November 25, 2020

Download Ebook Free The Thermodynamics Of Phase And Reaction Equilibria

The Thermodynamics of Phase and Reaction Equilibria

The Thermodynamics of Phase and Reaction Equilibria
Author : Ismail Tosun
Publisher : Newnes
Release Date : 2012-12-31
Category : Science
Total pages :744
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This book provides a sound foundation for understanding abstract concepts of phase and reaction equilibria (e.g. partial molar Gibbs energy, fugacity, and activity), and shows how to apply these concepts to solve practical problems using numerous clear examples. It also presents numerical methods necessary for solving real-world problems as well the basic mathematics needed, facilitating its use as a self-study reference work. In the example problems requiring MATHCAD® for the solution, the results of the intermediate steps are given, enabling the reader to easily track mistakes and understand the order of magnitude of the various quantities involved. Clear layout, coherent and logical organization of the content, and presentation suitable for self-study Provides analytical equations in dimensionless form for the calculation of changes in internal energy, enthalpy, and entropy as well as departure functions and fugacity coefficients Includes up-to-date information, comprehensive in-depth content and current examples in each chapter Includes many well organized problems (with answers), which are extensions of the examples enabling conceptual understanding for quantitative/real problem solving Includes the mathematical background required for solving problems encountered in phase and reaction equilibria

The Thermodynamics of Phase and Reaction Equilibria

The Thermodynamics of Phase and Reaction Equilibria
Author : Ismail Tosun
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2021-05-15
Category : Science
Total pages :916
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Fundamentals of Phase and Reaction Equilibria not only provides a sound foundation for understanding abstract concepts, such as Gibbs energy, fugacity, and activity, but also shows how to apply these concepts to solve practical problems with numerous clear examples. Information about the essential numerical methods required for solving problems is provided, making this an ideal reference text for instruction or self-study. Phase and reaction equilibria are the two most challenging subjects encountered by students during their undergraduate education. Definition of abstract quantities with the help of other abstract concepts is not easy for the students to understand, hence this book helps provide new understanding for a wide variety of readers in the chemical and petroleum industries. Provides a very clear layout and presentation, with theory followed by carefully selected practical examples Presents many well-organized end-of-chapter problems, categorized depending on section number Integrates phase and reaction equilibria with multicomponent mass transfer and reaction engineering Contains end-of-chapter problems, with answers given Includes a Solutions Manual for adopting instructors

Phase Equilibria, Phase Diagrams and Phase Transformations

Phase Equilibria, Phase Diagrams and Phase Transformations
Author : Mats Hillert
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2007-11-22
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :129
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Computational tools allow material scientists to model and analyze increasingly complicated systems to appreciate material behavior. Accurate use and interpretation however, requires a strong understanding of the thermodynamic principles that underpin phase equilibrium, transformation and state. This fully revised and updated edition covers the fundamentals of thermodynamics, with a view to modern computer applications. The theoretical basis of chemical equilibria and chemical changes is covered with an emphasis on the properties of phase diagrams. Starting with the basic principles, discussion moves to systems involving multiple phases. New chapters cover irreversible thermodynamics, extremum principles, and the thermodynamics of surfaces and interfaces. Theoretical descriptions of equilibrium conditions, the state of systems at equilibrium and the changes as equilibrium is reached, are all demonstrated graphically. With illustrative examples - many computer calculated - and worked examples, this textbook is an valuable resource for advanced undergraduates and graduate students in materials science and engineering.

Classical and Geometrical Theory of Chemical and Phase Thermodynamics

Classical and Geometrical Theory of Chemical and Phase Thermodynamics
Author : Frank Weinhold
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2009-02-17
Category : Science
Total pages :504
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Because it is grounded in math, chemical thermodynamics is often perceived as a difficult subject and many students are never fully comfortable with it. The first authoritative textbook presentation of equilibrium chemical and phase thermodynamics in a reformulated geometrical framework, Chemical and Phase Thermodynamics shows how this famously difficult subject can be accurately expressed with only elementary high-school geometry concepts. Featuring numerous suggestions for research-level extensions, this simplified alternative to standard calculus-based thermodynamics expositions is perfect for undergraduate and beginning graduate students as well as researchers.

