December 5, 2020

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The Encyclopedia of Mass Spectrometry

The Encyclopedia of Mass Spectrometry
Author : Michael L. Gross,R. M. Caprioli
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2003
Category : Mass spectrometry
Total pages :129
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The Encyclopedia of Mass Spectrometry, Ten-Volume Set

The Encyclopedia of Mass Spectrometry, Ten-Volume Set
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier Science
Release Date : 2013-09-27
Category : Science
Total pages :7000
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Overview: The Encyclopedia of Mass Spectrometry The need for an encyclopedia of mass spectrometry (MS) becomes apparent when considering the subject's evolution. By 1990, MS had evolved as a discipline and as a technique for solving problems in chemistry. Along with nuclear magnetic resonance and optical spectroscopy, it was a tool for compound identification. For complex mixtures as found in environmental chemistry, flavors, energy materials, and small-molecule metabolism, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry had become the premier analytical method. Despite these advances, MS played in 1990 only a small role in polar and large-molecule analysis. Field desorption, fast atom bombardment, and Cf-252 plasma desorption gently pushed it into peptide sequencing and molecular weight determination of larger polymers. Although these ionizations had limitations, when they were coupled with tandem mass spectrometers, the future became clearer. MS now awaited the development of new ionization methods that would extend its capabilities into many different research laboratories. The inventions of electrospray ionization (ESI) and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization (MALDI) in the late 1980s opened the door for that greater role. Even the discipline of MS could expand by embracing the chemical-physical studies of proteins and oligodeoxynucleotides in the gas phase. The broad applicability of MS to a multitude of chemical, physical, and biological problems makes it now the central tool in chemical analysis. No longer a specialist's tool, it has assumed broad applicability and availability. To permit a full and fruitful expansion in other disciplines, the Encyclopedia of Mass Spectrometry is designed to be a learning tool to newcomers who do not have the theoretical and practical background needed to take advantage of the possibilities of MS. Moreover, the field is now so broad that the specialist also needs a resource to allow exploration of its vast reaches. The encyclopedia meets that need and strives to be an entrance into the subject and to serve as its major reference work. Volume 1: Theory and Ion Chemistry Volume 1 begins with two theory chapters. The first discusses theoretical aspects of ion collisions, chemistry, and dynamics, and the second introduces ab initio calculations of ions. The latter has become a nearly indispensable tool in ion chemistry studies today. Instrumentation is essential in fundamental investigations. Chapter 3 introduces instrumentation, with an emphasis on unusual instrumentation, generally not commercially available. Ion traps, ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometers, and time-of-flight instruments, which are important in both fundamental studies and in applications, are also covered. Chapter 4 discusses myriad means of performing spectroscopic experiments on ions. In the next chapter, various methods of measuring thermodynamic information about ions are introduced and evaluated. Collisional activation and dissociation processes, in various incarnations, are in Chapter 6. Mobility experiments are the focus of the next chapter, which covers fundamental aspects and applications of this rapidly growing technology. Various means and uses of changing charge states of ions is the topic of chapter 8. Chapters 9 and 10 introduce the ion chemistry of organic ions, positive and negative, respectively. The last three chapters (Chapter 11-13) are expositions of the ion chemistry of clusters and solvation phenomena, inorganic chemistry, and the rapidly expanding area of biochemistry. Volume 2: Biological Applications Part A The focus of Volume 2 is peptides and proteins. The organization emphasizes separation techniques, preparation protocols, and fundamentals of ionic gas-phase species of biological importance. This volume is divided into four sections: (1) experimental approaches and protocols, (2) sequence analysis, (3) other structural analyses, and (4) targeted applications. The first section encompass separation procedures (e.g., 2-D gel electrophoresis), sample preparation (e.g., desalting and enzyme digestion), and instrumentation issues (e.g., high resolving power, molecular-weight determination, protein chips, and quantification). H/D exchange, analysis of membrane proteins, and bioinformatics are included. The next section on sequencing covers high energy and low energy CAD, protein identification, fundamentals of peptide fragmentation, bottom-up and top-down strategies, chemical derivatization, and post-source decay with MALDI. A section on structure analysis includes primary structure determination and issues with studying quaternary structure, protein-protein and protein-ligand complexes, disulfide analysis, phosphopeptides and phosphoproteins, selenoproteins, nitrated proteins, metal ion binding, and oxidized proteins. Additional coverage of methods for studying the biophysics of proteins is provided in Volume 6. The last chapter, Targeted Applications, focuses on neuropeptides, clinical applications, enzyme kinetics, imaging, and single-cell analysis. Volume 3: Biological Applications Part B Over the past decades, enormous gains have been made towards the analysis of all the biomolecules in cells. Although early attention was focused on peptides and proteins, a wealth of information is arising about other major biomolecules including