November 29, 2020

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Structure and Properties of High-Performance Fibers

Structure and Properties of High-Performance Fibers
Author : Gajanan Bhat
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2016-08-21
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :438
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Structure and Properties of High-Performance Fibers explores the relationship between the structure and properties of a wide range of high-performance fibers. Part I covers high-performance inorganic fibers, including glasses and ceramics, plus carbon fibers of various types. In Part II, high-performance synthetic polymer fibers are discussed, while Part III reviews those natural fibers that can be used to create advanced textiles. The high-performance properties of these fibers are related to their chemistry and morphology, as well as the ways in which they are synthesized and spun. High-performance fibers form the basis of textile materials with applications in protection, medicine, and composite reinforcement. Fibers are selected for these technical applications due to their advanced physical, mechanical, and chemical properties. Offers up-to-date coverage of new and advanced materials for the fiber and textile industries Reviews structure-property relationships of high-performance inorganic, carbon, synthetic polymer, and natural fibers Includes contributions from an international team of authors edited by an expert in the field Reviews those natural fibers that can be used to create advanced textiles

High-Performance Fibres

High-Performance Fibres
Author : J. W. S. Hearle
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2001-10-26
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :344
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This important new handbook provides comprehensive coverage of how high performance fibres are designed and manufactured and covers their capabilities and applications. The high-modulus, high-tenacity (HM-HT) fibres fall naturally into three groups – polymer fibres such as aramids and polyethylene fibres; carbon fibres such as Kevlar; and inorganic fibres based on glass and ceramic fibres. The books shows how high performance fibres are being increasingly used for a wide range of applications including goetextiles and geomembranes and for construction and civil engineering projects as well as in specialist fibres within composite materials where their ability to fulfil demanding roles makes them an effective choice for the engineer and materials scientist. Provides a comprehensive overview of how high performance fibres are designed and manufactured and covers their capabilities and applications Explains how high performance fibres are being increasingly used for a wide range of applications, including geotextiles and geomembranes and construction and civil engineering projects

High Performance Polymers and Engineering Plastics

High Performance Polymers and Engineering Plastics
Author : Vikas Mittal
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2011-09-09
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :452
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This book describes advances in synthesis, processing, and technology of environmentally friendly polymers generated from renewable resources. With contents based on a wide range of functional monomers and contributions from eminent researchers, this volume demonstrates the design, synthesis, properties and applications of plant oil based polymers, presenting an elaborate review of acid mediated polymerization techniques for the generation of green polymers. Chemical engineers are provided with state-of-the-art information that acts to further progress research in this direction.

High-Performance Structural Fibers for Advanced Polymer Matrix Composites

High-Performance Structural Fibers for Advanced Polymer Matrix Composites
Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Materials Advisory Board,Committee on High-Performance Structural Fibers for Advanced Polymer Matrix Composites
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2005-05-09
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :70
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Military use of advanced polymer matrix composites (PMC)â€"consisting of a resin matrix reinforced by high-performance carbon or organic fibersâ€"while extensive, accounts for less that 10 percent of the domestic market. Nevertheless, advanced composites are expected to play an even greater role in future military systems, and DOD will continue to require access to reliable sources of affordable, high-performance fibers including commercial materials and manufacturing processes. As a result of these forecasts, DOD requested the NRC to assess the challenges and opportunities associated with advanced PMCs with emphasis on high-performance fibers. This report provides an assessment of fiber technology and industries, a discussion of R&D opportunities for DOD, and recommendations about accelerating technology transition, reducing costs, and improving understanding of design methodology and promising technologies.

