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Structural Biomaterials

Structural Biomaterials
Author : Julian F. V. Vincent
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release Date : 1990
Category : Science
Total pages :244
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"This book should go a long way towards filling the communication gap between biology and physics in [the area of biomaterials]. It begins with the basic theory of elasticity and viscoelasticity, describing concepts like stress, strain, compliance, and plasticity in simple mathematical terms. . . . For the non-biologist, these chapters provide a clear account of macromolecular structure and conformation. . . . [Vincent's work] is a delight to read, full of interesting anecdotes and examples from unexpected sources. . . . I can strongly recommend this book, as it shows how biologists could use mechanical properties as well as conventional methods to deduce molecular structure."--Anna Furth, The Times Higher Education Supplement In what is now recognized as a standard introduction to biomaterials, Julian Vincent presents a biologist's analysis of the structural materials of organisms, using molecular biology as a starting point. He explores the chemical structure of both proteins and polysaccharides, illustrating how their composition and bonding determine the mechanical properties of the materials in which they occurincluding pliant composites such as skin, artery, and plant tissue; stiff composites such as insect cuticle and wood; and biological ceramics such as teeth, bone, and eggshell. Here Vincent discusses the possibilities of taking ideas from nature with biomimicry and "intelligent" (or self-designing and sensitive) materials.

Structural Biomaterials

Structural Biomaterials
Author : Cuie Wen
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2021-04-20
Category : Medical
Total pages :462
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Structural Biomaterials: Properties, Characteristics, and Selection serves as a single point of reference to digest current research and develop a deeper understanding in the field of biomaterials engineering. This book uses a materials-focused approach, allowing the reader to quickly access specific, detailed information on biomaterials characterization and selection. Relevant to a range of readers, this book provides holistic coverage of the broad categories of structural biomaterials currently available and used in medical applications, highlighting the property requirements for structural biomaterials, their biocompatibility performance and their safety regulation in key categories such as metals, ceramics and polymers. The materials science perspective of this text ensures the content is accessible even to those without an extensive background in applied medicine, positioning this text not just for students, but as an overview and reference for researchers, scientists and engineers entering the field from related materials science disciplines. Provides a unique, holistic approach, covering key biomaterials categories in one text, including metals, ceramics and polymers Discusses advantages, disadvantages, biocompatibility performance and safety regulations, allowing for accurate materials selection in medical applications Utilizes a materials science perspective, allowing those without an extensive applied medical background to learn about the field

Structural Biomaterials

Structural Biomaterials
Author : Julian Vincent
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release Date : 2012-07-29
Category : Science
Total pages :240
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This is a thoroughly revised, updated, and expanded edition of a classic illustrated introduction to the structural materials in natural organisms and what we can learn from them to improve man-made technology--from nanotechnology to textiles to architecture. Julian Vincent's book has long been recognized as a standard work on the engineering design of biomaterials and is used by undergraduates, graduates, researchers, and professionals studying biology, zoology, engineering, and biologically inspired design. This third edition incorporates new developments in the field, the most important of which have been at the molecular level. All of the illustrations have been redrawn, the references have been updated, and a new chapter on biomimetic design has been added. Vincent emphasizes the mechanical properties of structural biomaterials, their contribution to the lives of organisms, and how these materials differ from man-made ones. He shows how the properties of biomaterials are derived from their chemistry and interactions, and how to measure them. Starting with proteins and polysaccharides, he shows how skin and hair function, how materials self-assemble, and how ceramics such as bone and mother-of-pearl can be so stiff and tough, despite being made in water in benign ambient conditions. Finally, he combines these topics with an analysis of how the design of biomaterials can be adapted in technology, and presents a series of guidelines for designers. An accessible illustrated introduction with minimal technical jargon Suitable for undergraduates and more advanced readers Integrates chemistry, mechanics, and biology Includes descriptions of all biological materials Simple exposition of mechanical analysis of materials

Structural Biomaterials for the 21st Century

Structural Biomaterials for the 21st Century
Author : Minerals, Metals and Materials Society. Meeting
Publisher : Tms
Release Date : 2001
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :288
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Spectroscopic and Structural Studies of Biomaterials: Proteins

Spectroscopic and Structural Studies of Biomaterials: Proteins
Author : Jacek Twardowski
Publisher : Sigma Press
Release Date : 1988
Category : Biomedical materials
Total pages :289
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Structural Biomaterials

Structural Biomaterials
Author : Julian F. V. Vincent
Publisher : Turtleback
Release Date : 1990-08
Category :
Total pages :129
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"This book should go a long way towards filling the communication gap between biology and physics in [the area of biomaterials]. It begins with the basic theory of elasticity and viscoelasticity, describing concepts like stress, strain, compliance, and plasticity in simple mathematical terms. . . . For the non-biologist, these chapters provide a clear account of macromolecular structure and conformation. . . . [Vincent's work] is a delight to read, full of interesting anecdotes and examples from unexpected sources. . . . I can strongly recommend this book, as it shows how biologists could use mechanical properties as well as conventional methods to deduce molecular structure".--Anna Furth, The Times Higher Education SupplementIn what is now recognized as a standard introduction to biomaterials, Julian Vincent presents a biologist's analysis of the structural materials of organisms, using molecular biology as a starting point. He explores the chemical structure of both proteins and polysaccharides, illustrating how their composition and bonding determine the mechanical properties of the materials in which they occurincluding pliant composites such as skin, artery, and plant tissue; stiff composites such as insect cuticle and wood; and biological ceramics such as teeth, bone, and eggshell. Here Vincent discusses the possibilities of taking ideas from nature with biomimicry and "intelligent" (or self-designing and sensitive) materials.

