June 20, 2021

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The Volcanoes of Mars

The Volcanoes of Mars
Author : James R. Zimbelman,David A. Crown,Peter J. Mouginis-Mark,Tracy K. P. Gregg
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-12-05
Category : Science
Total pages :260
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The Volcanoes of Mars offers a clear, cohesive summary of Mars volcanology. It begins with an introduction to the geology and geography of the red planet and an overview of its volcanic history, and continues to discuss each distinct volcanic province, identifying the common and unique aspects of each region. Incorporating basic volcanological information and constraints on the regional geologic history derived from geologic mapping, the book also examines current constraints on the composition of the volcanic rocks as investigated by both orbiting spacecraft and rovers. In addition, it compares the features of Martian volcanoes to those seen on other volcanic bodies. Concluding with prospects for new knowledge to be gained from future Mars missions, this book brings researchers in volcanology and the study of Mars up to date on the latest findings in the study of volcanoes on Mars, allowing the reader to compare and contrast Martian volcanoes to volcanoes studied on Earth and throughout the Solar System. Presents clearly organized text and figures that will quickly allow the reader to find specific aspects of Martian volcanism Includes definitions of geological and volcanological terms throughout to aid interdisciplinary understanding Summarizes key results for each volcanic region of Mars and provides copious citations to the research literature to facilitate further discovery Synthesizes the most current data from multiple spacecraft missions, including the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, as well as geochemical data from Martian meteorites Utilizes published geologic mapping results to highlight the detailed knowledge that exists for each region

The Volcanoes of Mars

The Volcanoes of Mars
Author : Peter John Cattermole
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1977
Category : Volcanoes
Total pages :16
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Extraterrestrial Volcanoes

Extraterrestrial Volcanoes
Author : Source Wikipedia
Publisher : University-Press.org
Release Date : 2013-09
Category :
Total pages :58
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Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 57. Chapters: Volcanoes of Io, Volcanoes of Mars, Volcanoes of Venus, Volcanism on Io, Volcanism on Mars, Tharsis, Olympus Mons, Ascraeus Mons, Pele, Thor, Tharsis Tholus, Pavonis Mons, Masubi, Arsia Mons, Syrtis Major Planum, Volcanism on Venus, Tawhaki Patera, Tupan Patera, Loki Patera, Ceraunius Tholus, Tharsis Montes, Surt, Prometheus, List of extraterrestrial volcanoes, Pillan Patera, Maat Mons, Tvashtar Paterae, Thomagata Patera, Hecates Tholus, Lunar dome, Alba Mons, Sacajawea Patera, Mons Rumker, Biblis Tholus, Apollinaris Mons, Gish Bar Patera, Sapas Mons, Amirani, Scalloped margin dome, Tyrrhena Patera, Elysium Mons, Albor Tholus, Ah Peku Patera, Pancake dome, Reiden Patera, Sachs Patera, Shango Patera, Uranius Tholus, Ulysses Patera, Peneus Patera, Ushas Mons, Gula Mons, Maui Patera, Uranius Patera, Estan Patera, Dazhbog Patera, Ganesa Macula, Ra Patera, Uranius group of volcanoes, Renpet Mons, Anala Mons, Theia Mons, Sif Mons, Pityusa Patera, Jaszai Patera, Siddons Patera. Excerpt: Volcanism on Io, a moon of Jupiter, produces lava flows, volcanic pits, and plumes of sulfur and sulfur dioxide hundreds of kilometres high. This volcanic activity was discovered in 1979 by Voyager 1 imaging scientists. Observations of Io by passing spacecraft (the Voyagers, Galileo, Cassini, and New Horizons) and Earth-based astronomers have revealed more than 150 active volcanoes. Up to 400 such volcanoes are predicted to exist based on these observations. Io's volcanism makes the satellite one of only five known currently volcanically active worlds in the solar system (the other four being Earth, Venus, Saturn's moon Enceladus, and Neptune's moon Triton). First predicted shortly before the Voyager 1 flyby, the heat source for Io's volcanism comes from tidal heating produced by its forced orbital eccentricity. This differs from Earth's...

