May 9, 2021

Download Ebook Free Synchrotron-Based Techniques In Soils And Sediments

Synchrotron-Based Techniques in Soils and Sediments

Synchrotron-Based Techniques in Soils and Sediments
Author : Balwant Singh,Markus Grafe
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2010-02-18
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :512
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Over the past 20 years, synchrotron-based research applications have provided important insight into the geochemical cycling of ions and the chemical and crystallographic properties of minerals in soils and sediments. Of particular significance is the understanding of local coordination environments with the use of X-ray absorption spectroscopy. The high flux and brightness of the X-ray beams have allowed researchers to work at environmentally relevant concentrations. The use of focusing mirrors and apertures which allow for mapping and trace particle surfaces, microbes, roots, channels and elements at the micron and at a nano-meter scale in 2 and 3D have also been a great enhancement to science. This book provides the most up-to-date information on synchrotron-based research applications in the field of soil, sediment and earth sciences. Invited authors provide chapters on a wide range of research topics including multiphase flow and transport processes (physical aspects), rhizosphere and microbial life (biological aspects), and dynamics of C, N, S, P and heavy metals and metalloids (chemical aspects). In addition, perspectives on the impact of synchrotron based applications, particularly X-ray absorption spectroscopy, and the role of synchrotron applications in remediation, regulatory, and decision making processes are considered. Up-to-date, with the latest research results and techniques in synchrotron-based techniques Information on specific techniques, elements and minerals, regulatory and remediation decision making, contaminants and the impact of X-ray absorption spectroscopy on soil science Internationally recognized leaders in their fields of expertise from Europe, North America, Asia and Australia

Chemical Processes in Soils

Chemical Processes in Soils
Author : M. A. Tabatabai,Donald L. Sparks
Publisher : Soil Science Society of Amer
Release Date : 2005
Category : Science
Total pages :723
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"Soil - perfect home for the actual and figurative roots of all life, source of life-essential chemical elements, recycler of water and carbon, cleanser of ecosystems...R.J. Bartlett & D.S. Ross, p. 461. A thorough understanding of the chemical and biological processes taking place within the soil is critical for those studying or working in the agricultural, ecological, environmental, earth, and soil sciences. This book will serve them well. "

Synchrotron Radiation Applications

Synchrotron Radiation Applications
Author : Zhang Xinyi
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date : 2018-03-20
Category : Science
Total pages :668
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This is a research-level review volume. It presents both the fundamentals and the advanced research results, covering most part of important aspects of synchrotron radiation applications. Among the broad subjects of synchrotron radiation applications, as the main content of this book we have applications in VUV, soft X-rays, hard X-rays and XFEL (X-ray free electron laser) and important applications by various synchrotron-based techniques and methods, such as ARPES (angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy), VUV photo-ionization spectroscopy, X-ray absorption/emission spectroscopy and X-ray absorption fine structure, X-ray diffraction, small angle X-ray scattering, X-ray excited optical luminescence, imaging and high pressure techniques. Contents: Angle Resolved Photoemission Spectroscopy Study Utilizing the Synchrotron Radiation (Yan Zhang, Dawei Shen, and Donglai Feng) Synchrotron-Based VUV Photoionization Mass Spectrometry in Combustion Chemistry Research (Nils Hansen, Bin Yang, and Tina Kasper) Developments on Synchrotron X-Ray Diffraction (Qiyun Xie and Xiaoshan Wu) Structural Biology and Synchrotron Radiation (Zihe Rao and Zhiyong Lou) Fluorescence Detected XAS — Unconventional Applications (Hiroyuki Oyanagi) The Application of X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure Spectroscopy in Functional Materials (Zhihu Sun, Xinyi Zhang, and Shiqiang Wei) Small Angle X-Ray Scattering and Its Applications (Zhonghua Wu and Xueqing Xing) Crystal-Based X-Ray Medical Imaging Using Synchrotron Radiation and Its Future Prospect (Masami Ando, Naoki Sunaguchi, Yongjin Sung, Daisuke Shimao, Jong-Ki Kim, Gang Li, Yoshifumi Suzuki, Tetsuya Yuasa, Kensaku Mori, Shu Ichihara and Rajiv Gupta) X-Ray Imaging and Its Applications (Tiqiao Xiao and Honglan Xie) Synchrotron Radiation Applications in Medicine (Yifeng Peng, Liangqi Wang, Chenglin Liu, Alberto Bravin, Gang Li, Shaoliang Chen, Yongting Wang, Guo-Yuan Yang and Xinyi Zhang) Synchrotron Radiation Applications on High-Pressure Research (Bo Zou, Kai Wang, Shourui Li and Guangtian Zou) X-Ray Excited Optical Luminescence and Its Applications (Lijia Liu and Xuhui Sun) A Compact X-Ray Free-Electron Laser: SACLA (Hitoshi Tanaka, Takashi Tanaka, Kei Sawada, Makina Yabashi, and Tetsuya Ishikawa) Femtosecond Imaging of Single Particles and Molecules Using X-Ray Free-Electron Lasers (Andrew V Martin and N Duane Loh) Readership: Graduate students and professionals working on synchrotron radiation. Keywords: Angle Resolved Photoemission Spectroscopy (ARPES);Coherent Diffractive Imaging (CDI);Combustion;Detactor Development;Free-Electron Laser;High Pressure;Medical Imaging;Nanomaterials;Photoemission Spectroscopy;Protein Crystallography;Serial Femtosecond Crystallography (SFX);Single Particles and Molecules;Small Angle X-Ray Scattering;Strongly Correlated Materials;Surface X-Ray Diffraction;Synchrotron Radiation Applications;Table Top X-Ray Source;VUV Photoionization Mass Spectrometry;X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure (XAFS);X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy (XAS);X-Ray Excited Optical Luminescence (XEOL);X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF)Review: Key Features: The book contains the latest synchrotron-based techniques and research results All contributors are specialists or leading scientists in their fields The book includes new techniques and methods that will potentially get wider applications in various disciplines

