December 4, 2020

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The Boundary Flux Handbook

The Boundary Flux Handbook
Author : Marco Stoller,Javier Miguel Ochando-Pulido
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2014-12-23
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :166
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The Boundary Flux Handbook summarizes over 100 chemical compounds (single compounds, in mixed solution) and different feed streams from industry (complex streams exiting the agricultural, biological, pharmaceutical, food, dye, textile, and other industries) and the respective critical and threshold fluxes (or boundary flux), together with data on rejection and permeabilities. It gives the reader valuable data to quickly estimate membrane performances in respect to productivity, selectivity, and longevity, and aids in estimating capital and operating costs of membrane processes during the plant design operations. The book is valuable for scientific researchers and chemical engineers working with membrane technology as a reference for lab work, membrane process design, and control. For each specific feedstock, only the best performing membranes are listed. At least one commercial membrane module and a maximum of four different choices are reported, in order to assure easy integration of the proposed membranes into the systems by contacting the relevant commercial partner, and to define the best choice of the pretreatment steps, permitting quick membrane process optimization or revamping operations. This text summarizes over 100 chemical compounds, different feed streams from industry, and the respective critical and threshold fluxes. It gives the reader valuable data to quickly estimate membrane performances in respect to productivity, selectivity and longevity. For each studied feedstock, only the best performing membrane(s) are listed, including one commercial and a maximum of four different choices, to assure the possibility to easily integrate the proposed membranes into the systems by contacting the relevant commercial partner.

The Handbook of Groundwater Engineering

The Handbook of Groundwater Engineering
Author : John H. Cushman,Daniel M. Tartakovsky
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2016-11-25
Category : Science
Total pages :1074
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This new edition adds several new chapters and is thoroughly updated to include data on new topics such as hydraulic fracturing, CO2 sequestration, sustainable groundwater management, and more. Providing a complete treatment of the theory and practice of groundwater engineering, this new handbook also presents a current and detailed review of how to model the flow of water and the transport of contaminants both in the unsaturated and saturated zones, covers the protection of groundwater, and the remediation of contaminated groundwater.

Handbook of Groundwater Engineering

Handbook of Groundwater Engineering
Author : Jacques W. Delleur
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 1998-08-01
Category : Science
Total pages :949
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This handbook deals with the general field of groundwater from an engineering perspective, covering the several disciplines concerned with the design and control of flow and contaminant transport in groundwater. Each chapter is authored by a specialist in the topic treated, and special care has been taken to keep the literature up-to-date with recent developments and research in the field. An essential reference for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, for professional engineers and professionals in government regulatory agencies.

Handbook of Soil Sciences

Handbook of Soil Sciences
Author : Pan Ming Huang,Yuncong Li,Malcolm E. Sumner
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2011-11-17
Category : Science
Total pages :1442
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An evolving, living organic/inorganic covering, soil is in dynamic equilibrium with the atmosphere above, the biosphere within, and the geology below. It acts as an anchor for roots, a purveyor of water and nutrients, a residence for a vast community of microorganisms and animals, a sanitizer of the environment, and a source of raw materials for construction and manufacturing. To develop lasting solutions to the challenges of balanced use and stewardship of the Earth, we require a fundamental understanding of soil—from its elastic, porous three-phase system to its components, processes, and reactions. Handbook of Soil Sciences: Properties and Processes, Second Edition is the first of two volumes that form a comprehensive reference on the discipline of soil science. Completely revised and updated to reflect the current state of knowledge, this volume covers the traditional areas of soil science: soil physics, soil chemistry, soil mineralogy, soil biology and biochemistry, and pedology. Contributors discuss the application of physical principles to characterize the soil system and mass and energy transport processes within the critical zone. They present significant advances in soil chemistry; describe how minerals are formed and transformed; and provide an introduction to the soil biota. They also examine geomorphology, land use, hydropedology, and subaqueous soils as well as the classification and digital mapping of soil. Critical elements addressed in each section include: Descriptions of concepts and theories Definitions, approaches, methodologies, and procedures Data in tabular and figure format Extensive references This cohesive handbook provides a thorough understanding of soil science principles and practices based on a rigorous, complete, and up-to-date treatment of the subject matter compiled by leading scientists. It is a resource rich in data, offering professional soil scientists, agronomists, engineers, ecologists, biologists, naturalists, and students their first point of entry into a particular aspect of the soil sciences.

The Handbook of Groundwater Engineering

The Handbook of Groundwater Engineering
Author : Jacques W. Delleur
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2006-11-16
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :1320
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A complete treatment of the theory and practice of groundwater engineering, The Handbook of Groundwater Engineering, Second Edition provides a current and detailed review of how to model the flow of water and the transport of contaminants both in the unsaturated and saturated zones, covers the production of groundwater and the remediation of contaminated groundwater.

