November 23, 2020

Download Ebook Free The Synchronized Dynamics Of Complex Systems

The Synchronized Dynamics of Complex Systems

The Synchronized Dynamics of Complex Systems
Author : Stefano Boccaletti
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2008-02-05
Category : Science
Total pages :258
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The origin of the word synchronization is a greek root, meaning "to share the common time". The original meaning of synchronization has been maintained up to now in the colloquial use of this word, as agreement or correlation in time of different processes. Historically, the analysis of synchronization phenomena in the evolution of dynamical systems has been a subject of active investigation since the earlier days of physics. Recently, the search for synchronization has moved to chaotic systems. In this latter framework, the appearance of collective (synchronized) dynamics is, in general, not trivial. Indeed, a dynamical system is called chaotic whenever its evolution sensitively depends on the initial conditions. The above said implies that two trajectories emerging from two different closeby initial conditions separate exponentially in the course of the time. As a result, chaotic systems intrinsically defy synchronization, because even two identical systems starting from slightly different initial conditions would evolve in time in a unsynchronized manner (the differences in the systems' states would grow exponentially). This is a relevant practical problem, insofar as experimental initial conditions are never known perfectly. The setting of some collective (synchronized) behavior in coupled chaotic systems has therefore a great importance and interest. The subject of the present book is to summarize the recent discoveries involving the study of synchronization in coupled chaotic systems. Not always the word synchronization is taken as having the same colloquial meaning, and one needs to specify what synchrony means in all particular contexts in which we will describe its emergence. The book describes the complete synchronization phenomenon, both for low and for high dimensional situations, and illustrates possible applications in the field of communicating with chaos. Furthermore, the book summarizes the concepts of phase synchronization, lag synchronization, imperfect phase synchronization, and generalized synchronization, describing a general transition scenario between a hierarchy of different types of synchronization for chaotic oscillators. These concepts are extended to the case of structurally different systems, of uncoupled systems subjected to a common external source, of space extended nonlinearly evolving fields, and of dynamical units networking via a complex wiring of connections, giving thus a summary of all possible situations that are encountered in real life and in technology. · Technical, but not specialistic language · About 100 illustrative Figures · Full overview on synchronization phenomena · Review of the main tools and techniques used in the field · Paradigmatic examples and experiments illustrating the basic concepts · Full Reference to the main publications existing in the literature on the subject

Emergence of Dynamical Order

Emergence of Dynamical Order
Author : Susanna C Manrubia,Alexander S Mikhailov,Damián H Zanette
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date : 2004-04-14
Category : Science
Total pages :360
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' Synchronization processes bring about dynamical order and lead to spontaneous development of structural organization in complex systems of various origins, from chemical oscillators and biological cells to human societies and the brain. This book provides a review and a detailed theoretical analysis of synchronization phenomena in complex systems with different architectures, composed of elements with periodic or chaotic individual dynamics. Special attention is paid to statistical concepts, such as nonequilibrium phase transitions, order parameters and dynamical glasses. Contents:Synchronization and Clustering of Periodic Oscillators:Ensembles of Identical Phase OscillatorsHeterogeneous Ensembles and the Effects of NoiseOscillator NetworksArrays of Limit-Cycle OscillatorsSynchronization and Clustering in Chaotic Systems:Chaos and SynchronizationSynchronization in Populations of Chaotic ElementsClusteringDynamical GlassesSelected Applications:Chemical SystemsBiological CellsNeural Networks Readership: Graduate students and academics interested in complex systems. Keywords:Self-Organization;Nonlinear Dynamics;Chaos;Collective Synchronization;Dynamical Clustering;Hierarchical OrderReviews:“This book makes an additional contribution to the topic paying special attention to statistical concepts, such as nonequilibrium phase transitions, order parameters and dynamical glasses. Another distinguishing feature of the book is that it includes applications in chemistry, cell biology, and brain science.”Zentralblatt MATH '

Complex Systems and Networks

Complex Systems and Networks
Author : Jinhu Lü,Xinghuo Yu,Guanrong Chen,Wenwu Yu
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2015-08-14
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :482
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This elementary book provides some state-of-the-art research results on broad disciplinary sciences on complex networks. It presents an in-depth study with detailed description of dynamics, controls and applications of complex networks. The contents of this book can be summarized as follows. First, the dynamics of complex networks, for example, the cluster dynamic analysis by using kernel spectral methods, community detection algorithms in bipartite networks, epidemiological modeling with demographics and epidemic spreading on multi-layer networks, are studied. Second, the controls of complex networks are investigated including topics like distributed finite-time cooperative control of multi-agent systems by applying homogenous-degree and Lyapunov methods, composite finite-time containment control for disturbed second-order multi-agent systems, fractional-order observer design of multi-agent systems, chaos control and anticontrol of complex systems via Parrondos game and many more. Third, the applications of complex networks provide some applicable carriers, which show the importance of theories developed in complex networks. In particular, a general model for studying time evolution of transition networks, deflection routing in complex networks, recommender systems for social networks analysis and mining, strategy selection in networked evolutionary games, integration and methods in computational biology, are discussed in detail.