The Diversity of Martian Volcanic Features as Seen in the Moc, Themis, and Mom Data Sets

The Diversity of Martian Volcanic Features as Seen in the Moc, Themis, and Mom Data Sets
Author : National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Publisher : Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
Release Date : 2018-06-24
Category :
Total pages :28
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This one-year project (which included one-year no-cost tension) focused on the evolution of the summit areas of Martian volcanoes. It extended the studies conducted under an earlier MDAP project (Grant NAG5-9576, Principal Investigator P. Mouginis- Mark). By using data collected from the Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC), Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS), and the Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter (MOLA) instruments, we tried to better understand the diversity of constructional volcanism on Mars, and hence further understand the eruption processes. By inspecting THEMIS and MOC data, we explored the following four questions: (1) Where might near-surface volatiles have been released at the summits of the Tharsis volcanoes? Is the trapping and subsequent remobilization of degassed volatiles [Scott and Wilson, 19991 adequate to produce eruptions responsible for extensive deposits such as the ones identified on Arsia Mons [Mouginis-Mark, 2002]? To answer this question, we investigated the diversity of eruption styles by studying the summit areas of Arsia, Pavonis and Ascraeus Montes. (2) What are the geomorphic characteristics of the valley system on Hecates Tholus, a volcano that we have previously proposed experienced explosive activity [Mouginis-Murk et al., 1982]? Our inspection of THEMIS data suggests that water release on the volcano took place over an extended period of time, suggesting that hydrothermal activity may have taken place here. (3) How similar are the collapse processes observed at Martian and terrestrial calderas? New THEMIS data provide a more complete view of the entire Olympus Mons caldera, thereby enabling the comparison with the collapse features at Masaya volcano, Nicaragua, to be investigated. (4) What can we learn about the emplacement of long lava flows in the lava plains of Eastern Tharsis? The result of this work provided a greater understanding of the temporal and spatial variations in the eruptive history of volcanoes on Mars, and the influence

Investigating Late Amazonian Volcanotectonic Activity on Olympus Mons, Mars Using Flank Vents and Arcuate Graben

Investigating Late Amazonian Volcanotectonic Activity on Olympus Mons, Mars Using Flank Vents and Arcuate Graben
Author : Sean I. Peters
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2015
Category : Electronic dissertations
Total pages :57
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Olympus Mons is the largest volcano on Mars. Previous studies have focused on large scale features on Olympus Mons, such as the basal escarpment, summit caldera complex and aureole deposits. My objective was to identify and characterize previously unrecognized and unmapped small scale features to understand the volcanotectonic evolution of this enormous volcano. For this study I investigated flank vents and arcuate graben. Flank vents are a common feature on composite volcanoes on Earth. They provide information on the volatile content of magmas, the propagation of magma in the subsurface and the tectonic stresses acting on the volcano. Graben are found at a variety of scales in close proximity to Martian volcanoes. They can indicate flexure of the lithosphere in response to the load of the volcano or gravitation spreading of the edifice. Using Context Camera (CTX), High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE), Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS), High Resolution Stereo Camera Digital Terrain Model (HRSC DTM) and Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter (MOLA) data, I have identified and characterized the morphology and distribution of 60 flank vents and 84 arcuate graben on Olympus Mons. Based on the observed vent morphologies, I conclude that effusive eruptions have dominated on Olympus Mons in the Late Amazonian, with flank vents playing a limited role. The spatial distribution of flank vents suggests shallow source depths and radial dike propagation. Arcuate graben, not previously observed in lower resolution datasets, occur on the lower flanks of Olympus Mons and indicate a recent extensional state of stress. Based on spatial and superposition relationships, I have constructed a developmental sequence for the construction of Olympus Mons: 1) Construction of the shield via effusive lava flows.; 2) Formation of the near summit thrust faults (flank terraces); 3) Flank failure leading to scarp formation and aureole deposition; 4) Late Amazonian effusive resurfacing and formation of flank vents; 5) Subsidence of the caldera, waning volcanism and graben formation. This volcanotectonic evolution closely resembles that proposed on Ascraeus Mons. Extensional tectonism may continue to affect the lower flanks of Olympus Mons today.

Atlas of Volcanic Landforms on Mars

Atlas of Volcanic Landforms on Mars
Author : Carroll Ann Hodges,Henry J. Moore
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1994
Category : Mars (Planet)
Total pages :194
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Volcanoes of the Solar System

Volcanoes of the Solar System
Author : Charles Frankel
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 1996
Category : Science
Total pages :232
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Nothing can be more breathtaking than the spectacle of a volcano erupting. Space-age lunar and planetary missions offer us an unprecedented perspective on volcanism. Starting with the Earth, Volcanoes of the Solar System takes the reader on a guided tour of the terrestrial planets and moons and their volcanic features. We see lunar lava fields through the eyes of the Apollo astronauts, and take an imaginary hike up the Martian slopes of Olympus Mons--the tallest volcano in the solar system. Complemented by over 150 photographs, this comprehensive and lucid account of volcanoes describes the most recent data on the unique and varied volcanic features of Venus and updates our knowledge on the prodigiously active volcanoes of Io. A member of the Association of European Volcanologists, Charles Frankel has directed documentary films on geology, astronomy and space exploration and has authored a number of articles on the earth sciences.