Carbon Materials for Advanced Technologies

Carbon Materials for Advanced Technologies
Author : T.D. Burchell
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 1999-07-22
Category : Science
Total pages :540
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The inspiration for this book came from an American Carbon Society Workshop entitled "Carbon Materials for Advanced Technologies" which was hosted by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in 1994. Chapter 1 contains a review of carbon materials, and emphasizes the structure and chemical bonding in the various forms of carbon, including the four allotropes diamond, graphite, carbynes, and the fullerenes. In addition, amorphous carbon and diamond films, carbon nanoparticles, and engineered carbons are discussed. The most recently discovered allotrope of carbon, i.e., the fullerenes, along with carbon nanotubes, are more fully discussed in Chapter 2, where their structure-property relations are reviewed in the context of advanced technologies for carbon based materials. The synthesis, structure, and properties of the fullerenes and nanotubes, and modification of the structure and properties through doping, are also reviewed. Potential applications of this new family of carbon materials are considered. The manufacture and applications of adsorbent carbon fibers are discussed in Chapter 3. The manufacture, structure and properties of high performance fibers are reviewed in Chapter 4, and the manufacture and properties of vapor grown fibers and their composites are reported in Chapter 5. The properties and applications of novel low density composites developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory are reported in Chapter 6. Coal is an important source of energy and an abundant source of carbon. The production of engineering carbons and graphite from coal via a solvent extraction route is described in Chapter 7. Applications of activated carbons are discussed in Chapters 8-10, including their use in the automotive arena as evaporative loss emission traps (Chapter 8), and in vehicle natural gas storage tanks (Chapter 9). The application of activated carbons in adsorption heat pumps and refrigerators is discussed in Chapter 10. Chapter 11 reports the use of carbon materials in the fast growing consumer electronics application of lithium-ion batteries. The role of carbon materials in nuclear systems is discussed in Chapters 12 and 13, where fusion device and fission reactor applications, respectively, are reviewed. In Chapter 12 the major technological issues for the utilization of carbon as a plasma facing material are discussed in the context of current and future fusion tokamak devices. The essential design features of graphite moderated reactors, (including gas-, water- and molten salt-cooled systems) are reviewed in Chapter 13, and reactor environmental effects such as radiation damage and radiolytic corrosion are discussed. The fracture behaviour of graphite is discussed in qualitative and quantitative terms in Chapter 14. The applications of Linear Elastic Fracture Mechanics and Elastic-Plastic Fracture Mechanics to graphite are reviewed and a study of the role of small flaws in nuclear graphites is reported.

Handbook of Tensile Properties of Textile and Technical Fibres

Handbook of Tensile Properties of Textile and Technical Fibres
Author : A. R. Bunsell
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2009-10-19
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :696
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Fibres usually experience tensile loads whether they are used for apparel or technical structures. Their form, which is long and fine, makes them some of the strongest materials available as well as very flexible. This book provides a concise and authoritative overview of tensile behaviour of a wide range of both natural and synthetic fibres used both in textiles and high performance materials. After preliminary chapters that introduce the reader to tensile properties, failure and testing of fibres, the book is split into two parts. Part one examines tensile properties and failure of natural fibres, such as cotton, hemp, wool and silk. Part two discusses the tensile properties and failure of synthetic fibres ranging from polyamide, polyester and polyethylene fibres to carbon fibres. Many chapters also provide a general background to the fibre, including the manufacture, microstructure, factors that affect tensile properties as well as methods to improve tensile failure. With its distinguished editor and array of international contributors, Handbook of tensile properties of textile and technical fibres is an important reference for fibre scientists, textile technologists and engineers, as well as those in academia. Provides an overview of tensile behaviour of a wide range of both natural and synthetic fibres Examines tensile characterisitics, tensile failure of textiles fibres and factors that affect tensile properties Discusses mircostructures and each type of fibre from manufacture to finished product

Aromatic High-Strength Fibers

Aromatic High-Strength Fibers
Author : H. H. Yang
Publisher : Wiley-Interscience
Release Date : 1989-08-18
Category : Science
Total pages :873
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Surveys the state-of-knowledge in the development of polymers and high-strength fibers, and elucidates their structure-property relationships. Emphasizes polymer compositions and related fiber structures and properties. Reviews conventional and high-performance fibers, modifications of aromatic polymers, and liquid crystalline polymers, then goes on to cover aromatic polyamides, polyhydrazides, polyesters, polyazomethines, polyimides, and heterocyclic polymers. Also compares high-strength aromatic fibers with other various high-performance fibers in terms of their properties and end uses.

Physical Properties of Textile Fibres

Physical Properties of Textile Fibres
Author : J. W. S. Hearle,W E Morton
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2008-10-10
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :796
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First published in 1962, and now in its fourth edition, Physical properties of textile fibres has become a classic, providing the standard reference on key aspects of fibre performance. The new edition has been substantially reorganised and revised to reflect new research. After introductory chapters on fibre structure, testing and sampling, the book reviews key fibre properties, their technical significance, factors affecting these properties and measurement issues. Each chapter covers both natural and synthetic fibres, including high-performance fibres. The book first reviews properties such as fineness, length and density. It then considers thermal properties and reaction to moisture. A further group of chapters then reviews tensile properties, thermo-mechanical responses, fibre breakage and fatigue. Finally, the book discusses dielectric properties, electrical resistance and static, optical properties and fibre friction. Written by one of the world’s leading authorities, the fourth edition of Physical properties of textile fibres consolidates its reputation as a standard work both for those working in the textile industry and those teaching and studying textile science. A standard reference on key aspects of fibre performance An essential read and reference for textile technologists, fibre scientists, textile engineers and those in academia Provides substantial updated material on fibre structure and new test methods, data and theories regarding properties of textile fibres