nucleic acids, lipids and carbohydrates. In no small way, modern ionization methods, especially electrospray and matrix-assisted laser desorption, have provided a quantum leap in the capabilities of the tools we can now deploy in answering biological questions involving structure and molecular weight of virtually every type of molecule in the cell. Volume 3 covers classes carbohydrates, nucleic acids, and lipids. In addition, special areas of application are also included, such as pharmaceuticals, natural products, isotope ratio methods for biomolecules analysis, and clinical applications. The articles are arranged under general headings for continuity and ease of access, although several of these are of interest across the various disciplines. The articles cover basics and sufficient additional detail to bring the reader up-to-date on a given subject. Some advanced topics are also covered, either in a special section of an article or in additional reading citations. Volume 4: Organic and Organometallic Compounds This volume presents a cross section of applications in organic and organometallic chemistry in two parts. Chapters 1 to 6 are devoted to the fundamentals whereas chapters 7 and 8 cover applications to organic and organometallic compounds, either available as pure compounds or present in complex mixtures. Chapter 1 describes the theory for organic mass spectrometry, building on and complementing material in Volume 1. The themes for Chapter 2 are the structures and properties of gas-phase ions of conventional, distonic, and non-covalent complexes. Chapter 3 covers methodology used in study of gas-phase ions. Chapters 4 and 5 turn to mechanisms of both unimolecular and bimolecular reactions of ions and include topics in stereochemistry and radical chemistry. Chapter 6 contains a number of articles on the formation and reactivity of metal ion complexes and organometallic cations and anions, drawing connections with molecular recognition, catalysis and organic synthesis. Chapter 7 deals with the structure determination of organic compounds, including chiral compounds and natural products. In chapter 8 are contributions that provide illustrative examples of the determination of organic compounds present at low levels in complex samples that originate from various natural and biological sources. Included is an article on the determination of explosives. Volume 5: Elemental and Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometry This volume focuses on (1) the plethora of mostly atomic ionization techniques that have been coupled to MS for elemental analysis, the measurement of isotope ratios, and even the determination of inorganic compounds and (2) the precise measurement of isotope ratios of organic elements as small gas molecules by isotope ratio mass spectrometry (IRMS). Volume 6: Ionization Methods Volume 6 captures the story of molecular ionization and its phenomenal evolution that makes mass spectrometry the powerful method it is today. Chapters 1 and 2 cover fundamentals and various issues that are common to all ionization (e.g., accurate mass, isotope clusters, and derivatization). Chapters 3-9 acknowledge that some ionization methods are appropriate for gas-phase molecules and others for molecules that are in the solid or liquid states. Chapters 3-6 cover gas-phase molecules, dividing the subject into: (1) ionization of gas-phase molecules by particles (e.g., EI), (2) ionization by photons, (3) ionization by ion-molecule and molecule-molecule reactions (e.g., APCI and DART), and ionization in Strong electric fields (i.e., Electrohydrodynamic and Field Ionization/Desorption). "Ionization in a Strong Electric Field" illustrates the transition to ionization of molecules in the solid or liquid states, covered in Chapters 7-9: (1) spray methods for ionization (e.g., electrospray), (2) desorption ionization by particle bombardment (e.g., FAB), and (3) desorption by photons (e.g., MALDI). Electrospray and MALDI also lead to applications in biophysical chemistry, the theme of Chapter 10. Chapter 11 reconsiders ionization from the view of choosing an ionization method. The range of subjects is from ionization of organic and biomolecules to the study of microorganisms. Volume 7: Mass Analyzers The volume is under preparation Volume 8: Hyphenated Methods Starting with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and continuing through GCxGC-MS, LC-MSn, and LC-NMR-MS, hyphenated methods have revolutionized chemical analysis. This volume covers that revolution in two parts. The first (Chapters 1-4) describes principles, instrumentation, and technology, and the second (Chapters 5-10) organizes major application areas in GC-MS and LC-MS. After a general introduction (Chapter 1), attention is paid to principles and instrumentation of GC-MS (Chapter 2) and LC-MS (Chapter 3). Other hyphenated methods, including online combinations of capillary electromigration methods and supercritical fluid chromatography with mass spectrometry, are in Chapter 4. Applications are then covered in the remaining chapters. The application-oriented chapters are focused on the role of mainly LC-MS in the pharmaceutical field (Chapter 5) and biochemical and biotechnological applications (Chapter 10), and the application of both GC-MS and LC-MS in relation to environmental analysis (Chapter 6), food safety and food analysis (Chapter 7), characterization of natural products (Chapter 8), and clinical, toxicological, and forensic analysis (Chapter 9). Volume 9: History of Mass Spectrometry This volume is under preparation. Volume 10: Index * This multi-volume work is the first to provide unparalleled and comprehensive coverage of the full range of topics and techniques * Suitable for new graduate students who are interested but not yet versed in the subject of mass spectrometry * Techniques, methods and applications of mass spectrometry are described in considerable detail; including limitations, current problems, and areas in which the method does not succeed well

