December 6, 2020

Download Ebook Free The Analysis Of Burned Human Remains

The Analysis of Burned Human Remains

The Analysis of Burned Human Remains
Author : Christopher W. Schmidt,Steven A. Symes
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2011-10-10
Category : Social Science
Total pages :296
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This unique reference provides a primary source for osteologists and the medical/legal community for the understanding of burned bone remains in forensic or archaeological contexts. It describes in detail the changes in human bone and soft tissues as a body burns at both the chemical and gross levels and provides an overview of the current procedures in burned bone study. Case studies in forensic and archaeological settings aid those interested in the analysis of burned human bodies, from death scene investigators, to biological anthropologists looking at the recent or ancient dead. Includes the diagnostic patterning of color changes that give insight to the severity of burning, the positioning of the body, and presence (or absence) of soft tissues during the burning event Chapters on bones and teeth give step-by-step recommendations for how to study and recognize burned hard tissues

The Analysis of Burned Human Remains

The Analysis of Burned Human Remains
Author : Christopher W. Schmidt,Steve A. Symes
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2008
Category : Law
Total pages :279
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This unique reference provides a primary source for osteologists and the medical/legal community for the understanding of burned bone remains in forensic or archaeological contexts. It describes in detail the changes in human bone and soft tissues as a body burns at both the chemical and gross levels and provides an overview of the current procedures in burned bone study. Case studies in forensic and archaeological settings aid those interested in the analysis of burned human bodies, from death scene investigators, to biological anthropologists looking at the recent or ancient dead. * Includes the diagnostic patterning of color changes that give insight to the severity of burning, the positioning of the body, and presence (or absence) of soft tissues during the burning event * Chapters on bones and teeth give step-by-step recommendations for how to study and recognize burned hard tissues

The Archaeology of Cremation

The Archaeology of Cremation
Author : Tim Thompson
Publisher : Oxbow Books
Release Date : 2015-03-31
Category : Social Science
Total pages :256
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Human societies have disposed of their dead in a variety of ways. However, while considerable attention has been paid to bodies that were buried, comparatively little work has been devoted to understanding the nature of cremated remains, despite their visibility through time. It has been argued that this is the result of decades of misunderstanding regarding the potential information that this material holds, combined with properties that make burned bone inherently difficult to analyse. As such, there is a considerable body of knowledge on the concepts and practices of inhumation yet our understanding of cremation ritual and practice is by comparison, woefully inadequate. This timely volume therefore draws together the inventive methodology that has been developed for this material and combines it with a fuller interpretation of the archaeological funerary context. It demonstrates how an innovative methodology, when applied to a challenging material, can produce new and exciting interpretations of archaeological sites and funerary contexts. The reader is introduced to the nature of burned human remains and the destructive effect that fire can have on the body. Subsequent chapters describe important cremation practices and sites from around the world and from the Neolithic period to the modern day. By emphasising the need for a robust methodology combined with a nuanced interpretation, it is possible to begin to appreciate the significance and wide-spread adoption of this practice of dealing with the dead.

Taphonomy of Human Remains

Taphonomy of Human Remains
Author : Eline M. J. Schotsmans,Nicholas Márquez-Grant,Shari L. Forbes
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2017-04-17
Category : Medical
Total pages :542
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A truly interdisciplinary approach to this core subject within Forensic Science. The book combines essential theory with practical crime scene work, includes case studies, is applicable to all time periods so has relevance for conventional archaeology, prehistory and anthropology, and combines points of view from both established practitioners and young researchers to ensure relevance.

Recovery and Interpretation of Burned Human Remains - Scholar's Choice Edition

Recovery and Interpretation of Burned Human Remains - Scholar's Choice Edition
Author : Steven Symes,Dennis Dirkmaat,National Institute of Justice
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2015-02-16
Category :
Total pages :240
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This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work.As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

Recovery, Analysis, and Identification of Commingled Human Remains

Recovery, Analysis, and Identification of Commingled Human Remains
Author : Bradley J. Adams,John E. Byrd
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2008-02-23
Category : Medical
Total pages :374
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Commingling of human remains presents an added challenge to all phases of the forensic process. This book brings together tools from diverse sources within forensic science to offer a set of comprehensive approaches to handling commingled remains. It details the recovery of commingled remains in the field, the use of triage in the assessment of commingling, various analytical techniques for sorting and determining the number of individuals, the role of DNA in the overall process, ethical considerations, and data management. In addition, the book includes case examples that illustrate techniques found to be successful and those that proved problematic.

