November 30, 2020

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The Indian Ocean Nodule Field

The Indian Ocean Nodule Field
Author : Ranadhir Mukhopadhyay,Anil Kumar Ghosh,Sridhar D. Iyer
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2017-11-27
Category : Science
Total pages :428
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The Indian Ocean Nodule Field: Geology and Resource Potential, Second Edition, provides a view of the most recent studies along with classical theories starting from the 1960s. New concepts, hypotheses and critical appreciation of the state-of-the-art knowledge on nodule formation and resource management are featured in this new edition. The economy of the Indian Ocean has vast potential and yet it is one of the least studied oceans. Garnering economic advantage out of mineral resources from deep oceans has been a long cherished dream for the mining community. The availability of 5-metal rich polymetallic (manganese) nodules in specific areas of the Indian Ocean has lured researchers to discover more about their processes of formation, growth, distribution and enrichment. Collates, discusses and succinctly presents voluminous and scattered information from various books and journals for easy understanding and dissemination Features two new chapters: statistical modeling of the formation, growth, distribution and metal enrichment of nodules; and biogeochemistry of the Central Indian Ocean Basin Includes an assessment of Indian Ocean nodules, one of the least studied oceans in comparison to samples analyzed from the world’s oceans

The Indian Ocean Nodule Field

The Indian Ocean Nodule Field
Author : Ranadhir Mukhopadhyay,A.K. Ghosh,S.D. Iyer
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2007-12-08
Category : Science
Total pages :306
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The book includes a synthesis of research findings on the structure and evolution of the Central Indian Ocean Basin and its ferromanganese deposits, in particular, on the exploration campaign since 1980s. A comprehensive mixture of recent studies along with classical theories starting from the 1960s is the hallmark of the book. Recent concepts and hypotheses, and also critical appreciation of the state-of-the-art knowledge on nodule formation and resource management are incorporated. After limiting the geographical extension of the nodule field and describing its physiographic, geological, biological, physical and chemical characteristics in chapter 1, the various structural, tectonic and volcanic elements are described in chapters 2 and 3. The bottom sediment characteristics that floor the nodules and crusts are dealt with in chapter 4. The nodules and crusts are described in detail in chapter 5, and their process of formation in the light of variable source material, local and regional tectonic activities, and midplate secondary volcanisms are discussed. The mining, environment, metallurgy, legal and economic aspects of the nodule resources are discussed in chapter 6. This title fulfils the growing need to bring voluminous, but scattered information in the form of a book for easy dissemination to students and researchers. * First dedicated book on the Indian Ocean manganese nodule resources * Comprehensively discusses the dynamics of nodule formation in the Indian Ocean Nodule Field (IONF) * Independently assesses the influence of tectonics and volcanism on the manganese nodule resource potential in local and regional scales

Blue Economy of the Indian Ocean

Blue Economy of the Indian Ocean
Author : Ranadhir Mukhopadhyay,Victor J. Loveson,Sridhar D. Iyer,P.K. Sudarsan
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2020-11-04
Category : Science
Total pages :297
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The economic paradigms currently dominating the world are not sustainable. The threats from climate change, exploitation-based approaches to commerce, and the excess acquisition of resources loom large as well as the possibility of military flare-ups. Maintaining a balance between development and ecosystems, aspirations for growth, and the need for sustainability is a prescient challenge. The Indian Ocean Region (IOR) encompasses some of the poorest countries in the world and those that will bear the brunt of the negative impacts from climate change. This book explores the immense potential of the IOR and how best to maintain sustainable and responsible economic and strategic activities. The combination of science, innovation, and entrepreneurship will create a new blue economy business model, which has the potential to transform society. Based on critical analysis of the model and its practical applications, including risks as well as opportunities, the topics discussed range from food security, energy, and resilience to climate change, trade and investments, and improved maritime connectivity to tourism, poverty alleviation, and socioeconomic growth, encompassing a wide range of interests and expertise. FEATURES Examines the geo-politics, geo-resources, and geo-hazards of the IOR and identifies opportunities and methods to achieve success Covers a detailed assessment of available resources (fisheries, minerals, energy), threats such as pollution (plastic, acoustic, carbon, bio-invasion), geo-politics (maritime security, military invasion), and strategic vision (determining carrying capacity, ethical governance, and responsible ecosystem) of the Indian Ocean Analyzes the economics of the blue economy, the global scenario including the Pacific and Caribbean islands, and the aspect of the Chinese geo-political invasion in the Indian Ocean Inspires entrepreneurs to adopt new ways of creating economic benefits, reducing energy use, and increasing revenue while simultaneously helping the communities involved Discusses the threat and security perspectives of the IOR and the collective responsibility for a sustainable use of resources Crossing a wide range of interests and expertise, this book explores topics and ideas that will be essential to researchers and professionals in marine sciences, economics, business, geography, and political sciences. Graduate students in the same fields as well as any and all organizations that maintain a presence in the IOR will likewise find this book to be a valuable resource.

