November 30, 2020

Download Ebook Free The Hypothalamus-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis

The Hypothalamus-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis

The Hypothalamus-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2008-09-12
Category : Medical
Total pages :416
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The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis controls reactions to stress and regulates various body processes such as digestion, the immune system, mood and sexuality, and energy usage. This volume focuses on the role it plays in the immune system and provides substantive experimental and clinical data to support current understanding in the field, and potential applications of this knowledge in the treatment of disease. * Evidence presented in this book suggests that the nervous, endocrine, and immune systems form the Neuroendoimmune Supersystem, which integrates all the biological functions of higher organisms both in health and disease for their entire life cycle. * Contributors include both the scientists who initiated the work on the HPA axis and on the autonomic nervous system, and those who joined the field later.

The Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis in Health and Disease

The Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis in Health and Disease
Author : Eliza B. Geer
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2016-12-01
Category : Medical
Total pages :327
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Cushing ́s syndrome is a rare disorder that is associated with many co-morbidities such as systemic hypertension, diabetes, osteoporosis, impaired immune function, and psychiatric disease, all of which severely reduce quality of life and life expectancy. This book reviews the role of cortisol in the human body, focusing on the effects of excess cortisol due to Cushing’s syndrome as well as the role of the HPA axis in metabolism, inflammation, and neuropsychiatric function. The volume will cover basic mechanistic data, clinical outcomes data, and novel therapies. Also discussed are everything from abnormalities of the HPA axis, to the role of the HPA axis in the development of neuropsychiatric disorders and metabolic disorders, to new definitions of Cushing’s remission and recurrence. The Hypothalamic Pituitary Adrenal Axis in Health and Disease will provide a comprehensive and multi-disciplinary review of the pathophysiology and outcomes of excess cortisol in the human body and brain as well as the role of the HPA axis in other disease states.

The Amygdala

The Amygdala
Author : Barbara Ferry
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2017-07-05
Category : Medical
Total pages :336
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The amygdala is a central component of the limbic system, which is known to play a critical role in emotional processing of learning and memory. Over these last 20 years, major advances in techniques for examining brain activity greatly helped the scientific community to determine the nature of the contribution of the amygdala to these fundamental aspects of cognition. Combined with new conceptual breakthroughs, research data obtained in animals and humans have also provided major insights into our understanding of the processes by which amygdala dysfunction contributes to various brain disorders, such as autism or Alzheimer's disease. Although the primary goal of this book is to inform experts and newcomers of some of the latest data in the field of brain structures involved in the mechanisms underlying emotional learning and memory, we hope it will also help stimulate discussion on the functional role of the amygdala and connected brain structures in these mechanisms.

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
Author : J. Douglas Bremner
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2016-04-18
Category : Medical
Total pages :440
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Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: From Neurobiology to Treatment presents a comprehensive look at this key neuropsychiatric disorder. The text examines the neurobiological basis of post-traumatic stress and how our understanding of the basic elements of the disease have informed and been translated into new and existing treatment options. The book begins with a section on animal models in posttraumatic stress disorder research, which has served as the basis of much of our neurobiological information. Chapters then delve into applications of the clinical neuroscience of posttraumatic stress disorder. The final part of the books explores treatments and how our basic and clinical research is now being converted into treatment. Taking a unique basic science to translational intervention approach, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: From Neurobiology to Treatment is an invaluable resource for researchers, students and clinicians dealing with this complex disorder.

Clinical Neuroendocrinology

Clinical Neuroendocrinology
Author : Michael Wilkinson,S. Ali Imran
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2018-12-31
Category : Medical
Total pages :320
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A concise and innovative account of clinical neuroendocrine disorders and the key principles underlying their diagnosis and management.

