January 17, 2021

Download Ebook Free Sustainable Hydropower In West Africa

Sustainable Hydropower in West Africa

Sustainable Hydropower in West Africa
Author : Amos Kabo-Bah,Chukwuemeka J. Diji
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2018-01-10
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :232
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Sustainable Hydropower in West Africa: Planning, Operation, and Challenges provides a comprehensive overview of the planning, deployment and management of hydropower in West Africa and similar regions. The authors use a practical approach to analyze available technology, modeling methodologies and sustainability aspects, such as the dependence between climate and hydropower, and socio-economic and environmental impacts. They discuss the need for innovative solutions and how to close research gaps in the field for this region. Although more than 50% of West Africa’s hydropower potential is still untapped, re-engineering and maintenance of existing hydropower plants is a key issue and is discussed. Issues of productivity and optimization are also covered, as well as the introduction of new technology and integration of hydropower into existing energy systems—renewable energy systems, in particular. Policy and regulation are also examined, considering competing needs when managing water resources. The final chapter offers a summary of activities, strategies, policies and technology for easy reference and practical use. Due to its wide coverage and real life examples, this is a useful reference for engineering professionals in the field of hydropower, working in West Africa and regions with similar conditions. This book helps engineers make technology and location decisions for planning, deploying and operating hydropower plants. The book’s accessible language and international authorship also allows for easy use by energy researchers, analysts and policy makers who need information for the analysis, modeling, financing, implementation and regulation of hydropower in West Africa and related regions. Presents the most current issues related to hydropower deployment and management in West Africa and regions with similar conditions Discusses key challenges, focusing on practical aspects and methodologies Explores the technological, sustainability and economic aspects to be considered when deploying, operating and maintaining hydropower plants in West Africa and similar regions

A Guide to Sustainable Energy in West Africa

A Guide to Sustainable Energy in West Africa
Author : Abdou Mahaman Dango
Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Release Date : 2019-11-25
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :140
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This volume highlights the abundancy of clean energy resources with which the geographical area of West Africa is endowed. It shows the pace at which the renewable energy sector is growing and how it contributes to the mitigation of global warming. The book identifies in detail the stock of various resources, the enabling business environment and the state of the development of solar and hydro power technologies.

A Guide to Sustainable Energy in West Africa

A Guide to Sustainable Energy in West Africa
Author : Abdou Mahaman Dango
Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Release Date : 2019-11-25
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :140
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This volume highlights the abundancy of clean energy resources with which the geographical area of West Africa is endowed. It shows the pace at which the renewable energy sector is growing and how it contributes to the mitigation of global warming. The book identifies in detail the stock of various resources, the enabling business environment and the state of the development of solar and hydro power technologies.

Climate Change, Hazards and Adaptation Options

Climate Change, Hazards and Adaptation Options
Author : Walter Leal Filho,Gustavo J. Nagy,Marco Borga,Pastor David Chávez Muñoz,Artur Magnuszewski
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2020-02-14
Category : Performing Arts
Total pages :1084
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This book addresses the issue of climate change risks and hazards holistically. Climate change adaptation aims at managing climate risks and hazards to an acceptable level, taking advantage of any positive opportunities that may arise. At the same time, developing suitable responses to hazards for communities and users of climate services is important in ensuring the success of adaptation measures. But despite this, knowledge about adaptation options, including possible actions that can be implemented to improve adaptation and reduce the impacts of climate change hazards, is still limited. Addressing this need, the book presents studies and research findings and offers a catalogue of potential adaptation options that can be explored. It also includes case studies providing illustrative and inspiring examples of how we can adapt to a changing climate.

Energy in Africa

Energy in Africa
Author : Manfred Hafner,Simone Tagliapietra,Lucia de Strasser
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2018-08-06
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :112
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This open access book presents a picture of the current energy challenges on the African continent (and the Sub-Saharan region in particular) and proposes pathways to an accelerated energy transition. Starting with an analysis of the status quo and the outlook for Africa’s energy demand and energy access, it provides an account of the available resources, including hydrocarbons and renewable energy resources, which are playing an increasingly crucial role. It then moves on to analyze the level of investment required to scale-up Africa’s energy systems, shedding light on the key barriers and elaborating on potential solutions. It also provides a suggestion for improving the effectiveness of EU–Africa cooperation. While mainly intended for policymakers and academics, this book also speaks to a broader audience interested in gaining an overview of the challenges and opportunities of the African energy sector today and in the future.

