January 22, 2021

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Sustainable Desalination Handbook

Sustainable Desalination Handbook
Author : Gnaneswar Gude
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release Date : 2018-03-07
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :594
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Sustainable Desalination Handbook: Plant Selection, Design and Implementation provides the comprehensive knowledge base required for efficient and sustainable process design for existing and new desalination plants around the world. This valuable resource for understanding and utilizing the most recent developments in desalination technologies and methods addresses the necessary components, including process design and implementation, operational strategies, and novel discoveries that minimize environmental impacts. In addition, the book features essential illustrations, operational details, issues and potential solutions and sustainable management strategies for present and future desalination plants. Explains plant design and process selection criteria for each desalination process Presents international regulations and permitting for intake and discharge locations, design and disposal Provides energy recovery schemes, optimization and process controls Covers renewable energy sources, such as nuclear, geothermal, solar and wind powered desalination, energy storage and optimization Includes case studies of recent desalination projects and process design

Emerging Technologies for Sustainable Desalination Handbook

Emerging Technologies for Sustainable Desalination Handbook
Author : Gnaneswar Gude
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release Date : 2018-05-01
Category : Science
Total pages :558
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Emerging Technologies for Sustainable Desalination Handbook provides professionals and researchers with the latest treatment activities in the advancement of desalination technology. The book enables municipalities and private companies to custom-design sustainable desalination plants that will minimize discharge, energy costs and environmental footprint. Individual case studies are included to illustrate the benefits and drawback of each technique. Sections discuss a multitude of recently developed, advanced processes, along with notable advances made in existing technologies. These processes include adsorption, forward osmosis, humidification and dehumidification, membrane distillation, pervaporation and spray type thermal processes. In addition, theoretical membrane materials, such as nanocomposite and carbon nanotube membranes are also explored. Other chapters cover the desalination of shale gas, produced water, forward osmosis for agriculture, desalination for crop irrigation, and seawater for sustainable agriculture. International in its coverage, the chapters of this handbook are contributed by leading authors and researchers in all relevant fields. Expertly explains recent advances in sustainable desalination technology, including nanocomposite membranes, carbon nanotube membranes, forward reverse osmosis and desalination by pervaporation Provides state-of-the-art techniques for minimizing system discharge, energy cost and environmental footprint Includes individual case studies to illustrate the benefits and drawbacks of each technique Discusses techniques for the custom-design of sustainable desalination plants for municipalities, private companies and industrial operations

Renewable Energy Powered Desalination Handbook

Renewable Energy Powered Desalination Handbook
Author : Gnaneswar Gude
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release Date : 2018-03-08
Category : Science
Total pages :622
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Renewable Energy Powered Desalination Handbook: Applications and Thermodynamics offers a practical handbook on the use of renewable technologies to produce freshwater using sustainable methods. Sections cover the different renewable technologies currently used in the field, including solar, wind, geothermal and nuclear desalination. This coverage is followed by an equally important clear and rigorous discussion of energy recovery and the thermodynamics of desalination processes. While seawater desalination can provide a climate-independent source of drinking water, the process is energy-intensive and environmentally damaging. This book provides readers with the latest methods, processes, and technologies available for utilizing renewable energy applications as a valuable technology. Desalination based on the use of renewable energy sources can provide a sustainable way to produce fresh water. It is expected to become economically attractive as the costs of renewable technologies continue to decline and the prices of fossil fuels continue to increase. Covers renewable energy sources, such as nuclear, geothermal, solar and wind powered desalination and energy storage and optimization Includes energy recovery schemes, optimization and process controls Elaborates on the principles of thermodynamics and second law efficiencies to improve process performance, including solar desalination Explains global applicability of solar, wind, geothermal and nuclear energy sources with case studies Discusses renewable energy-desalinated water optimization schemes for island communities

Fundamentals of Salt Water Desalination

Fundamentals of Salt Water Desalination
Author : H.T. El-Dessouky,H.M. Ettouney
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2002-03-20
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :690
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Industrial desalination of sea and brackish water is becoming an essential part in providing sustainable sources of fresh water for a larger number of communities around the world. Desalination is a main source of fresh water in the Gulf countries, a number of the Caribbean and Mediterranean Islands, and several municipalities in a large number of countries. As the industry expands there is a pressing need to have a clear and well-written textbook that focuses on desalination fundamentals and other industrial aspects. This book focuses on the processes widely used in industry, which include multistage flash desalination and reverse osmosis. Also, other desalination processes with attractive features and high potential are featured. It includes a large number of solved examples, which are explained in simple and careful matter that allow the reader to follow and understand the development. The data used in the development of the examples and case studies are extracted from existing desalination plants. This title also includes comparisons of model predictions against results reported in literature as well as available experimental and industrial data. Several industries include similar unit operation processes, i.e., evaporators, condensers, flashing units, membrane separation, and chemical treatment. Examples of such industries include wastewater treatment, food, petroleum, petrochemical, power generation, and pulp and paper. Process fundamentals and design procedures of such unit processes follow the same procedures given in this textbook.

