November 30, 2020

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The Art of Cryogenics

The Art of Cryogenics
Author : Guglielmo Ventura,Lara Risegari
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2010-07-07
Category : Science
Total pages :378
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Cryogenics is the study of low temperature interactions - temperatures well below those existing in the natural universe. The book covers a large spectrum of experimental cases, including basic vacuum techniques, indispensable in cryogenics. Guidance in solving experimental problems and numerous numerical examples are given, as are examples of the applications of cryogenics in such areas as underground detectors and space applications. Updated tables of low-temperature data on materials are also presented, and the book is supplemented with a rich bibliography. Researchers (graduate and above) in the fields of physics, engineering and chemistry with an interest in the technology and applications of low-temperature measurements, will find this book invaluable. Experiments described in technical detail Description of newest cryogenic apparatus Applications in multidisciplinary areas Data on cryogenic properties of new materials Current reference review

Cryogenic Safety

Cryogenic Safety
Author : Thomas J. Peterson,J. G. Weisend II
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2019-04-26
Category : Science
Total pages :213
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This book describes the current state of the art in cryogenic safety best practice, helping the reader to work with cryogenic systems and materials safely. It brings together information from previous texts, industrial and laboratory safety polices, and recent research papers. Case studies, example problems, and an extensive list of references are included to add to the utility of the text. It describes the unique safety hazards posed by cryogenics in all its guises, including issues associated with the extreme cold of cryogenics, the flammability of some cryogenic fluids, the displacement of oxygen by inert gases boiling off from cryogenic fluids, and the high pressures that can be formed during the volume expansion that occurs when a cryogenic fluid becomes a room temperature gas. A further chapter considers the challenges arising from the behavior of materials at cryogenic temperatures. Many materials are inappropriate for use in cryogenics and can fail, resulting in hazardous conditions. Despite these hazards, work at cryogenic temperatures can be performed safely. The book also discusses broader safety issues such as hazard analysis, establishment of a safe work culture and lessons learned from cryogenic safety in accelerator labs. This book is designed to be useful to everyone affected by cryogenic hazards regardless of their expertise in cryogenics.

Cryogenic Recycling and Processing

Cryogenic Recycling and Processing
Author : Norman. R Braton
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2018-06-14
Category : Science
Total pages :254
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The purpose of this book is to promote useful knowledge in the field of cryogenics. To accomplish this, the manuscript presents a composite of the state-of-the-art knowledge, research, and application of cryogenic processes.

Physics of Cryogenics

Physics of Cryogenics
Author : Bahman Zohuri
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2017-11-17
Category : Science
Total pages :726
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Physics of Cryogenics: An Ultralow Temperature Phenomenon discusses the significant number of advances that have been made during the last few years in a variety of cryocoolers, such as Brayton, Joule-Thomson, Stirling, pulse tube, Gifford-McMahon and magnetic refrigerators. The book reviews various approaches taken to improve reliability, a major driving force for new research areas. The advantages and disadvantages of different cycles are compared, and the latest improvements in each of these cryocoolers is discussed. The book starts with the thermodynamic fundamentals, followed by the definition of cryogenic and the associated science behind low temperature phenomena and properties. This book is an ideal resource for scientists, engineers and graduate and senior undergraduate students who need a better understanding of the science of cryogenics and related thermodynamics. Defines the fundamentals of thermodynamics that are associated with cryogenic processes Provides an overview of the history of the development of cryogenic technology Includes new, low temperature tables written by the author Deals with the application of cryogenics to preserve objects at very low temperature Explains how cryogenic phenomena work for human cell and human body preservations and new medical approaches

Polymers at Cryogenic Temperatures

Polymers at Cryogenic Temperatures
Author : Susheel Kalia,Shao-Yun Fu
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-03-26
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :292
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Kalia and Fu's novel monograph covers cryogenic treatment, properties and applications of cryo-treated polymer materials. Written by numerous international experts, the twelve chapters in this book offer the reader a comprehensive picture of the latest findings and developments, as well as an outlook on the field. Cryogenic technology has seen remarkable progress in the past few years and especially cryogenic properties of polymers are attracting attention through new breakthroughs in space, superconducting, magnetic and electronic techniques. This book is a valuable resource for researchers, educators, engineers and graduate students in the field and at technical institutions.

Experimental Techniques for Low-Temperature Measurements

Experimental Techniques for Low-Temperature Measurements
Author : Jack Ekin
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date : 2006-10-12
Category : Science
Total pages :673
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Aimed at a broad readership across applied science, this illustrated text builds a consistent, self-supporting knowledge base of low-temperature apparatus design. Many recent developments in measurement techniques, superconductors, and scaling theory not previously published are covered.

Refrigeration for Cryogenic Sensors and Electronic Systems

Refrigeration for Cryogenic Sensors and Electronic Systems
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1981
Category : Refrigeration and refrigerating machinery
Total pages :217
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The Art of Modeling in Science and Engineering with Mathematica

The Art of Modeling in Science and Engineering with Mathematica
Author : Diran Basmadjian
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2019-07-17
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :688
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Modeling is practiced in engineering and all physical sciences. Many specialized texts exist - written at a high level - that cover this subject. However, students and even professionals often experience difficulties in setting up and solving even the simplest of models. This can be attributed to three difficulties: the proper choice of model, the absence of precise solutions, and the necessity to make suitable simplifying assumptions and approximations. Overcoming these difficulties is the focus of The Art of Modeling in Science and Engineering. The text is designed for advanced undergraduate and graduate students and practicing professionals in the sciences and engineering with an interest in Modeling based on Mass, Energy and Momentum or Force Balances. The book covers a wide range of physical processes and phenomena drawn from chemical, mechanical, civil, environmental sciences and bio- sciences. A separate section is devoted to "real World" industrial problems. The author explains how to choose the simplest model, obtain an appropriate solution to the problem and make simplifying assumptions/approximations.

