November 27, 2020

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The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes

The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes
Author : Haraldur Sigurdsson,Bruce Houghton,Steve McNutt,Hazel Rymer,John Stix
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2015-03-06
Category : Science
Total pages :1456
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Volcanoes are unquestionably one of the most spectacular and awe-inspiring features of the physical world. Our paradoxical fascination with them stems from their majestic beauty and powerful, sometimes deadly, destructiveness. Notwithstanding the tremendous advances in volcanology since ancient times, some of the mystery surrounding volcanic eruptions remains today. The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes summarizes our present knowledge of volcanoes; it provides a comprehensive source of information on the causes of volcanic eruptions and both the destructive and beneficial effects. The early chapters focus on the science of volcanism (melting of source rocks, ascent of magma, eruption processes, extraterrestrial volcanism, etc.). Later chapters discuss human interface with volcanoes, including the history of volcanology, geothermal energy resources, interaction with the oceans and atmosphere, health aspects of volcanism, mitigation of volcanic disasters, post-eruption ecology, and the impact of eruptions on organismal biodiversity. Provides the only comprehensive reference work to cover all aspects of volcanology Written by nearly 100 world experts in volcanology Explores an integrated transition from the physical process of eruptions through hazards and risk, to the social face of volcanism, with an emphasis on how volcanoes have influenced and shaped society Presents hundreds of color photographs, maps, charts and illustrations making this an aesthetically appealing reference Glossary of 3,000 key terms with definitions of all key vocabulary items in the field is included

Encyclopedia of Volcanoes

Encyclopedia of Volcanoes
Author : Haraldur Sigurdsson,B. F. Houghton
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2000
Category : Science
Total pages :1417
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Awarded as Outstanding Academic Title, CHOICE 2000! Awarded for Excellence in Professional/Scholarly Publishing for 1999 by the Association of American Publishers, Professional and Scholarly Division, in the Geography and Earth Science category.

Encyclopedia of Volcanoes

Encyclopedia of Volcanoes
Author : Haraldur Sigurdsson,Bruce Houghton,Hazel Rymer,John Stix,Steve McNutt
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 1999-10-23
Category : Science
Total pages :1417
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Volcanoes are unquestionably one of the most spectacular and awe-inspiring features of the physical world. Our paradoxical fascination with them stems from their majestic beauty and powerful, if sometimes deadly, destructiveness. Notwithstanding the tremendous advances in volcanology since ancient times, some of the mystery surrounding volcanic eruptions remains today. The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes summarizes our present knowledge of volcanoes. Through its thematic organization around the melting of the earth, it provides a comprehensive source of information on the multidisciplinary influences of volcanic eruptions--both the destructive as well as the beneficial aspects. The majority of the chapters focus on the geoscience-related aspects of volcanism (radioactive heat source, melting rock, ascent of magma, surface phenomena associated with exiting magma, extraterrestrial volcanism, etc.). In addition, complementary chapters discuss the multidisciplinary aspects of volcanism; these include the history of volcanology, geothermal energy resources, interaction with the oceans and atmosphere, health aspects of volcanism, mitigation of volcanic disasters, post-eruption ecology, and the impact of eruptions on organismal biodiversity. In addition to its appeal to educators, students, and professional and amateur scientists, the Encyclopedia of Volcanoes functions as an important information resource for administrators and officials responsible for developing and implementing volcanic hazard mitigation around the world. * The first and only reference work to cover all aspects of volcanology * More than 80 separate peer-reviewed articles--all original contributions by leading authors from major institutions of science around the world, commissioned for this work * An integrated transition from the volcanic process through hazards, risk, and societal impacts, with an emphasis on how volcanoes have influenced and shaped society * Convenient single-volume format with topics arranged thematically--articles provide coverage of nine different aspects of volcanology * Each entry in the Encyclopedia begins with an outline of the article content and a concise definition of the subject of the article * 3,000 Glossary entries explain key terms * Further Reading lists appear at the end of each entry * Extensive cross-referencing system links related articles * Sixteen pages of color will convey the science and excitement of this often violent phenomena * Large 8 1/2" x 11" page size, easy-to-read double-column format

Encyclopedia of Earthquakes and Volcanoes

Encyclopedia of Earthquakes and Volcanoes
Author : Alexander E. Gates,David Ritchie
Publisher : Infobase Publishing
Release Date : 2009-01-01
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
Total pages :365
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Presents alphabetically arranged entries on issues related to volcanoes and earthquakes, including causes of volcanic eruptions and earthquakes, notable occurrences throughout history and the study of these natural phenomena.

