November 26, 2020

Download Ebook Free The Management Of Scientific Integrity Within Academic Medical Centers

The Management of Scientific Integrity within Academic Medical Centers

The Management of Scientific Integrity within Academic Medical Centers
Author : Peter Snyder,Linda C. Mayes,William E. Smith
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2015-01-06
Category : Science
Total pages :224
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The Management of Scientific Integrity within Academic Medical Centers discusses the impact scientific misconduct has in eight complex case studies. Authors look at multifaceted mixtures of improper behavior, poor communication, cultural issues, adverse medical/health issues, interpersonal problems and misunderstandings to illustrate the challenge of identifying and managing what went wrong and how current policies have led to the establishment of quasi legal processes within academic institutions. The book reviews the current global regulations and concludes with a section authored by a US federal court judge who provides his perspective on the adequacy of current regulations and policies. Shows how complex most scientific integrity cases are, and how little is clear cut in the adjunction of each Discusses how timely and important scientific misconduct is, and its impact on science at large Reviews the current regulations and policies that guide how we manage scientific integrity Examines this complexity in 8 anonymous case studies Concludes with a section authored by an expertly qualified federal court judge

Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies Appropriations for 2002

Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies Appropriations for 2002
Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on the Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2001
Category : United States
Total pages :129
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Research in the Biomedical Sciences

Research in the Biomedical Sciences
Author : Michael Williams,Michael Curtis,Kevin Mullane
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2017-10-20
Category : Science
Total pages :382
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Research in the Biomedical Sciences: Transparent and Reproducible documents the widespread concerns related to reproducibility in biomedical research and provides a best practices guide to effective and transparent hypothesis generation, experimental design, reagent standardization (including validation and authentication), statistical analysis, and data reporting. The book addresses issues in the perceived value of the existing peer review process and calls for the need for improved transparency in data reporting. It reflects new guidelines for publication that include manuscript checklists, replication/reproducibility initiatives, and the potential consequences for the biomedical research community and societal health and well-being if training, mentoring, and funding of new generations of researchers and incentives for publications are not improved. This book offers real world examples, insights, and solutions to provide a thought-provoking and timely resource for all those learning about, or engaged in, performing and supervising research across the biomedical sciences. Provides a “big picture perspective on the scope of reproducibility issues and covers initiatives that have potential as effective solutions Offers real-world research context for transparent, reproducible experimental design, execution and reporting of biomedical research with the potential to address aspects of the translational gap in drug discovery Highlights the importance of reproducibility and the necessary changes in biomedical and pharmaceutical research training and incentives to ensure sustainability

Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies Appropriations for 2001: Department of Education

Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies Appropriations for 2001: Department of Education
Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on the Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2000
Category : United States
Total pages :129
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Research Administration and Management

Research Administration and Management
Author : Elliott C. Kulakowski,Lynne U. Chronister
Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Publishers
Release Date : 2006-01-16
Category : Medical
Total pages :916
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This reference text addresses the basic knowledge of research administration and anagement, and includes everything from a review of research administration and the infrastructure that is necessary to support research, to project development and post-project plans. Examples of concepts, case studies, a glossary of terms and acronyms, and references to books, journal articles, monographs, and federal regulations are also included.

The Ethics Police?

The Ethics Police?
Author : Robert Klitzman
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date : 2015-03-16
Category : Medical
Total pages :288
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Research on human beings saves countless lives, but has at times harmed the participants. To what degree then should government regulate science, and how? The horrors of Nazi concentration camp experiments and the egregious Tuskegee syphilis study led the US government, in 1974, to establish Research Ethics Committees, known as Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) to oversee research on humans. The US now has over 4,000 IRBs, which examine yearly tens of billions of dollars of research -- all studies on people involving diseases, from cancer to autism, and behavior. Yet ethical violations persist. At the same time, critics have increasingly attacked these committees for delaying or blocking important studies. Partly, science is changing, and the current system has not kept up. Since the regulations were first conceived 40 years ago, research has burgeoned 30-fold. Studies often now include not a single university, but multiple institutions, and 40 separate IRBs thus need to approve a single project. One committee might approve a study quickly, while others require major changes, altering the scientific design, and making the comparison of data between sites difficult. Crucial dilemmas thus emerge of whether the current system should be changed, and if so, how. Yet we must first understand the status quo to know how to improve it. Unfortunately, these committees operate behind closed doors, and have received relatively little in-depth investigation. Robert Klitzman thus interviewed 45 IRB leaders and members about how they make decisions. What he heard consistently surprised him. This book reveals what Klitzman learned, providing rare glimpses into the conflicts and complexities these individuals face, defining science, assessing possible future risks and benefits of studies, and deciding how much to trust researchers -- illuminating, more broadly, how we view and interpret ethics in our lives today, and perceive and use power. These committees reflect many of the most vital tensions of our time - concerning science and human values, individual freedom, government control, and industry greed. Ultimately, as patients, scientists, or subjects, the decisions of these men and women affect us all.

