November 30, 2020

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The Evolution of Hemispheric Specialization in Primates

The Evolution of Hemispheric Specialization in Primates
Author : William D. Hopkins
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2007-09-18
Category : Science
Total pages :312
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Hemispheric specialization, and lateralized sensory, cognitive or motor function of the left and right halves of the brain, commonly manifests in humans as right-handedness and left hemisphere specialization of language functions. Historically, this has been considered a hallmark of, and unique to, human evolution. Some theories propose that human right-handedness evolved in the context of language and speech while others that it was a product of the increasing motor demands associated with feeding or tool-use. In the past 20-25 years, there has been a plethora of research in animals on the topic of whether population-level asymmetries in behavioral processes or neuro-anatomical structures exist in animals, notably primates and people have begun to question the historical assumptions that hemispheric specialization is unique to humans. This book brings together various summary chapters on the expression of behavioral and neuro-anatomical asymmetries in primates. Several chapters summarize entire families of primates while others focus on genetic and non-genetic models of handedness in humans and how they can be tested in non-human primates. In addition, it makes explicit links between various theoretical models of the development of handedness in humans with the observed patterns of results in non-human primates. A second emphasis is on comparative studies of handedness in primates. There is now enough data in the literature across different species to present an evolutionary tree for the emergence of handedness (and perhaps other aspects of hemispheric specialization, such as neuro-anatomical asymmetries) and its relation to specific morphological and ecological adaptations in various primate species. * The first treatment of this important topic since 1998 * Examines the tenet that lateralization and handedness is a uniquely human character through evidence from higer and lower primates and with reference to other vertebrates. * Advances our understanding of the occurrence, evolution and significance of lateralization and handedness effects.

Hemispheric Specialisation in Animals and Humans

Hemispheric Specialisation in Animals and Humans
Author : Joël Fagot
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release Date : 1997
Category : Psychology
Total pages :163
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Functional cerebral specialization is a phenomenon of considerable relevance not only to those investigating normal brain function, but also to scientists who study and treat clinical populations. This special issue of "Laterality" brings together contributions from researchers studying human populations and those using animal models, and includes a discussion of the important issues in the field of lateralization of function. The papers address the origins of laterality and the nature of lateralized functions in various species, as well as relations among the different forms of lateralization. Included are such topics as lateralized memory processes, early experiential effects on laterality, the genetic basis of handedness, perceptual processing in the haptic or visual domain, and learning. Comparisons between human and non-human primate findings and the implications of these findings for our understanding of the phylogenetic basis of hemispheric specialization are also emphasized.; The papers are based on presentations at two symposia that took place in August 1996: "Issues in Laterality", held at the International Congress of Psychology in Montreal; and "Laterality and Hemispheric Specialization in Primates: Brain Behavior and Evolution", held at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, at the joint meetings of the "XVI Congress of the International Primatological Society" and the "XIX Conference of the American Society of Primatologists".

The Evolution of the Primate Hand

The Evolution of the Primate Hand
Author : Tracy L. Kivell,Pierre Lemelin,Brian G. Richmond,Daniel Schmitt
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2016-08-10
Category : Science
Total pages :589
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This book demonstrates how the primate hand combines both primitive and novel morphology, both general function with specialization, and both a remarkable degree of diversity within some clades and yet general similarity across many others. Across the chapters, different authors have addressed a variety of specific questions and provided their perspectives, but all explore the main themes described above to provide an overarching “primitive primate hand” thread to the book. Each chapter provides an in-depth review and critical account of the available literature, a balanced interpretation of the evidence from a variety of perspectives, and prospects for future research questions. In order to make this a useful resource for researchers at all levels, the basic structure of each chapter is the same, so that information can be easily consulted from chapter to chapter. An extensive reference list is provided at the end of each chapter so the reader has additional resources to address more specific questions or to find specific data.

Primate Laterality

Primate Laterality
Author : Jeannette P. Ward,William D. Hopkins
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 1993-03-25
Category : Science
Total pages :356
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This book arrays recent research on the neural and behavioral lateralization of the brain relying heavily on animal modes. The authors employ the comparative method to enhance our understanding of behavior, specifically through hand use and "handedness" by drawing comparisons with studies involving primates. Topics discussed include Patterns of Lateralized Behavior in Prosimians; Behavioral Lateralization in Language-Trained Chimpanzees; Patterns of Handedness: Comparative Study of Nursery School Children and Captive Gorillas; and Rotational Behavior in Children and Adults. It is the first book of its kind devoted entirely to the question of behavioral asymmetries in all primates and thus presents a milestone as it recognizes the accumulating evidence of asymmetry and lateralized behavior in the non-human nervous system.

