November 29, 2020

Download Ebook Free The Urban Heat Island

The Urban Heat Island

The Urban Heat Island
Author : Gerald Mills,Iain Stewart
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2021-05-01
Category : Science
Total pages :220
GET BOOK

The Urban Heat Island provides simple instructions for measurement and an analysis of the urban heat island (UHI) phenomenon, along with greater context as to what a UHI means and what impacts it can have. With this further understanding, research on urban heat islands can impact a wide range of climate mitigation and adaptation programs, including city greening, changing surface albedo and permeable paving. The book empowers readers to work within a set of guidelines that will enable direct comparisons of urban development across multiple environments. This type of systematic classification opens the door to true global comparisons of climate change. In addition, the impact of urban planning and design strategies in different environments can then be evaluated for their effectiveness at mitigating these changes. Covers both on-surface and near-surface, or canopy, measurements and impacts of Urban Heat Islands (UHI) Provides a set of best practices and guidelines for UHI observation and analysis Includes both conceptual overviews and practical instructions for a wide range of uses

Counteracting Urban Heat Island Effects in a Global Climate Change Scenario

Counteracting Urban Heat Island Effects in a Global Climate Change Scenario
Author : Francesco Musco
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2016-08-30
Category : Science
Total pages :400
GET BOOK

Urban heat islands are a new type of microclimatic phenomenon that causes a significant increase in the temperature of cities compared to surrounding areas. The phenomenon has been enforced by the current trend towards climate change. Although experts consider urban heat islands an urgent European Union public health concern, there are too few policies that address it. The EU carried out a project to learn more about this phenomenon through pilot initiatives. The pilots included feasibility studies and strategies for appropriately altering planning rules and governance to tackle the problem of urban heat islands. The pilots were carried out in eight metropolitan areas: Bologna/Modena, Budapest, Ljubljana, Lodz, Prague, Stuttgart, Venice/Padova, and Vienna. The feasibility studies carried out in these pilot areas focused on the specific morphology of EU urban areas, which are often characterised by the presence of historical old towns.

Adaptation Measures for Urban Heat Islands

Adaptation Measures for Urban Heat Islands
Author : Hideki Takebayashi,Masakazu Moriyama
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-03-20
Category : Science
Total pages :192
GET BOOK

Adaptation Measures for Urban Heat Islands helps the reader understand the relative performance of these adaptation measures, methods and analysis relating to their creation and maintenance, evaluation methods, and the role of policy and governance in implementing them. A suite of case studies is included on these urban or metropolitan areas that are significantly warmer than their surrounding rural areas due to human activities. In recent years, a suite of adaptation measures have been developed to mitigate the urban heat island phenomena. Provides a range of concrete implementation methods Assesses relative performance of adaptation measures and countermeasure technologies Establishes methods for human thermal environmental interventions Reviews adaptation cities selected for excellent energy performance and thermal comfort indicators

Urban Heat Island Modeling for Tropical Climates

Urban Heat Island Modeling for Tropical Climates
Author : Ansar Khan,Soumendu Chatterjee,Yupeng Wang
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-11-17
Category : Science
Total pages :298
GET BOOK

Urban Heat Island Modeling for Tropical Climates takes into account the different urban physics in tropical environments, presenting a way of UHI scaling for tropical cities. Topics include measuring, modeling and proper mitigation strategies, which account for the surface energy balance of tropics. Tropical cities are more susceptible to the effects of projected global warming because of conditions in tropical climates and the rapid growth of so many cities in this zone. The need for research on measuring, modeling and mitigation of UHI effects in tropical cities is of growing importance. This book walks through the basics of Urban Heat Islands, including causes, measurement and analysis then expands upon issues as well as the novel techniques that can be used to address issues specific to the region. Reviews topics related to understanding the fundamentals of modeling and impacts of urban heat islands Covers many techniques, from remote sensing, to numerical modeling and then applying them to urban climate studies in general, and in tropical cities Describes the scaling of urban heat islands based on long-term seasonal thermal parameters as feature-based classification systems using a probabilistic and fuzzy logic approach, unlike local climate zones (LCZs)

Tropical Urban Heat Islands

Tropical Urban Heat Islands
Author : Nyuk Hien Wong,Yu Chen
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2008-08-29
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :272
GET BOOK

Conventional air conditioning is not a sustainable solution to the challenge of a hot or humid climate. The climate problem is compounded in so-called Urban Heat Islands, urban areas where the air can be 3–5°C hotter than its surrounding areas and where pollution levels are consequently raised. Including a colour section with thermal images and maps, this book explores the complex relationships between climate, buildings and plants, especially in urban heat islands. These relationships bear very critically on a range of environmental issues and point to some corresponding solutions. One chapter highlights some of the extensive research work carried out in Singapore, especially investigating the thermal benefits of greenery in buildings in the urban setting. Though several books have been written on urban heat islands, this work uniquely examines the linkages between climate, buildings and plants. It forms a reference for researchers and professionals such as architects, architectural science, landscape architects, building services engineers, urban planners and urban climatologists. It may also be useful for final year undergraduates or graduate students in these disciplines.

