January 16, 2021

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The Molecular Nutrition of Fats

The Molecular Nutrition of Fats
Author : Vinood B. Patel
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2018-10-29
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :470
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The Molecular Nutrition of Fats presents the nutritional and molecular aspects of fats by assessing their dietary components, their structural and metabolic effects on the cell, and their role in health and disease. Subject areas include molecular mechanisms, membranes, polymorphisms, SNPs, genomic wide analysis, genotypes, gene expression, genetic modifications and other aspects. The book is divided into three sections, providing information on the general and introductory aspects, the molecular biology of the cell, and the genetic machinery and its function. Topics discussed include lipid-related molecules, dietary lipids and lipid metabolism, high fat diets, choline, cholesterol, membranes, trans-and saturated fatty acids, and lipid rafts. Other sections provide comprehensive discussions on G protein-coupled receptors, micro RNA, transcriptomics, transcriptional factors, cholesterol, triacylglycerols, beta-oxidation, cholesteryl ester transfer, beta-oxidation, lysosomes, lipid droplets, insulin mTOR signaling and ligands, and more. Summarizes molecular nutrition in health as related to fats Discusses the impact of fats on cancer, heart disease, dementia, and respiratory and intestinal disease Includes preclinical, clinical and population studies Covers the genome, the whole body and whole communities Includes key facts, a mini dictionary of terms and summary points

The Molecular Nutrition of Fats

The Molecular Nutrition of Fats
Author : Vinood B. Patel
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2018-10-29
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :470
GET BOOK

The Molecular Nutrition of Fats presents the nutritional and molecular aspects of fats by assessing their dietary components, their structural and metabolic effects on the cell, and their role in health and disease. Subject areas include molecular mechanisms, membranes, polymorphisms, SNPs, genomic wide analysis, genotypes, gene expression, genetic modifications and other aspects. The book is divided into three sections, providing information on the general and introductory aspects, the molecular biology of the cell, and the genetic machinery and its function. Topics discussed include lipid-related molecules, dietary lipids and lipid metabolism, high fat diets, choline, cholesterol, membranes, trans-and saturated fatty acids, and lipid rafts. Other sections provide comprehensive discussions on G protein-coupled receptors, micro RNA, transcriptomics, transcriptional factors, cholesterol, triacylglycerols, beta-oxidation, cholesteryl ester transfer, beta-oxidation, lysosomes, lipid droplets, insulin mTOR signaling and ligands, and more. Summarizes molecular nutrition in health as related to fats Discusses the impact of fats on cancer, heart disease, dementia, and respiratory and intestinal disease Includes preclinical, clinical and population studies Covers the genome, the whole body and whole communities Includes key facts, a mini dictionary of terms and summary points

Molecular Nutrition and Diabetes

Molecular Nutrition and Diabetes
Author : Didac Mauricio
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2015-12-08
Category : Medical
Total pages :400
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Molecular Nutrition and Diabetes: A Volume in the Molecular Nutrition Series focuses on diabetes as a nutritional problem and its important metabolic consequences. Fuel metabolism and dietary supply all influence the outcome of diabetes, but understanding the pathogenesis of the diabetic process is a prelude to better nutritional control. Part One of the book provides general coverage of nutrition and diabetes in terms of dietary patterns, insulin resistance, and the glucose-insulin axis, while Part Two presents the molecular biology of diabetes and focuses on areas such as oxidative stress, mitochondrial function, insulin resistance, high-fat diets, nutriceuticals, and lipid accumulation. Final sections explore the genetic machinery behind diabetes and diabetic metabolism, including signaling pathways, gene expression, genome-wide association studies, and specific gene expression. While the main focus of each chapter is the basic and clinical research on diabetes as a nutritional problem, all chapters also end with a translational section on the implications for the nutritional control of diabetes. Offers updated information and a perspective on important future developments to different professionals involved in the basic and clinical research on all major nutritional aspects of diabetes mellitus Explores how nutritional factors are involved in the pathogenesis of both type1 and type2 diabetes and their complications Investigates the molecular and genetic bases of diabetes and diabetic metabolism through the lens of a rapidly evolving field of molecular nutrition