Polymer Microscopy

Polymer Microscopy
Author : Linda Sawyer,David T. Grubb,Gregory F. Meyers
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2008-12-24
Category : Science
Total pages :540
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This extensively updated and revised Third Edition is a comprehensive and practical guide to the study of the microstructure of polymers. It is the result of the authors' many years of academic and industrial experience. Introductory chapters deal with the basic concepts of both polymer morphology and processing and microscopy and imaging theory. The core of the book is more applied, with many examples of specimen preparation and image interpretation leading to materials characterization. Emerging techniques such as compositional mapping in which microscopy is combined with spectroscopy are considered. The book closes with a problem solving guide.

Fiber Science

Fiber Science
Author : Steven B. Warner
Publisher : Pearson College Division
Release Date : 1995
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :316
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An introduction to the structure and properties of polymeric fibers, with emphasis on fibers used as textiles and industrial fibers. Part One introduces fundamental concepts of organic fiber chemistry and morphology. Part Two presents the mot important aspects of mechanical properties. Up-to-date coverage, including treatment of high performance fibers, superabsorbants, liquid crystal polymers, electrical conductivity, and other current topics. Emphasis on fundamental principles. Shows applications of basic principles in real materials.

Carbon Fibers Filaments and Composites

Carbon Fibers Filaments and Composites
Author : J.L. Figueiredo,Carlos A. Bernardo,R.T.K. Baker,K.J. Hüttinger
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-03-14
Category : Science
Total pages :582
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Conventional synthetic materials, like metals, ceramics or glass, are usually isotropic substances, and their suitability for structural applications is achieved by morphological design and combination in the macroscopic scale. However, in modem engineering this is often not acceptable. As an alternative, the use of non-homogeneous, anisotropic materials, with significant stiffness and strength only in the directions these mechanical properties are really needed, can lead to enormous material (and weight) savings. This is the case of multiphase systems called composite materials. In these composites, different material parts are added and arranged geometrically, under clearly designed and controlled conditions. Usually, a structure of fibers provides strength and stiffness and a matrix helds them together, whilst providing the geometric form. Carbon fibers are among the high-performance fibers employed in these advanced structural composites, which are profoundly changing many of today's high technology industries. New research and development challenges in this area include upgrading the manufacturing process of fibers and composites, in order to improve characteristics and reduce costs, and modifying the interfacial properties between fibers and matrix, to guarantee better mechanical properties. The interdisciplinary nature of this "new frontier" is obvious, involving chemistry, materials science, chemical and mechanical engineering. Other topics, which more often are treated separately, are also important for the understanding of the processes of fiber production. Carbon filaments is one such topic, as the study of their mechanisms of nucleation and growth is clearly quite relevant to the production of vapour-grown carbon fibers.

Fibers and Composites

Fibers and Composites
Author : Pierre Delhaes
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2003-05-15
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :260
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This book is devoted to advanced composite materials based on carbon fibers issued from different precursors and various matrices. Written by internationally recognized specialists, Fibers and Composites is divided into three main parts. The first presents an alternative way to process and prepare carbon fibers issued from either natural or art

High Performance Polymers

High Performance Polymers
Author : H. Aglan
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1991
Category : Composite materials
Total pages :335
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Structural Properties of High Performance Polymer Fibers and Their Effects on Fiber-matrix Adhesion

Structural Properties of High Performance Polymer Fibers and Their Effects on Fiber-matrix Adhesion
Author : Javad Kalantar
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1991
Category : Fibers
Total pages :518
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Engineering of High-Performance Textiles

Engineering of High-Performance Textiles
Author : Menghe Miao,John H Xin
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2017-09-07
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :544
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Engineering of High-Performance Textiles discusses the fiber-to-fabric engineering of various textile products. Each chapter focuses on practical guidelines and approaches for common issues in textile research and development. The book discusses high-performance fibers and yarns before presenting the engineering fabrics and architectures needed for particular properties required of high-performance textiles. Properties covered include moisture absorption, pilling resistant knitwear, fire retardant fabrics, camouflage fabrics, insect repellent fabrics, filtration, and many more. Coordinated by two highly distinguished editors, this book is a practical resource for all those engaged in textile research, development and production, for both traditional and new-generation textile products, and for academics involved in research into textile science and technology. Offers a range of perspectives on high-performance textiles from an international team of authors with diverse expertise in academic research, textile development and manufacture Provides systematic and comprehensive coverage of the topic from fabric construction, through product development, to the range of current and potential applications that exploit high-performance textile technology Led by two high-profile editors with many years’ experience in engineering high-performance textiles