The Indian Ocean

The Indian Ocean
Author : Sridhar D. Iyer,Victor J. Loveson,Prasanna S. Kumar,V. V. S.S. Sarma
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2021-03-15
Category : Science
Total pages :370
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The Indian Ocean: Basics of Marine Geology, Physics and Chemistry begins with a short introduction to the and origin of water and formation of oceans on Earth. This is followed by the history of Oceanography / Marine Sciences, including international and Indian scenarios. In subsequent chapters marine instruments, sampling equipment, coastal features, offshore and deep-sea feature, and structures are discussed. Oceanic volcanism, formation of different rocks and geotectonics (continental drift, plate tectonics, seafloor spreading) are detailed, as these play important roles in the evolution of Earth. Sediments of the coasts and deep sea are presented in terms of their classifications, granulometry, chemical compositions and other parameters. The properties of sea water, oceanic circulation and cycling of nutrients form the crux of physical oceanography. The Indian Ocean: Basics of Marine Geology, Physics and Chemistry includes a chapter on the biology of the oceans, and their importance to sediment formation and palaeoceanography form another chapter. A chapter on mineral wealth of the coasts (near- and off-shore) and deep sea is included and contains beach sands, placer deposits, polymetallic nodules, phosphorites, hydrothermal polymetallic sulphides. In addition, the economics of mining these deposits are covered. Information related to harnessing various energies from the sea such as from tides, waves, currents and winds are incorporated. The Indian Ocean also deals with the important aspects of territorial waters, exclusive economic zones and coastal regulation zones together with international maritime laws, rules and regulations. A chapter pertaining to blue economy and green technology of the oceans are also presented. The highlight of the book is the inclusion of details, examples and photographs from Indian coasts and neighboring seas (especially Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal) and the Indian Ocean. Presents the Indian Ocean in the context of global ocean circulation and climate Includes a modern, comprehensive, coherent treatment of the Indian Ocean's physical, chemical and biological oceanography Provides examples and case studies related to India, that can also be applied elsewhere

The State Practice of India and the Development of International Law

The State Practice of India and the Development of International Law
Author : Bimal N. Patel
Publisher : Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
Release Date : 2016-07-14
Category : Law
Total pages :582
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The State Practice of India and the Development of International Law by Bimal N. Patel provides a critical analysis of India’s state practice and development of international law.

Handbook of Marine Mineral Deposits

Handbook of Marine Mineral Deposits
Author : David Spencer Cronan
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2017-10-19
Category : Science
Total pages :424
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This handbook summarizes the main advances in our understanding of marine minerals and concentrates on the deposits of proven economic potential. In cases where our knowledge may be too limited to allow defining of their economic potential, those minerals are covered regionally or by deposit type. Handbook of Marine Mineral Deposits is divided into three sections; Marine placers, manganese nodules and crusts, and deep-sea hydrothermal mineralization. All of these mineral deposits have great potential importance to economic geologists and marine mines. Edited by an acknowledged expert in the field, this handbook includes work by internationally renowned contributors. The new United Nations Law of the Sea, ratified by over 100 countries within the past two years, provides a framework and guidelines for deep-sea mineral exploration that increases international interest in this book. The Handbook serves as a platform from which to launch the more detailed evaluation studies that will need to take place in the 21st century before recovery can continue or commence. Handbook of Marine Mineral Deposits is useful to mineralogists, economic geologists, marine geologists, marine miners, and conservationists. Features

Environmental Issues of Deep-Sea Mining

Environmental Issues of Deep-Sea Mining
Author : Rahul Sharma
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2019-05-07
Category : Science
Total pages :577
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This volume discusses environmental issues associated with deep-sea mining, with an emphasis on potential impacts, their consequences and the policy perspectives. The book describes the methods and technologies to assess, monitor and mitigate mining impacts on marine environments, and also suggests various approaches for environmental management when conducting deep-sea mining. The volume brings together information and data for researchers, contractors, mining companies, regulators, and NGOs working in the field of deep-sea mining. Section 1 highlights the various environmental issues and discusses methods and approaches that can help in developing environmentally sustainable deep-sea mining. Section 2 details the results and outcomes of studies related to impact assessment of deep-sea mining, and proposes methods for monitoring. Section 3 discusses the need and means for developing data standards and their application to deep-sea mining. Section 4 discusses the policies, approaches, and practices related to deep-sea mining, suggests formats for developing environmental impact statements (EIS) and environmental management plans (EMP), and describes national and international regulations for environmental management. Section 5 concludes the text by putting deep-sea economic activities into an environmental context and conducting techno-economic analyses of deep-sea mining and processing.