Thermodynamics of Phase Equilibria in Food Engineering

Thermodynamics of Phase Equilibria in Food Engineering
Author : Camila Gambini Pereira
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2018-10-17
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :682
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Thermodynamics of Phase Equilibria in Food Engineering is the definitive book on thermodynamics of equilibrium applied to food engineering. Food is a complex matrix consisting of different groups of compounds divided into macronutrients (lipids, carbohydrates, and proteins), and micronutrients (vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals). The quality characteristics of food products associated with the sensorial, physical and microbiological attributes are directly related to the thermodynamic properties of specific compounds and complexes that are formed during processing or by the action of diverse interventions, such as the environment, biochemical reactions, and others. In addition, in obtaining bioactive substances using separation processes, the knowledge of phase equilibria of food systems is essential to provide an efficient separation, with a low cost in the process and high selectivity in the recovery of the desired component. This book combines theory and application of phase equilibria data of systems containing food compounds to help food engineers and researchers to solve complex problems found in food processing. It provides support to researchers from academia and industry to better understand the behavior of food materials in the face of processing effects, and to develop ways to improve the quality of the food products. Presents the fundamentals of phase equilibria in the food industry Describes both classic and advanced models, including cubic equations of state and activity coefficient Encompasses distillation, solid-liquid extraction, liquid-liquid extraction, adsorption, crystallization and supercritical fluid extraction Explores equilibrium in advanced systems, including colloidal, electrolyte and protein systems

Phase Equilibria

Phase Equilibria
Author : Arnold Reisman
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2016-10-27
Category : Science
Total pages :560
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Phase Equilibria: Basic Principles, Applications, Experimental Techniques presents an analytical treatment in the study of the theories and principles of phase equilibria. The book is organized to afford a deep and thorough understanding of such subjects as the method of species model systems; condensed phase-vapor phase equilibria and vapor transport reactions; zone refining techniques; and nonstoichiometry. Physicists, physical chemists, engineers, and materials scientists will find the book a good reference material.

The Thermodynamics and Phase Equilibria of the Fe-Ni-S-O System

The Thermodynamics and Phase Equilibria of the Fe-Ni-S-O System
Author : Ker-Chang Hsieh
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1983
Category : Metallic composites
Total pages :314
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Phase Equilibria in Chemical Engineering

Phase Equilibria in Chemical Engineering
Author : Stanley M. Walas
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release Date : 2013-10-22
Category : Science
Total pages :688
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Phase Equilibria in Chemical Engineering is devoted to the thermodynamic basis and practical aspects of the calculation of equilibrium conditions of multiple phases that are pertinent to chemical engineering processes. Efforts have been made throughout the book to provide guidance to adequate theory and practice. The book begins with a long chapter on equations of state, since it is intimately bound up with the development of thermodynamics. Following material on basic thermodynamics and nonidealities in terms of fugacities and activities, individual chapters are devoted to equilibria primarily between pairs of phases. A few topics that do not fit into these categories and for which the state of the art is not yet developed quantitatively have been relegated to a separate chapter. The chapter on chemical equilibria is pertinent since many processes involve simultaneous chemical and phase equilibria. Also included are chapters on the evaluation of enthalpy and entropy changes of nonideal substances and mixtures, and on experimental methods. This book is intended as a reference and self-study as well as a textbook either for full courses in phase equilibria or as a supplement to related courses in the chemical engineering curriculum. Practicing engineers concerned with separation technology and process design also may find the book useful.

Chemical Thermodynamics for Process Simulation

Chemical Thermodynamics for Process Simulation
Author : Jürgen Gmehling,Michael Kleiber,Bärbel Kolbe,Jürgen Rarey
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2019-06-10
Category : Science
Total pages :808
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The only textbook that applies thermodynamics to real-world process engineering problems This must-read for advanced students and professionals alike is the first book to demonstrate how chemical thermodynamics work in the real world by applying them to actual engineering examples. It also discusses the advantages and disadvantages of the particular models and procedures, and explains the most important models that are applied in process industry. All the topics are illustrated with examples that are closely related to practical process simulation problems. At the end of each chapter, additional calculation examples are given to enable readers to extend their comprehension. Chemical Thermodynamics for Process Simulation instructs on the behavior of fluids for pure fluids, describing the main types of equations of state and their abilities. It discusses the various quantities of interest in process simulation, their correlation, and prediction in detail. Chapters look at the important terms for the description of the thermodynamics of mixtures; the most important models and routes for phase equilibrium calculation; models which are applicable to a wide variety of non-electrolyte systems; membrane processes; polymer thermodynamics; enthalpy of reaction; chemical equilibria, and more. -Explains thermodynamic fundamentals used in process simulation with solved examples -Includes new chapters about modern measurement techniques, retrograde condensation, and simultaneous description of chemical equilibrium -Comprises numerous solved examples, which simplify the understanding of the often complex calculation procedures, and discusses advantages and disadvantages of models and procedures -Includes estimation methods for thermophysical properties and phase equilibria thermodynamics of alternative separation processes -Supplemented with MathCAD-sheets and DDBST programs for readers to reproduce the examples Chemical Thermodynamics for Process Simulation is an ideal resource for those working in the fields of process development, process synthesis, or process optimization, and an excellent book for students in the engineering sciences.

