November 29, 2020

Download Ebook Free Structure And Function Of The Extracellular Matrix

The Extracellular Matrix: an Overview

The Extracellular Matrix: an Overview
Author : Robert Mecham
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2011-02-16
Category : Science
Total pages :426
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Knowledge of the extracellular matrix (ECM) is essential to understand cellular differentiation, tissue development, and tissue remodeling. This volume of the series “Biology of Extracellular Matrix” provides a timely overview of the structure, regulation, and function of the major macromolecules that make up the extracellular matrix. It covers topics such as collagen types and assembly of collagen-containing suprastructures, basement membrane, fibronectin and other cell-adhesive glycoproteins, proteoglycans, microfibrils, elastin, fibulins and matricellular proteins, such as thrombospondin. It also explores the concept that ECM components together with their cell surface receptors can be viewed as intricate nano-devices that allow cells to physically organize their 3-D-environment. Further, the role of the ECM in human disease and pathogenesis is discussed as well as the use of model organisms in elucidating ECM function.

Tissue Regeneration

Tissue Regeneration
Author : Hussein Abdelhay Essayed Kaoud
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2018-06-06
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :206
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Tissue regeneration is a vast subject, with many different important aspects to consider. Regenerative medicine is a new branch of medicine that tries to change the course of chronic diseases and, in many cases, regenerates the organ systems that fail due to age, disease, damage, or genetic defects. The main purpose of this book is to point out the interest of some important topics of tissue regeneration and the progress in this field as well as the variety of different surgical fields and operations. This book includes 7 sections and 11 chapters that provide an overview of the essentials in tissue regeneration science and their potential applications in surgery. The authors of each chapter have given consolidated information on ground realities and attempted to provide a comprehensive knowledge of tissue engineering and regeneration. This book will be useful to researchers and students of biological and biomedical sciences (medical and veterinarian researchers).

Composition and Function of the Extracellular Matrix in the Human Body

Composition and Function of the Extracellular Matrix in the Human Body
Author : Francesco Travascio
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2016-06-15
Category : Science
Total pages :374
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The extracellular matrix (ECM) is an ensemble of non-cellular components present within all tissues and organs of the human body. The ECM provides structural support for scaffolding cellular constituents and biochemical and biomechanical support for those events leading to tissue morphogenesis, differentiation and homeostasis. Essential components of all ECMs are water, proteins and polysaccharides. However, their composition, architecture and bioactivity greatly vary from tissue to tissue in relation to the specific role the ECM is required to assume. This book overviews the role of the ECM in different tissues and organs of the human body.

Evolution of Extracellular Matrix

Evolution of Extracellular Matrix
Author : Fred W. Keeley,Robert Mecham
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-03-15
Category : Science
Total pages :290
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The evolution of single cells into multicellular organisms was mediated, in large part, by the extracellular matrix. The proteins and glycoconjugates that make up the extracellular matrix provide structural support to cellular complexes, facilitate cell adhesion and migration, and impart mechanical properties that are important for tissue function. Each class of ECM macromolecule has evolved to incorporate distinctive properties that are defined by conserved modules that are mixed together to achieve appropriate function. This volume provides a comprehensive analysis of how the major ECM components evolved over time in order to fill their specific roles found in modern organisms. The major focus is on the structural matrix proteins, matricellular proteins, and more complex ECM structures such as basement membranes. Adhesive proteins and their receptors are also discussed.

Calcific Aortic Valve Disease

Calcific Aortic Valve Disease
Author : Elena Aikawa
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2013-06-12
Category : Medical
Total pages :542
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Due to population aging, calcific aortic valve disease (CAVD) has become the most common heart valve disease in Western countries. No therapies exist to slow this disease progression, and surgical valve replacement is the only effective treatment. Calcific Aortic Valve Disease covers the contemporary understanding of basic valve biology and the mechanisms of CAVD, provides novel insights into the genetics, proteomics, and metabolomics of CAVD, depicts new strategies in heart valve tissue engineering and regenerative medicine, and explores current treatment approaches. As we are on the verge of understanding the mechanisms of CAVD, we hope that this book will enable readers to comprehend our current knowledge and focus on the possibility of preventing disease progression in the future.