The Encyclopedia of Mass Spectrometry

The Encyclopedia of Mass Spectrometry
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Newnes
Release Date : 2015-12-04
Category : Science
Total pages :406
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Volume 9: Historical Perspectives, Part A: The Development of Mass Spectrometry of The Encyclopedia of Mass Spectrometry describes and analyzes the development of many aspects of Mass Spectrometry. Beginning with the earliest types of Mass Analyzers, Historical Perspectives explores the development of many different forms of analytical processes and methods. The work follows various instruments and interfaces, to the current state of detectors and computerization. It traces the use of Mass Spectrometry across many different disciplines, including Organic Chemistry, Biochemistry, and Proteomics; Environmental Mass Spectrometry; Forensic Science; Imaging; Medical Monitoring and Diagnosis; Earth and Planetary Sciences; and Nuclear Science. Finally, the book covers the history of manufacturers and societies as well as the professionals who form the Mass Spectrometry community. Also available: Volume 9: Historical Perspectives, Part B: Notable People in Mass Spectrometry briefly reviews the lives and works of many of the major people who carried out this development. Preserves the history and development of Mass Spectrometry for use across scientific fields Written and edited by Mass Spectrometry experts Coordinates with Volume 9: Historical Perspectives, Part B: Notable People in Mass Spectrometry, a collection of short biographies on many of the major people who carried out this development

The Encyclopedia of Mass Spectrometry

The Encyclopedia of Mass Spectrometry
Author : Michael L. Gross,Richard M. Caprioli,Peter B. Armentrout
Publisher : Encyclopedia of Mass Spect
Release Date : 2003
Category : Science
Total pages :400
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Presents information on the biographies of recognized pioneers and innovators in the field of mass spectrometry. - Highlights over 120 innovators in mass spectrometry, including several Nobel Prize winners. Discusses instrumentation and their uses, also providing interesting information on the careers, characters, and life stories of the people who did the work. Offers unique insight into the careers and personalities of luminaries in the field.

The Encyclopedia of Mass Spectrometry

The Encyclopedia of Mass Spectrometry
Author : Richard Caprioli
Publisher : Elsevier Science
Release Date : 2005-11-25
Category : Science
Total pages :600
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Volume 3 looks at classes of biomolecules including carbohydrates, nucleic acids, and lipids. In addition, special areas of application are included, such as pharmaceuticals, natural products, isotope ratio methods for biomolecules analysis, and clinical applications. The articles are arranged under general headings for continuity and ease of access, although several of these are of interest across the various disciplines. The articles are intended to teach and therefore strive to cover basics and sufficient additional detail to bring the reader up-to-date on a given subject. Some advanced topics are also covered, either in a special section of articles or in additional reading citations. Covers the major classes of biomolecules including carbohydrates, nucleic acids, and lipids Includes special areas of application, such as pharmaceuticals, natural products, isotope ratio methods for biomolecules analysis, and clinical applications Written for students entering the field of mass spectrometry