Heat Islands

Heat Islands
Author : Lisa Mummery Gartland
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2012-05-16
Category : Architecture
Total pages :208
GET BOOK

Heat islands are urban and suburban areas that are significantly warmer than their surroundings. Traditional, highly absorptive construction materials and a lack of effective landscaping are their main causes. Heat island problems, in terms of increased energy consumption, reduced air quality and effects on human health and mortality, are becoming more pressing as cities continue to grow and sprawl. This comprehensive book brings together the latest information about heat islands and their mitigation. The book describes how heat islands are formed, what problems they cause, which technologies mitigate heat island effects and what policies and actions can be taken to cool communities. Internationally renowned expert Lisa Gartland offers a comprehensive source of information for turning heat islands into cool communities. The author includes sections on cool roofing and cool paving, explains their benefits in detail and provides practical guidelines for their selection and installation. The book also reviews how and why to incorporate trees and vegetation around buildings, in parking lots and on green roofs.

Urban Heat Island Mitigation Strategies in an Arid Climate. In Outdoor Thermal Comfort Reacheable

Urban Heat Island Mitigation Strategies in an Arid Climate. In Outdoor Thermal Comfort Reacheable
Author : Suaad Ridha
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2017
Category :
Total pages :143
GET BOOK

Numerous studies over the past several decades focused on the effect of the Urban Heat Island. Initial efforts on understanding the factors affecting UHI contributed to proceed the appropriate solutions and mitigation strategies. Mitigation strategies comprise increase both urban albedo (reflectivity to solar radiation), and evapotranspiration. Albedo increases are obtained through high albedo roofing and paving technologies. An increase in evapotranspiration is achieved through a combination of decreasing the fraction of impervious surfaces and planting vegetation in urban areas. The outdoor thermal comfort is influenced by the perception and satisfaction of the pedestrians, especially in hot and arid climates. Consequently, this work focuses on the appropriate methods for reducing the Urban Heat Island and thus to enhance the pedestrians outdoor thermal comfort. However, there is limited research conducted on the outdoor thermal comfort in hot and arid climate. The studies on the mitigation the Urban Heat Island and the outdoor thermal comfort are almost non-existent for Baghdad city. Baghdad has a complex urban fabric with modern design constructions buildings, traditional and heritage houses. The climate in summer is hot, and summer months are considered the longest season with nearly 7 months of the year. This study focuses on investigating possible mitigation strategies to ensure how pedestrian comfort is affected by the constructions design choices comparing a traditional district to a modern one, and on how vegetation and shading patterns contribute to reducing the effect of UHI and improving the outdoor thermal comfort. Four different scenarios are designed to assess the role of vegetation elements such as trees, grass, and different shading patterns. The evaluation was performed on the hottest day in summer, the mean radiant temperature, specific humidity, air temperature, and wind speed distributions have been analyzed using ENVI-met software. Thermal comfort is assessed using the thermal indices the Physiological Equivalent Temperature PET and the Predicted Mean Vote PMV. Also, a proposal model is designed to evaluate the thermal comfort on the hottest day and the typical day in summer. The results revealed an improvement on thermal comfort in the typical day in summer. The study shows how the urban factors such as the aspect ratio, vegetation cover, shadings, and geometry of the canyon are crucial elements that urban planners and municipalities have to take into account, especially for new urban developments in hot, arid climate.

Remote Sensing of Environment

Remote Sensing of Environment
Author : Diofantos Hadjimitsis
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2013-07-10
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :226
GET BOOK

This book covers the latest developments in remote sensing theory and applications by numerous researchers, experts and collaborators of the Remote Sensing and Geo-Environment Lab of the Department of Civil Engineering and Geomatics of the Cyprus University of Technology. The main highlight of this book is combination of several techniques such as satellite remote sensing, field spectroscopy, smart sensors, ground techniques for achieving an integrated method for the systematic monitoring of the environment.