Handbook of Crystal Growth

Handbook of Crystal Growth
Author : Peter Rudolph
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2014-11-04
Category : Science
Total pages :1418
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Vol 2A: Basic Technologies Handbook of Crystal Growth, 2nd Edition Volume IIA (Basic Technologies) presents basic growth technologies and modern crystal cutting methods. Particularly, the methodical fundamentals and development of technology in the field of bulk crystallization on both industrial and research scales are explored. After an introductory chapter on the formation of minerals, ruling historically the basic crystal formation parameters, advanced basic technologies from melt, solution, and vapour being applied for research and production of the today most important materials, like silicon, semiconductor compounds and oxides are presented in detail. The interdisciplinary and general importance of crystal growth for human live are illustrated. Vol 2B: Growth Mechanisms and Dynamics Handbook of Crystal Growth, 2nd Edition Volume IIB (Growth Mechanisms and Dynamics) deals with characteristic mechanisms and dynamics accompanying each bulk crystal growth method discussed in Volume IIA. Before the atoms or molecules pass over from a position in the fluid medium (gas, melt or solution) to their place in the crystalline face they must be transported in the fluid over macroscopic distances by diffusion, buoyancy-driven convection, surface-tension-driven convection, and forced convection (rotation, acceleration, vibration, magnetic mixing). Further, the heat of fusion and the part carried by the species on their way to the crystal by conductive and convective transport must be dissipated in the solid phase by well-organized thermal conduction and radiation to maintain a stable propagating interface. Additionally, segregation and capillary phenomena play a decisional role for chemical composition and crystal shaping, respectively. Today, the increase of high-quality crystal yield, its size enlargement and reproducibility are imperative conditions to match the strong economy. Volume 2A Presents the status and future of Czochralski and float zone growth of dislocation-free silicon Examines directional solidification of silicon ingots for photovoltaics, vertical gradient freeze of GaAs, CdTe for HF electronics and IR imaging as well as antiferromagnetic compounds and super alloys for turbine blades Focuses on growth of dielectric and conducting oxide crystals for lasers and non-linear optics Topics on hydrothermal, flux and vapour phase growth of III-nitrides, silicon carbide and diamond are explored Volume 2B Explores capillarity control of the crystal shape at the growth from the melt Highlights modeling of heat and mass transport dynamics Discusses control of convective melt processes by magnetic fields and vibration measures Includes imperative information on the segregation phenomenon and validation of compositional homogeneity Examines crystal defect generation mechanisms and their controllability Illustrates proper automation modes for ensuring constant crystal growth process Exhibits fundamentals of solution growth, gel growth of protein crystals, growth of superconductor materials and mass crystallization for food and pharmaceutical industries

The CRC Handbook of Mechanical Engineering, Second Edition

The CRC Handbook of Mechanical Engineering, Second Edition
Author : Anonim
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 1998-03-24
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :2624
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During the past 20 years, the field of mechanical engineering has undergone enormous changes. These changes have been driven by many factors, including: the development of computer technology worldwide competition in industry improvements in the flow of information satellite communication real time monitoring increased energy efficiency robotics automatic control increased sensitivity to environmental impacts of human activities advances in design and manufacturing methods These developments have put more stress on mechanical engineering education, making it increasingly difficult to cover all the topics that a professional engineer will need in his or her career. As a result of these developments, there has been a growing need for a handbook that can serve the professional community by providing relevant background and current information in the field of mechanical engineering. The CRC Handbook of Mechanical Engineering serves the needs of the professional engineer as a resource of information into the next century.

Handbook of Micrometeorology

Handbook of Micrometeorology
Author : Xuhui Lee,William Massman,Beverly Law
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2006-01-20
Category : Science
Total pages :250
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The Handbook of Micrometeorology is the most up-to-date reference for micrometeorological issues and methods related to the eddy covariance technique for estimating mass and energy exchange between the terrestrial biosphere and the atmosphere. It provides useful insight for interpreting estimates of mass and energy exchange and understanding the role of the terrestrial biosphere in global environmental change.

Mechanical Engineers' Handbook, Volume 4

Mechanical Engineers' Handbook, Volume 4
Author : Myer Kutz
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2015-03-02
Category : Science
Total pages :1200
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The engineer's ready reference for mechanical power and heat Mechanical Engineer's Handbook provides the mostcomprehensive coverage of the entire discipline, with a focus onexplanation and analysis. Packaged as a modular approach, thesebooks are designed to be used either individually or as a set,providing engineers with a thorough, detailed, ready reference ontopics that may fall outside their scope of expertise. Each bookprovides discussion and examples as opposed to straight data andcalculations, giving readers the immediate background they needwhile pointing them toward more in-depth information as necessary.Volume 4: Energy and Power covers the essentials of fluids,thermodynamics, entropy, and heat, with chapters dedicated toindividual applications such as air heating, cryogenic engineering,indoor environmental control, and more. Readers will find detailedguidance toward fuel sources and their technologies, as well as ageneral overview of the mechanics of combustion. No single engineer can be a specialist in all areas that theyare called on to work in the diverse industries and job functionsthey occupy. This book gives them a resource for finding theinformation they need, with a focus on topics related to theproductions, transmission, and use of mechanical power andheat. Understand the nature of energy and its proper measurement andanalysis Learn how the mechanics of energy apply to furnaces,refrigeration, thermal systems, and more Examine the and pros and cons of petroleum, coal, biofuel,solar, wind, and geothermal power Review the mechanical parts that generate, transmit, and storedifferent types of power, and the applicable guidelines Engineers must frequently refer to data tables, standards, andother list-type references, but this book is different; instead ofjust providing the answer, it explains why the answer is what itis. Engineers will appreciate this approach, and come to findVolume 4: Energy and Power an invaluable reference.