The Encyclopedia of Mass Spectrometry. Historical Perspectives. Part B, Notable People in Mass Spectrometry

The Encyclopedia of Mass Spectrometry. Historical Perspectives. Part B, Notable People in Mass Spectrometry
Author : Michael L. Gross
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2015
Category : Electronic book
Total pages :129
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Encyclopedia of Spectroscopy and Spectrometry

Encyclopedia of Spectroscopy and Spectrometry
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2016-09-22
Category : Science
Total pages :3584
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This third edition of the Encyclopedia of Spectroscopy and Spectrometry provides authoritative and comprehensive coverage of all aspects of spectroscopy and closely related subjects that use the same fundamental principles, including mass spectrometry, imaging techniques and applications. It includes the history, theoretical background, details of instrumentation and technology, and current applications of the key areas of spectroscopy. The new edition will include over 80 new articles across the field. These will complement those from the previous edition, which have been brought up-to-date to reflect the latest trends in the field. Coverage in the third edition includes: Atomic spectroscopy Electronic spectroscopy Fundamentals in spectroscopy High-Energy spectroscopy Magnetic resonance Mass spectrometry Spatially-resolved spectroscopic analysis Vibrational, rotational and Raman spectroscopies The new edition is aimed at professional scientists seeking to familiarize themselves with particular topics quickly and easily. This major reference work continues to be clear and accessible and focus on the fundamental principles, techniques and applications of spectroscopy and spectrometry. Incorporates more than 150 color figures, 5,000 references, and 300 articles for a thorough examination of the field Highlights new research and promotes innovation in applied areas ranging from food science and forensics to biomedicine and health Presents a one-stop resource for quick access to answers and an in-depth examination of topics in the spectroscopy and spectrometry arenas

The Encyclopedia of Mass Spectrometry

The Encyclopedia of Mass Spectrometry
Author : Nico Nibbering
Publisher : Elsevier Science
Release Date : 2004-12-27
Category : Science
Total pages :950
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Volume 4: Organic and Organometallic Compounds presents a cross section of applications in organic and organometallic chemistry in two parts. Chapters 1 to 6 are devoted to the fundamentals whereas chapters 7 and 8 cover applications to organic and organometallic compounds, either available as pure compounds or present in complex mixtures. Chapter 1 describes the theory for organic mass spectrometry, building on and complementing material in Volume 1. The themes for Chapter 2 are the structures and properties of gas-phase ions of conventional, distonic, and non-covalent complexes. Chapter 3 covers methodology used in study of gas-phase ions. Chapters 4 and 5 turn to mechanisms of both unimolecular and bimolecular reactions of ions and include topics in stereochemistry and radical chemistry. Chapter 6 contains a number of articles on the formation and reactivity of metal ion complexes and organometallic cations and anions, drawing connections with molecular recognition, catalysis and organic synthesis. Chapter 7 deals with the structure determination of organic compounds, including chiral compounds and natural products. In chapter 8 are contributions that provide illustrative examples of the determination of organic compounds present at low levels in complex samples that originate from various natural and biological sources. Included is an article on the determination of explosives. Cross section of the field of Organic and Organometallic MS Covers fundamental Ion Chemistry as well as applications from simple to complicated systems Suitable for new graduate students entering the field

The Encyclopedia of Mass Spectrometry: Fundamentals of and applications to organic (and organometallic) compounds

The Encyclopedia of Mass Spectrometry: Fundamentals of and applications to organic (and organometallic) compounds
Author : Michael L. Gross,R. M. Caprioli
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2003
Category : Mass spectrometry
Total pages :129
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Encyclopedia of Mass Spectrometry: Hyphenated methods

Encyclopedia of Mass Spectrometry: Hyphenated methods
Author : Michael L. Gross,R. M. Caprioli
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2003
Category : Mass spectrometry
Total pages :129
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The Encyclopedia of Mass Spectrometry