Molecular Neuroendocrinology

Molecular Neuroendocrinology
Author : David Murphy,Harold Gainer
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2016-03-07
Category : Medical
Total pages :488
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"Discusses the mechanisms that enhance peptide and protein diversity beyond what is encoded in the genome through post-translational modification"--

The Role of the Amygdala in Regulating the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis

The Role of the Amygdala in Regulating the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis
Author : Joseph Weidenfeld
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2017
Category : Medicine
Total pages :129
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We investigated the regulatory role of the amygdala upon the function of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis as measured by median eminence corticotrophin releasing hormone (CRH) content and serum levels of adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) and corticosterone. Our findings showed that (1) lesions of the central amygdala inhibited the HPA axis responses to a variety of stressful stimuli. (2) Depletion of norepinephrine or serotonin in the amygdala and hypothalamus and local injections of norepinephrine and serotonin receptor antagonists into the central amygdala inhibited the HPA axis responses to neural stress. Norepinephrine and serotonin agonists injected into the amygdala caused an increase in HPA axis activity. The activation of the amygdala facilitated the in vivo release of serotonin from the paraventricular nucleus following electrical stimulation of the brainstem raphe nuclei. (3) Electrical stimulation of the amygdala impaired the glucocorticoid negative feedback action following neural stressful stimuli probably via a decrease in hippocampal corticosteroid receptors.

A Time for Metabolism and Hormones

A Time for Metabolism and Hormones
Author : Paolo Sassone-Corsi,Yves Christen
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2016-04-04
Category : Medical
Total pages :132
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Recent years have seen spectacular advances in the field of circadian biology. These have attracted the interest of researchers in many fields, including endocrinology, neurosciences, cancer, and behavior. By integrating a circadian view within the fields of endocrinology and metabolism, researchers will be able to reveal many, yet-unsuspected aspects of how organisms cope with changes in the environment and subsequent control of homeostasis. This field is opening new avenues in our understanding of metabolism and endocrinology. A panel of the most distinguished investigators in the field gathered together to discuss the present state and the future of the field. The editors trust that this volume will be of use to those colleagues who will be picking up the challenge to unravel how the circadian clock can be targeted for the future development of specific pharmacological strategies toward a number of pathologies.

Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine
Author : Marc D. Gellman,J. Rick Turner
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2020
Category : Clinical health psychology
Total pages :129
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Sports Endocrinology

Sports Endocrinology
Author : F. Lanfranco,C.J. Strasburger
Publisher : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Release Date : 2016-06-28
Category : Medical
Total pages :172
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This book is an up-to-date, extensive overview of the effects of physical activity and training on endocrine function. It gives insights into a complex relationship by describing effects with respect to exercise performance, growth, development, and ageing. It includes discussions of the endocrine response depending on exercise mode, intensity, and duration as well as on gender, age, and fitness level. Additionally the book deals with the impact of environmental and psychological factors on endocrine level. A substantial part of Sports Endocrinology is devoted to the 'hot topic' of hormonal doping in sports. The properties of androgens, growth hormone, erythropoietin, and dietary supplements are highlighted. The use and abuse among professional and recreational athletes is discussed and specific methods of detection are presented and explained. All contributors are well-known experts in sports medicine and endocrinology, endocrine physiology, pharmacology, and doping detection, so this book is a must-read for every professional involved in the field.

Endocrinology of Physical Activity and Sport

Endocrinology of Physical Activity and Sport
Author : Anthony C. Hackney,Naama W. Constantini
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2020-02-26
Category : Medical
Total pages :578
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Now in its fully revised and expanded third edition, this comprehensive text represents a compilation of the critical endocrinology topics in the areas of sports medicine, kinesiology and exercise science, written by leading experts in the field. As in previous editions, the focus here is on the critical issues involved in understanding human endocrinology and hormonal workings with regards to physical activity, exercise and sport and how such workings impact the full range of medical conditions, overall health and physiological adaptation. Chapters included discuss the effect of exercise on the HPA axis, the GH-IGF-1 axis, thyroid function, diabetes, and the male and female reproductive systems, among other topics. Additional chapters present the current evidence on circadian endocrine physiology, exercise in older adults, exercise and hormone regulation in weight control, and the effects of overtraining in sports. Chapters brand new to this edition present the role of hormones in muscle hypertrophy, the effect of exercise on hormones in metabolic syndrome patients, how exercise impacts appetite-regulating hormones in clinical populations, and the relative energy deficiency in sport (RED-S) condition.