Skeletal Trauma Analysis

Skeletal Trauma Analysis
Author : Nicholas V. Passalacqua,Christopher W. Rainwater
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2015-04-27
Category : Medical
Total pages :304
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In the post-Daubert era, forensic science disciplines areincreasingly informed by robust, statistically-sound experimentalresearch. The educational value of the well-documented case study,however, remains as important as ever. Emphasizing known contextualinformation, this volume serves as a case-driven guide to skeletaltrauma analysis through the unique perspective of eachchapter’s authors. Both forensic anthropologists andpathologists contribute skeletal trauma cases covering a range oftopics including child abuse, blunt force trauma, descents fromheight, plane crashes, sharp force trauma and dismemberment,gunshot wounds, blast trauma, and burned body interpretation.Several chapters also include a discussion of potentiallyconfounding taphonomic influences such as animal scavenging, waterimmersion, burning, and extended postmortem intervals. Detaileddescriptions with multiple supporting images allow thepractitioner’s skeletal trauma interpretation to be comparedto the “answer” as it pertains to the knowncircumstances surrounding the traumatic events of each case.

Ethical Approaches to Human Remains

Ethical Approaches to Human Remains
Author : Kirsty Squires,David Errickson,Nicholas Márquez-Grant
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2020-01-02
Category : Philosophy
Total pages :649
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This book is the first of its kind, combining international perspectives on the current ethical considerations and challenges facing bioarchaeologists in the recovery, analysis, curation, and display of human remains. It explores how museum curators, commercial practitioners, forensic anthropologists, and bioarchaeologists deal with ethical issues pertaining to human remains in traditional and digital settings around the world. The book not only raises key ethical questions concerning the study, display, and curation of skeletal remains that bioarchaeologists must face and overcome in different countries, but also explores how this global community can work together to increase awareness of similar and, indeed, disparate ethical considerations around the world and how they can be addressed in working practices. The key aspects addressed include ethics in bioarchaeology and forensic anthropology, the excavation, curation, and display of human remains, repatriation, and new imaging techniques. As such, the book offers an ideal guide for students and practitioners in the fields of bioarchaeology, osteoarchaeology, forensic anthropology, medical anthropology, archaeology, anatomy, museum and archive studies, and philosophy, detailing how some ethical dilemmas have been addressed and which future dilemmas need to be considered.

Forensic Anthropology

Forensic Anthropology
Author : Angi M. Christensen,Nicholas V. Passalacqua,Eric J. Bartelink
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2013-12-30
Category : Law
Total pages :464
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Forensic Anthropology: Current Methods and Practice—winner of a 2015 Textbook Excellence Award (Texty) from The Text and Academic Authors Association—approaches forensic anthropology through an innovative style using current practices and real case studies drawn from the varied experiences, backgrounds, and practices of working forensic anthropologists. This text guides the reader through all aspects of human remains recovery and forensic anthropological analysis, presenting principles at a level that is appropriate for those new to the field, while at the same time incorporating evolutionary, biomechanical, and other theoretical foundations for the features and phenomena encountered in forensic anthropological casework. Attention is focused primarily on the most recent and scientifically valid applications commonly employed by working forensic anthropologists. Readers will therefore learn about innovative techniques in the discipline, and aspiring practitioners will be prepared by understanding the necessary background needed to work in the field today. Instructors and students will find Forensic Anthropology: Current Methods and Practice comprehensive, practical, and relevant to the modern discipline of forensic anthropology. Winner of a 2015 Most Promising New Textbook Award from the Text and Academic Authors Association Focuses on modern methods, recent advances in research and technology, and current challenges in the science of forensic anthropology Addresses issues of international relevance such as the role of forensic anthropology in mass disaster response and human rights investigations Includes chapter summaries, topicoriented case studies, keywords, and reflective questions to increase active student learning

Manual of Forensic Taphonomy

Manual of Forensic Taphonomy
Author : James Pokines,Steven A. Symes
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2013-10-08
Category : Law
Total pages :496
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Forensic taphonomy is the study of the postmortem changes to human remains, focusing largely on environmental effects including decomposition in soil and water and interaction with plants, insects, and other animals. While other books have focused on subsets such as forensic botany and entomology, Manual of Forensic Taphonomy is the first update of

Forensic Cremation Recovery and Analysis

Forensic Cremation Recovery and Analysis
Author : Scott I. Fairgrieve
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2007-10-18
Category : Law
Total pages :224
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The determination of identity and the evaluation of trauma require special consideration when a body suffers extreme levels of damage sustained in a fire. Beginning with the search and recovery of the cremated remains (cremains) and the interpretation of the fire scene, the challenges and practicalities of recovering and analyzing burned remains demand a unique set of skills and expertise. This book provides a synopsis of these challenges and delineates, step-by-step, the recovery and interpretation of cremains from the point of discovery to the end of the analysis. Presenting current research in forensic anthropology in a condensed, useable format, Forensic Cremation: Recovery and Analysis begins with an evaluation of the reasonable expectations for analyzing cremains in a forensic setting. It summarizes the contexts and challenges that face the professional and introduces a wide range of preservation encountered in a variety of fire contexts. The book discusses the capacity and mechanisms of fire to alter the chemical and physical properties of materials, particularly those of human tissues. It emphasizes a flexible approach to the collection of cremains, taking into consideration the intermixing of the human tissue with the surrounding materials. A significant portion of the book examines the effects of fire on bone and the ability to determine trauma as peri- or post-mortem. It evaluates the practical use of dental tissue and DNA for identification and as an aid to the investigation. Providing crucial information on the handling of cremated remains in a forensic context, Forensic Cremation: Recovery and Analysis presents a methodical approach designed to maximize the potential of the evidence.

