists, experimentalists and cosmologists interested in supersymmetry, and its content is correspondingly divided into three distinct tracks of study. The topics covered include a discussion of the motivation for supersymmetry in fundamental physics, a description of the minimal supersymmetric model as well as models of grand unification and string models, a presentation of the main scenarios forsupersymmetry breaking, including the concepts and results of dynamical breaking. On the astrophysics/cosmology side, the book includes discussions of supersymmetric dark matter candidates, inflation, dark energy, and the cosmological constant problem. Some very basic knowledge of quantum field theoryis needed and extensive appendices (in particular an introduction to the Standard Model of fundamental interactions) allow the reader to refresh and complete their notions.

Proceedings of the Fifth Workshop on Elementary-Particle Picture of the Universe, Izu, November 19-21, 1990

Proceedings of the Fifth Workshop on Elementary-Particle Picture of the Universe, Izu, November 19-21, 1990
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1991
Category : Cosmology
Total pages :355
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The Order of Time

The Order of Time
Author : Carlo Rovelli
Publisher : Penguin
Release Date : 2018-05-08
Category : Science
Total pages :256
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One of TIME’s Ten Best Nonfiction Books of the Decade "Meet the new Stephen Hawking . . . The Order of Time is a dazzling book." --The Sunday Times From the bestselling author of Seven Brief Lessons on Physics, comes a concise, elegant exploration of time. Why do we remember the past and not the future? What does it mean for time to "flow"? Do we exist in time or does time exist in us? In lyric, accessible prose, Carlo Rovelli invites us to consider questions about the nature of time that continue to puzzle physicists and philosophers alike. For most readers this is unfamiliar terrain. We all experience time, but the more scientists learn about it, the more mysterious it remains. We think of it as uniform and universal, moving steadily from past to future, measured by clocks. Rovelli tears down these assumptions one by one, revealing a strange universe where at the most fundamental level time disappears. He explains how the theory of quantum gravity attempts to understand and give meaning to the resulting extreme landscape of this timeless world. Weaving together ideas from philosophy, science and literature, he suggests that our perception of the flow of time depends on our perspective, better understood starting from the structure of our brain and emotions than from the physical universe. Already a bestseller in Italy, and written with the poetic vitality that made Seven Brief Lessons on Physics so appealing, The Order of Time offers a profoundly intelligent, culturally rich, novel appreciation of the mysteries of time.

High Energy Physics Index

High Energy Physics Index
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1994
Category : Particles (Nuclear physics)
Total pages :129
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A First Course in String Theory

A First Course in String Theory
Author : Barton Zwiebach
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2004-06-10
Category : Science
Total pages :558
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Accessible introduction to string theory for advanced undergraduate and graduate students.

The Dream Universe

The Dream Universe
Author : David Lindley
Publisher : Doubleday
Release Date : 2020-03-17
Category : Science
Total pages :240
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A vivid and captivating narrative about how modern science broke free of ancient philosophy, and how theoretical physics is returning to its unscientific roots In the early seventeenth century Galileo broke free from the hold of ancient Platonic and Aristotelian philosophy. He drastically changed the framework through which we view the natural world when he asserted that we should base our theory of reality on what we can observe rather than pure thought. In the process, he invented what we would come to call science. This set the stage for all the breakthroughs that followed--from Kepler to Newton to Einstein. But in the early twentieth century when quantum physics, with its deeply complex mathematics, entered into the picture, something began to change. Many physicists began looking to the equations first and physical reality second. As we investigate realms further and further from what we can see and what we can test, we must look to elegant, aesthetically pleasing equations to develop our conception of what reality is. As a result, much of theoretical physics today is something more akin to the philosophy of Plato than the science to which the physicists are heirs. In The Dream Universe, Lindley asks what is science when it becomes completely untethered from measurable phenomena?