Molecular Nutrition

Molecular Nutrition
Author : Vinood B. Patel
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-08-24
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :792
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Molecular Nutrition: Vitamins presents the nutritional and molecular aspects of vitamins with a specific focus on vitamins A, B1 (thiamine), B2 (riboflavin), B# (niacin), B5 (pantothenic acid), B6, (pyridoxine), B7 (biotin), B9 (folate), B12 (colbamin), C, D, E, and K. As part of the Molecular Nutrition series, this book discusses introductory aspects and general coverage of vitamins and nutrition, the molecular biology of the cell, including signaling, transporters, oxidative stress, receptors, uptake, immunity, proliferation, endoplasmic reticulum, differentiation, carcinogenesis and apoptosis. Final sections cover genetic machinery and its function, transcriptional processes, homeostasis genes, cancer, gene expression, mutations, and more. Emerging fields of molecular biology and important discoveries related to diet and nutritional health are also covered, rounding out the book. Summarizes molecular nutrition in health as related to vitamins Includes material on signaling, transporters, oxidative stress, receptors, uptake, immunity, proliferation, endoplasmic reticulum, differentiation, carcinogenesis and apoptosis Presents transcriptional processes, homeostasis genes, cancer, gene expression, mutations, the sodium-dependent multivitamin transporter, p53, p21, microRNAs, one carbon metabolism, nucleic acids, DNA methylation and polymorphisms Addresses emerging fields of molecular biology and presents important discoveries related to diet and nutritional health Covers Vitamins A, B, C, D, E, and K Discusses their impact on health relating to cancer, diabetes, arthritis, and aging Includes key facts, a mini dictionary of terms, and summary points

Molecular Nutrition: Carbohydrates

Molecular Nutrition: Carbohydrates
Author : Vinood B. Patel
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-10-16
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :442
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Molecular Nutrition: Carbohydrates presents the nutritional and molecular aspects of carbohydrates. As part of the Molecular Nutrition includes sections covering carbohydrate metabolism, carbohydrates in the diet, insulin resistance, dietary sugars, cardiometabolic risk, lipoproteins, low-carbohydrate diets, antioxidants, refined dietary sugars, fats, glucose transporters, glucose sensing, the role of phosphorylation, carbohydrate responsive binding protein, cyclic AMP, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors, SIRT1, insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) and GIP receptor (GIPR) genes rRNA and transcription, and more. In addition, the book addresses emerging fields of molecular biology and presents important discoveries relating to diet and nutritional health. Summarizes molecular nutrition in health as related to carbohydrates Addresses emerging fields of molecular biology and presents important discoveries relating to diet and nutritional health Includes key facts, a mini dictionary of terms and summary points

The Molecular Nutrition of Amino Acids and Proteins

The Molecular Nutrition of Amino Acids and Proteins
Author : Dominique Dardevet
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2016-06-08
Category : Health & Fitness
Total pages :368
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The Molecular Nutrition of Amino Acids and Proteins provides an in-depth look at the involvement and role of amino acids and proteins in molecular nutrition. Editor Dominique Dardevet has assembled a collection of chapters written by leading researchers and top professors that provide the reader with a comprehensive understanding of amino acids and proteins. The book provides an introduction to the fundamentals of amino acids and proteins as well as the composition of food. It then delves into the molecular biology of the cell and genetic machinery and its function. The Molecular Nutrition of Amino Acids and Proteins also features reference guides for terms and bullet-point summaries, making it readily accessible to novices while still providing the most up-to-date and detailed information that experienced researchers need. Provides a gentle introduction to the subject by first addressing nutritional information and then building in molecular aspects, clearly establishing fundamental information for the reader Facilitates reader comprehension by including succinct summary points in each chapter Contains a glossary of definitions that allows readers to easily reference terms Provides both a deep and broad understanding of the subject by containing overviews as well as detail-focused chapters

Molecular Aspects of Alcohol and Nutrition

Molecular Aspects of Alcohol and Nutrition
Author : Vinood B. Patel
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2015-11-06
Category : Science
Total pages :400
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Molecular Aspects of Alcohol and Nutrition is a valuable resource for nutrition researchers and nutritionists who study or treat alcohol-related diseases. Experts from across the field of alcohol research explain how alcohol disrupts normal fat, carbohydrate, and protein metabolic processes occurring in the liver as well as other parts of the body. The book discusses how this can lead to alcoholic liver disease (ALD) as well as contribute to the onset of Type 2 diabetes and the metabolic syndrome. It also explores how alcohol affects nutrient absorption in the gastrointestinal tract and can lead to anemia and reduced amounts of fat soluble vitamins. This book explores both the primary and secondary consequences of alcohol consumption. Chapters in the first section investigate the basic science of alcohol metabolism – focusing on how alcohol and its toxic metabolites disrupt and impair normal nutrient regulation at the molecular level. Further chapters explore how alcohol affects many extra-hepatic organs and tissues as well as the secondary consequences of alcohol consumption such as reduced levels of minerals like magnesium, calcium, and trace elements like zinc. Offers a valuable resource for nutrition researchers and nutritionists who study alcohol-related diseases and attempt to treat them through nutritional strategies Explores how alcohol and its toxic metabolite acetaldehyde disrupt and impair normal macro and micro nutrient regulation at the molecular level Investigates how alcohol affects and interferes with cell signaling, cell death pathways, calcium homeostasis leading to osteoporosis, oxygen balance, as well as the pathophysiology of alcohol consumption and abuse