Handedness and Brain Asymmetry

Handedness and Brain Asymmetry
Author : Marian Annett
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release Date : 2002
Category : Psychology
Total pages :396
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Are symmetries for hand and brain associated with intelligence, spatial reasoning or skill at sports? Marian Annett draws on a working lifetime of research to help provide answers to this crucial question.

Comparative Vertebrate Cognition

Comparative Vertebrate Cognition
Author : Lesley J. Rogers,Gisela Kaplan
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-12-06
Category : Social Science
Total pages :386
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This book explores afresh the long-standing interest, and emphasis on, the `special' capacities of primates. Some of the recent discoveries of the higher cognitive abilities of other mammals and also birds challenge the concept that primates are special and even the view that the cognitive ability of apes is more advanced than that of nonprimate mammals and birds. It is therefore timely to ask whether primates are, in fact, special and to do so from a broad range of perspectives. Divided into five sections this book deals with topics about higher cognition and how it is manifested in different species, and also considers aspects of brain structure that might be associated with complex behavior.

Individual Differences in Hemispheric Specialization

Individual Differences in Hemispheric Specialization
Author : A. Glass
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-12-06
Category : Science
Total pages :406
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This volume originates from a NATO Advanced Research Workshop held in Maratea. Italy from 8th-15th October 198~. Aims and contributions are described at greater length in the Introduction and the following chapters. It is hoped that this volume will provide a critical overview of hemispheric specialization in relation to individual differences, but one that is not intended to be comprehensive. Three contributions on this theme are made by authors who were invited to the Workshop but were unable to participate in it. The volume contains a critical appraisal of the differentially specialized functions of left and right human cerebral hemispheres in verbal and visuospatial domains respectively (formerly cerebral dominance). in relation to individual variation due. for example. to gender and handedness. Critical cross-comparison of several methods of assessing hemispheric specialization such as perceptual/behavioral. clinical/neurological. electrophysiological and "real time" methods of assessment of cerebral orientation have been made. Individual differences have been considered in relation to statistical concepts in the assessment of cerebral lateralization. Some emphasis has been placed on the application of these methods and concepts to psychopathology.

Biological and Behavioral Determinants of Language Development

Biological and Behavioral Determinants of Language Development
Author : Norman A. Krasnegor,Duane M. Rumbaugh,Richard L. Schiefelbusch,Michael Studdert-Kennedy
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release Date : 2013-11-12
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Total pages :544
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This book presents a current, interdisciplinary perspective on language requisites from both a biological/comparative perspective and from a developmental/learning perspective. Perspectives regarding language and language acquisition are advanced by scientists of various backgrounds -- speech, hearing, developmental psychology, comparative psychology, and language intervention. This unique volume searches for a rational interface between findings and perspectives generated by language studies with humans and with chimpanzees. Intended to render a reconsideration as to the essence of language and the requisites to its acquisition, it also provides readers with perspectives defined by various revisionists who hold that language might be other than the consequence of a mutation unique to humans and might, fundamentally, not be limited to speech.

Cerebral Lateralization and Cognition: Evolutionary and Developmental Investigations of Behavioral Biases

Cerebral Lateralization and Cognition: Evolutionary and Developmental Investigations of Behavioral Biases
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2018-08-07
Category : Medical
Total pages :457
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Cerebral Lateralization and Cognition: Evolutionary and Developmental Investigations of Motor Biases, Volume 238, the latest release in the Progress in Brain Research series, discusses interdisciplinary research on the influence of cerebral lateralization on cognition within an evolutionary framework. Chapters of note in this release include Evolutionary Perspectives: Visual/Motor Biases and Cognition, Manual laterality and cognition through evolution: An archeological perspective, Laterality in insects, Motor asymmetries in fish, amphibians and reptiles, Visual biases and social cognition in animals, Mother and offspring lateralized social interaction across animal species, Manual bias, personality and cognition in common marmosets and other primates, and more. Presents investigations of cognitive development in an evolutionary framework Provides a better understanding of the causal relationship between motor function and brain organization Brings clinicians and neuroscientists together to consider the relevance of motor biases as behavioral biomarkers of cognitive disorders Includes future possibilities for early detection and motor intervention therapies