The Handbook of Academic Medicine

The Handbook of Academic Medicine
Author : William T. Mallon
Publisher : Assn of Amer Medical Colleges
Release Date : 2004
Category : Medical
Total pages :50
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Trust and Integrity in Biomedical Research

Trust and Integrity in Biomedical Research
Author : Thomas H. Murray,Josephine Johnston
Publisher : JHU Press
Release Date : 2010-09
Category : Medical
Total pages :267
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News of financial entanglements among biomedical companies and researchers has increasingly called into question the worth and integrity of medical studies, nearly three-fifths of which are funded by industry. This volume assesses the ethical, quantitative, and qualitative questions posed by the current financing of biomedical research. The ten essays collected here reflect the wide range of opinions about perceived financial conflicts of interest in medical studies. The opening section provides an overview of the issue, describing the origins of, and concerns raised by, dubious financial arrangements; explaining how certain common situations intensify problematic funding structures; weighing the risks and benefits of commercialized research funding; and detailing the nature, extent, and consequences of the present relationship among academe, government, and industry in the health sciences. The second section compares how the idea of conflicts of interest differs in biomedical research, legal work, and journalism. It includes a challenging look at the term itself and an argument for managed financial incentives. The final section describes and analyzes the existing regulatory regime, poses questions and directions for future self and external regulation, and provides perspectives from a third-party research company. This considered, balanced discussion will interest scholars of bioethics, public health, and health policy.

Integrity in Scientific Research

Integrity in Scientific Research
Author : National Research Council,Institute of Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on Assessing Integrity in Research Environments
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2002-11-02
Category : Science
Total pages :216
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"Many people say that it is the intellect which makes a great scientist. They are wrong: it is character." -- Albert Einstein Integrity in Scientific Research attempts to define and describe those elements that encourage individuals involved with scientific research to act with integrity. Recognizing the inconsistency of human behavior, it stresses the important role that research institutions play in providing an integrity--rich environment, citing the need for institutions to provide staff with training and education, policies and procedures, and tools and support systems. It identifies practices that characterize integrity in such areas as peer review and research on human subjects and weighs the strengths and limitations of self--evaluation efforts by these institutions. In addition, it details an approach to promoting integrity during the education of researchers, including how to develop an effective curriculum. Providing a framework for research and educational institutions, this important book will be essential for anyone concerned about ethics in the scientific community.

JAMA: THE JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION

JAMA: THE JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2005
Category :
Total pages :129
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Designing Archival Programs to Advance Knowledge in the Health Fields

Designing Archival Programs to Advance Knowledge in the Health Fields
Author : Nancy McCall,Lisa A. Mix
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1995
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :232
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Because of the vast quantity of records being generated in the contemporary health fields and the limited resources for archival preservation, archival programs must resort to new strategies for appraisal and selection. To assure that an intellectually significant yet manageable portion of the contemporary record base is preserved, they need to build acquisitions more selectively and on a smaller scale. At the same time, they must accommodate the broadened base of knowledge in the health fields by widening the scope of collecting to include new areas of scientific and clinical practice, as well as new types of formats and media. In this book, archivists Nancy McCall and Lisa A. Mix bring together a broad range of specialists - including archivists, historians, science policy experts, a clinician, a medical librarian and computation expert, and a specialist in museum curatorship - to explore ways of balancing these conflicting demands through reform in collection development, collection management, and user services. The authors describe the principles by which repositories may develop acquisition policies as well as methodologies for collecting which may be adapted to meet the particular evidential and information needs of their parent institution. Based on documentation strategies for institutions in the health fields, their approach concentrates on the major functions of these institutions: health care delivery, teaching, and research. They address a variety of special needs and challenges in the contemporary health fields, from managing computerized records to protecting confidentiality while promoting the wider use of clinical and scientific data in research. The authors conclude with a look at standardizing the administration and management of archival holdings in the health field. Throughout, they stress the importance of selecting and maintaining materials so as to encourage the broadest intellectual use.

Public health reports

Public health reports
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1990
Category : Public health
Total pages :129
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What are the Animals to Us?

What are the Animals to Us?
Author : David Aftandilian,Marion W. Copeland,David Scofield Wilson
Publisher : Univ. of Tennessee Press
Release Date : 2007
Category : Nature
Total pages :343
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In What Are the Animals to Us? scholars from a wide variety of academic disciplines explore the diverse meanings of animals in science, religion, folklore, literature, and art.

BioLaw

BioLaw
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2002
Category : Bioethics
Total pages :129
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Current Index to Journals in Education

Current Index to Journals in Education
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1992
Category : Education
Total pages :129
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