Structural Biomaterials

Structural Biomaterials
Author : Julian Vincent
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1905
Category :
Total pages :238
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Structural Biomaterials: Third Edition Julian Vincent This is a thoroughly revised, updated, and expanded edition of a classic illustrated introduction to the structural materials in natural organisms and what we can learn from them to improve man-made technology--from nanotechnology to textiles to architecture. Julian Vincent's book has long been recognized as a standard work on the engineering design of biomaterials and is used by undergraduates, graduates, researchers, and professionals studying biology, zoology, engineering, and biologically inspired design. This third edition incorpo.

Structural Biomaterials for the 21st Century

Structural Biomaterials for the 21st Century
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Minerals, Metals, & Materials Society
Release Date : 2001
Category :
Total pages :288
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This collection of papers from the 2001 TMS Annual Meeting held in New Orleans, provides an overview of technologies and applications of structural metallic, ceramic, plastic and composite biomaterials. It discusses materials, special processes, specific applications and fatigue/wear response.

Mechanics of Biomaterials

Mechanics of Biomaterials
Author : Lisa A. Pruitt,Ayyana M. Chakravartula
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2011-10-20
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :129
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Teaching mechanical and structural biomaterials concepts for successful medical implant design, this self-contained text provides a complete grounding for students and newcomers to the field. Split into three sections: Materials, Mechanics and Case Studies, it begins with a review of sterilization, biocompatibility and foreign body response before presenting the fundamental structures of synthetic biomaterials and natural tissues. Mechanical behavior of materials is then discussed in depth, covering elastic deformation, viscoelasticity and time-dependent behavior, multiaxial loading and complex stress states, yielding and failure theories, and fracture mechanics. The final section on clinical aspects of medical devices provides crucial information on FDA regulatory issues and presents case studies in four key clinical areas: orthopedics, cardiovascular devices, dentistry and soft tissue implants. Each chapter ends with a list of topical questions, making this an ideal course textbook for senior undergraduate and graduate students, and also a self-study tool for engineers, scientists and clinicians.

Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering

Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering
Author : Donglu Shi
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-06-29
Category : Science
Total pages :246
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The current interest in developing novel materials has motivated an increasing need for biological and medical studies in a variety of dinical applications. Indeed, it is dear that to achieve the requisite mechanical, chemical and biomedical properties, especially for new bioactive materials, it is necessary to develop novel synthesis routes. The tremendous success of materials science in developing new biomaterials and fostering technological innovation arises from its focus on interdisciplinary research and collaboration between materials and medical sciences. Materials scientists seek to relate one natural phenomenon to the basic structures of the materials and to recognize the causes and effects of the phenomena. In this way, they have developed explanations for the changing of the properties, the reactions of the materials to the environment, the interface behaviors between the artificial materials and human tissue, the time effects on the materials, and many other natural occurrences. By the same means, medical scientists have also studied the biological and medical effects of these materials, and generated the knowledge needed to produce useful medical devices. The concept of biomaterials is one of the most important ideas ever generated by the application of materials science to the medical field. In traditional materials research, interest focuses primarilyon the synthesis , structure, and mechanical properties of materials commonly used for structural purposes in industry, for instance in mechanical parts of machinery.

ENGR3810, Structural Biomaterials

ENGR3810, Structural Biomaterials
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2004
Category : Biochemical engineering
Total pages :129
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Characterization of biomaterials

Characterization of biomaterials
Author : N. Sanjeeva Murthy
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2012-12-19
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :334
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Biomaterials often exhibit structures at multiple length scales that influence the chemical, physical, mechanical and biological properties of a material. This chapter discusses techniques used to determine these structures: light scattering for the determination of particle sizes ~0.1μm; wide-angle X-ray scattering for analyzing the molecular structure, crystallinity and morphology in the solid state (~1nm); small-angle X-ray scattering for obtaining structural information at mesoscale (10nm) to determine lamellar structure and phase behavior in the solid state, and size and aggregation behavior of particles in solution; and small-angle neutron scattering using molecules labeled with deuterium for the analysis of single chain dimensions, polymer mixtures and solvent diffusion in the solid state.

Biomechanics, structures and systems

Biomechanics, structures and systems
Author : Andrew A. Biewener
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1992
Category : Biomechanics
Total pages :290
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Characterization of Biomaterials

Characterization of Biomaterials
Author : Julia Will,Rainer Detsch,Aldo R. Boccaccini
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-03-12
Category : Science
Total pages :450
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In order to enhance the application potential of scaffolds in tissue engineering, comprehensive characterization of scaffold micro- and macro-structure, porosity, permeability and mechanical properties are required. In addition, before in vivo studies can be carried out, a complete assessment of the in vitro behavior of scaffolds, e.g. in selected cell culture studies, is required. The present chapter revises the wide range of methods applied to characterize scaffolds and emphasizes the need for a combination of different characterization techniques for understanding scaffold performance required for successful bone regeneration.

Annual Review of Materials Research

Annual Review of Materials Research
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2004
Category : Electronic journals
Total pages :129
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