Marine Geology and Oceanography of the Pacific Manganese Nodule Province

Marine Geology and Oceanography of the Pacific Manganese Nodule Province
Author : James L. Bischoff,David Z. Piper
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-03-08
Category : Science
Total pages :855
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Deep-sea manganese nodules, once an obscure scientific curios ity, have, in the brief span of two decades, become a potential mineral resource of major importance. Nodules that cover the sea floor of the tropical North Pacific may represent a vast ore de posit of manganese, nickel, cobalt, and copper. Modern technology has apparently surmounted the incredible problem of recovering nodules in water depths of 5000 meters and the extraction of metals from the complex chemical nodule matrix is a reality. Both the recovery and the extraction appear to be economically feasible. Exploitation of this resource is, however, hindered more by the lack of an international legal structure allowing for recognition of mining sites and exploitation rights, than by any other factor. Often, when a mineral deposit becomes identified as an ex ploitable resource, scientific study burgeons. Interest in the nature and genesis of the deposit increases and much is learned from large scale exploration. The case is self evident for petrol eum and ore deposits on land. The study of manganese nodules is just now entering this phase. What was the esoteric field of a few scientists has become the subject of active exploration and research by most of the industrialized nations. Unfortunately for our general understanding of manganese nodules, exploration results remain largely proprietary. However, scientific study has greatly increased and the results are becoming widely available.

Deep-Sea Mining

Deep-Sea Mining
Author : Rahul Sharma
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2017-03-28
Category : Science
Total pages :535
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This comprehensive book contains contributions from specialists who provide a complete status update along with outstanding issues encompassing different topics related to deep-sea mining. Interest in exploration and exploitation of deep-sea minerals is seeing a revival due to diminishing grades and increasing costs of processing of terrestrial minerals as well as availability of several strategic metals in seabed mineral resources; it therefore becomes imperative to take stock of various issues related to deep-sea mining. The authors are experienced scientists and engineers from around the globe developing advanced technologies for mining and metallurgical extraction as well as performing deep sea exploration for several decades. They invite readers to learn about the resource potential of different deep-sea minerals, design considerations and development of mining systems, and the potential environmental impacts of mining in international waters.

Bibliography and Index of Geology

Bibliography and Index of Geology
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1991
Category : Geology
Total pages :129
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The Manganese Nodule Belt of the Pacific Ocean

The Manganese Nodule Belt of the Pacific Ocean
Author : Peter Halbach,Günther Friedrich,Ulrich von Stackelberg
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1988
Category : Manganese mines and mining, Submarine
Total pages :254
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Indian Ocean Resources and Technology

Indian Ocean Resources and Technology
Author : Ganpat Singh Roonwal
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2017-10-31
Category : Science
Total pages :219
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The current scenario provides an ideal opportunity to confer higher priority to the marine resources of the Indian Ocean, particularly in terms of integrated management of the deep sea, shallow sea and coastal resources. This will maximize their potential in the sustainable development goal (SDG) pattern, leading to an appropriate environmental management. Therefore, this book aims to provide an overview of the area and to highlight the potential market opportunities represented by this vast and rapidly developing nation. In doing so the following aspects have been covered: Exclusive title focussing on mineral resources of Indian ocean. Discusses living, nonliving, ocean waves and tidal energy, ocean environment and protection aspects. Includes information on key themes, details of organizations associated with the Indian Ocean. Illustrates deep sea mining technology and environmental perspectives. Covers hydrocarbons-sub sea oil and gas, minerals from placer deposits to deep sea nodules, sea floor massive sulphides and cobalt rich encrustations.

Biogeochemical Processes in the Northern Indian Ocean

Biogeochemical Processes in the Northern Indian Ocean
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2005
Category : Biogeochemical cycles
Total pages :233
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Indian Journal of Geology

Indian Journal of Geology
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2002
Category : Geology
Total pages :129
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The Mineral Resources of the Sea

The Mineral Resources of the Sea
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 1965-01-01
Category : Science
Total pages :311
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The Mineral Resources of the Sea