Geometrical Dynamics of Complex Systems

Geometrical Dynamics of Complex Systems
Author : Vladimir G. Ivancevic,Tijana T. Ivancevic
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release Date : 2006-01-18
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Total pages :822
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Geometrical Dynamics of Complex Systems is a graduate-level monographic textbook. Itrepresentsacomprehensiveintroductionintorigorousgeometrical dynamicsofcomplexsystemsofvariousnatures. By'complexsystems', inthis book are meant high-dimensional nonlinear systems, which can be (but not necessarily are) adaptive. This monograph proposes a uni?ed geometrical - proachtodynamicsofcomplexsystemsofvariouskinds: engineering, physical, biophysical, psychophysical, sociophysical, econophysical, etc. As their names suggest, all these multi-input multi-output (MIMO) systems have something in common: the underlying physics. However, instead of dealing with the pop- 1 ular 'soft complexity philosophy', we rather propose a rigorous geometrical and topological approach. We believe that our rigorous approach has much greater predictive power than the soft one. We argue that science and te- nology is all about prediction and control. Observation, understanding and explanation are important in education at undergraduate level, but after that it should be all prediction and control. The main objective of this book is to show that high-dimensional nonlinear systems and processes of 'real life' can be modelled and analyzed using rigorous mathematics, which enables their complete predictability and controllability, as if they were linear systems. It is well-known that linear systems, which are completely predictable and controllable by de?nition - live only in Euclidean spaces (of various - mensions). They are as simple as possible, mathematically elegant and fully elaborated from either scienti?c or engineering side. However, in nature, no- ing is linear. In reality, everything has a certain degree of nonlinearity, which means: unpredictability, with subsequent uncontrollability.

Synchronization in Complex Networks of Nonlinear Dynamical Systems

Synchronization in Complex Networks of Nonlinear Dynamical Systems
Author : Chai Wah Wu
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date : 2007
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :168
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This book brings together two emerging research areas: synchronization in coupled nonlinear systems and complex networks, and study conditions under which a complex network of dynamical systems synchronizes. While there are many texts that study synchronization in chaotic systems or properties of complex networks, there are few texts that consider the intersection of these two very active and interdisciplinary research areas. The main theme of this book is that synchronization conditions can be related to graph theoretical properties of the underlying coupling topology. The book introduces ideas from systems theory, linear algebra and graph theory and the synergy between them that are necessary to derive synchronization conditions. Many of the results, which have been obtained fairly recently and have until now not appeared in textbook form, are presented with complete proofs. This text is suitable for graduate-level study or for researchers who would like to be better acquainted with the latest research in this area. Sample Chapter(s). Chapter 1: Introduction (76 KB). Contents: Graphs, Networks, Laplacian Matrices and Algebraic Connectivity; Graph Models; Synchronization in Networks of Nonlinear Continuous-Time Dynamical Systems; Synchronization in Networks of Coupled Discrete-Time Systems; Synchronization in Network of Systems with Linear Dynamics; Agreement and Consensus Problems in Groups of Interacting Agents. Readership: Graduate students and researchers in physics, applied mathematics and engineering.

A Mathematical Modeling Approach from Nonlinear Dynamics to Complex Systems

A Mathematical Modeling Approach from Nonlinear Dynamics to Complex Systems
Author : Elbert E. N. Macau
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2018-06-14
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :228
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This book collects recent developments in nonlinear and complex systems. It provides up-to-date theoretic developments and new techniques based on a nonlinear dynamical systems approach that can be used to model and understand complex behavior in nonlinear dynamical systems. It covers symmetry groups, conservation laws, risk reduction management, barriers in Hamiltonian systems, and synchronization and chaotic transient. Illustrating mathematical modeling applications to nonlinear physics and nonlinear engineering, the book is ideal for academic and industrial researchers concerned with machinery and controls, manufacturing, and controls. · Introduces new concepts for understanding and modeling complex systems; · Explains risk reduction management in complex systems; · Examines the symmetry group approach to understanding complex systems; · Illustrates the relation between transient chaos and crises.

Synchronization

Synchronization
Author : Stefano Boccaletti,Alexander N. Pisarchik,Charo I. del Genio,Andreas Amann
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2018-03-29
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :255
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A modern introduction to synchronization phenomena, combining the development of deep mathematical concepts with illustrative examples and practical applications.