Pediatric Neuroendocrinology

Pediatric Neuroendocrinology
Author : Sandro Loche,M. Cappa,L. Ghizzoni,M. Maghnie,M. O. Savage
Publisher : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Release Date : 2010
Category : Medical
Total pages :220
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The neuroendocrine system plays a pivotal role in the control of growth, puberty, reproduction, and intermediate metabolism. This title presents the research on neuroendocrine physiology, advances in the control of the onset of puberty and its disorders, and basic and clinical aspects of the GH/IGF-1 and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axes.

Anxiety Disorders

Anxiety Disorders
Author : Kerry Ressler,Daniel Pine,Barbara Rothbaum
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date : 2015-04-15
Category : Medical
Total pages :448
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Anxiety affects millions, manifesting as generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), obsessive compulsive disorder, panic disorder, phobias, post-traumatic-stress disorder (PTSD), and social anxiety disorder. Not only are anxiety disorders common, but they are also crippling, frequently co-occurring and predict high risk for depressive disorders. Shared mechanisms may explain the overlapping features of many anxiety disorders and account for associations with other highly-impairing conditions, such as major depression and substance use. Beyond risk for specific disorders, anxiety also predicts a number of other adverse outcomes, including suicidal behavior, medical problems, social, and economic difficulties. Conversely, disorder-specific mechanisms may also exist and explain the unique features of each syndrome. Thus, it is important to understand both shared and specific aspects of anxiety. The Primer on Anxiety Disorders provides early-stage practitioners and trainees, as well as seasoned clinicians and researchers, with need-to-know knowledge on diagnosis and treatment. Clinical cases are used throughout the book to enhance understanding of and illustrate specific disorders, comorbid conditions and clinical issues. To facilitate an integrative approach, content allows clinicians to understand patient characteristics and tailor interventions. The integrated approach of each chapter includes recent research on genetics and neuroscience to understand the mechanisms of anxiety disorders, focusing on the forthcoming new nosology in DSM-5. Chapters further integrate innovative advances in clinical research providing research on a range of discoveries regarding biomarkers of illness, biological predictors of treatments and the effect of treatment on neurocircuitry.

Corticotropin-releasing Factor and Cytokines

Corticotropin-releasing Factor and Cytokines
Author : Yvette Taché,Catherine Rivier,New York Academy of Sciences
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1993
Category : Medical
Total pages :297
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These 25 papers are taken from the proceedings of a conference sponsored by the Hans Selye Foundation, held on October 10-14, 1992. They cover such issues as CRF mRNA in normal and stress conditions, amygdaloid CRF pathways and neuroendocrine effects of prenatal alcohol exposure.

BioMedWomen

BioMedWomen
Author : Renato Natal Jorge,Teresa Mascarenhas,José Alberto Duarte,Isabel Ramos,Maria Emília Costa,Maria Helena Figueiral,Olívia Pinho,Sofia Brandão,Thuane Da Roza,João Manuel R.S. Tavares
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2016-10-03
Category : Health & Fitness
Total pages :224
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BioMedWomen 2015 - Clinical and BioEngineering for Women ́s Health contains all author contributions presented at BioMedWomen 2015 (Porto, Portugal, 20–23 June 2015). International contributions from countries worldwide provided comprehensive coverage of the current state-of-the-art on different topics: • Aging • Physical Activity and Sports • Physiotherapy • Aesthetic and Reconstructive Surgery • Urogynecology • Imaging • Biomechanics • Nutrition • Health Psychology • Assisted diagnosis and Treatment • Tissue Engineering • Medical Devices • Prosthesis • Dental care and Orthodontics BioMedWomen 2015 - Clinical and BioEngineering for Women ́s Health will be of interest to academics and to others interested and involved in clinical and engineering subjects related to women ́s health.