The Urban Heat Island Effect in Austin

The Urban Heat Island Effect in Austin
Author : Ariel Quintana
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2020
Category :
Total pages :124
GET BOOK

This report explores issues surrounding the Urban Heat Island (UHI) effect and its mitigation, while focusing on UHI in Austin, Texas. It presents current trends in American cityscapes, namely the increases in impervious surface cover and decreases in urban green spaces. The report contextualizes these losses in green space through a review of the extensive health and societal benefits provided by urban trees and vegetation. Moreover, the report covers the human health implications and socioeconomic disparities associated with urban heat. It examines climate change projections as they relate to changes in extreme heat events. Furthermore, the report touches on the main types of UHI mitigation approaches and utilizes the City of Los Angeles as a case study. This report presents Austin’s UHI mitigation approaches as found in the city’s plans and policies. Next, it analyzes the spatial distribution of surface temperature, tree canopy coverage, and a variety of vulnerability factors for residents in Austin. Finally, this report provides recommendations for further UHI mitigation efforts in Austin and research areas for future study

Thermal Effects of Energy Consumption on the Urban Heat Island

Thermal Effects of Energy Consumption on the Urban Heat Island
Author : Joseph Shao Wah Shum
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1975
Category : Urban heat island
Total pages :248
GET BOOK

Urban Heat Island Research

Urban Heat Island Research
Author : R. Bruce Telfeyan
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1972
Category : Urban climatology
Total pages :192
GET BOOK

Evaluating the Urban Heat Island Over the City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality Using Remote Sensing Techniques

Evaluating the Urban Heat Island Over the City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality Using Remote Sensing Techniques
Author : Tshegofatso Elia Monama
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2016*
Category : Cities and towns
Total pages :104
GET BOOK

The Urban Heat Island Effects in Kathmandu

The Urban Heat Island Effects in Kathmandu
Author : Poonam Amatya
Publisher : LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
Release Date : 2012
Category : Urban heat island
Total pages :140
GET BOOK

Plenty of things are being discussed about the compact cities as a sustainable urban form but has anyone discussed about any adverse effect of these cities to the environment? The local warming effect due to changes in urban fabric can be equally problematic as global warming because it is a major contributor for rising up the atmospheric temperature. This research focuses on urban heat island effect, a form of urban micro-climate, and suggests some mitigation measures for this phenomenon. As the topic is new for Nepal and most of the developing countries, mostly qualitative analysis is done based on literature reviews. The study carried out during the research in Kathmandu showed the presence of urban heat island affect and its growing trend. Therefore, the main objective of this research was to develop some guidelines to minimize as well as adapt the transitional city, Kathmandu, to this increasing urban heat island effect.

Climate Change Resilience in Urban Environments

Climate Change Resilience in Urban Environments
Author : Tristan Kershaw
Publisher : IOP Publishing Limited
Release Date : 2017-12-14
Category : Science
Total pages :178
GET BOOK

Between 1930 and 2030, the world's population will have flipped from 70% rural to 70% urban. While much has been written about the impacts of climate change and mitigation of its effects on individual buildings or infrastructure, this book is one of the first to focus on the resilience of whole cities. It covers a broad range of area-wide disaster-level impacts, including drought, heatwaves, flooding, storms and air quality, which many of our cities are ill-adapted to cope with, and unless we can increase the resilience of our urban areas then much of our current building stock may become uninhabitable. Climate Change Resilience in the Urban Environment provides a detailed overview of the risks for urban areas, including those risks to human health as well as to building integrity, the physical processes involved, and presents key information in which way the risks can be reduced and urban areas made more resilient.

Counteracting Urban Heat Island Effects in a Global Climate Change Scenario

Counteracting Urban Heat Island Effects in a Global Climate Change Scenario
Author : Francesco Musco
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2020-10-08
Category : Science
Total pages :444
GET BOOK

Urban heat islands are a new type of microclimatic phenomenon that causes a significant increase in the temperature of cities compared to surrounding areas. The phenomenon has been enforced by the current trend towards climate change. Although experts consider urban heat islands an urgent European Union public health concern, there are too few policies that address it. The EU carried out a project to learn more about this phenomenon through pilot initiatives. The pilots included feasibility studies and strategies for appropriately altering planning rules and governance to tackle the problem of urban heat islands. The pilots were carried out in eight metropolitan areas: Bologna/Modena, Budapest, Ljubljana, Lodz, Prague, Stuttgart, Venice/Padova, and Vienna. The feasibility studies carried out in these pilot areas focused on the specific morphology of EU urban areas, which are often characterised by the presence of historical old towns. This work was published by Saint Philip Street Press pursuant to a Creative Commons license permitting commercial use. All rights not granted by the work's license are retained by the author or authors.