Molecular Basis of Nutrition and Aging

Molecular Basis of Nutrition and Aging
Author : Marco Malavolta,Eugenio Mocchegiani
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2016-04-15
Category : Science
Total pages :784
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Molecular Basis of Nutrition and Aging: A Volume in the Molecular Nutrition Series focuses on the nutritional issues associated with aging and the important metabolic consequences of diet, nutrition, and health. The book is subdivided into four parts that reflect the impact of nutrition from a biomolecular level to individual health. In Part One, chapters explore the general aspects of aging, aging phenotypes, and relevant aspects of nutrition related to the elderly and healthy aging. Part Two includes molecular and cellular targets of nutrition in aging, with chapters exploring lipid peroxidation, inflammaging, anabolic and catabolic signaling, epigenetics, DNA damage and repair, redox homeostasis, and insulin sensitivity, among others. Part Three looks at system-level and organ targets of nutrition in aging, including a variety of tissues, systems, and diseases, such as immune function, the cardiovascular system, the brain and dementia, muscle, bone, lung, and many others. Finally, Part Four focuses on the health effects of specific dietary compounds and dietary interventions in aging, including vitamin D, retinol, curcumin, folate, iron, potassium, calcium, magnesium, zinc, copper, selenium, iodine, vitamin B, fish oil, vitamin E, resveratrol, polyphenols, vegetables, and fruit, as well as the current nutritional recommendations. Offers updated information and a perspectives on important future developments to different professionals involved in the basic and clinical research on all major nutritional aspects of aging Explores how nutritional factors are involved in the pathogenesis of aging across body systems Investigates the molecular and genetic basis of aging and cellular senescence through the lens of the rapidly evolving field of molecular nutrition

The Molecular Nutrition of Amino Acids and Proteins

The Molecular Nutrition of Amino Acids and Proteins
Author : Dominique Dardevet
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2016-06-08
Category : Health & Fitness
Total pages :368
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The Molecular Nutrition of Amino Acids and Proteins provides an in-depth look at the involvement and role of amino acids and proteins in molecular nutrition. Editor Dominique Dardevet has assembled a collection of chapters written by leading researchers and top professors that provide the reader with a comprehensive understanding of amino acids and proteins. The book provides an introduction to the fundamentals of amino acids and proteins as well as the composition of food. It then delves into the molecular biology of the cell and genetic machinery and its function. The Molecular Nutrition of Amino Acids and Proteins also features reference guides for terms and bullet-point summaries, making it readily accessible to novices while still providing the most up-to-date and detailed information that experienced researchers need. Provides a gentle introduction to the subject by first addressing nutritional information and then building in molecular aspects, clearly establishing fundamental information for the reader Facilitates reader comprehension by including succinct summary points in each chapter Contains a glossary of definitions that allows readers to easily reference terms Provides both a deep and broad understanding of the subject by containing overviews as well as detail-focused chapters

Nutrition and Skeletal Muscle

Nutrition and Skeletal Muscle
Author : Stéphane Walrand
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2018-10-24
Category : Medical
Total pages :568
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Nutrition and Skeletal Muscle provides coverage of the evidence of dietary components that have proven beneficial for bettering adverse changes in skeletal muscle from disuse and aging. Skeletal muscle is the largest tissue in the body, providing elements of contraction and locomotion and acting as an important contributor to whole body protein and amino metabolism, glucose disposal and lipid metabolism. However, muscle loss, atrophy or weakness can occur when there are metabolic imbalances, disuse or aging. This book addresses the topic by providing insight and research from international leaders, making it the go-to reference for those in skeletal muscle physiology. Provides an understanding of the crucial role of skeletal muscle in global metabolic homeostasis regulation Delivers the information needed to understand the utilization of crucial supplements for the preservation of skeletal muscle Presents insights on research from international leaders in the field

Molecular Nutrition

Molecular Nutrition
Author : Manlio Vinciguerra,Paul Cordero Sanchez
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-10-15
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :450
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Molecular Nutrition: Mother and Infant presents the impact of diet in early life stages, from pre-conception, throughout pregnancy, and to the infant. The book covers the molecular biology of the cell, genetic machinery and its function, general coverage on diet and nutrition, pregnancy, placenta, weight gain, breast milk, feeding practices, gestational disease, glucose metabolism, immunity, vitamins and minerals. Other topics discusses include fetal programming, bioactive compounds, amino acids, intrauterine growth, one carbon metabolism, overnutrition, genetic risk factors, polymorphisms, folic acid genes, DNA methylation, genes involved in lipid metabolism, microRNAs, epigenetics, transcriptomics and micro RNA. This book will be a welcomed reference for research scientists and practitioners, including nutritionists and dieticians. Addresses mother and infant nutrition and its critical impact on the well-being of humankind Contains coverage from pre-conception to young offspring Includes pedagogical features (e.g. a list of key facts, mini-dictionaries of terms and definitions, and summary points) to assist in its use as a reference Contains coverage of emerging fields of molecular biology and important discoveries related to diet and nutritional health