Molecular Biology of the Cell

Molecular Biology of the Cell
Author : Bruce Alberts
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2004
Category :
Total pages :129
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Extracellular Matrix Assembly and Structure

Extracellular Matrix Assembly and Structure
Author : Peter D. Yurchenco
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2013-10-22
Category : Science
Total pages :468
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The complex and critical process of extracellular matrix (ECM) assembly is described in this book. Assembly may involve molecules interacting with molecules of the same matrix class, such as in collagen, or interactions between different ECM molecules, such as in basement membranes. The text shows how this is driven by structural information within the matrix monomer. This information will be of interest to cell, developmental, and molecular biologists, biochemists, biophysicists, and biomedical researchers involved in macromolecular assembly, biological macromolecules, and extracellular matrix. Addresses assembly of most of the known classes of extracellular matrix macromolecules Discusses higher order structures produced by ECM Gives important concepts in ECM and cell-matrix interactions, Protein structure and protein-protein interactions, Development and tissue remodeling

Extracellular Matrix: Pathobiology and Signaling

Extracellular Matrix: Pathobiology and Signaling
Author : Nikos Karamanos
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
Release Date : 2012-08-31
Category : Science
Total pages :938
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Over the last decades cell biology and biological chemistry have increasingly turned their attention to the space between cells and revealed an elaborate network of macromolecules essential for structural support, cell migration, adhesion and signaling. This comprehensive handbook of the extracellular matrix is organized into seven thematic sections, giving an overview of the current state of knowledge of matrix components (structure and function), their roles in health and disease (matrix pathobiology) as well as new concepts of pharmacological targeting.

Cell-Extracellular Matrix Interactions in Cancer

Cell-Extracellular Matrix Interactions in Cancer
Author : Roy Zent,Ambra Pozzi
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2010-10-22
Category : Medical
Total pages :314
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Cancer was thought to originate from alterations in intercellular signaling that resulted in the transformation of cells, their uncontrolled proliferation and metastasis. There is now an increasing body of evidence demonstrating that the surrounding matrix and cell-matrix interactions are also major players in this process. Cells adhere and receive signals from various extracellular matrices via transmembrane receptors, the best known of which are the heterodimeric glycoproteins, integrins.

Extracellular Matrix and Egg Coats

Extracellular Matrix and Egg Coats
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2018-05-28
Category : Science
Total pages :502
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Extracellular Matrix and Egg Coats, Volume 130, the latest release in the Current Topics in Developmental Biology series, highlights new advances in the field, with this new volume presenting interesting chapters on The Human Egg’s Zona Pellucida, the Structure of Zona Pellucida Module Proteins, The Fish Egg’s Zona Pellucidam The Chicken Egg’s Zona Pellucidam The Marsupial Egg’s Zona Pellucida, the Evolution of Zona Pellucida Proteins, The Mouse Egg’s Zona Pellucida, Aspects of ECM, ECM and Morphogenesis, Collagen fibril assembly and function, The Ear's Tectorial Membrane, ECM and Cell Fate, and the Aspects of ECM. Provides the authority and expertise of leading contributors from an international board of authors Presents the latest release in the Current Topics in Developmental Biology series Updated release includes the latest information on the Extracellular Matrix in Development

Brain Extracellular Matrix in Health and Disease

Brain Extracellular Matrix in Health and Disease
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2014-10-30
Category : Science
Total pages :506
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In the central nervous system, extracellular matrix (ECM) molecules, including hyaluronic acid, chondroitin and heparan sulfate proteoglycans, tenascins, reelin and agrin, along with their remodelling enzymes, such as neurotrypsin, neuropsin, plasminogen activators, and metalloproteinases, are secreted by neural and non-neural cells into the extracellular space to form the ECM and signal via ECM receptors. Despite recent advances in the ECM field, the importance of neural ECM for physiological and pathological processes is currently less widely recognized than that of other CNS elements. This book will enlighten recent progress in our understanding of mechanisms by which neural ECM, its receptors and activity-dependent ECM remodeling regulate neural development, synaptic plasticity, and contribute to pathological changes in the brain. In the first part, the roles of ECM signaling and proteolytic modification of ECM in neurogenesis, neural migration, axonal pathfinding, synaptogenesis, synaptic and homeostatic plasticity will be discussed. The second part will focus on the emerging ECM-dependent mechanisms associated with CNS injury, epilepsy, neurodegenerative and neuropsychiatric diseases. For further development of neural ECM field, a very important contribution is the third part of the book, which is devoted to neural ECM-targeting tools and therapeutics. The concluding fourth part will highlight advances in development of artificial ECM and ECM-based systems suitable for multisite recording and stimulation of neural cells. Authors are the leading experts in the field of brain extracellular matrix in health and disease Book covers the most important aspects of brain extracellular matrix in health and disease Interesting for both scientists and clinicians