The State of African Cities 2014

The State of African Cities 2014
Author : UN-HABITAT
Publisher : United Nations
Release Date : 2015-12-15
Category : Political Science
Total pages :274
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The African continent is currently in the midst of simultaneously unfolding and highly significant demographic, economic, technological, environmental, urban and socio-political transitions. Africa’s economic performance is promising, with booming cities supporting growing middle classes and creating sizable consumer markets. Despite significant overall growth, the continent continues to suffer under very rapid urban growth accompanied by massive urban poverty and many other social problems. These seem to indicate that the development trajectories followed by African nations since post-independence may not be able to deliver on the aspirations of broad based human development and prosperity for all. This report, therefore, argues for a bold re-imagining of prevailing models in order to steer the ongoing transitions towards greater sustainability based on a thorough review of all available options. That is especially the case since the already daunting urban challenges in Africa are now being exacerbated by the new vulnerabilities and threats associated with climate and environmental change.

Sharing the benefits around large dams in West Africa

Sharing the benefits around large dams in West Africa
Author : Anonim
Publisher : IIED
Release Date : 2021
Category :
Total pages :129
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Sustainable Food Security in West Africa

Sustainable Food Security in West Africa
Author : W.K. Asenso-Okyere,E.Y. Benneh,W. Tims
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-12-06
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :307
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Food security is defined as the ability of countries, regions, or households to meet their required levels of food consumption at all times. Food security is an important component of human welfare, and it can act as an indicator of a region's development. This book addresses the roles of trade, policy development, and economic cooperation in creating sustainable food security in the West African region. The largely micro-level analysis is conducted on empirical data from the household where decisions on production and consumption take place. Food security is discussed in terms of its component parts, namely: availability of food (production and trade), its accessibility (incomes and poverty status), and its utilisation (health and nutrition).

Independent Power Projects in Sub-Saharan Africa

Independent Power Projects in Sub-Saharan Africa
Author : Anton Eberhard,Katharine Gratwick,Elvira Morella,Pedro Antmann
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release Date : 2016-04-18
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :382
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Inadequate electricity services pose a major impediment to reducing extreme poverty and boosting shared prosperity in Sub-Saharan Africa. Simply put, Africa does not have enough power. Despite the abundant low-carbon and low-cost energy resources available to Sub-Saharan Africa, the region s entire installed electricity capacity, at a little over 80 GW, is equivalent to that of the Republic of Korea. Looking ahead, Sub-Saharan Africa will need to ramp-up its power generation capacity substantially. The investment needed to meet this goal largely exceeds African countries already stretched public finances. Increasing private investment is critical to help expand and improve electricity supply. Historically, most private sector finance has been channeled through privately financed independent power projects (IPP), supported by nonrecourse or limited recourse loans, with long-term power purchase agreements with the state utility or another off-taker. Between 1990 and 2014, IPPs have spread across Sub-Saharan Africa and are now present in 17 countries. Currently, there are 125 IPPs, with an overall installed capacity of 10.7 GW and investments of $24.6 billion. However, private investment could be much greater and less concentrated. South Africa alone accounts for 67 IPPs, 4.3 GW of capacity and $14.4 billion of investments; the remaining projects are concentrated in a handful of countries. The objective of this study is to evaluate the experience of IPPs and identify lessons that can help African countries attract more and better private investment. At the core of this analysis is a reflection on whether IPPs have in fact benefited Sub-Saharan Africa, and how they might be improved. The analysis is based primarily on in depth case studies, carried out in five countries, including Kenya, Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania and Uganda, which not only have the most numerous but also among the most extensive experience with IPPs.

Handbook of Land and Water Grabs in Africa

Handbook of Land and Water Grabs in Africa
Author : John Anthony Allan
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2013
Category : Political Science
Total pages :488
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According to estimates by the International Land Coalition based at the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), 57 million hectares of land have been leased to foreign investors since 2007. Current research has focused on human rights issues related to inward investment in land but has been ignorant of water resource issues and the challenges of managing scarce water. This handbook will be the first to address inward investment in land and its impact on water resources in Africa. The geographical scope of this book will be the African continent, where land has attracted the attention of risk-taking investors because much land is under-utilised marginalized land, with associated water resources and rapidly growing domestic food markets. The successful implementation of investment strategies in African agriculture could determine the future of more than one billion people. An important factor to note is that sub-Saharan Africa will, of all the continents, be hit hardest by climate change, population growth and food insecurity. Sensible investment in agriculture is therefore needed, however, at what costs and at whose expense? The book will also address the livelihoods theme and provide a holistic analysis of land and water grabbing in sub-Saharan Africa. Four other themes will addressed: politics, economics, the environment and the history of land investments in sub-Saharan Africa. The editors have involved a highly diverse group of expert researchers, who will review the pro- and anti-investment arguments, geopolitics, the role of capitalist investors, the environmental contexts and the political implications of, and reasons for, leasing millions of hectares in sub-Saharan Africa. To date, there has been no attempt to review land investments through a suite of different lenses, thus this handbook will differ significantly from existing research and publication. The editors are Tony Allan, (Professor Emeritus, Department of Geography, School of Oriental and African Studies and King's College London); Jeroen Warner (Assistant Professor, Disaster Studies, University of Wageningen); Suvi Sojamo (PhD Researcher, Water and Development Research Group, Aalto University); and Martin Keulertz (PhD Researcher, Department of Geography, London Water Group, King's College London).