The Encyclopedia of Earthquakes and Volcanoes

The Encyclopedia of Earthquakes and Volcanoes
Author : David Ritchie
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1994
Category : Science
Total pages :232
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Provides information on the earthquake and volcanic activity in various regions of the world, major quakes and eruptions throughout history, and geologic and scientific terms

Melting the Earth

Melting the Earth
Author : Haraldur Sigurdsson,Professor in the Graduate School of Oceanography Haraldur Sigurdsson
Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
Release Date : 1999
Category : Foreign Language Study
Total pages :260
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Chronicles humankind's attempt to understand why volcanoes errupt, and looks at how our conception of volcanoes has changed

Ring of Fire: An Encyclopedia of the Pacific Rim's Earthquakes, Tsunamis, and Volcanoes

Ring of Fire: An Encyclopedia of the Pacific Rim's Earthquakes, Tsunamis, and Volcanoes
Author : Bethany D. Rinard Hinga Ph.D.
Publisher : ABC-CLIO
Release Date : 2015-03-17
Category : Nature
Total pages :403
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The author examines natural disasters around the Pacific Rim throughout history together with scientific data context to produce enlightening—and highly readable—entries. • Features approximately 100 alphabetically arranged entries with insights into specific disasters, technology, key geographic features of the area, significant people, cultural beliefs, and more • Includes a general introduction and overview of the geography and tectonic activity in the Pacific Rim countries • Offers both historical and scientific information • Explains complex natural phenomena and scientific concepts using nontechnical language and clear illustrations • Provides relevant cross-references to related topics as well as to articles, books, and websites that offer further information

Volcanoes

Volcanoes
Author : John P. Lockwood,Richard W. Hazlett
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2013-04-26
Category : Science
Total pages :552
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Volcanoes are essential elements in the delicate global balance ofelemental forces that govern both the dynamic evolution of theEarth and the nature of Life itself. Without volcanic activity,life as we know it would not exist on our planet. Althoughbeautiful to behold, volcanoes are also potentially destructive,and understanding their nature is critical to prevent major loss oflife in the future. Richly illustrated with over 300 original color photographs anddiagrams the book is written in an informal manner, with minimumuse of jargon, and relies heavily on first-person, eye-witnessaccounts of eruptive activity at both "red" (effusive) and "grey"(explosive) volcanoes to illustrate the full spectrum of volcanicprocesses and their products. Decades of teaching in universityclassrooms and fieldwork on active volcanoes throughout the worldhave provided the authors with unique experiences that they havedistilled into a highly readable textbook of lasting value.Questions for Thought, Study, and Discussion, Suggestions forFurther Reading, and a comprehensive list of source references makethis work a major resource for further study of volcanology. Volcanoes maintains three core foci: Global perspectives explain volcanoes in terms of theirtectonic positions on Earth and their roles in earth history Environmental perspectives describe the essential roleof volcanism in the moderation of terrestrial climate andatmosphere Humanitarian perspectives discuss the major influencesof volcanoes on human societies. This latter is especiallyimportant as resource scarcities and environmental issues loom overour world, and as increasing numbers of people are threatened byvolcanic hazards Readership Volcanologists, advanced undergraduate, and graduate students inearth science and related degree courses, and volcano enthusiastsworldwide. A companion website is also available for this title at ahref="http://www.wiley.com/go/lockwood/volcanoes"www.wiley.com/go/lockwood/volcanoes/a

Volcanoes of the World

Volcanoes of the World
Author : Tom Simkin,Lee Siebert,Lindsay McClelland
Publisher : Van Nostrand Reinhold
Release Date : 1981
Category : Science
Total pages :232
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The Physics of Explosive Volcanic Eruptions

The Physics of Explosive Volcanic Eruptions
Author : J. S. Gilbert,Jennifer Susan Gilbert,Robert Stephen John Sparks,R. S. J. Sparks
Publisher : Geological Society of London
Release Date : 1998
Category : Nature
Total pages :186
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Encyclopedia of Earthquakes and Volcanoes

Encyclopedia of Earthquakes and Volcanoes
Author : David Ritchie,Alexander E. Gates
Publisher : Checkmark Books
Release Date : 2001-01-01
Category : Nature
Total pages :306
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Provides information on earthquakes and volcanic eruptions in various regions of the world, major quakes and eruptions throughout history, and geologic and scientific terms.