Urban Water Reuse Handbook

Urban Water Reuse Handbook
Author : Saeid Eslamian
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2016-01-05
Category : Nature
Total pages :1177
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Examining the current literature, research, and relevant case studies, presented by a team of international experts, the Urban Water Reuse Handbook discusses the pros and cons of water reuse and explores new and alternative methods for obtaining a sustainable water supply. The book defines water reuse guidelines, describes the historical and curren

Desalination Engineering: Operation and Maintenance

Desalination Engineering: Operation and Maintenance
Author : Nikolay Voutchkov
Publisher : McGraw Hill Professional
Release Date : 2014-04-05
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :336
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THE DEFINITIVE GUIDE TO DESALINATION PLANT OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE This Water Environment Federation and WateReuse Association publication describes state-of-the art operation, maintenance, and troubleshooting methods for reverse osmosis brackish and seawater desalination plants for municipal water supplies. All plant components are discussed in detail, from intake and pretreatment to discharge management. Best practices for maintaining plant equipment are also provided. Real-world examples illustrating the latest technologies and their practical implementation are included throughout this authoritative resource. Desalination Engineering covers: Source water open and subsurface intakes Source water pretreatment -- chemical conditioning, dissolved air flotation clarifiers, and granular media, membrane, and cartridge filters Reverse osmosis system operation Reverse osmosis system troubleshooting Post-treatment -- lime and carbon dioxide, calcite conditioning, remineralization, and disinfection Desalination plant discharge management Equipment maintenance -- pumps, air blowers, motors, bearings, valves, mechanical seals, mechanical drives, chemical feed systems, automatic samplers

Desalination Engineering: Planning and Design

Desalination Engineering: Planning and Design
Author : Nikolay Voutchkov
Publisher : McGraw Hill Professional
Release Date : 2012-12-18
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :688
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An in-depth guide to reverse osmosis desalination This Water Environment Federation and WateReuse Association publication provides comprehensive information on the planning and engineering of brackish and seawater desalination projects for municipal water supplies. After a brief overview of widely used desalination technologies, Desalination Engineering focuses on reverse osmosis desalination. The book discusses basic principles, planning and environmental review of projects, design and selection of key desalination plant components, desalinated water posttreatment, and concentrate management. Guidelines on sizing and cost estimation of desalination plant facilities are also included in this practical resource. COVERAGE INCLUDES: Source water quality characterization Fundamentals of reverse osmosis desalination Planning considerations Environmental review and permitting Intakes for source water collection Intake pump stations Source water screening and conditioning Sand removal, sedimentation, and dissolved air flotation Pretreatment by granular media filtration Pretreatment by membrane filtration Comparison of granular media and membrane pretreatment Reverse osmosis separation Post-treatment of desalinated water Desalination plant discharge management Desalination project cost estimates

Sustainable Water Technologies

Sustainable Water Technologies
Author : Daniel H. Chen
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2016-10-14
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :392
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Development of advanced technologies is a critical component in overcoming the looming water crisis. Stressing emerging technologies and strategies that facilitate water sustainability for future generations, the second volume in the two-volume set Sustainable Water Management and Technologies provides current and forthcoming technologies research, development, and applications to help ensure availability of water for all. The book emphasizes emerging nanotechnology, biotechnology, and information technology?applications as well as sustainable processes and products to protect the environment and human health, save water and energy, and minimize material use. It also discusses such topics as groundwater transport, protection, and remediation, industrial and wastewater treatment, reuse, and disposal, membrane technology for water purification and desalination, treatment and disposal in unconventional oil and gas development, biodegradation, and bioremediation for soil and water. ? Stresses emerging technologies and strategies that facilitate water sustainability. Covers a wide array of topics including drinking water, wastewater, and groundwater treatment, protection, and remediation. Discusses oil and gas drilling impacts and pollution prevention, membrane technology for water desalination and purification, biodegradation, and bioremediation for soil and water. Details emerging nanotechnology, biotechnology, and information technology applications, as well as sustainable processes and products.

Handbook of Membrane Separations

Handbook of Membrane Separations
Author : Anil Kumar Pabby,Syed S.H. Rizvi,Ana Maria Sastre Requena
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2015-04-09
Category : Science
Total pages :878
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The Handbook of Membrane Separations: Chemical, Pharmaceutical, Food, and Biotechnological Applications, Second Edition provides detailed information on membrane separation technologies from an international team of experts. The handbook fills an important gap in the current literature by providing a comprehensive discussion of membrane application

Solar Desalination for the 21st Century

Solar Desalination for the 21st Century
Author : Lucio Rizzuti,Hisham M. Ettouney,Andrea Cipollina
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2007-01-23
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :379
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Water scarcity affects the African, Asian, European and American continents, causing serious problems of social welfare and stability. This book of the NATO Science Series presents the state of the art of Desalination Technologies driven by Renewable Energies, highlighting the results achieved in the research field and presenting the potentialities of such technologies. Following an Advanced Research Workshop held in Tunisia from the 23rdto the 25thof February 2006 and collecting prominent scientists from more than 20 different countries, several contributions were selected from researchers, technicians, and industrial representatives, each focused on several different aspects of the use of renewable energies for desalination. Moreover, several regional overviews illustrate the actual state of RE exploitation in most of the countries interested by water scarcity and abundant availability of solar, wind and other renewable energies.