Handbook of Industrial Refractories Technology

Handbook of Industrial Refractories Technology
Author : Stephen Caniglia,Gordon L. Barna
Publisher : William Andrew
Release Date : 1992-12-31
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :650
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Encompasses the entire range of industrial refractory materials and forms: properties and their measurement, applications, manufacturing, installation and maintenance techniques, quality assurance, and statistical process control.

Handbook of Food Science, Technology, and Engineering

Handbook of Food Science, Technology, and Engineering
Author : Yiu H. Hui
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2006
Category : Food
Total pages :712
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Handbook of Crystal Growth

Handbook of Crystal Growth
Author : Tatau Nishinaga
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2014-11-04
Category : Science
Total pages :1214
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Volume IA Handbook of Crystal Growth, 2nd Edition (Fundamentals: Thermodynamics and Kinetics) Volume IA addresses the present status of crystal growth science, and provides scientific tools for the following volumes: Volume II (Bulk Crystal Growth) and III (Thin Film Growth and Epitaxy). Volume IA highlights thermodynamics and kinetics. After historical introduction of the crystal growth, phase equilibria, defect thermodynamics, stoichiometry, and shape of crystal and structure of melt are described. Then, the most fundamental and basic aspects of crystal growth are presented, along with the theories of nucleation and growth kinetics. In addition, the simulations of crystal growth by Monte Carlo, ab initio-based approach and colloidal assembly are thoroughly investigated. Volume IB Handbook of Crystal Growth, 2nd Edition (Fundamentals: Transport and Stability) Volume IB discusses pattern formation, a typical problem in crystal growth. In addition, an introduction to morphological stability is given and the phase-field model is explained with comparison to experiments. The field of nanocrystal growth is rapidly expanding and here the growth from vapor is presented as an example. For the advancement of life science, the crystal growth of protein and other biological molecules is indispensable and biological crystallization in nature gives many hints for their crystal growth. Another subject discussed is pharmaceutical crystal growth. To understand the crystal growth, in situ observation is extremely powerful. The observation techniques are demonstrated. Volume IA Explores phase equilibria, defect thermodynamics of Si, stoichiometry of oxides and atomistic structure of melt and alloys Explains basic ideas to understand crystal growth, equilibrium shape of crystal, rough-smooth transition of step and surface, nucleation and growth mechanisms Focuses on simulation of crystal growth by classical Monte Carlo, ab-initio based quantum mechanical approach, kinetic Monte Carlo and phase field model. Controlled colloidal assembly is presented as an experimental model for crystal growth. Volume IIB Describes morphological stability theory and phase-field model and comparison to experiments of dendritic growth Presents nanocrystal growth in vapor as well as protein crystal growth and biological crystallization Interprets mass production of pharmaceutical crystals to be understood as ordinary crystal growth and explains crystallization of chiral molecules Demonstrates in situ observation of crystal growth in vapor, solution and melt on the ground and in space

Ultrafiltration and Microfiltration Handbook

Ultrafiltration and Microfiltration Handbook
Author : Munir Cheryan
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 1998-01-26
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :552
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Soon after its publication in 1987, the first edition of Ultrafiltration Handbook became recognized as the leading handbook on ultrafiltration technology. Reviews in professional journals praised it as an authoritative and substantive information resource on this technology. Now a completely, updated and expanded edition is available under the title, Ultrafiltration and Microfiltration Handbook. This practical handbook systematically covers the basics of this technology from its scientific fundamentals to a wide range of industrial applications. The presentation is clear and concise with the emphasis on practical use. Many schematics and micrographs illustrate membranes, equipment and processes. Numerous tables and graphs provide useful data on specifications and performance. The updated information is useful to all those involved in the use of separation and filtration in industrial processes.

Subsurface Assessment Handbook for Contaminated Sites

Subsurface Assessment Handbook for Contaminated Sites
Author : Waterloo Centre for Groundwater Research,Canada. Hazardous Waste Management Branch,Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment
Publisher : The
Release Date : 1994
Category : Environmental impact analysis
Total pages :293
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This handbook provides further support for the development of a consistent national approach for assessing contaminated sites. The handbook improves subsurface investigations at contaminated sites and helps those commissioning, conducting, and evaluating assessments. Some principles and basic concepts are given, particularly in the areas of geophysics and mathematical models. The handbook also includes an extensive glossary.

Biomedical Engineering Handbook 2

Biomedical Engineering Handbook 2
Author : Joseph D. Bronzino
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2000-02-15
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :129
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