Volcanism

Volcanism
Author : Hans-Ulrich Schmincke
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-12-06
Category : Science
Total pages :324
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Volcanic eruptions are the clear and dramatic expression of dynamic processes in planet Earth. The author, one of the most profound specialists in the field of volcanology, explains in a concise and easy to understand manner the basics and most recent findings in the field. Based on over 300 color figures and the model of plate tectonics, the book offers insight into the generation of magmas and the occurrence and origin of volcanoes. The analysis and description of volcanic structures is followed by process oriented chapters discussing the role of magmatic gases as well as explosive mechanisms and sedimentation of volcanic material. The final chapters deal with the forecast of eruptions and their influence on climate. Students and scientists of a broad range of fields will use this book as an interesting and attractive source of information. Laypeople will find it a highly accessible and graphically beautiful way to acquire a state-of-the-art foundation in this fascinating field. "Volcanism by Hans-Ulrich Schmincke has photos of the best quality I have ever seen in a text on the subject... In addition, the schematic figures in their wide range of styles are clear, colorful, and simplified to emphasize the most important factors while including all significant features... "I have really enjoyed reading and rereading Schmincke’s book. It fills a great gap in texts available for teaching any basic course in volcanology. No other book I know of has the depth and breadth of Volcanism... I have shared Volcanism with my colleagues to their significant benefit, and I am more convinced of its value for a broad range of Earth and planetary scientists. Undoubtedly, I will use Volcanism for my upcoming courses in volcanology. I will never hesitate to recommend it to others. Many geoscientists from very different subdisciplines will benefit from adding the book to their personal libraries. Schmincke has done us all a great service by undertaking the grueling task of writing the book – and it is much better that he alone wrote it." Stanley N. Williams, ASU Tempe, AZ (Physics Today, April 2005) "Schmincke is a German volcanologist with an international reputation, and he has done us all a great favour because he sensibly channelled his fascination with volcanoes into writing this beautifully illustrated book... [he] tackles the entire geological setting of volcanoes within the earth and the processes that form them... And, with more than 400 colour illustrations, including a huge number of really excellent new diagrams, cutaway models and maps, plus a rich glossary and references, this book is accessible to anyone with an interest in the subject." New Scientist (March 2004) "The science of volcanology has made tremendous progress over the past 40 years, primarily because of technological advances and because each tragic eruption has led researchers to recognize the processes behind such serious hazards. Yet scientists are still learning a great deal because of photographs that either capture those processes in action or show us the critical factors left behind in the rock record.Volcanism by Hans-Ulrich Schmincke has photos of the best quality I have ever seen in a text on the subject. I found myself wishing that I had had the photo of Nicaragua’s Masaya volcano, which was the subject of my dissertation, but it was Schmincke who was able to include it in his book. In addition, the schematic figures in their wide range of styles are clear, colorful, and simplified to emphasize the most important factors while including all significant features. The book’s paper is of such high quality that at times I felt I had turned two pages rather than one. I have really enjoyed reading and rereading Schmincke’s book. It fills a great gap in texts available for teaching any basic course in volcanology. No other book I know of has the depth and breadth of Volcanism. I was disappointed that the text did not arrive on my desk until last August, when it was too late for me to choose it for my course in volcanology. I am also disappointed about another fact—the book’s binding is already becoming tattered because of my intense use of it! Schmincke is a volcanologist who, in 1967, first published papers on sedimentary rocks of volcanic origin, the direction traveled by lava flows millions of years ago, and the structures preserved in explosive ignimbrites, or pumice-flow deposits, that reveal important details of their formation. Since then, his studies in Germany’s Laacher See, the Canary Islands, the Troodos Ophiolite of Cyprus, and many other regions have forged great fundamental advances. Such contributions have been recognized with his receipt of several international awards and clearly give him a strong base for writing the book. However, as a scientist who has focused on the challenges of monitoring the very diverse activities of volcanoes, I think that the text’s overriding emphasis on the rock record has its cost. The group of scientists who are struggling with their goals to reduce or mitigate the hazards of the eruptions of tomorrow need to learn more about the options of technology, instrumentation, and methodology that are currently available. More than 500 million people live near the more than 1500 known active volcanoes and are constantly facing serious threats of eruptions. An extremely energetic earthquake caused the horrific tsunamis of 2004. However, the tsunamis of 1792, 1815, and 1883, which were caused by the eruptions of Japan’s Unzen volcano and Indonesia’s Tambora and Krakatau volcanoes, each took a similar toll. " ( Stanley N. Williams, PHYSICS TODAY, April 2005)

Fundamentals of Physical Volcanology

Fundamentals of Physical Volcanology
Author : Liz Parfitt,Lionel Wilson
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2009-03-12
Category : Science
Total pages :256
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Fundamentals of Physical Volcanology is a comprehensive overview ofthe processes that control when and how volcanoes erupt.Understanding these processes involves bringing together ideas froma number of disciplines, including branches of geology, such aspetrology and geochemistry; and aspects of physics, such as fluiddynamics and thermodynamics. This book explains in accessible terms how different areas ofscience have been combined to reach our current level of knowledgeof volcanic systems. It includes an introduction to eruption types,an outline of the development of physical volcanology, acomprehensive overview of subsurface processes, eruptionmechanisms, the nature of volcanic eruptions and their products,and a review of how volcanoes affect the environment. Fundamentals of Physical Volcanology is essential reading forundergraduate students in earth science.

Volcanoes

Volcanoes
Author : Mauro Rosi,Paolo Papale,Luca Lupi
Publisher : Firefly Books
Release Date : 2003
Category : Nature
Total pages :335
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Offers a look at the structure, characteristics, and morphology of volcanoes with an examination of why they erupt along with an overview of the environmental benefits and detriments they cause. Original.

Volcanoes

Volcanoes
Author : Keith Lye
Publisher : Steck-Vaughn
Release Date : 1995-01-01
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
Total pages :32
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Discusses the origin and nature of volcanoes, how they erupt, where they are found, and how they can be useful.