Cryogenic Engineering and Technologies

Cryogenic Engineering and Technologies
Author : Dr. Zuyu Zhao,Dr. Chao Wang,Brian Pollard
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2019-10-16
Category : Medical
Total pages :385
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Cryogen-free cryogenics is leading a revolution in research and industry by its significant advantages over traditional liquid helium systems. This is the first overview for the field, covering the key technologies, conceptual design, fabrication, operation, performance, and applications of these systems. The contents cover important topics such as the operating principles of 4K cryocoolers, enabling technologies (including vibration reduction) for cryogen free systems, the cryogen- free superconducting magnet, and cryogen-free systems that reach mK. It highlights the wide range of applications in materials science, quantum physics, astronomy and space science, medical sciences and etc. Key features: Introduce technologies and practical know-how employed for cryogen-free systems of using 4 K cryocoolers to replace liquid helium; Address state of the arts of cryogen-free superconducting magnets, sub-kelvin refrigeration systems of He-3 sorption cooler, adiabatic demagnetization refrigerator (ADR) and dilution refrigerators (DR). Discuss applications of cryogen-free systems in modern instruments and equipment.

Cryogenic Information Report

Cryogenic Information Report
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1984
Category : Low temperature engineering
Total pages :129
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Proceedings of the 1968 Summer Study on Superconducting Devices and Accelerators

Proceedings of the 1968 Summer Study on Superconducting Devices and Accelerators
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1969
Category : Particle accelerators
Total pages :129
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Helium Cryogenics

Helium Cryogenics
Author : Steven W. Van Sciver
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-03-14
Category : Science
Total pages :470
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Twenty five years have elapsed since the original publication of Helium Cryogenics. During this time, a considerable amount of research and development involving helium fluids has been carried out culminating in several large-scale projects. Furthermore, the field has matured through these efforts so that there is now a broad engineering base to assist the development of future projects. Helium Cryogenics, 2nd edition brings these advances in helium cryogenics together in an updated form. As in the original edition, the author's approach is to survey the field of cryogenics with emphasis on helium fluids. This approach is more specialized and fundamental than that contained in other cryogenics books, which treat the associated range of cryogenic fluids. As a result, the level of treatment is more advanced and assumes a certain knowledge of fundamental engineering and physics principles, including some quantum mechanics. The goal throughout the work is to bridge the gap between the physics and engineering aspects of helium fluids to provide a source for engineers and scientists to enhance their usefulness in low-temperature systems. Dr. Van Sciver is a Distinguished Research Professor and John H. Gorrie Professor of Mechanical Engineering at Florida State University. He is also a Program Director at the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory (NHMFL). Dr. Van Sciver joined the FAMU-FSU College of Engineering and the NHMFL in 1991, initiating and teaching a graduate program in magnet and materials engineering and in cryogenic thermal sciences and heat transfer. He also led the NHMFL development efforts of the cryogenic systems for the NHMFL Hybrid and 900 MHz NMR superconducting magnets. Between 1997 and 2003, he served as Director of Magnet Science and Technology at the NHMFL. Dr. Van Sciver is a Fellow of the ASME and the Cryogenic Society of America and American Editor for the journal Cryogenics. He is the 2010 recipient of the Kurt Mendelssohn Award. Prior to joining Florida State University, Dr. Van Sciver was Research Scientist and then Professor of Nuclear Engineering, Engineering Physics and Mechanical Engineering at the University of Wisconsin-Madison from 1976 to 1991. During that time he also served as the Associate Director of the Applied Superconductivity Center. Dr. Van Sciver received his PhD in Low Temperature Physics from the University of Washington-Seattle in 1976. He received his BS degree in Engineering Physics from Lehigh University in 1970. Dr. Van Sciver is author of over 200 publications and patents in low temperature physics, liquid helium technology, cryogenic engineering and magnet technology. The first edition of Helium Cryogenics was published by Plenum Press (1986). The present work is an update and expansion of that original project.

Low Temperature and Cryogenic Refrigeration

Low Temperature and Cryogenic Refrigeration
Author : Sadik Kakaç,M.R. Avelino,H.F. Smirnov
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2003-05-31
Category : Science
Total pages :485
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Refrigeration plays a prominent role in our everyday lives, and cryogenics plays a major role in medical science, space technology and the cooling of low-temperature electronics. This volume contains chapters on basic refrigeration systems, non-compression refrigeration and cooling, and topics related to global environmental issues, alternative refrigerants, optimum refrigerant selection, cost-quality optimization of refrigerants, advanced thermodynamics of reverse-cycle machines, applications in medicine, cryogenics, heat pipes, gas-solid absorption refrigeration, multisalt resorption heat pumps, cryocoolers, thermoacoustic refrigeration, cryogenic heat transfer and enhancement and other topics covering theory, design, and applications, such as pulse tube refrigeration, which is the most efficient of all cryocoolers and can be used in space missions.

Advances in Cryogenic Engineering

Advances in Cryogenic Engineering
Author : Peter Kittel
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 1994
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :2064
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