The Mighty Volcanoes of Mars

The Mighty Volcanoes of Mars
Author : Josh Lewis
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2018
Category :
Total pages :129
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Huge volcanoes warmed the planet Mars long ago.

Fire and Ice

Fire and Ice
Author : Natalie Starkey
Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
Release Date : 2021-09-30
Category : Science
Total pages :288
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The volcano – among the most familiar and perhaps the most terrifying of all geological phenomena. However, Earth isn't the only planet to harbour volcanoes. In fact, the Solar System, and probably the entire Universe, is littered with them. Our own Moon, which is now a dormant piece of rock, had lava flowing across its surface billions of years ago, while Mars can be credited with the largest volcano in the Solar System, Olympus Mons, which stands 25km high. While Mars's volcanoes are long dead, volcanic activity continues in almost every other corner of the Solar System, in the most unexpected of locations. We tend to think of Earth volcanoes as erupting hot, molten lava and emitting huge, billowing clouds of incandescent ash. However, it isn't necessarily the same across the rest of the Solar System. For a start, some volcanoes aren't even particularly hot. Those on Pluto, for example, erupt an icy slush of substances such as water, methane, nitrogen or ammonia, that freeze to form ice mountains as hard as rock. While others, like the volcanoes on one of Jupiter's moons Io, erupt the hottest lavas in the Solar System onto a surface covered in a frosty coating of sulphur. Whether they are formed of fire or ice, volcanoes are of huge importance for scientists trying to picture the inner workings of a planet or moon. Volcanoes dredge up materials from the otherwise inaccessible depths and helpfully deliver them to the surface. The way in which they erupt, and the products they generate, can even help scientists ponder bigger questions on the possibility of life elsewhere in the Solar System. Fire and Ice is an exploration of the Solar System's volcanoes, from the highest peaks of Mars to the intensely inhospitable surface of Venus and the red-hot summits of Io, to the coldest, seemingly dormant icy carapaces of Enceladus and Europa, an unusual look at how these cosmic features are made, and whether such active planetary systems might host life.

Glaciovolcanism on Earth and Mars

Glaciovolcanism on Earth and Mars
Author : John L. Smellie,Benjamin R. Edwards
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2016-06-23
Category : Nature
Total pages :462
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Presents the distinctive processes and characteristics of glaciovolcanic eruptions, with reference to terrestrial and Mars occurrences.

Volcanoes of the Earth, Moon, and Mars

Volcanoes of the Earth, Moon, and Mars
Author : Gilbert Fielder,L. Wilson,Lionel Wilson
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1975
Category : Lunar volcanoes
Total pages :126
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Worlds on Fire

Worlds on Fire
Author : Charles Frankel
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2005-09-22
Category : Nature
Total pages :358
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A brightly illustrated geological study of the planets and satellites of our solar system offers a detailed tour of volcanic landmarks on the Earth, our Moon, Mars, Venus, and Io.

Volcano-ice Interaction on Earth and Mars

Volcano-ice Interaction on Earth and Mars
Author : Geological Society of London
Publisher : Geological Society of London
Release Date : 2002
Category : Science
Total pages :431
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This volume focuses on magmas and cryospheres on Earth and Mars and is the first publication of its kind to combine a thematic set of contributions addressing the diverse range of volcano-ice interactions known or thought to occur on both planets. Understanding those interactions is a comparatively young scientific endeavour, yet it is vitally important for a fuller comprehension of how planets work as integrated systems. It is also topical since future volcanic eruptions on Earth may contribute to melting ice sheets and thus to global sea level rise.

Volcanic Activity on Mars

Volcanic Activity on Mars
Author : Gennadiĭ Nikolaevich Katterfelʹd
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1966
Category : Mars (Planet).
Total pages :16
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From Vinland to Mars

From Vinland to Mars
Author : Richard S. Lewis
Publisher : Random House Incorporated
Release Date : 1976
Category : Science
Total pages :436
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Beginning with the voyages of the Norsemen and concluding with the landing of the Viking spacecraft on Mars, a science writer recounts historical episodes that reflect the cultural attitudes and growing technological capabilities of the Western world. Bib