Advances in Forensic Taphonomy

Advances in Forensic Taphonomy
Author : William D. Haglund,Marcella H. Sorg
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2001-07-30
Category : Law
Total pages :544
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The taphonomic approach within paleontology, archaeology, and paleoanthropology continues to produce advances in understanding postmortem biochemical and morphological transformations. Conversely, advances in understanding the early and intermediate postmortem period generated in the forensic realm can and should be brought to the attention of scie

Forensic Pathology Reviews

Forensic Pathology Reviews
Author : Michael Tsokos
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2007-10-28
Category : Medical
Total pages :312
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Cutting-edge accounts of special topics from various fields of forensic pathology and death scene investigation. The authors explore new avenues for analyzing the pathology of death from starvation (child neglect), head injuries inflicted by glass bottles, the clinical and pathological features of primary cerebral neoplasms, obesity as it is relevant to the forensic pathologist, and infant and early childhood asphyxial death. Other areas of interest covered include suicide, viral myocarditis in sudden death cases, curious death scene phenomena (hiding, covering and undressing), forensic entomology, the interpretation of toxicological findings, anabolic-androgenic-steroid abuse, and autopsy findings of subendocardial hemorrhages.

BROKEN BONES

BROKEN BONES
Author : Vicki L. Wedel,Alison Galloway
Publisher : Charles C Thomas Publisher
Release Date : 2013-01-01
Category : Medical
Total pages :504
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The editors, along with 15 outstanding contributors, comprehensively explore and provide an overview of the principles behind the interpretation of skeletal blunt force trauma. This expanded second edition provides a discussion on how to train for a career in forensic anthropology and offers guidance on how to complete a thorough trauma analysis. It also provides the labels given to different kinds of fractures and the biomechanical forces required to cause bone to fail and fracture. The text provides a theoretical framework for both evaluating published trauma studies and designing new ones. Experimental trauma research is an area ripe for research, and criteria to consider in choosing which non-human species to use in an actualistic study are offered. Common circumstances in which blunt force trauma is encountered are described. Information is provided on a variety of causes of death due to blunt force trauma. These causes range from accidental deaths to homicides due to blunt force from motor vehicle accidents, falls, strangulation, child and elder abuse, among others. Epidemiological information on whom is most likely affected by these various kinds of blunt force trauma is drawn from both the clinical and forensic literature. The most fundamental elements of the text are offered in four chapters where, bone by bone, fracture by fracture, the authors describe what to call each kind of fracture, what is known about how much force is required to break the bone that way, and fracture specific epidemiological information. This particular section of the text provides an invaluable reference source for forensic anthropologists and other osteologists to consult when looking at and trying to classify a bone fracture. Case studies are included to bring the book full circle back to considering the micro and macro bone changes that are seen when bone fails and fractures. The case studies are illustrative both of the concepts described through the book and of the high quality analyses forensic anthropologists contribute to medicolegal investigations of death every day. The text is further enhanced by 150 illustrations, some in color. This completely updated and expanded new volume is an essential reference for the forensic anthropology professional.

Dental Wear in Evolutionary and Biocultural Contexts

Dental Wear in Evolutionary and Biocultural Contexts
Author : Christopher W. Schmidt, PhD,James T. Watson, PhD
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-07-15
Category : Law
Total pages :300
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Teeth wear down as they are used for a number of functions in life including mastication and non-masticatory activities, such as using them as tools to hold objects in the mouth. Dental wear has been studied for decades at both macroscopic and microscopic levels. However, to date, no volume has been produced that is devoted specifically to dental wear. Dental Wear in Evolutionary and Biocultural Contexts provides a single source that disseminates current state-of-the-art research regarding dental wear across a variety of hominoid species, and under a number of temporal and spatial contexts. The volume begins with a brief introductory chapter addressing the general history, understandings, and approaches to the study of dental wear. The remaining chapters in the first half of the volume are dedicated to dental macrowear, and the chapters in second half are dedicated to dental microwear. The primary audience for this volume are students and professionals in anthropology, specifically paleoanthropologists, bioarchaeologists, archaeologists, and primatologists. It may also be attractive to dentists and other dental professionals interested in dental function. Covers a wide range of topics including method and theory, macrowear and microwear in primates and fossil hominins Highlights several recent technological innovations, including occlusal fingerprinting, considerations of enamel mechanical properties, and microwear texture Includes case studies from archaeological populations