Introduction to CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS

Introduction to CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS
Author : GOPINATH HALDER
Publisher : PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
Release Date : 2014-09-02
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :304
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This book, now in its second edition, continues to provide a comprehensive introduction to the principles of chemical engineering thermodynamics and also introduces the student to the application of principles to various practical areas. The book emphasizes the role of the fundamental principles of thermodynamics in the derivation of significant relationships between the various thermodynamic properties. The initial chapter provides an overview of the basic concepts and processes, and discusses the important units and dimensions involved. The ensuing chapters, in a logical presentation, thoroughly cover the first and second laws of thermodynamics, the heat effects, the thermodynamic properties and their relations, refrigeration and liquefaction processes, and the equilibria between phases and in chemical reactions. The book is suitably illustrated with a large number of visuals. In the second edition, new sections on Quasi-Static Process and Entropy Change in Reversible and Irreversible Processes are included. Besides, new Solved Model Question Paper and several new Multiple Choice Questions are also added that help develop the students’ ability and confidence in the application of the underlying concepts. Primarily intended for the undergraduate students of chemical engineering and other related engineering disciplines such as polymer, petroleum and pharmaceutical engineering, the book will also be useful for the postgraduate students of the subject as well as professionals in the relevant fields.

Thermodynamics with Chemical Engineering Applications

Thermodynamics with Chemical Engineering Applications
Author : Elias I. Franses
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2014-08-25
Category : Science
Total pages :439
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Master the principles of thermodynamics, and understand their practical real-world applications, with this deep and intuitive undergraduate textbook.

Phase Diagrams and Heterogeneous Equilibria

Phase Diagrams and Heterogeneous Equilibria
Author : Bruno Predel,Michael Hoch,Monte J. Pool
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-03-09
Category : Science
Total pages :352
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This advanced comprehensive textbook introduces the practical application of phase diagrams to the thermodynamics of materials consisting of several phases. It describes the fundamental physics and thermodynamics as well as experimental methods, treating all material classes: metals, glasses, ceramics, polymers, organic materials, aqueous solutions. With many application examples and realistic cases from chemistry and materials science, it is intended for students and researchers in chemistry, metallurgy, mineralogy, and materials science as well as in engineering and physics. The authors treat the nucleation of phase transitions, the production and stability of technologically important metastable phases, and metallic glasses. Also concisely presented are the thermodynamics and composition of polymer systems. This innovative text puts this powerful analytical approach into a readily understandable and practical context, perhaps for the first time.

The Thermodynamics and Phase Equilibria of the Fe-Co-S-O System

The Thermodynamics and Phase Equilibria of the Fe-Co-S-O System
Author : Omran A. Musbah
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1986
Category :
Total pages :340
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Equilibrium Between Phases of Matter

Equilibrium Between Phases of Matter
Author : H.A.J. Oonk,M.T. Calvet
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2007-10-23
Category : Science
Total pages :404
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The first volume of this work is organized in three levels, so that the portion and importance of thermodynamics and mathematics increase from level to level. The ground level shows that basics of phase equilibria can be understood without thermodynamics provided the concept of chemical potential is introduced early. The intermediate level introduces thermodynamics, culminating in the Gibbs energy as the arbiter for equilibrium. At the third level the accent is on binary systems, where one or more phases are solutions of the components. Priority is given throughout to the thermodynamic assessment of experimental data. 200 exercises are included with solutions.

Thermodynamics

Thermodynamics
Author : Ismail Tosun
Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company
Release Date : 2015
Category : Thermodynamics
Total pages :364
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This eminently readable introductory text provides a sound foundation to understand the abstract concepts used to express the laws of thermodynamics. The emphasis is on the fundamentals rather than spoon-feeding the subject matter. The concepts are explained with utmost clarity in simple and elegant language. It provides the background material needed for students to solve practical problems related to thermodynamics. Answers to all problems are provided.