Chaos and Complex Systems

Chaos and Complex Systems
Author : Stavros G. Stavrinides,Mehmet Ozer
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2020-02-19
Category : Science
Total pages :165
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This book presents the proceedings of the “5th International Interdisciplinary Chaos Symposium on Chaos and Complex Systems (CCS).” All Symposia in the series bring together scientists, engineers, economists and social scientists, creating a vivid forum for discussions on the latest insights and findings obtained in the areas of complexity, nonlinear dynamics and chaos theory, as well as their interdisciplinary applications. The scope of the latest Symposium was enriched with a variety of contemporary, interdisciplinary topics, including but not limited to: fundamental theory of nonlinear dynamics, networks, circuits, systems, biology, evolution and ecology, fractals and pattern formation, nonlinear time series analysis, neural networks, sociophysics and econophysics, complexity management and global systems.

Modelling, Estimation and Control of Networked Complex Systems

Modelling, Estimation and Control of Networked Complex Systems
Author : Alessandro Chiuso,Luigi Fortuna,Mattia Frasca,Alessandro Rizzo,Luca Schenato,Sandro Zampieri
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2009-10-13
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :238
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The paradigm of complexity is pervading both science and engineering, le- ing to the emergence of novel approaches oriented at the development of a systemic view of the phenomena under study; the de?nition of powerful tools for modelling, estimation, and control; and the cross-fertilization of di?erent disciplines and approaches. One of the most promising paradigms to cope with complexity is that of networked systems. Complex, dynamical networks are powerful tools to model, estimate, and control many interesting phenomena, like agent coordination, synch- nization, social and economics events, networks of critical infrastructures, resourcesallocation,informationprocessing,controlovercommunicationn- works, etc. Advances in this ?eld are highlighting approaches that are more and more oftenbasedondynamicalandtime-varyingnetworks,i.e.networksconsisting of dynamical nodes with links that can change over time. Moreover, recent technological advances in wireless communication and decreasing cost and size of electronic devices are promoting the appearance of large inexpensive interconnected systems, each with computational, sensing and mobile ca- bilities. This is fostering the development of many engineering applications, which exploit the availability of these systems of systems to monitor and control very large-scale phenomena with ?ne resolution.

Nonlinear and Adaptive Control of Complex Systems

Nonlinear and Adaptive Control of Complex Systems
Author : A.L. Fradkov,I.V. Miroshnik,V.O. Nikiforov
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 1999-07-31
Category : Science
Total pages :510
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This volume presents a theoretical framework and control methodology for a class of complex dynamical systems characterised by high state space dimension, multiple inputs and outputs, significant nonlinearity, parametric uncertainty, and unmodeled dynamics. A unique feature of the authors' approach is the combination of rigorous concepts and methods of nonlinear control (invariant and attracting submanifolds, Lyapunov functions, exact linearisation, passification) with approximate decomposition results based on singular perturbations and decentralisation. Some results published previously in the Russian literature and not well known in the West are brought to light. Basic concepts of modern nonlinear control and motivating examples are given. Audience: This book will be useful for researchers, engineers, university lecturers and postgraduate students specialising in the fields of applied mathematics and engineering, such as automatic control, robotics, and control of vibrations.

Consensus and Synchronization in Complex Networks

Consensus and Synchronization in Complex Networks
Author : Ljupco Kocarev
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2013-01-18
Category : Science
Total pages :275
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In this book for the first time two scientific fields - consensus formation and synchronization of communications - are presented together and examined through their interrelational aspects, of rapidly growing importance. Both fields have indeed attracted enormous research interest especially in relation to complex networks. In networks of dynamic systems (or agents), consensus means to reach an agreement regarding a certain quantity of interest that depends on the state of all dynamical systems (agents). Consensus problems have a long history in control theory and computer sciences, and form the foundation of the field of distributed computing. Synchronization, which defines correlated-in-time behavior between different processes and roots going back to Huygens to the least, is now a highly popular, exciting and rapidly developing topic, with applications ranging from biological networks to mathematical epidemiology, and from processing information in the brain to engineering of communications devices. The book reviews recent finding in both fields and describes novel approaches to consensus formation, where consensus is realized as an instance of the nonlinear dynamics paradigm of chaos synchronization. The chapters are written by world-known experts in both fields and cover topics ranging from fundaments to various applications of consensus and synchronization.