The Encyclopedia of Mass Spectrometry
Author : Keith A. Nier,Alfred L. Yergey,P. Jane Gale
Publisher : Elsevier Science
Release Date : 2015-05-20
Category : Science
Total pages :262
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Volume 9: Historical Perspectives, Part B: Notable People in Mass Spectrometry of The Encyclopedia of Mass Spectrometry briefly reviews the lives and works of many of the major people who carried out this development, providing insights into the history of mass spectrometry applications through the personal stories of pioneers and innovators in the field. The book presents biographies of notable contributors, including Nobel Prize winners J. J. Thomson, Francis W. Aston, Wolfgang Paul, John B. Fenn, and Koichi Tanaka, along with other luminaries in the field, including Franz Hillenkamp, Catherine Clarke Fenselau, Alfred O. C. Nier, and many more, discussing not only the instruments and their uses, but also providing interesting information on the careers, characters, and life stories of the people who did the work. Highlights over 120 innovators in mass spectrometry, including several Nobel Prize winners Discusses instrumentation and their uses, also providing interesting information on the careers, characters, and life stories of the people who did the work Offers unique insight into the careers and personalities of luminaries in the field Coordinates with Volume 9: Historical Perspectives, Part A: The Development of Mass Spectrometry, an overview of mass spectrometry development and progress Ideal reference for those interested in a wide variety of topics, including analytical chemistry and chemical analysis, amongst others

The Encyclopedia of Mass Spectrometry

The Encyclopedia of Mass Spectrometry
Author : Michael L. Gross,R. M. Caprioli,P.B. Armentrout
Publisher : Encyclopedia of Mass Spect
Release Date : 2003-08-08
Category : Science
Total pages :940
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This multi-volume work provides comprehensive coverage of the full range of topics and techniques in mass spectrometry. Techniques, methods and applications are described in detail; including limitations, current problems, and areas in which the method does not succeed well.

The Encyclopedia of Mass Spectrometry

The Encyclopedia of Mass Spectrometry
Author : Nico Nibbering
Publisher : Elsevier Science
Release Date : 2004-12-27
Category : Science
Total pages :950
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Volume 4: Organic and Organometallic Compounds presents a cross section of applications in organic and organometallic chemistry in two parts. Chapters 1 to 6 are devoted to the fundamentals whereas chapters 7 and 8 cover applications to organic and organometallic compounds, either available as pure compounds or present in complex mixtures. Chapter 1 describes the theory for organic mass spectrometry, building on and complementing material in Volume 1. The themes for Chapter 2 are the structures and properties of gas-phase ions of conventional, distonic, and non-covalent complexes. Chapter 3 covers methodology used in study of gas-phase ions. Chapters 4 and 5 turn to mechanisms of both unimolecular and bimolecular reactions of ions and include topics in stereochemistry and radical chemistry. Chapter 6 contains a number of articles on the formation and reactivity of metal ion complexes and organometallic cations and anions, drawing connections with molecular recognition, catalysis and organic synthesis. Chapter 7 deals with the structure determination of organic compounds, including chiral compounds and natural products. In chapter 8 are contributions that provide illustrative examples of the determination of organic compounds present at low levels in complex samples that originate from various natural and biological sources. Included is an article on the determination of explosives. Cross section of the field of Organic and Organometallic MS Covers fundamental Ion Chemistry as well as applications from simple to complicated systems Suitable for new graduate students entering the field

Encyclopedia of Analytical Science

Encyclopedia of Analytical Science
Author : Paul Worsfold,Alan Townshend,Colin F. Poole
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2005
Category : Chemistry, Analytic
Total pages :129
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Sample Introduction Systems in ICPMS and ICPOES

Sample Introduction Systems in ICPMS and ICPOES
Author : Diane Beauchemin
Publisher : Newnes
Release Date : 2020-03-15
Category : Science
Total pages :586
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Sample Introduction Systems in ICPMS and ICPOES provides an in-depth analysis of sample introduction strategies, including flow injection analysis and less common techniques, such as arc/spark ablation and direct sample insertion. The book critically evaluates what has been accomplished so far, along with what can be done to extend the capabilities of the technique for analyses of any type of sample, such as aqueous, gaseous or solid. The latest progress made in fields, such as FIA, ETV, LC-ICP-MS and CE-ICP-MS is included and critically discussed. The book addresses problems related to the optimization of the system, peak dispersion and calibration and automatization. Provides contributions from recognized experts that give credibility to each chapter as a reference source Presents a single source, providing the big picture for ICPMS and ICPOES Covers theory, methods, selected applications and discrete sampling techniques Includes access to core data for practical work, comparison of results and decision-making