Decellularized Extracellular Matrix

Decellularized Extracellular Matrix
Author : Takashi Hoshiba,Tetsuji Yamaoka
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release Date : 2019-12-05
Category : Science
Total pages :352
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Takashi Hoshiba and Tetsuji Yamaoka have brought together, for the first time, leading contributors to provide a fundamental guide to the decellularized extracelluar matrix. Focussing on the sources of dECM, preparation, characterization and applications of dECM in regenerative medicine and biological systems, this is a must-have resource for those working in regenerative medicine and tissue engineering.

Mimicking the Extracellular Matrix

Mimicking the Extracellular Matrix
Author : Gregory A Hudalla,William L Murphy
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release Date : 2019-03-15
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :405
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The extracellular matrix (ECM) is the focus of much interest in biology and bioengineering. Increasing understanding of the influence of the ECM on cell behaviour has led to the exciting possibilities of tissue engineering. Aside from new therapeutic tools, understanding the ECM is of course fundamental to basic cell biology research. Mimicking the Extracellular Matrix approaches this topic from both basic science and practical engineering perspectives. Seven topics are approached each in a pair of chapters, one with a biological approach and its partner with a bioengineering approach. Topics include the mechanical properties of the ECM, which outlines current knowledge of the ECM physical structure and reviewing state-of-the-art strategies to mimic its native microenvironments. The organisational characteristics of the ECM form the focus of another pair of chapters, where the collagen triple helix is discussed, followed by a review of advances in artificial reproduction of well-ordered systems using self-assembling peptides, or peptide amphiphiles. The balanced approach of this text gives it a broad appeal to those interested in the ECM from a range of backgrounds and disciplines. Suitable for undergraduates, postgraduates, and academics, this text aims to unify the current knowledge of ECM biology and matrix-mimicking biomaterials.

Etiology and Morphogenesis of Congenital Heart Disease

Etiology and Morphogenesis of Congenital Heart Disease
Author : Toshio Nakanishi,Roger R. Markwald,H.Scott Baldwin,Bradley B. Keller,Deepak Srivastava,Hiroyuki Yamagishi
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2016-06-24
Category : Medical
Total pages :383
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This volume focuses on the etiology and morphogenesis of congenital heart diseases. It reviews in detail the early development and differentiation of the heart, and later morphologic events of the cardiovascular system, covering a wide range of topics such as gene functions, growth factors, transcription factors and cellular interactions that are implicated in cardiac morphogenesis and congenital heart disease. This book also presents recent advances in stem cell and cell sheet tissue engineering technologies which have the potential to provide novel in vitro disease models and to generate regenerative paradigms for cardiac repair and regeneration. This is the ideal resource for physician scientists and investigators looking for updates on recent investigations on the origins of congenital heart disease and potential future therapies.

Extracellular Matrix and The Liver

Extracellular Matrix and The Liver
Author : Isao Okazaki,Yosifumi Ninomiya,Tanikawa Kyuichi,Scott I. Friedman
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2003-02-20
Category : Medical
Total pages :512
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Extracellular Matrix of the Liver addresses the basic science of the extracellular matrix and discusses new strategies for the treatment of cirrhosis of the liver, with a primary focus on possible gene therapy approaches. The chapters are divided into six sections as follows: Basic Science of Extracellular Matrix Cells Responsible for Extracellular Matrix Production Activation Mechanism of Hepatic Cells and Signal Transduction Basic Science for Extracellular Matrix Metabolism including Enzymes and their Inhibitors Matrix Mettaloproteinases and Tissue Inhibitors for Matrix Mettaloproteinases New Strategies for the treatment of Liver Cirrhosis Discusses the possibility of gene therapy for liver cirrhosis Includes information on new aspects of hepatic stellate cells Written by top experts in basic science and clinical hepatology