Chaotic, Fractional, and Complex Dynamics: New Insights and Perspectives

Chaotic, Fractional, and Complex Dynamics: New Insights and Perspectives
Author : Mark Edelman,Elbert E. N. Macau,Miguel A. F. Sanjuan
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2017-11-17
Category : Science
Total pages :315
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The book presents nonlinear, chaotic and fractional dynamics, complex systems and networks, together with cutting-edge research on related topics. The fifteen chapters – written by leading scientists working in the areas of nonlinear, chaotic, and fractional dynamics, as well as complex systems and networks – offer an extensive overview of cutting-edge research on a range of topics, including fundamental and applied research. These include but are not limited to, aspects of synchronization in complex dynamical systems, universality features in systems with specific fractional dynamics, and chaotic scattering. As such, the book provides an excellent and timely snapshot of the current state of research, blending the insights and experiences of many prominent researchers.

Complex Systems: Chaos and Beyond

Complex Systems: Chaos and Beyond
Author : Kunihiko Kaneko,Ichiro Tsuda
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2001
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :273
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Chaos in science has always been a fascinating realm since it challenges the usual scientific approach of reductionism. While carefully distinguishing between complexity, holism, randomness, incompleteness, nondeterminism and stochastic behaviour the authors show that, although many aspects of chaos have been phenomenologically understood, most of its defining principles are still difficult to grasp and formulate. Demonstrating that chaos escapes all traditional methods of description, the authors set out to find new methods to deal with this phenomenon and illustrate their constructive approach with many examples from physics, biology and information technology. While maintaining a high level of rigour, an overly complicated mathematical apparatus is avoided in order to make this book accessible, beyond the specialist level, to a wider interdisciplinary readership.

Hypernetworks in the Science of Complex Systems

Hypernetworks in the Science of Complex Systems
Author : Jeffrey Johnson
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date : 2013-11-29
Category : Science
Total pages :348
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The modern world is complex beyond human understanding and control. The science of complex systems aims to find new ways of thinking about the many interconnected networks of interaction that defy traditional approaches. Thus far, research into networks has largely been restricted to pairwise relationships represented by links between two nodes. This volume marks a major extension of networks to multidimensional hypernetworks for modeling multi-element relationships, such as companies making up the stock market, the neighborhoods forming a city, people making up committees, divisions making up companies, computers making up the internet, men and machines making up armies, or robots working as teams. This volume makes an important contribution to the science of complex systems by: (i) extending network theory to include dynamic relationships between many elements; (ii) providing a mathematical theory able to integrate multilevel dynamics in a coherent way; (iii) providing a new methodological approach to analyze complex systems; and (iv) illustrating the theory with practical examples in the design, management and control of complex systems taken from many areas of application. Contents:IntroductionSets and RelationsHypergraphs and the Galois LatticeSimplicial Complexes and Q-AnalysisBackcloth and Traffic: Dynamics Constrained by TopologyHypernetworksMultilevel SystemsTime, Events, Prediction and ForecastingHypernetworks and DesignPolicy, Design, Planning and ScienceNotes and Reflections Readership: Academics: researchers, scientists, social scientists, complex systems scientists, economists, biologists; Industry: managers, planners, consultants, knowledge professionals, systems engineers, automation specialists, supply chain managers; Public services: Council Officers, city planners, transport planners, health professionals, welfare professionals. Key Features:A first book of its kind on 'hypernetworks', a term the author has coined to describe the mathematical structures he has worked on over the last 30 yearsIntroduces hypernetworks in the context of examples drawn from a wide range of fields, including design, planning, management, art, neural network, machine vision, robotics, traffic, road accidents, amongst othersThe emphasis of this volume is on useful and added-value applications. It will develop the necessary mathematics and assuming no pre-requisitesContains a myriad of illustrations to further understand the topics discussedReviews: “The mathematics is explicitly explained and no difficult theorems are included in this book in order to enable scientists, designers and policy makers to work together.” Zentralblatt MATH

Delay-Coupled Complex Systems

Delay-Coupled Complex Systems
Author : Valentin Flunkert
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2011-06-25
Category : Science
Total pages :180
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This work addresses time-delay in complex nonlinear systems and, in particular, its applications in complex networks; its role in control theory and nonlinear optics are also investigated. Delays arise naturally in networks of coupled systems due to finite signal propagation speeds and are thus a key issue in many areas of physics, biology, medicine, and technology. Synchronization phenomena in these networks play an important role, e.g., in the context of learning, cognitive and pathological states in the brain, for secure communication with chaotic lasers or for gene regulation. The thesis includes both novel results on the control of complex dynamics by time-delayed feedback and fundamental new insights into the interplay of delay and synchronization. One of the most interesting results here is a solution to the problem of complete synchronization in general networks with large coupling delay, i.e., large distances between the nodes, by giving a universal classification of networks that has a wide range of interdisciplinary applications.