Agri-Food Industry Strategies for Healthy Diets and Sustainability

Agri-Food Industry Strategies for Healthy Diets and Sustainability
Author : Francisco J. Barba,Predrag Putnik,Danijela Bursac Kovacevic
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-03-03
Category : Health & Fitness
Total pages :294
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Divided into five sections, Agri-Food Industry Strategies for Healthy Diets and Sustainability: New Challenges in Nutrition and Public Health provides an overview of the challenges and future perspectives related to nutrition, public health, and sustainability. The book addresses strategies to reduce fat, trans fat, saturated fat, sugar, and salt consumption, while also exploring the manufacturing, safety, and toxicology of new food manufacturing. This book examines commercial labeling and nutritional education, nutrigenomics and public health, and provides coverage of the valorization of waste and by-products from the food industry. Nutrition researchers and practitioners, food scientists, technologists, engineers, agronomists, food product developers, medical and public health professionals, and postgraduate students focused in food science and nutrition are sure to find this reference work a welcomed addition to their libraries. Contains innovative strategies to achieve a healthy diet through the design of new food products Provides comprehensive information related to agriculture, nutrition, food industry, government, and sustainable waste management and details their roles in addressing food waste Explores the ways in which innovative approaches, used to valorize and give an added value to agri-food waste and by-products, ensure the sustainability of the production process Presents nutritive education about reducing empty calories by lowering consumption of fats, sugars, and other high-calorie nutrients Delineates the roles of food industry and government in shaping the best policies for the general public and the design of new products

Molecular Basis Of Human Nutrition

Molecular Basis Of Human Nutrition
Author : Tom Sanders,Peter Emery
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2003-06-12
Category : Medical
Total pages :176
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Molecular Basis of Human Nutrition focuses on the metabolic basis of human nutrition, detailing recent knowledge and research in this field. It explains the biochemical functions of the essential nutrients and the physiological consequences of deficient and excessive intakes. These are described within the context of normal human diets and requirements for health. Although this book is about human nutrition, in some instances there are comparisons with and examples of other mammalian species to facilitate understanding of the principles. Molecular Basis of Human Nutrition is the only book to cover this particular subject and will prove very popular with both students and lecturers alike.

Functional Dietary Lipids

Functional Dietary Lipids
Author : Thomas Sanders
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2015-11-18
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :332
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Functional Dietary Lipids: Food Formulation, Consumer Issues and Innovation for Health discusses this important component of the human diet and the ways it plays an essential functional role in many foods. The book covers the functionality and nutritional benefits of dietary fat in food in terms of formulation, manufacturing, and innovation for health. After an introduction by the editor reviewing the role of fats in the human diet, the book discusses the chemistry of edible fats, manufacturing issues, including the replacement of trans-fatty acids in food, fat reformulation for calorie reduction, thermal stability of fats, and the flavor and functional texture and melting characteristics of fats in food. Subsequent chapters address the effect of dietary lipid intake on various health issues and the potential health benefits of bioactive compounds in dietary lipids, with final sections discussing issues that affect the consumer relationship with fat, such as regulation, marketing, and health claims. Comprehensively examines the functionality and nutritional benefits of dietary fat in food Discusses the chemistry of edible fats, manufacturing issues, including the replacement of trans fatty acids in food, fat reformulation for calorie reduction, thermal stability of fats, and more Considers manufacturing issues of dietary fat in foods Addresses issues affecting the consumer relationship with fat, such as regulation, marketing, and health claims

Meat Science and Nutrition

Meat Science and Nutrition
Author : Muhammad Sajid Arshad
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2018-10-10
Category : Health & Fitness
Total pages :86
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Meat holds an important position in human nutrition. Although protein from this source has lower biological value than egg albumin, it is an exclusive source of heme iron and vitamins and minerals. Fat content and fatty acid profile from this source are a constant matter of concern. Though currently meat utilization is linked with an array of maladies, including atherosclerosis, leukemia, and diabetes, meat has a noteworthy role not only for safeguarding proper development and health, but also in human wellbeing. Enormous scientific investigations have proved that consuming meat has had a beneficial role in cranial/dental and gastrointestinal tract morphologic changes, human upright stance, reproductive attributes, extended lifespan, and maybe most prominently, in brain and cognitive development.