Geochemical and Hydrological Reactivity of Heavy Metals in Soils

Geochemical and Hydrological Reactivity of Heavy Metals in Soils
Author : H. Magdi Selim,William L. Kingery
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2003-03-26
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :376
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The hydrological and geochemical interactions between clay minerals and organic matter in soils directly influence the reaction, behavior, and mobility of heavy metals in soils. Geochemical and Hydrological Reactivity of Heavy Metals in Soils is one of few books that comprehensively illustrates this cause-and-effect relationship. It highlights anal

Agronomy Abstracts

Agronomy Abstracts
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1995
Category : Agriculture
Total pages :129
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Includes abstracts of the annual meetings of the American Society of Agronomy; Soil Science Society of America; Crop Science Society of America ( - of its Agronomic Education Division).

Handbook of Soil Sciences

Handbook of Soil Sciences
Author : Pan Ming Huang,Yuncong Li,Malcolm E. Sumner
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2011-11-17
Category : Science
Total pages :830
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An evolving, living organic/inorganic covering, soil is in dynamic equilibrium with the atmosphere above, the biosphere within, and the geology below. It acts as an anchor for roots, a purveyor of water and nutrients, a residence for a vast community of microorganisms and animals, a sanitizer of the environment, and a source of raw materials for construction and manufacturing. To develop lasting solutions to the challenges of balanced use and stewardship of the Earth, we require a fundamental understanding of soil—from its elastic, porous three-phase system to its components, processes, and reactions. Handbook of Soil Sciences: Resource Management and Environmental Impacts, Second Edition is the second of two volumes that form a comprehensive reference on the discipline of soil science. Completely revised and updated to reflect the current state of knowledge, this volume covers interfacial interactions between the physical, chemical, and biological regimes within the soil; the factors that control the availability of plant nutrients and microelements; interdisciplinary aspects of soil science, including salinity, sodicity, and soil erosion; and soil databases for assessing worldwide soil resources. Critical elements addressed in each section include: Descriptions of concepts and theories Definitions, approaches, methodologies, and procedures Data in tabular and figure format Extensive references This cohesive handbook provides a thorough understanding of soil science principles and practices based on a rigorous, complete, and up-to-date treatment of the subject matter compiled by leading scientists. It is a resource rich in data, offering professional soil scientists, agronomists, engineers, ecologists, biologists, naturalists, and students their first point of entry into a particular aspect of the soil sciences.

Applications of Synchrotron Radiation in Low-temperature Geochemistry and Environmental Sciences

Applications of Synchrotron Radiation in Low-temperature Geochemistry and Environmental Sciences
Author : Paul A. Fenter,Stephen R. Sutton
Publisher : de Gruyter
Release Date : 2002
Category : Environmental geochemistry
Total pages :579
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Volume 49 reviews the state of the art of synchrotron radiation applications in low temperature geochemistry and environmental science, and offer speculations on future developments. The reader of this volume will acquire an appreciation of the theo

Handbook of Soil Sciences (Two Volume Set)

Handbook of Soil Sciences (Two Volume Set)
Author : Pan Ming Huang,Yuncong Li,Malcolm E. Sumner
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2018-10-03
Category : Science
Total pages :2272
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An evolving, living organic/inorganic covering, soil is in dynamic equilibrium with the atmosphere above, the biosphere within, and the geology below. It acts as an anchor for roots, a purveyor of water and nutrients, a residence for a vast community of microorganisms and animals, a sanitizer of the environment, and a source of raw materials for co

Innovative Methods in Support of Bioremediation

Innovative Methods in Support of Bioremediation
Author : Victor Magar
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2001
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :197
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The symposium included 600 presentations in 50 sessions on bioremediation and supporting technologies used for a wide range of contaminants already in, or poised to invade, soil, groundwater, and sediment. Three hundred and fifty-two papers were selected and organized into ten volumes. Volume four treats analytical approaches to remediation, including polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and other molecular monitoring approaches, analysis of isotope ratios for carbon or other environmentally relevant elements, and geochemical analyses for designing and tracking remediation processes. Articles average eight pages, and contain abstracts and references. Annotation copyrighted by Book News Inc., Portland, OR.