Language Origin: A Multidisciplinary Approach

Language Origin: A Multidisciplinary Approach
Author : Jan Wind,Brunetto Chiarelli,Bernard Bichakjian,Alberto Nocentini,Abraham Jonker
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-03-09
Category : Social Science
Total pages :558
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Language Origin: A Multidisciplinary Approach presents a synthesis of viewpoints and data on linguistic, psychological, anatomical and behavioral studies on living species of Primates and provides a comparative framework for the evaluation of paleoanthropological studies. This double endeavor makes it possible to direct new research on the nature and evolution of human language and cognition. The book is directed to students of linguistics, biology, anthropoloy, anatomy, physiology, neurology, psychology, archeology, paleontology, and other related fields. A better understanding of speech pathology may stem from a better understanding of the relationship of human communication to the evolution of our species. The book is conceived as a timely contribution to such knowledge since it allows, for the first time, a systematic assessment of the origins of human language from a comprehensive array of scientific viewpoints.

Evolution of nervous systems

Evolution of nervous systems
Author : Jon H. Kaas
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2007
Category : Medical
Total pages :2300
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Evolution of Nervous Systems

Evolution of Nervous Systems
Author : Georg F. Striedter,Theodore H. Bullock,Todd M. Preuss,John Rubenstein,Leah A. Krubitzer
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2006-12-15
Category : Science
Total pages :2000
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All biology only makes sense when seen in the light of evolution, and this is especially true for the nervous system. All animals have nervous systems that mediate their behaviors, many of them species specific. Yet, these nervous systems all evolved from the simple nervous system of a common ancestor. To understand these nervous systems, we need to know how they vary and how this variation emerged in evolution. Over 100 distinguished neuroscientists have assembled, for the first time, the current state-of-the-art knowledge on how nervous systems evolved throughout the animal kingdom. This four-volume overview is rich in detail and broad in scope, and outlines the changes in brain and nervous system organization that occurred from the first vertebrates to present day fishes, reptiles, birds, mammals, and especially primates, including humans. The basic principles of brain evolution are discussed, as well as mechanisms of change, which involved gene expression and altered the courses of embryonic development. The reader can select from chapters on highly specific topics as well as those providing an overview of current thinking and approaches. This unique major reference promises to become the gold standard for those interested in evolution and in nervous systems. Also available online via ScienceDirect (2006) - featuring extensive browsing, searching, and internal cross-referencing between articles in the work, plus dynamic linking to journal articles and abstract databases, making navigation flexible and easy. For more information, pricing options and availability visit www.info.sciencedirect.com. Broadly covers topics ranging from genetic control of development in invertebrates to human cognition Incorporates the expertise of over 100 outstanding investigators who provide their conclusions in the context of the latest experimental results Presents areas of disagreement as well as consensus views

The Lateralized Brain

The Lateralized Brain
Author : Sebastian Ocklenburg,Onur Gunturkun
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2017-12-29
Category : Science
Total pages :368
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The Lateralized Brain: The Neuroscience and Evolution of Hemispheric Asymmetries is an up-to-date teaching resource for neuroscience faculty members that teach courses concerning hemispheric asymmetries. The book provides students with all relevant information on the subject, while also giving aspiring researchers in the field an up-to-date overview of relevant, previous work. It is ideal for courses on hemispheric asymmetries, that is, the functional or structural differences between the left and the right hemispheres of the brain, and also highlights how the widespread use of modern neuroimaging techniques, such as fMRI and DTI has completely changed the way hemispheric asymmetries are currently investigated. Includes references to key articles, books, protocols and online resources for additional, detailed study Presents classic studies that helped define the field Covers key concepts and methods that are explained in separate call out boxes for quick overview Provides introductory short stories (e.g. classic clinical cases) as a starting point for each chapter

Evolution of Nervous Systems: Non-mammalian vertebrates

Evolution of Nervous Systems: Non-mammalian vertebrates
Author : Jon H. Kaas
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2007
Category : Nervous system
Total pages :2300
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The Design of Animal Communication

The Design of Animal Communication
Author : Marc D. Hauser,Mark Konishi
Publisher : MIT Press
Release Date : 2003
Category : Psychology
Total pages :701
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Based on the approach laid out in the 1950s by Nobel laureate Nikolaas Tinbergen, this book looks at animal communication from the four perspectives of mechanisms, ontogeny, function, and phylogeny.