Modelling Riverflow in the Volta Basin of West Africa

Modelling Riverflow in the Volta Basin of West Africa
Author : Barnabas Akurigo Amisigo
Publisher : Cuvillier Verlag
Release Date : 2005
Category :
Total pages :175
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Hydroelectric Energy

Hydroelectric Energy
Author : Bikash Pandey,Ajoy Karki
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2016-11-17
Category : Science
Total pages :419
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Providing essential theory and useful practical techniques for implementing hydroelectric projects, this book outlines the resources, power generation technologies, applications, and strengths and weaknesses for hydroelectric technologies. Emphasizing the links between energy and the environment, it serves as a useful background resource and facilitates decision-making regarding which renewable energy technology works best for different types of applications and regions. Including examples, real-world case studies, and lessons learned, each chapter contains exercise questions, references, and ample photographs and technical drawings from actual micro hydropower plants.

Hydropower

Hydropower
Author : Paul Breeze
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2018-03-26
Category : Science
Total pages :104
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Hydropower provides a complete discussion of the most up-to-date considerations of this method of creating renewable energy. After introducing the method’s history, the author explores various considerations for engineers, planners and managers who need to determine the best placement and size of a plant. The book then presents various types of hydropower systems, such as Run-of-River Schemes and various types of Dam and Turbines, also considering the important economic, environmental and geological impacts of each. Those involved in the planning, design and management of hydropower systems, such as engineers, researchers, managers and policymakers will find this book a very valuable and insightful resource. Explores different types of dams and turbines set alongside easy-to-understand diagrams, such as Embankment Dams, Concrete Arch Dams, Reaction Turbines and Francis Turbines Considers various economic and environmental factors significant for this type of project, such as resettlement, biodiversity and greenhouse gases Discusses best practices for locating a hydropower site and how to make important decisions regarding placement and method

Enhancing the Climate Resilience of Africa's Infrastructure

Enhancing the Climate Resilience of Africa's Infrastructure
Author : Raffaello Cervigni,Rikard Liden,James E. Neumann,Kenneth M. Strzepek
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release Date : 2015-09-01
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :216
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To sustain Africa’s growth, and accelerate the eradication of extreme poverty, investment in infrastructure is fundamental. In 2010, the Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic found that to enable Africa to fill its infrastructure gap, some US$ 93 billion per year for the next decade will need to be invested. The Program for Infrastructure Development in Africa (PIDA), endorsed in 2012 by the continent’s Heads of State and Government, lays out an ambitious long-term plan for closing Africa’s infrastructure including trough step increases in hydroelectric power generation and water storage capacity. Much of this investment will support the construction of long-lived infrastructure (e.g. dams, power stations, irrigation canals), which may be vulnerable to changes in climatic patterns, the direction and magnitude of which remain significantly uncertain. Enhancing the Climate Resilience of Africa 's Infrastructure evaluates -using for the first time a single consistent methodology and the state-of-the-arte climate scenarios-, the impacts of climate change on hydro-power and irrigation expansion plans in Africa’s main rivers basins (Niger, Senegal, Volta, Congo, Nile, Zambezi, Orange); and outlines an approach to reduce climate risks through suitable adjustments to the planning and design process. The book finds that failure to integrate climate change in the planning and design of power and water infrastructure could entail, in scenarios of drying climate conditions, losses of hydropower revenues between 5% and 60% (depending on the basin); and increases in consumer expenditure for energy up to 3 times the corresponding baseline values. In in wet climate scenarios, business-as-usual infrastructure development could lead to foregone revenues in the range of 15% to 130% of the baseline, to the extent that the larger volume of precipitation is not used to expand the production of hydropower. Despite the large uncertainty on whether drier or wetter conditions will prevail in the future in Africa, the book finds that by modifying existing investment plans to explicitly handle the risk of large climate swings, can cut in half or more the cost that would accrue by building infrastructure on the basis of the climate of the past.

Hydropower Development in West Africa

Hydropower Development in West Africa
Author : Joseph A. Sarfoh
Publisher : Peter Lang Pub Incorporated
Release Date : 1990
Category : Nature
Total pages :133
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Hydropower offers the best prospect for a low-cost domestic energy for the countries of West Africa that have patterned their development on commercial fuel-based industrialization. Despite the availability of resources and the advantages of hydroelectricity, only limited development of this vital energy resource has taken place. This book begins with an overview of geographical and economic background of West Africa in an analysis of the broad economic hydropower resources and their development. Some of the important existing and planned hydropower projects in individual countries are examined. The last section of the book discusses some of the constraints in hydropower development in the region.