Multidimensional Analytical Techniques in Environmental Research

Multidimensional Analytical Techniques in Environmental Research
Author : Regina Duarte,Armando C. Duarte
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-06-06
Category : Science
Total pages :314
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Multidimensional Analytical Techniques in Environmental Research is a comprehensive resource on the many multidimensional analytical strategies to qualitatively and quantitatively assess and map the organic and inorganic pollutants in complex atmospheric, water and soil matrices. During the past two decades, the rapidly-evolving field of analytical instrumentation has produced sophisticated multidimensional tools capable of providing unique and in-depth knowledge on the chemical features of complex mixtures from these different environmental matrices. This book brings together the wealth of information in the current literature, assisting in the decision-making process by covering both the fundamentals and applications of these methodologies. Sections cover the wide variety of multidimensional analytical techniques, including multidimensional solution- and solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, ultrahigh-resolution mass spectrometry (MS), two-dimensional correlation spectroscopy, two-dimensional liquid and gas chromatography and capillary electrophoresis coupled to high-resolution detection techniques, and excitation-emission (EEM) fluorescence spectroscopy assisted by multiway data analysis tools, and the use of synchrotron-radiation-based techniques combined with other spectroscopic approaches to explore and map the speciation of elements. Identifies state-of-the-art multidimensional analytical methods for targeted and untargeted profiling of complex mixtures from different environmental matrices (soil, sediment, water, and air) Assesses the advantages and limitations of the most modern and sophisticated multidimensional analytical methods in environmental research Highlights the current challenges and potential future directions in the application of multidimensional analytical tools to advance the current understanding on the dynamics and fate of environmental pollutants in different environmental matrices

Analytical Geomicrobiology

Analytical Geomicrobiology
Author : Janice P. L. Kenney,Harish Veeramani,Daniel S. Alessi
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2019-07-31
Category : Nature
Total pages :468
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A comprehensive handbook outlining state-of-the-art analytical techniques used in geomicrobiology, for advanced students, researchers and professional scientists.

Speciation Studies in Soil, Sediment and Environmental Samples

Speciation Studies in Soil, Sediment and Environmental Samples
Author : Sezgin Bakirdere
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2013-09-26
Category : Science
Total pages :612
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Recent developments clearly indicate that speciation studies in biological and environmental matrices are much more important than the total element determination due to the tremendous difference in bioavailability and toxicity of various chemical forms of a particular element. Different separation-detection techniques and hyphenated systems—each with its own advantages and disadvantages with respect to precision, sensitivity and detection limit—have been developed for the identification and quantification of the species present in systems at ultra-trace levels. This book aims to evaluate the speciation analysis in depth and present a comprehensive review of state-of-the-art analytical approaches used for the speciation of elements in environmental samples.

Mineral-water Interfacial Reactions

Mineral-water Interfacial Reactions
Author : Donald L. Sparks,Timothy J. Grundl,American Chemical Society. Division of Geochemistry
Publisher : Amer Chemical Society
Release Date : 1998
Category : Science
Total pages :438
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Clearly explains how to more effectively decipher and predict contaminant fate in the environment by combining kinetic methods and molecular-scale spectroscopic and microscopic techniques to analyze mineral/water interfacial reactions in situ. The book begins with a broad overview, then continues with three sections written by internationally known expert. The first deals specifically with spectroscopic/microscopic techniques that can be used in combination with macroscopic approaches to glean mechanistic information on mineral/water reactions and processes. The second section emphasizes computer models that are used to elucidate surface mediated reaction mechanisms. The remainder of the volume is organized around reaction type, including sorption/desorption of inorganic species, sorption/desorption of organic species, precipitation/dissolution processes, heterogeneous electron transfer reactions, photochemically driven reactions, and microbially mediated reactions. Mineral-Water Interfacial Reactions will be a valuable resource for environmental scientists, geochemists, soil chemists, microbiologists, and marine engineers who need to be familiar with the most current and effective methods for testing and controlling the mobility, speciation, and bioavailability of contaminants in the environment.

Abstracts of the ... General Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology

Abstracts of the ... General Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology
Author : American Society for Microbiology. General Meeting
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2006
Category : Bacteriology
Total pages :129
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Bioavailability of Contaminants in Soils and Sediments

Bioavailability of Contaminants in Soils and Sediments
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Water Science and Technology Board,Committee on Bioavailability of Contaminants in Soils and Sediments
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2003-05-03
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :432
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Bioavailability refers to the extent to which humans and ecological receptors are exposed to contaminants in soil or sediment. The concept of bioavailability has recently piqued the interest of the hazardous waste industry as an important consideration in deciding how much waste to clean up. The rationale is that if contaminants in soil and sediment are not bioavailable, then more contaminant mass can be left in place without creating additional risk. A new NRC report notes that the potential for the consideration of bioavailability to influence decision-making is greatest where certain chemical, environmental, and regulatory factors align. The current use of bioavailability in risk assessment and hazardous waste cleanup regulations is demystified, and acceptable tools and models for bioavailability assessment are discussed and ranked according to seven criteria. Finally, the intimate link between bioavailability and bioremediation is explored. The report concludes with suggestions for moving bioavailability forward in the regulatory arena for both soil and sediment cleanup.