Handbook of Research on Resource Management for Pollution and Waste Treatment

Handbook of Research on Resource Management for Pollution and Waste Treatment
Author : Affam, Augustine Chioma,Ezechi, Ezerie Henry
Publisher : IGI Global
Release Date : 2019-10-25
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :795
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It is necessary to understand the extent of pollution in the environment in terms of the air, water, and soil in order for both humans and animals to live healthier lives. Poor waste treatment or pollution monitoring can lead to massive environmental issues, such as diminishing valuable resources, and cause a significant negative impact on society. Solutions, such as reuse of waste and sustainable waste management, must be explored to prevent these adverse effects. The Handbook of Research on Resource Management for Pollution and Waste Treatment is a collection of innovative research that examines waste and pollution treatment methods that can be adopted at local and international levels and examines appropriate resource management strategies for environmentally related issues. Featuring coverage on a wide range of topics such as soil washing, bioremediation, and runoff handling, this book is ideally designed for environmentalists, engineers, waste management professionals, natural resource regulators, environmental policymakers, scientists, academicians, researchers, and students seeking current research on viable resource management methods for the regeneration of their immediate environment.

Renewable Energy Desalination

Renewable Energy Desalination
Author : Bekele Debele Negewo
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release Date : 2012-09-26
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :232
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The book looks at water availability and water demand in various sectors till 2050, presenting a methodology to prioritize options both on the demand and on the supply side, with a special focus on renewable energy desalination.

The Souss‐Massa River Basin, Morocco

The Souss‐Massa River Basin, Morocco
Author : Redouane Choukr Allah,Ragab Ragab,Lhoussaine Bouchaou,Damià Barceló
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2017-02-25
Category : Science
Total pages :355
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This volume offers a comprehensive analysis of the water resources in the Souss-Massa river basin in southwestern Morocco and provides novel water-management approaches to narrow the gap between supply and demand for water. It evaluates conventional water resources−surface water and groundwater−and discusses in detail rainfall harvesting into dams along the Souss and Massa wadis. Further, it explores topics including the geology of the aquifer; the risk of over exploitation; alternative water resources, such as desalinated seawater and treated domestic wastewater, as well as management approaches like Data Development Analysis and the SALTMED model. With a focus on linking scientific research to practical applications and the demands of agriculture and associated agro-industry, urbanization and tourism, which compete for the limited water resources, the book appeals to environmental scientists, geologists, engineers and environmental managers.

Renewable Energy Focus e-Mega Handbook

Renewable Energy Focus e-Mega Handbook
Author : Bent Sørensen,Paul Breeze,Galen J. Suppes,Nasir El Bassam,Dr. Semida Silveira,Shang-Tian Yang,Aldo V. da Rosa,Harsh K. Gupta,Sukanta Roy,Mukesh Doble,Michel Broussely,Preben Maegaard,Frano Barbir,Gianfranco Pistoia,Soteris Kalogirou,Truman Storvick
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2008-12-29
Category : Science
Total pages :528
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A one-stop Desk Reference, for engineers involved in renewable energies; this is a book that will not gather dust on the shelf. It brings together the essential professional reference content from leading international contributors in the field. Material ranges from basic to advanced topics * A fully searchable Mega Reference Ebook, providing all the essential material needed by Energy and Environmental Engineers on a day-to-day basis. * Fundamentals, key techniques, engineering best practice and rules-of-thumb together in one quick-reference. * Over 2,500 pages of reference material, including over 1,500 pages not included in the print edition

Membrane Characterization

Membrane Characterization
Author : Nidal Hilal,Ahmad Fauzi Ismail,Takeshi Matsuura,Darren Oatley-Radcliffe
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2017-02-18
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :458
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Membrane Characterization provides a valuable source of information on how membranes are characterized, an extremely limited field that is confined to only brief descriptions in various technical papers available online. For the first time, readers will be able to understand the importance of membrane characterization, the techniques required, and the fundamental theory behind them. This book focuses on characterization techniques that are normally used for membranes prepared from polymeric, ceramic, and composite materials. Features specific details on many membrane characterization techniques for various membrane materials of industrial and academic interest Contains examples of international best practice techniques for the evaluation of several membrane parameters, including pore size, charge, and fouling Discusses various membrane models more suitable to a specific application Provides examples of ab initio calculations for the design, optimization, and scale-up of processes based on characterization data